Reference : Review of safety and mobility issues among older pedestrians
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25261
Review of safety and mobility issues among older pedestrians
English
Tournier, Isabelle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Dommes, Aurélie []
Cavallo, Viola []
Jun-2016
Accident Analysis & Prevention
91
24-35
Yes
International
[en] Pedestrian ; Aging ; Mobility
[en] Although old people make up an extremely vulnerable road-user group, older pedestrians’ difficulties have been studied less extensively than those of older drivers, and more knowledge of this issue is still required. The present paper reviews current knowledge of older-adult problems with the main components of pedestrian activity, i.e., walking and obstacle negotiation, wayfinding, and road crossing. Compared to younger ones, old pedestrians exhibit declining walking skills, with a walking speed decrease, less stable balance, less efficient wayfinding strategies, and a greater number of unsafe road crossing behaviors. These difficulties are linked to age-related changes in sensorial, cognitive, physical, and self-perception abilities. It is now known that visual impairment, physical frailty, and attention deficits have a major negative impact on older pedestrians' safety and mobility, whereas the roles of self-evaluation and self-regulation are still poorly understood. All these elements must be taken into consideration, not only in developing effective safety interventions targeting older pedestrians, but also in designing roads and cars. Recent initiatives are presented here and some recommendations are proposed.
European Commission - EC
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/25261
10.1016/j.aap.2016.02.031

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