Reference : Bilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/2253
Bilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
English
Engel de Abreu, Pascale mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Cruz-Santos, A. [University of Minho, Portugal]
Tourinho De Abreu Neto, Carlos José mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Martin, Romain mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Bialystok, E. [York University, Canada]
2012
Psychological Science : A Journal of the American Psychological Society
Blackwell Publishing
23
11
1364-1371
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0956-7976
1467-9280
Malden
MA
[en] bilingualism ; immigration ; cognitive processes ; COST BiSLI
[en] This study explores whether the cognitive advantage associated with bilingualism in executive functioning extends to young children challenged by poverty and if so, which specific processes are most affected. Forty Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilingual children from low-income immigrant families in Luxembourg and 40 matched monolingual children from Portugal completed visuo-spatial tests of working memory, abstract reasoning, selective attention, and interference suppres-sion. Two broad cognitive factors of executive functioning labeled representation (abstract reason-ing and working memory) and control (selective attention and interference suppression) emerged from principal components analysis. Whereas there were no group differences in representation, the bilinguals performed significantly better than the monolinguals in control. These results demon-strate first, that the bilingual advantage is neither confounded with nor limited by socioeconomic and cultural factors and second, that separable aspects of executive functioning are differentially af-fected by bilingualism. The bilingual advantage lies in control but not in visuo-spatial representa-tional processes.
EMACS
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/2253
10.1177/0956797612443836

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