Reference : Fragment Formula Calculator (FFC): Determination of chemical formulas for fragment io...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/16319
Fragment Formula Calculator (FFC): Determination of chemical formulas for fragment ions in mass spectrometric data
English
Wegner, André mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Weindl, Daniel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Jäger, Christian mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Sapcariu, Sean mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Dong, Xiangyi mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Stephanopoulos, Greg [> >]
Hiller, Karsten mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Jan-2014
Analytical Chemistry
American Chemical Society
86
4
2221–2228
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
0003-2700
1520-6882
Washington
DC
[en] The accurate determination of mass isotopomer distributions (MID) is of great significance for stable isotope-labeling experiments. Most commonly, MIDs are derived from gas chromatography/electron ionization mass spectrometry (GC/EI-MS) measurements. The analysis of fragment ions formed during EI, which contain only specific parts of the original molecule can provide valuable information on the positional distribution of the label. The chemical formula of a fragment ion is usually applied to derive the correction matrix for accurate MID calculation. Hence, the correct assignment of chemical formulas to fragment ions is of crucial importance for correct MIDs. Moreover, the positional distribution of stable isotopes within a fragment ion is of high interest for stable isotope-assisted metabolomics techniques. For example, 13C-metabolic flux analyses (13C-MFA) are dependent on the exact knowledge of the number and position of retained carbon atoms of the unfragmented molecule. Fragment ions containing different carbon atoms are of special interest, since they can carry different flux information. However, the process of mass spectral fragmentation is complex, and identifying the substructures and chemical formulas for these fragment ions is nontrivial. For that reason, we developed an algorithm, based on a systematic bond cleavage, to determine chemical formulas and retained atoms for EI derived fragment ions. Here, we present the fragment formula calculator (FFC) algorithm that can calculate chemical formulas for fragment ions where the chemical bonding (e.g., Lewis structures) of the intact molecule is known. The proposed algorithm is able to cope with general molecular rearrangement reactions occurring during EI in GC/MS measurements. The FFC algorithm is able to integrate stable isotope labeling experiments into the analysis and can automatically exclude candidate formulas that do not fit the observed labeling patterns.1 We applied the FFC algorithm to create a fragment ion repository that contains the chemical formulas and retained carbon atoms of a wide range of trimethylsilyl and tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatized compounds. In total, we report the chemical formulas and backbone carbon compositions for 160 fragment ions of 43 alkylsilyl-derivatives of primary metabolites. Finally, we implemented the FFC algorithm in an easy-to-use graphical user interface and made it publicly available at http://www.ffc.lu.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Metabolomics (Hiller Group)
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/16319
also: http://hdl.handle.net/10993/16888

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