Reference : The role of strategy knowledge for the application of strategies in complex problem s...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/17392
The role of strategy knowledge for the application of strategies in complex problem solving tasks
English
Wüstenberg, Sascha mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Stadler, Matthias mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Hautamäki, Jarkko [University of Helsinki]
Greiff, Samuel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
26-Apr-2014
Technology, Knowledge and Learning
19
127-146
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
2211-1662
[en] Complex problem solving ; Scientific reasoning ; Strategy ; Educational measurement ; Computer-based assessment ; Metacognition
[en] Education in the twenty-first century must prepare students to meet the challenges
of a dynamic and interconnected world. However, assessment of students’ skills
tends to focus primarily on static tasks. Therefore, it is not known whether knowledge
about successful strategies displayed on static tasks can be transferred to interactive and
dynamic environments. This study investigated whether students’ knowledge of a certain
strategy (i.e., vary-one-thing-at-a-time, VOTAT) that was assessed in a paper-and-pencilbased
scientific reasoning task as well as their fluid intelligence and learning orientation
would be sufficient to explain variance in the application of the VOTAT strategy in solving
an interactive complex problem solving (CPS) task (i.e., CPS strategy). Furthermore, we
analyzed whether CPS strategy mediated the relation between the predictors (i.e., scientific
reasoning, learning orientation, fluid intelligence) and CPS performance. The sample
consisted of N = 3,191 Finnish students attending the 6th and 9th grades. Results revealed
that all predictors were significantly related to CPS strategy, but a substantial amount of
variance in CPS strategy remained unexplained (DeltaR-Square = .583). Furthermore, CPS strategy mediated the relation between the predictors and CPS performance. Three implications are discussed: Different demands on the problem solver, knowledge transfer from static versus interactive tasks, or metastrategic knowledge may explain the unexplained variance in CPS strategy. Additionally, the results of our mediation analyses emphasize the importance of measuring strategies via logfiles to gain a deeper understanding of determinants of students’ CPS performance. Finally, fostering motivational factors such as students’ learning
orientation yields small improvements in CPS performance.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/17392

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