Reference : Size effects in the interface level alignment of dye-sensitized TiO 2 clusters
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25678
Size effects in the interface level alignment of dye-sensitized TiO 2 clusters
English
Marom, N. [Physics and Engineering Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, United States > > > ; Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences (ICES), University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, United States]
Körzdörfer, T. [Computational Chemistry, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany]
Ren, X. [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China]
Tkatchenko, Alexandre mailto [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195, Berlin, Germany]
Chelikowsky, J. R. [Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences (ICES), University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, United States]
2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
American Chemical Society
5
14
2395-2401
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1948-7185
[en] DFT ; GW approximation ; Dispersions ; Dye-sensitized solar cells ; Electronic structure ; Nanostructures ; Phenols ; Photoelectrochemical cells ; Size determination ; Solar cells ; Van der Waals forces ; Dispersion interaction ; Dye-Sensitized solar cell ; Functional nanostructures ; Interface engineering ; Many-body ; Quantum size effects ; Van der waals ; Titanium dioxide
[en] The efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) depends critically on the electronic structure of the interfaces in the active region. We employ recently developed dispersion-inclusive density functional theory (DFT) and GW methods to study the electronic structure of TiO2 clusters sensitized with catechol molecules. We show that the energy level alignment at the dye-TiO2 interface is the result of an intricate interplay of quantum size effects and dynamic screening effects and that it may be manipulated by nanostructuring and functionalizing the TiO2. We demonstrate that the energy difference between the catechol LUMO and the TiO2 LUMO, which is associated with the injection loss in DSCs, may be reduced significantly by reducing the dimensions of nanostructured TiO2 and by functionalizing the TiO2 with wide-gap moieties, which contribute additional screening but do not interact strongly with the frontier orbitals of the TiO2 and the dye. Precise control of the electronic structure may be achieved via "interface engineering" in functional nanostructures. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25678
10.1021/jz5008356

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