Reference : Gender and age disparities in the associations of occupational factors with alcohol a...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/1635
Gender and age disparities in the associations of occupational factors with alcohol abuse and smoking in the French working population
English
Legleye, Stephane []
Baumann, Michèle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
2011
Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique = Epidemiology and Public Health
Elsevier Masson
59
223-232
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0398-7620
1773-0627
Issy-les-Moulineaux
France
[en] Occupational demands ; Alcohol abuse ; Gender ; Tobacco ; Job dissatisfaction ; Short-term employment
[en] Background. – This study assessed the associations of short-term employment, physical and psychological occupational demands, and job dissatisfaction with alcohol abuse (using the Audit-C test) and daily smoking among working French men and women in different age groups. Methods. – The sample included 13,241 working people, 18–29, 30–39, and 40–59-years-old, randomly selected in France and interviewed by phone. Occupation, type of employment, physical demands, psychological demands, job dissatisfaction, gender, age, educational level, and income were considered. Data were analyzed with logistic models.
Results. – Alcohol abuse affected 20.4% of men and 7.5% of women; smoking 32.1% and 24.2%, respectively. Their patterns of association with the occupational factors varied with gender and age. Job dissatisfaction was the leading factor among young men (adjusted odds ratio for alcohol abuse and smoking: 1.71 and 2.02), whereas short-term employment was the leading factor among young women (1.69 and 1.58), this pattern being reversed in older generations. The pattern of associations of physical and psychological demands with outcomes is more complex, but overall psychological demands were more important for women (especially the younger ones) than men, especially for smoking (OR > 1.6). Smoking within 5 min after waking was much more common among male and female smokers with these occupational factors, suggesting a potential dependency. Conclusions. – Workers with short-term employment and occupational demands are subject to a higher risk for alcohol abuse and smoking with high gender and age disparities. Gender and age should be considered when designing measures to prevent substance abuse related to occupation.
Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > Institute for Health and Behaviour
University of Luxembourg - UL
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/1635
10.1016/j.respe.2011.02.103

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

FileCommentaryVersionSizeAccess
Open access
Legleye Gender age disparities RESP 2011.pdfPublisher postprint376.45 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.