Reference : Transferring intercellular signals and traits between cancer cells: extracellular ves...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Systems Biomedicine
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/32287
Transferring intercellular signals and traits between cancer cells: extracellular vesicles as "homing pigeons"
English
Cesi, Giulia mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Walbrecq, Geoffroy mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Margue, Christiane mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Kreis, Stephanie mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
10-Jun-2016
Cell Communication and Signaling
BioMed Central
14
1
13
Yes
International
1478-811X
[en] Cancer ; Imaging ; Intercellular communication ; Extracellular vesicles ; Drug resistance
[en] Extracellular vesicles are cell-derived vesicles, which can transport various cargos out of cells. From their cell of origin, the content molecules (proteins, non-coding RNAs including miRNAs, DNA and others) can be delivered to neighboring or distant cells and as such extracellular vesicles can be regarded as vehicles of intercellular communication or "homing pigeons". Extracellular vesicle shuttling is able to actively modulate the tumor microenvironment and can partake in tumor dissemination. In various diseases, including cancer, levels of extracellular vesicle secretion are altered resulting in different amounts and/or profiles of detectable vesicular cargo molecules and these distinct content profiles are currently being evaluated as biomarkers. Apart from their potential as blood-derived containers of specific biomarkers, the transfer of extracellular vesicles to surrounding cells also appears to be involved in the propagation of phenotypic traits. These interesting properties have put extracellular vesicles into the focus of many recent studies.Here we review findings on the involvement of extracellular vesicles in transferring traits of cancer cells to their surroundings and briefly discuss new data on oncosomes, a larger type of vesicle. A pressing issue in cancer treatment is rapidly evolving resistance to many initially efficient drug therapies. Studies investigating the role of extracellular vesicles in this phenomenon together with a summary of the technical challenges that this field is still facing, are also presented. Finally, emerging areas of research such as the analysis of the lipid composition on extracellular vesicles and cutting-edge techniques to visualise the trafficking of extracellular vesicles are discussed.
Fondation Cancer (Luxembourg) ; PĂ©lican Foundation
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/32287
10.1186/s12964-016-0136-z

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