Reference : TREM2 R47H variant and risk of essential tremor: a cross-sectional international mult...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/22635
TREM2 R47H variant and risk of essential tremor: a cross-sectional international multicenter study
English
Ortega-Cubero, S. [> >]
Lorenzo-Betancor, O. [> >]
Lorenzo, E. [> >]
Agundez, J. A. [> >]
Jimenez-Jimenez, F. J. [> >]
Ross, O. A. [> >]
Wurster, I. [> >]
Mielke, C. [> >]
Lin, J.J. []
Coria, F. []
Clarimon, J. []
Ezquerra, M. []
Brighina, L. []
Annesi, G. []
Alonso-Navarro, H. []
Garcia-Martin, E. []
Gironell, A. []
Marti, M.J. []
Yueh, K.C. []
Wszolek, Z.K. []
Sharma, M. []
Berg, D. []
Krüger, Rejko mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Life Science Research Unit >]
Pastor, M.A. []
Pastor, P. []
2015
Parkinsonism & related disorders
21
3
306-309
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
1353-8020
1873-5126
England
[en] TREM2 ; Essential tremor ; p.R47H ; Risk ; Genetics
[en] INTRODUCTION:

Essential tremor (ET) is the most frequent movement disorder in adults. Its pathophysiology is not clearly understood, however there is growing evidence showing common etiologic factors with other neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases (AD, PD). Recently, a rare p.R47H substitution (rs75932628) in the TREM2 protein (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2; OMIM: *605086) has been proposed as a risk factor for AD, PD and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The objective of the study was to determine whether TREM2 p.R47H allele is also a risk factor for developing ET.

METHODS:

This was a cross-sectional multicenter international study. An initial case-control cohort from Spain (n = 456 ET, n = 2715 controls) was genotyped. In a replication phase, a case-control series (n = 897 ET, n = 1449 controls) from different populations (Italy, Germany, North-America and Taiwan) was studied. Owed to the rarity of the variant, published results on p.R47H allele frequency from 14777 healthy controls from European, North American or Chinese descent were additionally considered. The main outcome measure was p.R47H (rs75932628) allelic frequency.

RESULTS:

There was a significant association between TREM2 p.R47H variant and ET in the Spanish cohort (odds ratio [OR], 5.97; 95% CI, 1.203-29.626; p = 0.042), but it was not replicated in other populations.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results argue in favor of population-specific differences in the allelic distribution and suggest that p.R47H (rs75932628) variant may contribute to the susceptibility of ET in Spanish population. However, taking into account the very low frequency of p.R47H, further confirmatory analyses of larger ET series are needed.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Clinical & Experimental Neuroscience (Krüger Group)
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/22635
10.1016/j.parkreldis.2014.12.010

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