Reference : MiR-128 represses L1 retrotransposition by binding directly to L1 RNA
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/27302
MiR-128 represses L1 retrotransposition by binding directly to L1 RNA
English
Hamdorf, Matthias mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit]
Idica, A. [Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Francisco J. Ayala School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States]
Zisoulis, D. G. [Regulus Therapeutics, San Diego, CA, United States]
Gamelin, L. [Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Francisco J. Ayala School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States]
Martin, C. [Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Francisco J. Ayala School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States]
Sanders, K. J. [Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Francisco J. Ayala School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States]
Pedersen, I. M. [Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Francisco J. Ayala School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States]
2015
Nature Structural and Molecular Biology
Nature Publishing Group
22
10
824-831
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1545-9993
[en] DNA methyltransferase 3B ; RNA ; MIRN128 microRNA, human ; RNA ; Article ; DNA integration ; DNA methylation ; HeLa cell line ; RNA binding ; CFU counting ; Cellular Reprogramming ; Colony-Forming Units Assay ; DNA Primers ; Fibroblasts ; Fluorescent Antibody Technique ; Genomic Instability ; HeLa Cells ; Humans ; Immunoblotting ; Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells ; Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements ; Luciferases ; MicroRNAs ; Mutagenesis, Insertional ; Neoplasms ; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction ; RNA
[en] Long interspersed element 1 (LINE-1 or L1) retrotransposons compose 17% of the human genome. Active L1 elements are capable of replicative transposition (mobilization) and can act as drivers of genetic diversity. However, this mobilization is mutagenic and may be detrimental to the host, and therefore it is under strict control. Somatic cells usually silence L1 activity by DNA methylation of the L1 promoter. In hypomethylated cells, such as cancer cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), a window of opportunity for L1 reactivation emerges, and with it comes an increased risk of genomic instability and tumorigenesis. Here we show that miR-128 represses new retrotransposition events in human cancer cells and iPSCs by binding directly to L1 RNA. Thus, we have identified and characterized a new function of microRNAs: mediating genomic stability by suppressing the mobility of endogenous retrotransposons. © 2015 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/27302
10.1038/nsmb.3090

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