Reference : Nichtgleichgewichtsphänomene, Strukturbildung und Grenzflächeneinflüsse in netzwerkbi...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
Nichtgleichgewichtsphänomene, Strukturbildung und Grenzflächeneinflüsse in netzwerkbildenden Systemen aus optischer und akustischer Sicht.
Philipp, Martine [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Physics and Materials Science Research Unit >]
University of Luxembourg, ​Luxembourg, ​​Luxembourg
Docteur en Physique
Krüger, Jan-Kristian mailto
[de] Nichtgleichgewichtsprozesse ; Isostrukturelle Phasenübergänge ; Grenzflächen ; Interphasen ; Chemische und physikalische Netzwerkbildung ; Epoxid ; Brillouin Spektroskopie
[en] Isostructural phase transitions occurring under non-equilibrium conditions are investigated using technologically relevant epoxies. The evolution of the hypersonic and optical properties during the genesis of the polymeric network leads to deeper insight into the chemically induced sol-gel transition and glass transition, as demonstrated e.g. by the elastic anharmonicity and the generalised Cauchy relation. During gelation the refractive index versus chemical conversion behaves in an unexpected manner, indicating that in addition to the mass density an excess polarisability seems to contribute to the optical polarisability.
The clarification of the isostructural phase transitions is impeded by the demixing tendency of the epoxy components which leads to different types of epoxy inhomogeneities on the nano- to mesoscopic scale. Taking benefit from a sample arrangement where both epoxy components are layered, the spatio-temporal evolution of acoustic properties gives supplementary information about trans-interfacial transport and structure formation processes.
Of special technological relevance, but also of fundamental interest, is the influence of nanoscopic disturbances placed into the epoxy matrix. So-called interphases surrounding the nanoparticles modify and complicate the epoxy network formation, leading to long-lived metastable morphologies and properties. The role of the mixing sequence of the epoxy resin, the hardener and the nanoparticles for the polymerised epoxy state and the transient states during network formation, as well as the isostructural phase transitions is further elucidated.

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