Reference : On the combined effect of periodic signals and colored noise on velocity uncertainties
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Computational Sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/32853
On the combined effect of periodic signals and colored noise on velocity uncertainties
English
Klos, Anna [Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland]
Olivares Pulido, German [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Teferle, Felix Norman mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Hunegnaw, Addisu [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Bogusz, Janusz [Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland]
1-Nov-2017
GPS Solutions
Springer
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1080-5370
1521-1886
Heidelberg
Germany
[en] Global Navigation Satellite System ; Seasonal Signals ; Noise Analysis ; General Dilution of Precision
[en] The velocity estimates and their uncertainties derived from position time series of Global Navigation Satellite System stations are affected by seasonal signals and their harmonics, and the statistical properties, i.e., the stochastic noise, contained in the series. If the deterministic model in the form of linear trend and periodic terms is not accurate enough to describe the time series, it will alter the stochastic model, and the resulting effect on the velocity uncertainties can be perceived as a result of a misfit of the deterministic model. The effects of insufficiently modeled seasonal signals will propagate into the stochastic model and falsify the results of the noise analysis, in addition to velocity estimates and their uncertainties. We provide the general dilution of precision (GDP) of velocity uncertainties as the ratio of uncertainties of velocities determined from to two different deterministic models while accounting for stochastic noise at the same time. In this newly defined GDP, the first deterministic model includes a linear trend, while the second one includes a linear trend and seasonal signals. These two are tested with the assumption of white noise only as well as the combinations of power-law and white noise in the data. The more seasonal terms are added to the series, the more biased the velocity uncertainties become. With increasing time span of observations, the assumption of seasonal signals becomes less important, and the power-law character of the residuals starts to play a crucial role in the determined velocity uncertainties. With reference frame and sea level applications in mind, we argue that 7 and 9 years of continuous observations is the threshold for white and flicker noise, respectively, while 17 years are required for random-walk to decrease GDP below 5% and to omit periodic oscillations in the GNSS-derived time series taking only the noise model into consideration.
University of Luxembourg - UL
Researchers ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/32853
10.1007/s10291-017-0674-x

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