Reference : Integration of beneficiaries of international/humanitarian protection into the labour...
Reports : External report
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/23824
Integration of beneficiaries of international/humanitarian protection into the labour market: Policies and good practices
English
[fr] L'intégration des demandeurs de protection internationale/humanitaire dans le marché du travail: politiques et bonnes pratiques
Petry, David mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces (IPSE) >]
Sommarribas, Adolfo mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces (IPSE) >]
Nienaber, Birte mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces (IPSE) >]
19-Jan-2016
LU EMN NCP
70
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
[en] Asylum ; Integration ; Labour market
[en] In Luxembourgish legislation the term “international protection” includes both refugee status and subsidiary protection status.
Integration of beneficiaries of international protection into the Luxembourgish labour market might appear quite unproblematic at first glance. From a legal point of view, the access is indeed very much open to both beneficiaries of international protection as well as beneficiaries of subsidiary protection. As from 2006 onwards, the legislator proceeded with an approximation of both statuses, providing the same rights to both types of beneficiaries of international protection. As soon as the applicants are granted international protection they are authorised to engage in employed or self-employed activities under the same conditions as Luxembourgish nationals, with the exceptionof civil servant jobs. This is also true for most of the support measures that aim to advance or enhance the access to employment, whether on the level of education, vocational training, language learning, recognition of diploma, counselling, social aid
or access to housing. In each of those areas, the beneficiaries of international may in principle benefit from equivalent access as provided to other migrants, third-countrynationals or Luxembourgish nationals. Yet, the reality on the ground seldom matches the aims of the legislative framework.
Effective access to the labour market remains a significant challenge for beneficiaries
of international protection in order to fully integrate in Luxembourgish society. The
linguistic regime as well as the high demands in terms of language requirements
constitute a first major hurdle, both at the level of education/vocational training and
the labour market. Rather than being able to immediately access the regular education
system, respectively the labour market, refugees must first engage in a learning
process sometimes coupled with administrative procedures (i.e. recognition of
diplomas) that may significantly slow down the integration process.
The transition period that begins once the applicant is granted international protection
status appears to be particularly challenging. Indeed, several measures from which the
applicants for international protection benefited during the procedure will no longer
be available once they are granted the status. Thus, social aid, including housing,
provided to international protection seekers will no longer be applicable to refugees.
Even though national authorities have implemented several specific targeted measures
in order to facilitate the transition period (i.e. progressive financial contribution to
accommodation costs), it remains a phase of instability and uncertainty for the
refugees and their families.
This also stresses the need for employment-related support measures, which in
Luxembourg are implemented in a more general integration framework. Thus, most of
the support measures that exist for beneficiaries of international protection are not
tailored to them in particular, but they are also open to other types of migrants or
foreigners living in Luxembourg.
University of Luxembourg: Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning
European Commission - EC
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/23824

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