Reference : Implicit associations between pain and self-schema in patients with chronic pain.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30783
Implicit associations between pain and self-schema in patients with chronic pain.
English
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri mailto [Ghent University > Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology]
De Houwer, Jan [> >]
Van Bockstaele, Bram [> >]
Van Damme, Stefaan [> >]
De Schryver, Maarten [> >]
Crombez, Geert [> >]
2013
Pain
154
12
2700-6
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0304-3959
1872-6623
United States
[en] Adult ; Aged ; Association ; Chronic Pain/diagnosis/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pain Measurement/methods/psychology ; Photic Stimulation/methods ; Self Concept ; Self Report ; Young Adult ; Chronic pain ; Implicit Association Test ; Self
[en] Chronic pain often interferes with daily functioning, and may become a threat to an individual's sense of self. Despite the development of a recent theoretical account focussing upon the relationship between the presence of chronic pain and a person's self, research investigating this idea is limited. In the present study we aimed to (1) compare the strength of association between self- and pain schema in patients with chronic pain and healthy control subjects and (2) research whether the strength of association between self- and pain-schema is related to particular pain-related outcomes and individual differences of patients with chronic pain. Seventy-three patients with chronic pain (M(age) = 49.95; SD = 9.76) and 53 healthy volunteers (M(age) = 48.53; SD = 10.37) performed an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to assess the strength of association between pain- and self-schema. Patients with chronic pain also filled out self-report measures of pain severity, pain suffering, disability, depression, anxiety, acceptance, and helplessness. Results indicated that the pain- and self-schema were more strongly associated in patients with chronic pain than in healthy control subjects. Second, results indicated that, in patients with chronic pain, a stronger association between self- and pain-schema, as measured with the IAT, is related to a heightened level of pain severity, pain suffering, anxiety, and helplessness. Current findings give first support for the use of an IAT to investigate the strength of association between self- and pain-schema in patients with chronic pain and suggest that pain therapies may incorporate techniques that intervene on the level of self-pain enmeshment.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30783
Copyright (c) 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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