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See detailDesigning Meaning to Change Consumer Behaviour: An Exploration
Waltersdorfer, Gregor UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Blessing, Lucienne UL

in Chakrabarti, Amaresh (Ed.) ICoRD’15 – Research into Design Across Boundaries Volume 1: Theory, Research Methodology, Aesthetics, Human Factors and Education (2015)

The focus of our research is to support designers in fostering a more sustainable behaviour of consumers by creating meaning in products and services. The paper describes the results of a literature study ... [more ▼]

The focus of our research is to support designers in fostering a more sustainable behaviour of consumers by creating meaning in products and services. The paper describes the results of a literature study into the process of meaning making and the mechanisms through which meaning affects consumer behaviour. Meaning is defined as a mental representation of possible relationships. An initial model, the Meaning-Behaviour Model, is presented, integrating the mechanisms found in literature. Five possible interventions, derived from the model, show how designers can use meaning as a lever to foster enduring behavioural change. The paper contributes to the discussion of introducing meaning through design by exploring the link between meaning and behaviour. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 157 (8 UL)
See detailDesigning Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies
Benetto, Enrico; Gericke, Kilian UL; Guiton, Mélanie

Book published by Springer (2018)

This book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development ... [more ▼]

This book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (3 UL)
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See detailDetecting User Mode Linux Honeypots is fine ... but it's better to crash them.
Wagener, Gerard UL; Raynal, Frédéric; Dulaunoy, Alexandre et al

Scientific Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 UL)
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See detailDeterministic analysis of distributed order systems using operational matrix
Duong, Pham UL

in Applied Mathematical Modelling (2016), 40(3), 1929-1940

"Recently, distributed order systems as a generalized concept of fractional order have been a" "major focus in science and engineering areas, and have rapidly extended application across a wide range of ... [more ▼]

"Recently, distributed order systems as a generalized concept of fractional order have been a" "major focus in science and engineering areas, and have rapidly extended application across a wide range of disciplines. However, only a few numerical methods are available for analyzing the distributed order systems. This paper proposes a novel numerical scheme to analyze the behavior of single input single output linear systems in the time domain with a single dis- tributed order differentiator/integrator by using operational matrix technique. The proposed method reduces different analysis problems to a system of algebraic equations by using block pulse functions, which makes it easy to handle an arbitrary input. Numerical examples were used to illustrate the accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed method. The pro- posed method was found to be an efficient tool for analyzing linear distributed order systems." [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (7 UL)
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See detailDeveloping and Evaluating a Computerized Adaptive Mathematical Test
Schiltz, Jang UL

in Stemmler, Mark; Lautsch, Erwin; Martinke, Dirk (Eds.) Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA) and other non-parametrical methods: Gustav A. Lienert Memorial Issue. (2008)

The theoretical basis underlying the construction of a CAT is summed up and the item response theory explained. In comparison with a classical paper-and-pencil test, the characteristics and the advantages ... [more ▼]

The theoretical basis underlying the construction of a CAT is summed up and the item response theory explained. In comparison with a classical paper-and-pencil test, the characteristics and the advantages of a CAT are exposed. After performing a thorough analysis of the data, we developed a CAT based on the responses of 3590 children to a standardized mathematical test. The software presents a great amount of flexibility and allows treating multiple-choice items, as well as items with free response options and graphical items. Some results of an empirical evaluating study are presented. We showed that qualities of power, flexibility and economy of time of the CAT do not imply the loss of the classical psychometric properties of a paper-and-pencil test; we analyze the carry-over effect between the computerized and the paper-and-pencil test situation and as well as the relations between mathematical skills and general cognitive abilities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)
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See detailDeveloping composite nanofibre fabrics using electrospinning, ultrasonic sewing, and laser cutting technologies
Trejo, Nidia; Reyes, Catherine UL; Sanchez, Vanessa et al

in International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education (2016), 9(3), 192-200

In this study, we combine Nylon 6 nanomembranes with tulle and organza fashion fabrics to construct a full-scale, flying kite. For the first time, this work demonstrates the processing of electrospun ... [more ▼]

In this study, we combine Nylon 6 nanomembranes with tulle and organza fashion fabrics to construct a full-scale, flying kite. For the first time, this work demonstrates the processing of electrospun nanofabrics using laser cut and ultrasonic technologies. The composite fabrics were analysed for their morphological and mechanical properties. The fracture strain of the nanomembrane–tulle composites increased 58–171% compared to the control samples due to nanofibre entanglements on the open weave structure of tulle. The ultrasonic sewn fabric regions endured 169% greater applied stress with the addition of the organza fabric and the seaming process compared to the nanomembrane–tulle composite. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (0 UL)
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See detailDevelopment and Application of an Asymptotic Level Transport Pollution Model for Luxembourg Energy Air Quality Project
Aleluia Da Silva Reis, Lara UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

The connections between air pollution and the increase of respiratory diseases, are well known. In Europe, many efforts have been carried out towards the mitigation of the pollutants’ emissions over the ... [more ▼]

The connections between air pollution and the increase of respiratory diseases, are well known. In Europe, many efforts have been carried out towards the mitigation of the pollutants’ emissions over the last decades. The European Union supports the implementation of structural planning measures to control air pollution. The assessment and evaluation of these air quality policies must be carried out with the help of dedicated integrated assessment models. The use of integrated assessment models, which combine models from different fields, raises the need for developing specific modelling concepts in order to provide results to support policy decisions within a practical time frame. This work presents the methodology and the development of a dedicated air quality model for an integrated assessment model. This approach has been designed for the Luxembourg Energy and Air Quality, LEAQ, integrated assessment model. It combines an air quality model, AUSTAL2000-AYLTP, with a techno-economic model, ETEM, which computes ozone precursors emissions related to energy consumption. The models are coupled via an optimization engine, which minimizes the total energy cost for a given ozone level. AUSTAL2000, a Lagrangian transport model, has been adapted to receive a photochemical module, the AsYmptotic Level Transport Pollution, AYLTP. This module consists of a Look-Up Table of quasi-linear reaction rates. A balance has been found that gives an acceptable level of accuracy, given the reduction of computational time. The results of the air quality model have been compared with measurements, and with the regional model LOTOS-EUROS and are considered satisfactory for this type of approach. Regarding the LEAQ framework, two study cases have been simulated, one including only the national emissions from Luxembourg country, and a second one for the Luxembourg region, including the neighbouring countries emissions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (6 UL)
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See detailDevelopment of an integrated omics in silico workflow and its application for studying bacteria-phage interactions in a model microbial community
Narayanasamy, Shaman UL

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Microbial communities are ubiquitous and dynamic systems that inhabit a multitude of environments. They underpin natural as well as biotechnological processes, and are also implicated in human health. The ... [more ▼]

Microbial communities are ubiquitous and dynamic systems that inhabit a multitude of environments. They underpin natural as well as biotechnological processes, and are also implicated in human health. The elucidation and understanding of these structurally and functionally complex microbial systems using a broad spectrum of toolkits ranging from in situ sampling, high-throughput data generation ("omics"), bioinformatic analyses, computational modelling and laboratory experiments is the aim of the emerging discipline of Eco-Systems Biology. Integrated workflows which allow the systematic investigation of microbial consortia are being developed. However, in silico methods for analysing multi-omic data sets are so far typically lab-specific, applied ad hoc, limited in terms of their reproducibility by different research groups and suboptimal in the amount of data actually being exploited. To address these limitations, the present work initially focused on the development of the Integrated Meta-omic Pipeline (IMP), a large-scale reference-independent bioinformatic analyses pipeline for the integrated analysis of coupled metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data. IMP is an elaborate pipeline that incorporates robust read preprocessing, iterative co-assembly, analyses of microbial community structure and function, automated binning as well as genomic signature-based visualizations. The IMP-based data integration strategy greatly enhances overall data usage, output volume and quality as demonstrated using relevant use-cases. Finally, IMP is encapsulated within a user-friendly implementation using Python while relying on Docker for reproducibility. The IMP pipeline was then applied to a longitudinal multi-omic dataset derived from a model microbial community from an activated sludge biological wastewater treatment plant with the explicit aim of following bacteria-phage interaction dynamics using information from the CRISPR-Cas system. This work provides a multi-omic perspective of community-level CRISPR dynamics, namely changes in CRISPR repeat and spacer complements over time, demonstrating that these are heterogeneous, dynamic and transcribed genomic regions. Population-level analysis of two lipid accumulating bacterial species associated with 158 putative bacteriophage sequences enabled the observation of phage-host population dynamics. Several putatively identified bacteriophages were found to occur at much higher abundances compared to other phages and these specific peaks usually do not overlap with other putative phages. In addition, there were several RNA-based CRISPR targets that were found to occur in high abundances. In summary, the present work describes the development of a new bioinformatic pipeline for the analysis of coupled metagenomic and metatranscriptomic datasets derived from microbial communities and its application to a study focused on the dynamics of bacteria-virus interactions. Finally, this work demonstrates the power of integrated multi-omic investigation of microbial consortia towards the conversion of high-throughput next-generation sequencing data into new insights. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 333 (93 UL)
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See detailDevelopments in Mesh-Moving and Mesh-Update Schemes for Space-Time Finite Element Dicretisations of Fluid Flows
Schippke, Henning; Zilian, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2011)

Space-time discretisations of physical problems involving moving and deforming bodies, boundaries and interfaces have been shown to offer advantageous properties, while being methodologically uniform and ... [more ▼]

Space-time discretisations of physical problems involving moving and deforming bodies, boundaries and interfaces have been shown to offer advantageous properties, while being methodologically uniform and flexible. Well-known phenomena, which are ideally suited to be analysed by space-time methods, are fluid-structure interaction problems in general as well as fluid flows with subdomain phase boundaries or immersed moving objects. In this contribution existing mesh-moving and mesh-update techniques are comparatively discussed within the framework of finite element discretisations of the Navier-Stokes equations in space and time. The investigation is based on a SUPG/PSPG velocity-pressure formulation on the deforming space-time do- main. Developments of mesh reconnection at fluid-solid interfaces due to mesh-moving/reconnecting proce- dures for space-time discretisations of fluid flows are presented. Furthermore mesh-update/reconnecting techniques are examined occurring in engineering problems involving sliding or rotating space-time fluid meshes. The presented techniques are accompanied by numerical examples of translational fluid flow as well as fluid flow with immersed rotating fluid bodies. The quality of the approximative solution on the moving and deforming mesh as well as its conservation properties are investigated. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (2 UL)
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See detailDevice-free indoor localization using ambient radio signals
Popleteev, Andrei UL

in UbiComp-2013 Adjunct proceedings (2013)

This paper investigates feasibility of device-free indoor localization using single passive receiver. Instead of local wireless nodes sharing one frequency channel, this work leverages multiple ambient FM ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates feasibility of device-free indoor localization using single passive receiver. Instead of local wireless nodes sharing one frequency channel, this work leverages multiple ambient FM radio stations. Experimental results demonstrate feasibility of the proposed approach and highlight the role of frequency diversity for passive localization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (4 UL)
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See detailDigital History Projects As Boundary Objects
Kemman, Max UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (6 UL)
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See detailDimensions of Digital History Collaborations
Kemman, Max UL

Scientific Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 UL)
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See detailDirect image-analysis methods for surgical simulation and mixed meshfree methods
Hale, Jack UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL; Kerfriden, Pierre et al

Presentation (2014, May 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (11 UL)
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See detailDirectionality of Attacks in Natural Language Argumentation
Cramer, Marcos UL; Guillaume, Mathieu UL

in CEUR Workshop Proceedings (2018)

In formal (abstract and structured) argumentation theory, a central notion is that of an attack between a counterargument and the argument that it is challenging. Unlike the notion of an inconsistency ... [more ▼]

In formal (abstract and structured) argumentation theory, a central notion is that of an attack between a counterargument and the argument that it is challenging. Unlike the notion of an inconsistency between two statements in classical logic, this notion of an attack between arguments can be asymmetric, i.e. an argument A can attack an argument B without B attacking A. While this property of the formal systems studied by argumentation theorist has been motivated by considerations about the human practice of argumentation in natural language, there have not been any systematic studies on the connection between the directionality of attacks in argumentation-theoretic formalisms and the way humans actually interpret conflicts between arguments in a non-symmetric way. In this paper, we report on the result of two empirical cognitive studies that aim at filling this gap, one study with ordinary adults (undergraduate students) and one study with adult experts in formal argumentation theory. We interpret the results in light of the notions and distinctions defined in the ASPIC+ framework for structured argumentation, and discuss the relevance of our findings to past and future empirical studies about the link between human argumentation and formal argumentation theory. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (0 UL)
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See detailDiscrete mechanical models and upscaling techniques for discrete materials
Beex, Lars UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL

Poster (2016)

Numerous natural and man-made materials are essentially discrete structures at the mesoscale or microscale (see Fig. 1). Discrete mechanical models can be formulated to capture typical mechanical ... [more ▼]

Numerous natural and man-made materials are essentially discrete structures at the mesoscale or microscale (see Fig. 1). Discrete mechanical models can be formulated to capture typical mechanical phenomena arising from this discreteness. Failure in these materials, which often starts with the fracture of an individual bond, can be predicted based on the small-scale mechanics with these models. For failure, but also for non-local mechanics, no phenomenological descriptions are required in these models. This makes them more predictive than constitutive material models for this type of materials. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (5 UL)
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See detailDiscrete Multiscale Modelling and Future Research Plans concerning Metals
Beex, Lars UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL; Rappel, Hussein UL et al

Presentation (2014, October 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (11 UL)
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See detailA discrete-continuous approach to describe CaCO3 decarbonation in non-steady thermal conditions
Copertaro, Edoardo UL; Chiariotti, Paolo; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al

in Powder Technology (2015), 275

In cement production, direct measurements of thermal and chemical variables are often unfeasible as a consequence of aggressive environments, moving parts and physical inaccessibility, and therefore ... [more ▼]

In cement production, direct measurements of thermal and chemical variables are often unfeasible as a consequence of aggressive environments, moving parts and physical inaccessibility, and therefore prediction models are essential tools in these types of industrial applications. This article addresses the problem of the numerical prediction of the CaCO3 calcination process, which is the first and the most energy expensive process in clinker production. This study was conducted using the Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM), a framework which allows a Eulerian approach for the gas phase to be combined with a Lagrange one for the powder phase. A detailed validation of the numerical model was performed by comparison to non-isothermal TG curves for mass loss during the CaCO3 decarbonation process. The complex three-dimensional predictions for solid and gas phases are believed to represent a first step towards a new insight into the cement production process. Thus, the high accuracy and detailed description of the problem addressed, serve as a basis to assess the uncertainty of more simplified models such as those used in soft sensors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (7 UL)