Reference : Numerical evaluation of the plastic hinges developed in headed stud shear connectors ...
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Civil engineering
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40638
Numerical evaluation of the plastic hinges developed in headed stud shear connectors in composite beams with profiled steel sheeting
English
Vigneri, Valentino mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Odenbreit, Christoph mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Braun, Matthias Volker mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Apr-2019
Structures
Elsevier
Yes
International
2352-0124
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] Push-out test ; Shear stud ; Mechanical model ; Numerical model ; Shear connector with profiled sheeting
[en] For composite beams using novel steel sheeting, the current Eurocode 4 rules sometimes overestimate the load-bearing capacity of headed stud shear connectors. This is due to the larger rib heights and the smaller rib widths in comparison with the old studies, which have been carried out to calibrate the current design equations. The RFCS Project “DISCCO” investigated this phenomena and the working group under mandate M515, CEN/TC250/SC4/SC4.T3 is enhancing this equation and working on a proposal to be taken over in the new version of Eurocode 4. The proposed new equation covers the failure behaviour of the shear connection more in detail. The test results show, that the failure consists in a combined concrete cone and stud in bending. Due to the geometry of novel steel sheeting, the load bearing capacity of the headed stud shear connector is no more limited by its shear capacity, but by its bending capacity. A 3D non-linear finite element model is developed and validated through the support of the DISCCO push-out tests. A good agreement between numerical and experimental results in terms of force-slip behaviour is achieved. Special attention of this work lies on the numerical evaluation of the number of plastic hinges n y : a stress-based procedure is presented and the results are compared to the equations presented for new Eurocode 4. The numerical simulations show that the upper plastic hinge moves up as the slip increases due to the progressive crushing of the concrete in the rib. From the parametric study, it turns out that n y is linearly proportional to the embedment depth. Compared to pre-punched hole decking, through-deck welding specimen activates less plastic hinges in the studs because of the higher stiffness provided at the base of the stud.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40638
10.1016/j.istruc.2019.03.017

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