Reference : Resilience and rejection sensitivity mediate long-term outcomes of parental divorce
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/28012
Resilience and rejection sensitivity mediate long-term outcomes of parental divorce
English
Schaan, Violetta mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Vögele, Claus mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Nov-2016
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
25
11
1267-1269
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1018-8827
1435-165X
Darmstadt
Germany
[en] parental divorce ; mental health ; resilience ; rejection sensitivity ; childhood trauma
[en] Introduction: Increasing divorce rates leave more and more children to deal with the separation of their parents. Recent research suggests that children of divorced parents more often experience psychological and physical symptoms than children of non-divorced parents. The processes that mediate the relationship between parental divorce and ill-health, however, are still elusive. The current study investigated the mediating role of psychological factors such as resilience and rejection sensitivity on the long-term consequences of parental divorce in young adults.
Methods: One hundred and ninety-nine participants (mean age 22.3 years) completed an online survey including measures of mental health, childhood trauma, resilience and rejection sensitivity.
Results: Participants with divorced parents (33%) reported increased levels of psychological symptoms, childhood trauma, rejection sensitivity and lower levels of resilience. The association between parental divorce and mental health was fully mediated by resilience, rejection sensitivity and childhood trauma. The mediation model explained up to 44% of the total variance in mental health symptoms.
Discussion: Resilience and rejection sensitivity are crucial factors for successful coping with the experience of parental separation. Prevention programs that help to boost children’s resilience might help to reduce the long-term effects of parental divorce on their attachment style (e.g. rejection sensitivity), thereby improving their mental health on the long run. Furthermore, the results call for parental awareness and counseling to target and reduce the observed increased level of childhood trauma. Limitations concern the cross-sectional and retrospective design of the study.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/28012
10.1007/s00787-016-0893-7
FnR ; FNR9825384 > Violetta Schaan > > Social rejection in early childhood and its effects on stress responses in later life > 01/03/2015 > 14/10/2017 > 2015

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