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See detail‘Curriculizing’ Multilingualism? Language Curricula and the Construction of Identity in Multilingual Societies: the example of Luxembourg
Sattler, Sabrina UL

Presentation (2018, December 10)

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners ... [more ▼]

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners (STATEC, 2018). Beside the three official languages, French, German and Luxembourgish, other languages are used in everyday contexts. Educational policy thus has to integrate pupils of non-Luxembourg origin into the inherently trilingual school system. The 2009 reform of primary education is accordingly to be understood, among other things, as an educational policy response to the linguistic diversification of society. One of its goals was to respond more forcefully to the didactic and pedagogic challenges of this extremely heterogeneous and multilingual social composition. The existing 1912 law governing primary education was replaced, and the organisation of teaching and the curriculum were adapted. In terms of cultural history, this goes hand in hand with an educationalization of social problems (Smeyers & Depaepe, 2008), that is to say, the idea, paradigmatic for the modern age, that concrete social challenges are delegated so that they fall within the remit of education (see ibid., 2). In this process it is the curriculum that serves as the core of ideas of intervention. The curriculum, as a road map for a strategy of national and supranational education policy and as a pedagogic reaction to, or intervention in, social and historical change, is thus ascribed a role in constructing identity. In this connection the curriculum, as an instrument of socialisation, cannot be limited merely to directives for teaching. By definition, the curriculum has a hidden agenda, since it meshes with specific, usually also provisional, conceptions of a society. Taking this definition as its starting-point, the paper works with a broad concept of curriculum, on the basis of which school programmes represent the universal attempt at social engineering. Following from this idea, the curriculum becomes a ‘cultural construction of the child and the future citizen’ (Tröhler, 2014, p. 60). This cultural construction becomes evident when one realizes that meaning is produced through historical processes that create common sense and which are stabilized through certain social or cultural practices (see Popkewitz, 2011, p. 164; see also Popkewitz, 2008). Such distinct practices and cultural connotations are in Luxembourg specifically linked to the use of language. In the light of these reflections, the paper tackles the central question, to what extent multilingualism and, with it, distinct conceptions of identity in Luxembourg are ‘curriculized’. Of interest here is the historical question, which ideas about a constructed linguistic identity were dominant before and after the primary education reform of 2009 and what the direction of travel is. Here I introduce the concept, first formulated at the beginning of the 20th century, of a Luxembourgian Mischkultur (mixed culture: Weber, 1909) and discuss the extent to which this idea conflicts with contemporary tendencies in educational planning. The paper will show that Luxembourg, as a kind of laboratory because of developing processes of globalisation and migration, is relevant to other multilingual contexts in general and curricular development in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailArchives du Web, « le dur » à l’épreuve de la durée
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 04)

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la ... [more ▼]

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la masse de tweets récupérés par la Library of Congress suite à un accord avec Twitter en 2010. Au plan national aussi nos institutions d’archivage - la Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) et l’Institut national de l’audiovisuel (Ina), collectent des volumes impressionnants (plus de 20 milliards de tweets archivés à la suite des attentats de novembre 2015 par l’Ina), invitant les chercheurs à penser des lectures et analyses outillées par des moyens informatiques afin d’approcher ces masses de données. Après avoir montré dans quelle mesure chercheurs et institutions d’archivage ont pu proposer un virage vers la lecture distante en matière d’archives du Web, nous interrogerons les enjeux et limites du traitement de ces sources nativement numériques par des méthodes computationnelles ou encore des outils relevant des humanités numériques. Entre archives enfermées dans les enceintes des bibliothèques en vertu du dépôt légal, opacité de certaines collectes, lacune des fonds et division du travail de collecte et d’analyse, singularité des corpus et difficulté à les pérenniser ou encore à les partager, il s’agira enfin de proposer des pistes à la question : « Faut-il et le cas échéant où durcir les analyses liées aux archives du Web ? ». [less ▲]

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See detailBordertexturen. Eine multidisziplinäre Annäherung an Border Complexities
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2018, November 30)

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See detailLa confrontation Est-Ouest: une analyse d’images de la guerre froide
Mouton, Victoria UL

Presentation (2018, November 19)

Ce séminaire s’est focalisé sur l’examen des problématiques posées par la confrontation Est-Ouest et proposait une analyse critique d’images de la guerre froide à l’aide d’un outil numérique.

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See detailThe viability of C-tests: Which place do they have among other language tests?
Reichert, Monique UL

Presentation (2018, November 17)

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers ... [more ▼]

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers are asked to provide the missing word parts. In addition to their appealing characteristic as language measurement instruments which are easy to create, administer and score, they generally yield highly objective and reliable results. These features might explain why C-tests have in the meantime been used for a multitude of purposes and languages. However, the recurrent question about the validity of C-tests makes aware that caution needs to be exercised with regard to the contexts in which these language tests can ideally be used. The presentation will give an introduction about the process(es) of c-test development, and highlight different purposes for which C-tests can be used by placing them in the context of other, more “classical” language tests. [less ▲]

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See detailComment transformer de bons Allemands en bons Belges? L'annexion et l'intégration d'Eupen-Malmedy à la Belgique (1918-1925)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2018, November 13)

A la suite du Traité de Versailles, la Belgique s’agrandit de quelques 60.000 habitants et de 1.000 km², en annexant les deux Kreise allemands d’Eupen et de Malmedy. Tandis que le premier est largement ... [more ▼]

A la suite du Traité de Versailles, la Belgique s’agrandit de quelques 60.000 habitants et de 1.000 km², en annexant les deux Kreise allemands d’Eupen et de Malmedy. Tandis que le premier est largement germanophone, le deuxième compte env. 10.000 franco- ou wallonophones autour de Malmedy. La conférence retrace d’abord les origines de cette annexion, des projets d’expansion territoriale, conçus pendant la guerre, aux négociations du Traité de Versailles. Un accent sera mis sur l’élaboration de l’article 34 de ce traité, qui prévoit une forme de « consultation populaire » unique en son genre et dont l’application a lourdement hypothéqué l’intégration des « Nouveaux Belges » dans leur nouvelle patrie. La deuxième partie de la conférence est consacrée au régime de transition que la Belgique y instaure en 1920. Ce gouvernement provisoire placé sous le Haut Commissaire Herman Baltia est alors en charge de l’intégration des habitants dans l’Etat belge. Comment peut-on « gagner les cœurs et les esprits » d’une population qui, encore en 1918, ne se serait jamais vue devenir belge ? La troisième partie traite de la loi d’intégration du 6 mars 1925 qui met fin au régime de transition et intègre les trois cantons d’Eupen-Malmedy-Saint-Vith dans l’arrondissement de Verviers et la province de Liège. Dans ce contexte, des propositions voient le jour qui seront encore d’actualité lors des débats sur l’autonomie culturelle dans les années 1960. La recherche scientifique a montré depuis longtemps que la politique d’intégration belge menée dans la région pendant l’entre-deux-guerres a été un échec – révélé au plus tard en mai 1940. La conférence jette une nouvelle lumière sur les débuts de celle-ci et sur sa perception par la population et les acteurs politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailPenser les politiques d'archivage du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, November 09)

Cette intervention se propose d'étudier les politiques institutionnelles d'archivage du Web à plusieurs échelles, depuis les aspects organisationnels propres à une institution jusqu'aux enjeux de ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention se propose d'étudier les politiques institutionnelles d'archivage du Web à plusieurs échelles, depuis les aspects organisationnels propres à une institution jusqu'aux enjeux de gouvernance globaux et internationaux. Il s'agira aussi d'étudier en quoi "des formes spécifiques de pouvoir et d'autorité" (Winner, 198 121) peuvent être décelées au sein des processus comme des artefacts produits. Une réflexion sur les périmètres de sélection des contenus (et leurs éventuels biais), la curation à la fois humaine et technique, l'équilibre entre nouvelles formes d'action et cadres imposés (par exemple dans le cadre du dépôt légal) permettra de dévoiler les multiples strates politiques à l'oeuvre dans l'archivage du Web. [less ▲]

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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment: Employers' Hiring Decisions in Relation to Young People
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2018, November 07)

The long-term consequences of experiencing early unemployment for future labor market outcomes and individual well-being have been widely documented in the literature. As youth unemployment remains one of ... [more ▼]

The long-term consequences of experiencing early unemployment for future labor market outcomes and individual well-being have been widely documented in the literature. As youth unemployment remains one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to understand the mechanisms on both sides of the job matching process. However, the majority of previous research only highlights issues on the supply side of this process by analyzing observational or administrative data. Empirical evidence on the demand side of youth unemployment is still scarce. Against this background, we examine how employers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants with special emphasis on scarring due to unemployment. Specifically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research in two ways: (1) We conduct a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in five occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate several hypothetical descriptions of applicants which randomly vary in their combination of attributes. (2) We test whether using hypothetical vs. real vacancies affects employers' evaluation of applicants - a question that has received little attention so far despite the potential implications for research studying employers' hiring decisions by means of factorial surveys. Preliminary findings from our pilot study show some hints for differences in recruiters' hiring decisions when confronted with real vs. hypothetical hiring problems. With our approach, we contribute to the literature on youth employment as well as to the methodological research on factorial surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailÀ la recherche du Web perdu …
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, November 07)

Alors que la durée de vie d’une page Web est estimée en moyenne à deux mois et celle d’un site Internet à moins de cinq ans, les internautes qui ont suivi les premiers développements du Web grand public ... [more ▼]

Alors que la durée de vie d’une page Web est estimée en moyenne à deux mois et celle d’un site Internet à moins de cinq ans, les internautes qui ont suivi les premiers développements du Web grand public dans les années 1990 ont déjà vu disparaître plusieurs communautés virtuelles et certains de leurs espaces en ligne favoris, à l’instar de Geocities, Myspace, ou Vine. Ce Web perdu invite à penser à la fois la nostalgie et la « fabrique de la désuétude » (pour reprendre Gustavo Gomez-Meijia in Schafer V. dir., Temps et temporalités du Web, Presses de Nanterre, 2018) qui marquent la Toile, et les enjeux de mémoire et de patrimonialisation qui leur sont attachés. Mais c’est aussi la manière dont le Web du passé peut être retrouvé, reconstruit, étudié, que ce soit en histoire ou en archéologie des médias, qui est en jeu. C’est rechercher un Web inscrit dans des temporalités, espaces, pratiques et matérialités propres et qui doit être recontextualisé. Il faut faire face aux silences mais aussi au trop plein d’archives du Web, qui s’avèrent à la fois pléthoriques et lacunaires, et se confronter au risque d’une perte d’intelligibilité. La quête des origines du Web, le sentiment d’un âge d’or du Web des débuts, les bruits et les silences des archives du Web, ou encore le risque de perte de sens seront au cœur de cette intervention pour interroger les sources, pratiques et défis d’une histoire foisonnante. [less ▲]

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See detailWas ist ein Schurke (Shakespeare, "Richard III", Schiller, "Die Räuber")?
Kohns, Oliver UL

Presentation (2018, November)

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See detailWorkshop 'Strategies for Using Digital Sources in the Classroom
Randolph, John; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, October 26)

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the ... [more ▼]

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the history classroom. How do we teach the differences between "online" and "offline" materials and they ways in which historians can approach them? How do we deal with issues of decontextualization and the changes brought about in historical research practices by working with digital objects? The SourceLab project tackles these issues by letting students create digital editions of historical artefacts and thereby engage them in the making of history. The Ranke.2 project provides lessons that teaches students what digital source criticism is. In this workshop we will discuss in what ways teachers use digital resources in the classroom, and what strategies, if any, they use to sensitize their students to the specificities of online materials as opposed to those found in the archive. The outcome could be a working paper which discusses the pros and cons of various approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainability: problematizing fragility and ephemerality in digital research - Workshop
Schafer, Valerie UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

Presentation (2018, October 26)

404 not found, closed and opaque corpora, websites disappearance after a few years, obsolete tools, problems of maintenance … this workshop wishes to explore the instability of data, of their digital ... [more ▼]

404 not found, closed and opaque corpora, websites disappearance after a few years, obsolete tools, problems of maintenance … this workshop wishes to explore the instability of data, of their digital (digitalized or/and born-digital) heritage, of digital technologies and tools, the numerous transformations of devices, platforms, terms of use and the tensions between this instability and the necessary stability and reproducibility of research. How should researchers deal at the same time with the ephemeral, the flow, the obsolescence and the concern of knowledge production? How is it possible to reconciliate the temporality of research and the short cycles of technologies? This workshop aims at introducing and identifying the challenges of sustainability and durability which are too often underestimated in digital research and rarely presented to students when introducing tools and research methods. This 120 minutes workshop will be organized in three parts as follows: - Identifying the levels, steps, in which sustainability and durability of a digital research are challenged, from the shaping and sharing of corpora to the maintenance of research results and digital productions. This will be based on the participants experiences and on several examples of research projects; - Mapping the issues and existing solutions such as digital research infrastructures, permanent identifiers, licenses, but also obstacles and limits (such as author rights …) that researchers have to face or take into account; - Creating practical guidelines that could be used by scholars and students. This workshop expands a research project conducted by Christine Barats (Céditec, Université Paris- Est Créteil), Andreas Fickers (Head of C2DH, University of Luxembourg), Valérie Schafer (C2DH, University of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

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See detailDie Sprache der Karten - Kartensprachen
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2018, October 11)

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See detailFür ein ‘anderes’ Verständnis von Grenze: Erfordernisse und Entwicklungen in den Border Studies. Einführungsvortrag
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2018, October)

Die Tagungsreihe zum Phänomen der Deplatzierung (2017-2019) fokussiert auf aktuelle Entwicklungen im Schnittfeld von Flucht, Grenze und Integration. Im Jahr 2018 stehen der Begriff der Grenze und seine ... [more ▼]

Die Tagungsreihe zum Phänomen der Deplatzierung (2017-2019) fokussiert auf aktuelle Entwicklungen im Schnittfeld von Flucht, Grenze und Integration. Im Jahr 2018 stehen der Begriff der Grenze und seine Bezüge zu Migrationsphänomenen im Zentrum. Dafür leitend ist das Verhältnis von Grenze und Flucht und vor diesem Hintergrund die Frage, wie Grenzen im Spiegel von aktuellen Entwicklungen gedacht werden können und müssen. Damit ist es Ziel der Tagung, das Konzept der Grenze sowie Migrationsphänomene in Verbindung zu bringen und ein zeitgemäßes Verständnis von ‚Grenze‘ zu entwickeln. Dafür leitend ist die Auffassung, dass Migration konstitutiv ist für Grenzen, die wiederum als Praktiken der Regulierung – und damit als Prozesse – gedacht werden und mit Phänomenen der Flucht in Beziehung stehen. Das bedeutet, ein ‚anderes’ Verständnis von Grenze muss es leisten, diese jenseits territorialer Markierungen zu denken und als Regulierungspraxis an unterschiedlichen Orten sichtbar zu machen. Dies führt zu der Frage, wo und wie sich Grenzen ‚ereignen‘ und zu der Einsicht, dass Grenze nicht resultieren aus dem vereinfacht gedachten Zusammenspiel von staatlicher Regulierungspraxis einerseits und migrancy andererseits. Vielmehr geht es darum, solche performativen Prozesse in ihrer Vielschichtigkeit in den analytischen Blick zu bekommen und kritisch zu untersuchen. Der Einführungsvortrag greift diese Erfordernisse auf und versucht theoretisch-konzeptuelle Antworten in den Border Studies zu finden. Dieses aufstrebende Arbeitsfeld der Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften ist spätestens seit der Jahrtausendwende von einem Zuwachs der beteiligten Disziplinen, einer Gleichzeitigkeit der praktizierten Paradigmen und von einer fortschreitenden Binnendifferenzierung gekennzeichnet. Daran knüpft der Vortrag an und macht rezente Entwicklungen der kulturwissenschaftlichen Border Studies (Cultural Border Studies) für das Thema der Tagung produktiv. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pilotphase eines hybriden Online-Sprach- und interkulturellen Kurses
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont ... [more ▼]

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont scénarisées pédagogiquement par les centres de langues des six universités de la Grande Région (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) autour de la question de l’implication de futurs étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations pour leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est d’accompagner les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Lors de notre communication, nous allons faire un bilan sur les questionnaires remplis par les étudiants et les enseignants après la phase-pilote. Nous présenterons alors les modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pilotphase eines hybriden Online-Sprach- und interkulturellen Kurses
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont ... [more ▼]

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont scénarisées pédagogiquement par les centres de langues des six universités de la Grande Région (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) autour de la question de l’implication de futurs étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations pour leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est d’accompagner les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Lors de notre communication, nous allons faire un bilan sur les questionnaires remplis par les étudiants et les enseignants après la phase-pilote. Nous présenterons alors les modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailLCGR : un scénario pédagogique original d’échanges frontaliers
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 20)

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de ... [more ▼]

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de langues dans le cadre du projet Erasmus+ LCGR (Language Center Greater Region) dans la période d’octobre 2017 à octobre 2019. Des activités à réaliser en collaboration sont scénarisées pédagogiquement pour impliquer et accompagner les étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations sur leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est de guider les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Suite à la phase pilote du projet, en plus des questionnaires des étudiants, nous analyserons les questionnaires remplis par les enseignants afin d’expliquer les choix de modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailDerived D-Geometry
Poncin, Norbert UL

Presentation (2018, September 18)

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See detailSocial media analysis
Schafer, Valerie UL; Clavert, Frédéric UL; Grandjean, Martin

Presentation (2018, September 12)

Digital social media have become so pervasive that historians can no longer ignore them, not only as a means of communication but also as a potential source for their research. This training session will ... [more ▼]

Digital social media have become so pervasive that historians can no longer ignore them, not only as a means of communication but also as a potential source for their research. This training session will be divided into three parts: feedback on previous research projects and experiences, a "hands-on" session in which participants can make their first Twitter data collection and analysis, and finally a critical perspective on digital social media as a source in humanities and social sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment by Gender: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2018, September 07)

The allocation of individuals to occupations is a main mechanism of social reproduction and social stratification. Many studies elucidated the individual antecedents and consequences of this process. An ... [more ▼]

The allocation of individuals to occupations is a main mechanism of social reproduction and social stratification. Many studies elucidated the individual antecedents and consequences of this process. An interest has often been in how social origin moderates the transition from education to employment. However, empirical evidence on the role of recruiters in this fundamental social process is scarce. Against this backdrop, we examine how these gatekeepers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants. In our contribution, we specifically focus on scarring due to unemployment in the health sector. Drawing on human capital theory and signalling theory, we expect variation in the hiring chances of male vs. female job seekers with respect to the length of previous and current unemployment spells. Using data from a recent large-scale factorial survey of recruiters in four European countries (N ≈ 2,000) and employing multilevel linear regression models, we find, overall, evidence for heterogeneous scarring effects. Young male job applicants who were unemployed received less favourable assessments compared to their female counterparts. Having been unemployed or being currently unemployed was not associated with hiring chances in young females. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. They further contribute to the literature on transitions to employment. [less ▲]

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See detailFremde Formen – neue Sprache. Zum innovativen Potential afrikanischer Kunst in Einsteins 'Negerplastik'
Wiegmann, Eva UL

Presentation (2018, September 06)

Carl Einstein wendet sich auf seiner sprachskeptischen Suche nach neuen literarischen Ausdruckformen der afrikanischen Kunst zu. In ihrer Andersartigkeit, die sich im Kontext europäischer Kunstgeschichte ... [more ▼]

Carl Einstein wendet sich auf seiner sprachskeptischen Suche nach neuen literarischen Ausdruckformen der afrikanischen Kunst zu. In ihrer Andersartigkeit, die sich im Kontext europäischer Kunstgeschichte überformten Bedeutungszuschreibungen entzieht, scheint sie ihm ein Weg zu sein, zu einer vorurteilsfreien Wahrnehmung dessen, was ist, zu gelangen und sich von inadäquat gewordenen Begriffsbildungen zu lösen. In der Negerplastik (1915) – so die hier vertretene These – wird der, in den theoretischen Essays Einsteins geforderte, avantgardistische Konventionsbruch und die Forderung nach einer Modernisierung der Anschauung (als Anpassung an den erkenntnistheoretischen Paradigmenwechsel) gezielt über eine interkulturelle Konstruktion verhandelt. Der von Schmidt-Möbus vertreten These, dass afrikanische Kunst in der Negerplastik „gar nicht als solche einer fremden Kultur“ behandelt würde, ist insofern nicht zuzustimmen. Auch wenn ethnologische Kriterien für Einstein keine Rolle spielen, so ist doch der Fremdheitscharakter der afrikanischen Kunst und ihre Widerständigkeit gegen europäische Darstellungskonvention von ganz entscheidender Bedeutung. Als das Andere zur abendländischen Kunstgeschichte entzieht sie sich der permanenten Reproduktion einer bestimmten genealogischen Denkart (und nimmt in diesem Punkt poststrukturalistische Positionen vorweg). Einem tradierten Kunst- und Literaturverständnis wird hier die afrikanische Formensprache in ihrer Andersartigkeit entgegengesetzt, als unverfügbar postuliert (geschichtslos, kontextlos, etc.) und das Nichtwissen über die afrikanische Kunst und Kultur in den Vordergrund gestellt – was aus postkolonialer Perspektive durchaus kritisch gesehen werden muss. Weiterführend wird hier im Hinblick auf den literarischen (und künstlerischen) Primitivismus ein Desiderat der Interkulturalitätsforschung erkennbar, denn: Ein Text kann einen problematischen Umgang mit Fremdheitskonstruktionen aufweisen und zugleich kulturelle Differenzen auf literarästhetischer Ebene auf unnachahmliche Weise produktiv machen. [less ▲]

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See detailDer blasmusikalische Mainstream. Kritische Gedanken zur Entwicklung des Blasmusikwesens, dargestellt am Beispiel Luxemburg, Funktional. Konzertant. Medial. Banal
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2018, September 05)

Von der Alta Cappella (bzw. den Stadtpfeifern) zum heutigen Blasorchester ist es ein weiter Weg und dies gleich in mehreren Hinsichten. Dazwischen liegen nicht nur Jahrhunderte, sondern auch die ... [more ▼]

Von der Alta Cappella (bzw. den Stadtpfeifern) zum heutigen Blasorchester ist es ein weiter Weg und dies gleich in mehreren Hinsichten. Dazwischen liegen nicht nur Jahrhunderte, sondern auch die Entwicklung neuer Instrumente sowie der Wandel von Ansprüchen, Geschmäckern und Funktionalitäten. Letztere waren von Beginn an geprägt durch zeremonielle, protokollarische und repräsentative Verpflichtungen. Zumindest seit dem durch die Mediamorphose (s. Kurt Blaukopf) eingeleiteten Zeitalter hat der Funktionsbezug von (Blas)musik eine radikale Änderung erfahren. Die Erwartungshaltung von Musikern – hauptsächlich aus dem Amateurbereich – und dessen Publikum machen aus Gestaltern von Konzertprogrammen Getriebene. Konzerte ähneln Fernsehshows mit Glitzer und Nebelmaschinen; Programme hinken dem musikalischen Mainstream hinterher. Zudem hat der fragwürdige Drang der nach wirtschaftlichem Gewinn strebenden Editionshäuser zu immer neuen Stücken den Schreibstil der meisten zeitgenössischen Komponisten vereinheitlicht, verflacht und inhaltsleer werden lassen (nur wenige unter ihnen haben sich einen persönlichen Stil bewahren können), während wertvolle blasmusikalische Tonschöpfungen in verstaubten Archiven ein hoffnungsloses, auf Vergessenheit ausgerichtetes Dasein fristen. Dieser Prozess ist keineswegs geplant, sondern schleichend; er wird als der Sache angemessen hingenommen und selten kritisch hinterfragt. Der Vortrag zielt nicht nur darauf ab, eine Historiographie dieser Entwicklung anzubieten, sondern auf die Auswüchse, Konsequenzen und Gründe, denen sich Blas- und Militärmusik heute ausgesetzt sehen, zu sprechen kommen. Dabei soll die Entwicklung in Luxemburg keineswegs als Alleinstellungsmerkmal hingestellt, sondern als Beispiel für andere Regionen und Länder herangezogen werden. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Rehire Clauses in European Public procurement
Ratti, Luca UL; Villa, Ester

Presentation (2018, September 05)

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See detailBemessung nach Eurocode 4 und Sonderaspekte
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 31)

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See detailDevelopment of Eurocode 4
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 31)

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See detailComparison of Eurocodes and the Chinese standards - Design basics and Design of Composite structure 
Zhang, Qingjie UL; Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 30)

https://www1.hochschule-trier.de/fileadmin/groups/11/bauingenieurwesen/News_Downloads/2018_Bauseminar/Flyer_zum_Trierer_Bauseminar.pdf

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL)
See detailBemessung nach Eurocode 4 und Sonderaspekte
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 30)

https://www1.hochschule-trier.de/fileadmin/groups/11/bauingenieurwesen/News_Downloads/2018_Bauseminar/Flyer_zum_Trierer_Bauseminar.pdf

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See detailSame same, but different? Unequal student pathways in German higher education
Haas, Christina UL

Presentation (2018, August 30)

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See detailAktuelle Entwicklungen der Eurocode Normen
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 30)

https://www1.hochschule-trier.de/fileadmin/groups/11/bauingenieurwesen/News_Downloads/2018_Bauseminar/Flyer_zum_Trierer_Bauseminar.pdf

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See detailDigital picture archives in historical research and the visual history of education
Zaagsma, Gerben UL; Wieneke, Lars UL

Presentation (2018, August 28)

This proposal will discuss the use of digital picture archives and associated tools in historical research from the perspective of digital history with a focus on resources for the history of education ... [more ▼]

This proposal will discuss the use of digital picture archives and associated tools in historical research from the perspective of digital history with a focus on resources for the history of education. Our starting point will be threefold: • digital picture archives need to be seen as part of a wide range of digital resources that are currently available for historical research; while certain methodological, epistemological and technical questions are specific for digital picture archives, many pertain to digital resources in general; • similarly: discussing the prerequisites for a picture archive on educational history implies, first, to address the broader question of what prerequisites should be considered for digital archives more generally; and addressing the question of whether or not such general prerequisites can be formulated at all given the wide range of research questions and use cases researchers bring to the table With this broader contextualisation in mind we will focus on the possibilities and limitations of digital picture archives for the history of education through a brief discussion of the following points: • what are the characteristics of digital picture archives; technical and otherwise, and within that context, digital archives for the history of education; can specific characteristics be observed with regard to the latter or not? • what layers of information are currently embedded in digital picture archives for the history of education (taking Gerhard Paul‘s differentiation as a starting point); how can we improve the design, annotation and classification of images through metadata etc, to build corpuses that meet researcher‘s requirements? [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Performance Computing and Big Data analytics in Luxembourg: Overview and Challenges in the EuroHPC horizon
Besseron, Xavier UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL

Presentation (2018, August)

Accelerating modelling and simulation in the data deluge era requires the appropriate hardware and infrastructure at scale. The University of Luxembourg is active since 2007 to develop its own ... [more ▼]

Accelerating modelling and simulation in the data deluge era requires the appropriate hardware and infrastructure at scale. The University of Luxembourg is active since 2007 to develop its own infrastructure and expertise in the HPC and BD domains. The current state of developments will be briefly reviewed in the context of the national and European HPC strategy in which Luxembourg is starting to play a role. [less ▲]

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See detailParallel Coupling of CFD-DEM simulations
Pozzetti, Gabriele UL; Besseron, Xavier UL; Rousset, Alban UL et al

Presentation (2018, August)

Eulerian-Lagrangian couplings are nowadays widely used to address engineering and technical problems. In particular, CFD-DEM couplings have been successfully applied to study several configurations ... [more ▼]

Eulerian-Lagrangian couplings are nowadays widely used to address engineering and technical problems. In particular, CFD-DEM couplings have been successfully applied to study several configurations ranging from mechanical, to chemical and environmental engineering. However, such simulations are normally very computationally intensive, and the execution time represents a major issue for the applicability of this numerical approach to complex scenarios. With this work, we introduce a novel coupling approach aiming at improving the performance of the parallel CFD-DEM simulations. This strategy relies on two points. First, we propose a new partition-collocation strategy for the parallel execution of CFD–DEM couplings, which can considerably reduce the amount of inter-process communication between the CFD and DEM parts. However, this strategy imposes some alignment constraints on the CFD mesh. Secondly, we adopt a dual-grid multiscale scheme for the CFD-DEM coupling, that is known to offer better numerical properties, and that allows us to obtain more flexibility on the domain partitioning overcoming the alignment constraints. We assess the correctness and performance of our approach on elementary benchmarks and at a large scale with a realistic test-case. The results show a significant performance improvement compared to other state-of-art CFD-DEM couplings presented in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrative analysis of mitochondrial changes in Parkinson’s disease
Glaab, Enrico UL

Presentation (2018, July 16)

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See detailRoundtable 'Humanities in the mirror: writing Jewish history in a digital key'
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, July 15)

Participation in a roundtable discussion on Jewish History and digital Humanities.

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See detailMagnetic neutron scattering on bulk ferromagnets
Michels, Andreas UL

Presentation (2018, July 12)

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See detailSessions about Cross-border workers and cross-border Labour markets
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Rachid, Belkacem

Presentation (2018, July 11)

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See detailSymplectic Dirac operators: Construction and kernels
La Fuente-Gravy, Laurent UL

Presentation (2018, July 04)

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See detailInequality and generations - Age-Period-Cohort Modelling
Hartung, Anne UL; Bar-Haim, Eyal UL; Chauvel, Louis UL

Presentation (2018, July)

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See detailKulturelle Diversität als ästhetische Innovationsbedingung
Wiegmann, Eva UL

Presentation (2018, June 21)

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See detailEU as a Declining Normative Power and Turkey as a Declining Democracy: What does the Readmission Agreement tell us about a Global Approach to Migration and the Roles and Interactions of these Actors?
Samuk, Sahizer UL

Presentation (2018, June 21)

Readmission Agreement has been criticized by many parties not only because of the fact that EU did not want to take the refugees but also because most of the actors thought that Turkey is not capable of ... [more ▼]

Readmission Agreement has been criticized by many parties not only because of the fact that EU did not want to take the refugees but also because most of the actors thought that Turkey is not capable of handling the numbers while some others suggested that Turkey does not meet the bare minimum of democratic credentials to be able to look after the refugees, after all it is seen that Turkey is not treating its own citizens in with a just approach. In this paper, I would like to start with a brief background to what Turkey had done in order to comply with the EU Acquis till now and what the government’s weaknesses have been regarding this process. Why was the success of enactment of Act on Foreigners and International Protection shadowed by the open door policy towards the Syrian refugees and why did the state let many of the refugees pass to Greece although the officials were well aware that there might have been many deaths? The readmission agreement, on the other hand, was signed on 26th of March 2016 and it had many implications. It also had conditions as it was a typical carrot and stick policy of the EU, but it also led the relationship to become more interest based while the norms and ideas on solidarity and creativity have lost their significance. There is a great loss in terms of the normative power of the EU and there are great losses in terms of how democracy was used functionally by the Turkish government and this has manifested itself in the Readmission Agreement in the clearest way. After the background and perspectives from both sides, I suggest that it is a loss-loss game rather than a win-win situation, moreover, it is not the story of an empire that tells Turkey what to do or it is not the Turkish republic that follows the democratic path but it has become the clash of collapsing empires, an anachronistic way of dealing with a crisis. Finally, I will finish with policy suggestions to both sides of this dilemma as far as my theoretical background allows me. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentity processes in multicultural Antwerp: Report on an ethnographic - cross-cultural study
Stogianni, Maria UL; Van de Vijver, Fons J. R.

Presentation (2018, June 21)

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See detailMolecular Profiling of Microglia in Steady State and Under Inflammatory Conditions
Sousa, Carole UL

Presentation (2018, June 21)

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See detailUL HPC users'session: Mastering big data
Bisdorff, Raymond UL

Presentation (2018, June 13)

We illustrate in this presentation an optimized HPC implementation for outranking digraphs of huge orders, up to several millions of decision alternatives. The proposed outranking digraph model is based ... [more ▼]

We illustrate in this presentation an optimized HPC implementation for outranking digraphs of huge orders, up to several millions of decision alternatives. The proposed outranking digraph model is based on a quantiles equivalence class decomposition of the underlying multicriteria performance tableau. When locally ranking each of these ordered components, we may readily obtain an overall linear ranking of big sets of decision alternatives. The proposed optimization strategies tackles algorithmic refinements of the ranking algorithm, reducing the size of python data objects, typing the data for efficient cython and C compilation, efficient sharing of static data via global python variables, using a multiprocessing task queue, and, last but not least, use the efficient UL HPC equipements. [less ▲]

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See detailA journey into time-triggered communication protocols with a focus on Ethernet TSN
Navet, Nicolas UL

Presentation (2018, June 11)

This presentation provides an historical perspective on time-triggered (TT) protocols and highlights a few possible misconceptions about TT communication. The presentation is organized as follows: 1 ... [more ▼]

This presentation provides an historical perspective on time-triggered (TT) protocols and highlights a few possible misconceptions about TT communication. The presentation is organized as follows: 1) landscape of real-time (wired) communication networks, 2) Time-triggered (TT) protocols evolution: TTP, FlexRay, TTEthernet, TSN/TAS (IEEE802.1Qbv) 3) Misconceptions about TT communication 4) Takeaways and what is ahead of us. [less ▲]

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See detailWo mache ich einen Absatz?
Huemer, Birgit UL

Presentation (2018, June 08)

Schreiber gliedern ihre Texte visuell in kleinere Portionen oder Teiltexte, die eine Unterbrechung des Textflusses darstellen und die Information strukturieren (Heinemann & Viehweger 1991). Diese ... [more ▼]

Schreiber gliedern ihre Texte visuell in kleinere Portionen oder Teiltexte, die eine Unterbrechung des Textflusses darstellen und die Information strukturieren (Heinemann & Viehweger 1991). Diese Gliederung erfolgt durch einfache grafisch-formale Mittel, die genre-spezifisch sind und die sich an sprachlich realisierten inhaltlich-thematischen Kriterien sowie an Kriterien der Textkohärenz orientieren (Longacre 1979, van Dijk 1981). Stein (2003) zeigt in seiner Studie, dass der Zusammenhang zwischen dem inhaltlich-thematischen Wechsel und der grafisch-formalen Absatzmarkierung im Text Studierenden der Germanistik als Konzept zwar bekannt ist, jedoch in der Anwendung Schwierigkeiten bereitet. In diesem Vortrag wird am Beispiel deutschsprachiger Masterarbeiten gezeigt, welche Schwierigkeiten den Studierenden die Platzierung und Strukturierung von Absätzen bereitet und welchen Einfluss dies auf Textkohärenz und Leserorientierung hat. Die Ergebnisse basieren auf einer kontrastiven linguistischen Analyse deutsch-, englisch- und französischsprachiger Theoriekapitel in 12 verschiedenen Masterarbeiten aus demselben Fach, in denen die grafisch-formale Absatzmarkierung, die linguistische Struktur von Absätzen und der Einsatz kohäsiver Mittel untersucht wurden. [less ▲]

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See detailHome Literacy Environment and Family Language Policy of Preschool Language Minority Children in Luxembourg
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Presentation (2018, June 05)

This project aims to explore home literacy environment (HLE) and family language policy (FLP) of language minority preschool children in Luxembourg. These aims were explored through four phases. In the ... [more ▼]

This project aims to explore home literacy environment (HLE) and family language policy (FLP) of language minority preschool children in Luxembourg. These aims were explored through four phases. In the first phase we investigated language resources and activities of children in their families. To achieve this aim, we administered the questionnaires on home literacy environment to the parents with migrant backgrounds from five highest migrant municipalities in Luxembourg. In the second phase, through the interviews with the interested parents from the first phase, we explored family language policy: how parents and children learn, manage and negotiate different languages at home. In the third phase, we tested early literacy and numeracy of preschool language minority children, in their home languages and Luxembourgish, at school. In the fourth phase, we asked the teachers of the participating schools to answer three questions on the challenges and opportunities while working with language minority children and the needs they have to improve their work. This study, the first of its kind in Luxembourg, is extremely important for understanding linguistic state-of-the-art of language minority children in their families. Luxembourg is falling behind the OECD mean in reading (ranked 32nd in 2015), where Portuguese children are being particularly vulnerable. Early literacy skills are critical for children’s later academic achievement. A wealth of research showed that children’s home language should not be abandoned as it is crucial for promoting dynamic multilingualism and assuring cross-linguistic transfer. This study aims to reveal valuable information about home literacy practices and policies of families with language minority preschool children. Based on this information we can strengthen the collaboration with schools regarding children’s multilingual processing and academic achievement. [less ▲]

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See detailMoment map and closed Fedosov star products
La Fuente-Gravy, Laurent UL

Presentation (2018, June 04)

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See detailUL HPC Tutorial: (Advanced) Prototyping with Python
Parisot, Clément UL; Diehl, Sarah UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailUL HPC Tutorial: Parallel computations with OpenMP/MPI
Varrette, Sébastien UL; Plugaru, Valentin UL; Diehl, Sarah UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailUL HPC Tutorial: Bio-informatics workflows and applications
Plugaru, Valentin UL; Diehl, Sarah UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailUL HPC Tutorial: Statistical Computing with R
Ginolhac, Aurélien UL; Emeras, Joseph; Varrette, Sébastien UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailUL HPC Tutorial: HPC Containers with Singularity
Plugaru, Valentin UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Diehl, Sarah UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailAn Introduction to KN type algebras - A lecture course (5 lectures)
Schlichenmaier, Martin UL

Presentation (2018, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 UL)
See detailUL HPC Tutorial: HPC workflow with sequential jobs
Cartiaux, Hyacinthe UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Plugaru, Valentin UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 UL)
See detailUL HPC Tutorial: Advanced Job scheduling with SLURM and OAR
Plugaru, Valentin UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Diehl, Sarah UL et al

Presentation (2018, June)

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See detailEuropean institutions and european enterprises
Paravantis, Spero UL

Presentation (2018, May 30)

Seminar on "European institutions and European enterprises" (Seminar at Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy, May 30 2018. From 01:00 to 24:00. I explain the Origins of the Rules ... [more ▼]

Seminar on "European institutions and European enterprises" (Seminar at Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy, May 30 2018. From 01:00 to 24:00. I explain the Origins of the Rules surrounding the freedom of establishment in the EU. NOTE: the computer crashed before the seminar, so I had to look to the large screen to my left to read the notes. This is why I am looking left throughout the video.) [less ▲]

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See detailWWI and WWII reparations and European Integration, Part II
Paravantis, Spero UL

Presentation (2018, May 28)

A short video lecture explaining the marshal plan, and its impact on WWI and WWII reparations, the re-integration of Germany and German Economic recovery after WWII.

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 UL)
See detailTranslanguaging and Linguistic Creativity and Criticality
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Presentation (2018, May 25)

Translanguaging (TL) pedagogy is the strategic deployment of the entire linguistic and non-linguistic repertoire for learning and teaching (García & Seltzer 2016). Particular educational advantages of ... [more ▼]

Translanguaging (TL) pedagogy is the strategic deployment of the entire linguistic and non-linguistic repertoire for learning and teaching (García & Seltzer 2016). Particular educational advantages of translanguaging are: (1) deeper and fuller understanding of the subject matter, (2) helps the development of the weaker language, (3) facilitates home-school links and cooperation, and (4) helps the integration of fluent speakers with early learners (García & Li Wei 2014, p. 67). TL is transformative for the child, for the teacher and the whole education. TL space develops the sense of connectedness (Li Wei 2011b) which is important for children's cognitive, linguistic, and socio-emotional development. By the use of the whole linguistic repertoire children can develop criticality and creativity. According to García and Li Wei (2014), creativity is "pushing and breaking the boundaries between the old and the new, the conventional and the original, and the acceptable and the challenging". (p. 67) while criticality is "the ability to use available evidence appropriately, systematically and insightfully, to inform considered views of cultural, social, political and linguistic wisdom, to question and problematize received wisdom and to express views adequately through reasoned responses to situations" (p. 67). The development of creativity and criticality are important skills for children's education and translanguaging pedagogy creates space for the development of these skills. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxation and Big Data: The Reflection of Data-Driven Value Creation in the 2018 OECD and EU Tax Proposals
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2018, May 25)

In March 2018, the OECD published its interim report on tax challenges arising from digitalisation and the European Commission published two proposals for directives on significant digital presence and a ... [more ▼]

In March 2018, the OECD published its interim report on tax challenges arising from digitalisation and the European Commission published two proposals for directives on significant digital presence and a digital services tax. This presentation focuses on the key elements of the three texts, their reflection of data-driven value creation in taxation and the key flaws of the concrete proposals adopted by the European Commission. [less ▲]

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See detailLa présence militaire belge en Allemagne 1945-2004: une esquisse
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2018, May 14)

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See detailLëtzebuerger Musek am 19. Joerhonnert. Aus enger museksethnologescher an historiographescher Perspektiv
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2018, May 08)

Musikhistoriographie ist vielschichtig. Die Geschichtsschreibung über Musik in Luxemburg gliedert sich in verschiedene Teilaspekte. Zunächst ist sie Teil regionaler Musikforschung in Europa und zudem, was ... [more ▼]

Musikhistoriographie ist vielschichtig. Die Geschichtsschreibung über Musik in Luxemburg gliedert sich in verschiedene Teilaspekte. Zunächst ist sie Teil regionaler Musikforschung in Europa und zudem, was Luxemburg betrifft, nationale Musikforschung. Ein erster Blickwinkel ist der musikethnologische: Ein Volk, eine Nation hat seine/ihre Lieder, die in ihm/ihr entstehen, aufgenommen, mündlich über Landes- sowie Sprachgrenzen und über Generationen überliefert werden. Volkstümliche Lieder schauen dem Volk „auf’s Maul“, sind Volksliedern nachempfunden, stammen aus der Feder von Komponisten und sind – zumindest auf Luxemburg bezogen, patriotisch gefärbt. Ein weiterer Blickwinkel luxemburgischer Musik befasst sich mit der Kunstmusik, und hier ist die staatliche Unabhängigkeit des Großherzogtums ein historischer Ausgangspunkt. Musiksoziologische Überlegungen leiten den Blick auf das Wesen und Werden von Musikgesellschaften („community music“). Ausgangspunkt ist eine liberalere Verfassung, durch welches den Bürgern zum ersten Mal das Versammlungsrecht angeboten wurde. Die Professionalisierung der Musik in Luxemburg nimmt ihren Ausgangspunkt mit der Entwicklung der musikalischen Bildung, welche in den Händen der ersten Komponistengeneration lag und auf die später aufgebaut wurde. [less ▲]

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See detailMehrsprachige Bildung in Luxemburg: Möglichkeiten und Herausforderungen
Neumann, Sascha UL; Kirsch, Claudine UL

Presentation (2018, April 26)

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See detailA risk-based approach towards infringement prevention on the internet
Ullrich, Carsten UL

Presentation (2018, April 25)

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