Reference : Explicit and implicit speaker evaluations and their differential attitudinal determinants
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Multilingualism and Intercultural Studies
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/36199
Explicit and implicit speaker evaluations and their differential attitudinal determinants
English
Lehnert, Tessa Elisabeth mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Krolak, Sabine mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Hörstermann, Thomas mailto [University of Luxembourg > Rectorate > Administration >]
4-Jul-2018
Language Sciences
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
69
68-79
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0388-0001
[en] Speaker evaluations ; Explicit-implicit distinction ; Evaluative priming task ; Language attitudes ; Nationality attitudes ; Differential predictive validity
[en] Previous speaker evaluation studies have traditionally assessed the influence of attitudes
toward languages with explicit self-report measures. Social-cognitive theories positing a
differential influence of explicit and implicit attitudes on controlled versus automatic
evaluative responses have not been addressed in this domain thus far. In addition to
separating attitudes toward languages from attitudes toward nationality, the aim of this
study was to test whether explicit and implicit speaker evaluations refer to distinct concepts.
We expected that explicit attitudes would be stronger predictors of deliberate
speaker evaluations than implicit attitudes would. By contrast, we expected that automatic
evaluations examined with an evaluative priming task would primarily reflect implicit
attitudes. Results showed that explicit speaker evaluations were influenced by explicit
attitudes toward nationality, whereas implicit evaluations were mainly predicted by implicit
attitudes toward nationality. The crucial role of speaker’s nationality in speaker
evaluation processes is further discussed within the framework of implicit group processes.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/36199
10.1016/j.langsci.2018.06.005
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0388000118300068?via%3Dihub

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