Reference : Genetic and molecular control of folate-homocysteine metabolism in mutant mice.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/2669
Genetic and molecular control of folate-homocysteine metabolism in mutant mice.
English
Ernest, Sheila [> >]
Christensen, Benedicte [> >]
Gilfix, Brian M. [> >]
Mamer, Orval A. [> >]
Hosack, Angela [> >]
Rodier, Mitchell [> >]
Colmenares, Clemencia [> >]
McGrath, James [> >]
Bale, Allen [> >]
Balling, Rudi mailto []
Sankoff, David [> >]
Rosenblatt, David S. [> >]
Nadeau, Joseph H. [> >]
2002
Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
13
5
259-67
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
0938-8990
1432-1777
United States
[en] Animals ; Blotting, Northern ; Disease Models, Animal ; Female ; Folic Acid/blood/metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation/genetics ; Homocysteine/blood/metabolism ; Hyperhomocysteinemia/genetics/metabolism ; Liver/metabolism ; Methylmalonic Acid/blood ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C3H ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Mice, Mutant Strains/blood/genetics/metabolism ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis ; Signal Transduction/genetics
[en] Hyperhomocysteinemia adversely affects fundamental aspects of fetal development, adulthood, and aging, but the role of elevated homocysteine levels in these birth defects and adult diseases remains unclear. Mouse models are valuable for investigating the causes and consequences of hyperhomocysteinemia. We used a phenotype-based approach to identify mouse mutants for studying the relation between single gene mutations, homocysteine levels as a measure of the status of homocysteine metabolism, and gene expression profiles as a way to assess the impact of protein deficiency in mutant mice on steady-state transcription levels of genes in the folate-homocysteine pathways. These mutants were selected based on their propensity to produce phenotypes that are reminiscent of those associated with anomalies in folate-homocysteine metabolism in humans. We report identification of new, single-gene mouse models of homocysteinemia and characterization of their molecular and physiological impact on folate-homocysteine metabolism. Mutations in several genes involved in the hedgehog and WNT signal transduction pathways, as well as a gene involved in lipid metabolism, resulted in elevated homocysteine levels and altered expression profiles of folate-homocysteine metabolism genes. These results begin to unravel the complex relations between elevation of a single amino acid in the blood and the diverse birth defects and adult diseases associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/2669
10.1007/s00335-001-3054-2

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