Reference : Cross-national gender differences in complex problem solving and their determinants.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/11117
Cross-national gender differences in complex problem solving and their determinants.
English
Wüstenberg, Sascha mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Greiff, Samuel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Molnár, Gyöngyvér [> >]
Funke, Joachim [> >]
Jan-2014
Learning & Individual Differences
Elsevier
29
18-29
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
1041-6080
[en] Complex Problem Solving ; Gender Differences ; Nationality Differences ; Measurement Invariance ; MicroDYN
[en] The present study examined cross-national gender differences in domain-general complex
problem solving (CPS) and their determinants. A CPS test relying on the MicroDYN approach was
applied to a sample of 890 Hungarian and German high school students attending 8th to 11th grade.
Results based on multi-group confirmatory factor analyses showed that measurement invariance of
CPS was found across gender and nationality. Analyses of latent mean differences revealed that males
outperformed females and German students outperformed Hungarian students. However, these results
were caused by Hungarian females performing worse than all other groups. Further analyses of logfiles
capturing process data of the interaction of participants with the task showed that Hungarian females
less often used vary-one-thing-at-a-time strategy, which lead to considerably worse knowledge
acquisition. Results imply that analyzing process data such as use of strategies is highly advisable to
identify determinants of overall performance differences in CPS across groups of interest.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/11117

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