Reference : Do executive functions predict binge-drinking patterns? Evidence from a longitudinal ...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30184
Do executive functions predict binge-drinking patterns? Evidence from a longitudinal study in young adulthood
English
Bø, Ragnhild []
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Gjerde, Line C. []
Eilertsen, Espen M. []
Landrø, Nils I. []
2017
Frontiers in Psychology
Switzerland Frontiers Research Foundation
8
498
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1664-1078
Pully
Switzerland
[en] Binge Drinking ; Executive Functions ; Longitudinal ; Decision Making ; Young Adults
[en] Background: Impairments in executive functions (EFs) are related to binge drinking in young adulthood, but research on how EFs influence future binge drinking is lacking. The aim of the current report is therefore to investigate the association between various EFs and later severity of, and change in, binge drinking over a prolonged period during young adulthood. Methods: At baseline, 121 students reported on their alcohol habits (the Alcohol use disorder identification test; Alcohol use questionnaire). Concurrently, EFs (working memory, reversal, set-shifting, response inhibition, response monitoring and decision-making (with ambiguity and implicit risk)) were assessed. Eighteen months later, information on alcohol habits for 103 of the participants were gathered. Data were analyzed by means of multilevel regression modeling.
Results: Future severity of binge drinking was uniquely predicted by performance on the Information sampling task, assessing risky decision-making (β = -1.86, 95% CI: -3.69, -0.04). None of the study variables predicted severity or change in binge drinking. Conclusion: Future severity of binge was associated with making risky decisions in the prospect for gain, suggesting reward hypersensitivity. Future studies should aim at clarifying whether there is a causal association between decision-making style and binge drinking. Performance on all executive tasks was unrelated to change in binge drinking patterns; however, the finding was limited by overall small changes, and needs to be confirmed with longer follow-up periods.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30184
10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00489

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

FileCommentaryVersionSizeAccess
Open access
Bo_Frontiers_Psychology_2017.pdfPublisher postprint379.75 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.