Reference : Dissecting functions of the N-terminal domain and GAS-site recognition in STAT3
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30092
Dissecting functions of the N-terminal domain and GAS-site recognition in STAT3
English
Martincuks, Antons [Rheinisch - Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen - RWTH > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Fahrenkamp, Dirk [Rheinisch - Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen - RWTH > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Haan, Serge mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Herrmann, Andreas [Rheinisch - Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen - RWTH > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Küster, Andrea [Rheinisch - Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen - RWTH > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Müller-Newen, Gerhard [Rheinisch - Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen - RWTH > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Aug-2016
Cellular Signalling
Elsevier Science
28
8
810-25
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0898-6568
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] STAT3 ; trafficking
[en] Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a ubiquitous transcription factor involved in many biological processes, including hematopoiesis, inflammation and cancer progression. Cytokine-induced gene transcription greatly depends on tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 on a single tyrosine residue with subsequent nuclear accumulation and specific DNA sequence (GAS) recognition. In this study, we analyzed the roles of the conserved STAT3 N-terminal domain (NTD) and GAS-element binding ability of STAT3 in nucleocytoplasmic trafficking. Our results demonstrate the nonessential role of GAS-element recognition for both cytokine-induced and basal nuclear import of STAT3. Substitution of five key amino acids within the DNA-binding domain rendered STAT3 unable to bind to GAS-elements while still maintaining the ability for nuclear localization. In turn, deletion of the NTD markedly decreased nuclear accumulation upon IL-6 treatment resulting in a prolonged accumulation of phosphorylated dimers in the cytoplasm, at the same time preserving specific DNA recognition ability of the truncation mutant. Observed defect in nuclear localization could not be explained by flawed importin-α binding, since both wild-type and NTD deletion mutant of STAT3 could precipitate both full-length and autoinhibitory domain (∆ IBB) deletion mutants of importin-α5, as well as ∆ IBB-α3 and ∆ IBB-α7 isoforms independently of IL-6 stimulation. Despite its inability to translocate to the nucleus upon IL-6 stimulation, the NTD lacking mutant still showed nuclear accumulation in resting cells similar to wild-type upon inhibition of nuclear export by leptomycin B. At the same time, blocking the nuclear export pathway could not rescue cytoplasmic trapping of phosphorylated STAT3 molecules without NTD. Moreover, STAT3 mutant with dysfunctional SH2 domain (R609Q) also localized in the nucleus of unstimulated cells after nuclear export blocking, while upon cytokine treatment the subcellular localization of this mutant had not changed. Our findings support the concept that basal nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of STAT3 is different from active cytokine-induced nuclear import and does not require conserved N- or SH2-terminal domains, preformed dimer formation and GAS-element-specific DNA recognition.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/30092
10.1016/j.cellsig.2016.03.011
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0898656816300651

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