Reference : Bilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Poster
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/3090
Bilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
English
Engel de Abreu, Pascale mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Cruz-Santos, A []
Tourinho De Abreu Neto, Carlos José mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Martin, Romain mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Bialystok, E []
24-Jun-2013
Yes
International
Child Language Seminar
24-25 June 2013
Manchester
UK
[en] bilingualism ; immigration ; cognitive processes ; CORE BiSLI
[en] This study explores whether the cognitive advantage associated with bilingualism in executive functioning extends to young children challenged by poverty and if so, which specific processes are most affected. Forty Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilingual children from low-income immigrant families in Luxembourg and 40 matched monolingual children from Portugal completed visuo-spatial tests of working memory, abstract reasoning, selective attention, and interference suppression. Two broad cognitive factors of executive functioning labeled representation (abstract reasoning and working memory) and control (selective attention and interference suppression) emerged from principal components analysis. Whereas there were no group differences in representation, the bilinguals performed significantly better than the monolinguals in control. These results demonstrate first, that the bilingual advantage is neither confounded with nor limited by socioeconomic and cultural factors and second, that separable aspects of executive functioning are differentially affected by bilingualism. The bilingual advantage lies in control but not in visuo-spatial representational processes.
FNR
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/3090
http://www.psych-sci.manchester.ac.uk/aboutus/events/cls2013/FinalProgrammeVer2.pdf

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