Reference : Gene Regulatory Network Inference of Immunoresponsive Gene 1 (IRG1) Identifies Interf...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/27055
Gene Regulatory Network Inference of Immunoresponsive Gene 1 (IRG1) Identifies Interferon Regulatory Factor 1 (IRF1) as Its Transcriptional Regulator in Mammalian Macrophages
English
Antony, Paul mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Tallam, Aravind mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Perumal, Thanneer Malai mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Jäger, Christian mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Fritz, Joëlle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Balling, Rudi mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
del Sol Mesa, Antonio mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Michelucci, Alessandro mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Vallar, Laurent mailto []
Feb-2016
PLoS ONE
Public Library of Science
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
1932-6203
San Franscisco
CA
[en] Immunoresponsive gene 1 (IRG1) is one of the highest induced genes in macrophages under pro-inflammatory conditions. Its function has been recently described: it codes for immune-responsive gene 1 protein/cis-aconitic acid decarboxylase (IRG1/CAD), an enzyme catalysing the production of itaconic acid from cis-aconitic acid, a tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediate. Itaconic acid possesses specific antimicrobial properties inhibiting isocitrate lyase, the first enzyme of the glyoxylate shunt, an anaplerotic pathway that bypasses the TCA cycle and enables bacteria to survive on limited carbon conditions. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying itaconic acid production through IRG1 induction in macrophages, we examined the transcriptional regulation of IRG1. To this end, we studied IRG1 expression in human immune cells under different inflammatory stimuli, such as TNFα and IFNγ, in addition to lipopolysaccharides. Under these conditions, as previously shown in mouse macrophages, IRG1/CAD accumulates in mitochondria. Furthermore, using literature information and transcription factor prediction models, we re-constructed raw gene regulatory networks (GRNs) for IRG1 in mouse and human macrophages. We further implemented a contextualization algorithm that relies on genome-wide gene expression data to infer putative cell type-specific gene regulatory interactions in mouse and human macrophages, which allowed us to predict potential transcriptional regulators of IRG1. Among the computationally identified regulators, siRNA-mediated gene silencing of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) in macrophages significantly decreased the expression of IRG1/CAD at the gene and protein level, which correlated with a reduced production of itaconic acid. Using a synergistic approach of both computational and experimental methods, we here shed more light on the transcriptional machinery of IRG1 expression and could pave the way to therapeutic approaches targeting itaconic acid levels.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Experimental Neurobiology (Balling Group) ; Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Computational Biology (Del Sol Group)
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/27055
10.1371/journal.pone.0149050

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