Reference : Spatial–temporal variations of water vapor content over Ethiopia: a study using GPS o...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29011
Spatial–temporal variations of water vapor content over Ethiopia: a study using GPS observations and the ECMWF model
English
Abraha, Kibrom Ebuy mailto [Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia; IGSSA, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia]
Lewi, Elias [IGSSA, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia]
Masson, Frederic [IPGS/EOST, Universite ́ de Strasbourg/CNRS, Strasbourg, France]
Boy, Jean-Paul [IPGS/EOST, Universite ́ de Strasbourg/CNRS, Strasbourg, France]
Doubre, Cecile [IPGS/EOST, Universite ́ de Strasbourg/CNRS, Strasbourg, France]
15-Dec-2015
GPS Solutions
Springer
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1080-5370
1521-1886
Heidelberg
Germany
[en] We characterize the spatial–temporal variability of integrated water vapor (IWV) in Ethiopia from a network of global positioning system (GPS) stations and
the European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) model. The IWV computed from the ECMWF model is integrated from the height of the GPS
stations on 60 pressure levels to take both the actual earth surface and the model orography discrepancies into account. First, we compare the IWV estimated from GPS
and from the model. The bias varies from site to site, and the correlation coefficients between the two data sets exceed 0.85 at different time scales. The results of this
study show that the general ECMWF IWV trend is underestimation over highlands and overestimation over lowlands for wet periods, and overestimation over high-
lands and underestimation over lowlands for dry periods with very few exceptional stations. Second, we observe the spatial variation of the IWV. High values are obtained in
those stations that are located in the north-eastern (Afar depression) sites and the south-western part of the country. This distribution is related to the spatial variability of the
climate in Ethiopia. Finally, we study the seasonal cycle and inter-annual variability of IWV for all stations over Ethiopia. The main result is the strong inter-annual vari-
ability observed for the dry seasons.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29011
10.1007/s10291-015-0508-7

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