Reference : Heterogeneous inhibition processes involved in different facets of self-reported impu...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29678
Heterogeneous inhibition processes involved in different facets of self-reported impulsivity: evidence from a community sample.
English
Gay, Philippe [> >]
Rochat, Lucien [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
d'Acremont, Mathieu [> >]
Van der Linden, Martial [> >]
2008
Acta psychologica
129
3
332-9
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0001-6918
1873-6297
Netherlands
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Attention ; Female ; Humans ; Impulsive Behavior/psychology ; Inhibition (Psychology) ; Male ; Memory, Short-Term ; Pattern Recognition, Visual ; Personality Inventory ; Proactive Inhibition ; Psychomotor Performance ; Young Adult
[en] Whiteside and Lynam (Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The Five Factor Model and impulsivity: Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 669-689) clarified the multifaceted nature of impulsivity by identifying four distinct facets of self-reported impulsive behaviors: urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation seeking. Building on work by Bechara and Van der Linden (Bechara, A., & Van der Linden, M. (2005). Decision-making and impulse control after frontal lobe injuries. Current Opinion in Neurology, 18, 734-739), the main objective of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that perseverance and urgency map onto the two distinct inhibitory functions distinguished by Friedman and Miyake (Friedman, N. P., & Miyake, A. (2004). The relations among inhibition and interference control functions: A latent-variable analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 101-135): prepotent response inhibition and resistance to proactive interference. Participants (N=126) completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale and three tasks: a recent-negatives task to assess proactive interference in working memory, and two Go/No-Go tasks at different paces, the slower of which also assessed task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs). Consistent with the hypothesis, TUTs were positively correlated with lack of perseverance, and multiple regressions revealed that urgency was specifically related to errors in prepotent response inhibition, and lack of perseverance to errors due to difficulties overcoming proactive interference.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29678
10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.08.010

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