Reference : An Analog Chemical Circuit with Parallel-Accessible Delay Line for Learning Temporal Tasks
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Paper published in a book
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
Computational Sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25947
An Analog Chemical Circuit with Parallel-Accessible Delay Line for Learning Temporal Tasks
English
Banda, Peter mailto [Portland State University > Department of Computer Science]
Teuscher, Christof [> >]
2014
Artificial Life 14: Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems
Sayama, Hiroki
Rieffel, John
Risi, Sebastian
Doursat, René
Lipson, Hod
MIT Press
482-489
Yes
International
USA
ALIFE 14: The Fourteenth Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems
from 30-07-2014 to 02-08-2014
New York
USA
[en] chemical delay line ; chemical perceptron ; chemical reaction network ; analog asymmetric signal perceptron ; temporal learning ; chemical computing
[en] Current synthetic chemical systems lack the ability to self-modify and learn to solve desired tasks. In this paper we introduce a new parallel model of a chemical delay line, which stores past concentrations over time with minimal latency. To enable temporal processing, we integrate the delay line with our previously proposed analog chemical perceptron. We show that we can successfully train our new memory-enabled chemical learner on four non-trivial temporal tasks: the linear moving weighted average, the moving maximum, and two variants of the Nonlinear AutoRegressive Moving Average (NARMA). Our implementation is based on chemical reaction networks and follows mass-action and Michaelis-Menten kinetics. We show that despite a simple design and limited resources, a single chemical perceptron extended with memory of variable size achieves 93-99% accuracy on the above tasks. Our results present an important step toward actual biochemical systems that can learn and adapt. Such systems have applications in biomedical diagnosis and smart drug delivery.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25947
10.7551/978-0-262-32621-6-ch078

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