Reference : Inequality in old age cognition across the world
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Business & economic sciences : Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/35359
Inequality in old age cognition across the world
English
Olivera, Javier mailto []
Andreoli, Francesco []
Leist, Anja mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Chauvel, Louis mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
In press
Economics and Human Biology
Elsevier
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
1570-677X
1873-6130
Amsterdam
Netherlands
[en] cognitive function ; inequality ; older age ; inequality of opportunity ; Health and Retirement Studies ; education
[en] Although cohort and country differences in average cognitive levels are well established, identifying the degree and determinants of inequalities in old age cognitive functioning could guide public health and policymaking efforts. We use all publicly available and representative old age surveys with comparable information to assess inequalities of cognitive functioning in six distinctive age groups of 29 countries. We document that cognitive inequalities in old age are largely determined by earlier educational inequalities as well as gender differential survival rates. For example, a one percentage point increase in the Gini index of past education is associated with an increase of 0.45 percentage points in the Gini index of delayed recall and 0.23 percentage points in the Gini of immediate recall. Results are robust to a variety of alternative explanations and persist even after controlling for gender-related biases in survival rates. Furthermore, we find evidence that unequal opportunities for education -captured by differences in parental background and gender- also have significant effects on inequality of old age cognition.
Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > PEARL Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Inequality (IRSEI)
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/35359
10.1016/j.ehb.2018.03.002

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