Reference : Geocenter motion and its geodetic and geophysical implications
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/1680
Geocenter motion and its geodetic and geophysical implications
English
Wu, X. [> >]
Ray, J. [> >]
van Dam, Tonie mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
2012
Journal of Geodynamics
Elsevier Science
58
44-61
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0264-3707
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] Geocenter motion ; Satellite geodesy ; Reference frame
[en] The horizontal transport of water in Earth’s surface layer, including sea level change, deglaciation, and
surface runoff, is a manifestation of many geophysical processes. These processes entail ocean and atmosphere
circulation and tidal attraction, global climate change, and the hydrological cycle, all having a
broad range of spatiotemporal scales. The largest atmospheric mass variations occur mostly at synoptic
wavelengths and at seasonal time scales. The longest wavelength component of surface mass transport,
the spherical harmonic degree-1, involves the exchange of mass between the northern and southern
hemispheres. These degree-1 mass loads deform the solid Earth, including its surface, and induce geocenter
motion between the center-of-mass of the total Earth system (CM) and the center-of-figure (CF) of
the solid Earth surface. Because geocenter motion also depends on the mechanical properties of the solid
Earth, monitoring geocenter motion thus provides an additional opportunity to probe deep into Earth’s
interior. Most modern geodetic measurement systems rely on tracking data between ground stations and
satellites that orbit around CM. Consequently, geocenter motion is intimately related to the realization
of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) origin, and, in various ways, affects many of our measurement objectives for global change monitoring. In the last 15 years, there have been vast improvements in geophysical fluid modeling and in the global coverage, densification, and accuracy of geodetic observations. As a result of these developments, tremendous progress has been made in the study of geocenter motion over the same period. This paper reviews both the theoretical and measurement aspects
of geocenter motion and its implications.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/1680
10.1016/j.jog.2012.01.007

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