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See detailTactilectures et re-marques (en collaboration Emmanuelle Pelard)
Roelens, Nathalie UL

Presentation (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 UL)
See detailBrauchen wir noch Kontinuitätenbiografien? Der Fall Franz Thedieck (1900-1995)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailHistoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 23)

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les espaces concernés par ces recherches. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 UL)
See detailLe Web des années 1990: entre données et reconstructions
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 14)

Cette présentation revient sur les travaux menées autour de l'histoire du Web des années 1990 et présente les enjeux de lecture proche et distante des archives du Web au sein de cette recherche.

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)
See detailTranslanguaging in a Multilingual Classroom in Luxembourg
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, April 12)

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non ... [more ▼]

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non-linguistic resources. Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018). In multilingual Luxembourg, over 60% of the students indicate to have a dominant home language other than Luxembourgish, with Portuguese being the most used language (MENJE 2018). Considering that theteaching of Luxembourgish, French and German accounts for 40.5% of the instruction time, little room is left for the students’ home languages and the school system is particularly challenging for the students whose language repertoires deviate from the official curriculum. The present doctoral project investigates how primary school students with a migration background deploy their language repertoires to learn. In this paper, I examine the extent to which two fourth-graders with a Portuguese background and a different migration experience mobilize their languages while interacting with the teacher and peers. Data stem from eighteen days of observation and video-recordings. The thematic analysis focuses on the students’ participation and their language use in different school subjects. Preliminary findings show that the students participate unequally and use their languages differently in terms of purpose and frequency and depending on their migration experience. The findings are tentative because data collection is on-going. [less ▲]

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See detailHistorische Karten aus der Maas-Mosel-Region - Analysemethoden zur Komplexität historischer Grenzen in der Praxis
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen ... [more ▼]

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen oder Linien gewissermaßen auf das Blatt. Kartographie und Grenzen gehören deshalb im Kontext der Territorialpolitik auch untrennbar zusammen. Karten dienen einerseits nach innen einer möglichst präzisen Raumerfassung und somit als wichtige Informationsquelle und Orientierungshilfe für den Landesherrn. Gleichzeitig werden sie aber auch nach außen als Mittel politischer Propaganda und zur Durchsetzung von territorialen Ansprüchen gebraucht. Durch die Analyse kartographischer Quellen wird eine tiefergehende Annäherung an die Charakteristik und Ausprägung von Grenzräumen versucht. Dazu werden exemplarisch zwei Grenzregionen in den Blick genommen: Zum einen die luxemburgisch-französische Grenze des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts sowie die kurtrierisch-luxemburgische Grenze im späten 18. Jahrhundert. Wie lassen sich Grenzen in dieser Zeit definieren und welche Funktion spielten Karten bei ihrer Festlegung, Ausprägung und Durchsetzung? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
See detailKartographische Ressourcen im Internet, ein Überblick
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
See detailGoogle My Maps: Ein Tool für die Erstellung einfacher historischer Karten
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (5 UL)
See detailSearching bodies through born-digital heritage: issues and challenges
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically ... [more ▼]

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically dedicated to the histories of healthy bodies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 UL)
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See detailOn quasitrivial semigroups
Devillet, Jimmy UL

Presentation (2019, March 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 UL)
See detailYoung children's developing multilingual repertoires and languaging in a preschool in Luxembourg
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, March 25)

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary ... [more ▼]

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). To raise the children's opportunities, a new law on multilingual education in the early years was voted in 2017. In addition to learning Luxembourgish, young children are now familiarised with French and their home languages are valued. Researchers have called for such inclusive multilingual pedagogies that build on dynamic language arrangements (Garcia & Seltzer, 2016). However, studies have seldom focused on the impact of these innovative pedagogies on young children's developing multilingual repertoires, their interactions with adults and peers, and the children's active role in this process (Schwartz & Gorbatt, 2018). Drawing on a sociocultural perspective, the present paper investigates the languaging and development of the language repertoires of two four-year-old Spanish-speaking children during one year in preschool. Their teacher participated in a professional development programme coordinated by a research project on developing multilingual pedagogies in early childhood (MuLiPEC, 2016-2019). The data stem from 17 days of videography and participant observation of the children's interactions with peers and the teacher during daily routines and from four interviews with the teacher. Data analysis was based on thematic and conversation analysis. The preliminary findings indicate, firstly, that within the teacher's flexible language arrangements, the children frequently translanguaged, drawing on features of five languages and non-verbal communication (e.g. gestures, showing). At the same time, they developed vocabulary, complex sentences and narrative skills in Luxembourgish. Secondly, they showed a metalinguistic awareness and adapted their languaging to their interlocutors. The findings should contribute to the research on languaging and multilingual development in early childhood. Garcia, O., & Seltzer, K. (2016). The Translanguaging current in language education. In B. Kindenberg (ed.) Flersprakighet som resurs (pp. 19-30). Liber. MENJE (2017). Enseignement fondamental - Education differenciee. Statistiques globales et analyse des resultats scolaries - Annee scolaire 2015/2016. MENJE: Luxembourg. Schwartz, M., & Gorbatt, N. (2018). The Role of Language Experts in Novices’ Language Acquisition and Socialization. In M. Schwartz (ed.) Preschool Bilingual Education. Agency Between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 343 - 356). Springer. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 UL)
See detailRisk Preferences and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Presentation (2019, March 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 UL)
See detailIdentification patterns and well-being in a plurally composed society: Growing up with multiple cultural influences
Stogianni, Maria UL

Presentation (2019, March 21)

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual educational programs, and interact with people from various ethnic groups on a daily basis. These culture contact situations are particularly challenging for immigrant youth who are being socialized in two or more different cultures as well as for the native Luxembourgers who can find themselves in the minority in certain contexts. The primary aim of this PhD project is to investigate identity construal processes in adolescence and emerging adulthood within this multicultural context. We are particularly interested in the dispositional and contextual factors that affect cultural identification, behavior-related outcomes, academic performance, and psychological well-being. Another line of research will focus on implicit vs. explicit attitudes towards diversity and migration. These are some of the research questions we will try to answer using self-report questionnaires, experience sampling methodology, lab experiments, and semi-structured interviews. So far, a systematic literature review was conducted with the aim to identify the most frequently used instruments in the assessment of cultural identity and multiculturalism. Based on our findings, we conducted pilot studies to examine the cultural equivalence of these measures in diverse samples. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (8 UL)
See detailVom Ende des mittelalterlichen Herzogtums bis zur Neugründung als Großherzogtum: Luxemburg zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress (1779 – 1816)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, March 13)

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt ... [more ▼]

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt festlegte. Doch bereits wenige Jahre später annektierte die französische Republik nach der Revolution alle linksrheinischen Territorien und gliederte sie als Départements in das französischen Staatsgebiet ein. Nach der Absetzung Napoleons beschloss der Wiener Kongress 1815 eine Neuordnung Europas. In Folge dessen kam es im linksrheinischen Raum zur Neugründung des Großherzogtums Luxemburg als Teil des ebenfalls neu gegründeten Königreichs der Vereinigten Niederlande. Bei der territorialen Neugliederung griff man aber nur an wenigen Stellen auf die Grenzen des alten Herzogtums von 1795 zurück. Statt dessen einigte man sich darauf, dass im Osten die Flussläufe von Mosel, Sauer und Our zukünftig die Grenze bildeten. Diese besteht bis heute fort. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation in Digital Financial Services (DFS)
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
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See detailSequence Organisation: What is the interactional work done? Insights from Conversation Analysis!
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially ... [more ▼]

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially organised action! “There is order at all points” (Harvey Sacks). Thus, one primary issue of applied conversation analysis is to visualise this order as well as the ‘work done’ by the interlocutors during conversation. Turn-construction, pauses, overlaps are not anodyne but relevant accounts of meaning making and understanding. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (1 UL)
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See detailCorporate Governance of Financial Institutions
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
See detailLänderbericht Luxemburg: Koordination und Transfer nationaler Bildungsforschung
Lamy, Christian; Fischbach, Antoine UL

Presentation (2019, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (6 UL)
See detailVillux 10 - The first digital historical atlas of the city of Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, February 26)

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic ... [more ▼]

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic town atlas can be defined as a collection of explanatory texts, chronological tables, maps and images, which all trace the history of a city and illustrate its stages of development. The presentation will provide insights into the concept of the project and also present first results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 UL)
See detailHochbegabung – was nun?
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Presentation (2019, February 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 UL)
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See detailLuxembourg in WWII or Why is the former Wehrmacht soldier considered to be a nazi-victim
Ganschow, Inna UL

Presentation (2019, February 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 UL)
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See detailProbabilistic modeling natural way to treat data
Rappel, Hussein UL

Presentation (2019, February 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (5 UL)
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See detailGeistliche Macht der Musik oder weltliche Macht der geistlichen Musiker Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, February 08)

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the ... [more ▼]

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the liturgy, not only wanted to restore what already had been considered survived for centuries in the history of music, but which was undoubtedly able to exercise power not only on composers of liturgical music, but also on spiritual dignitaries. My paper is based on my recent publication in two volumes on the correspondence of Luxembourg religious dignitaries and musicians with Franz Xaver Witt, one of the main protagonists of the movement. [less ▲]

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See detailProject Advanced Discretisaztion Methods
Farina, Sofia UL

Presentation (2019, February 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 UL)
See detailArchives du Web : entre capture et insaisissable
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, January 25)

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes seront explorés : le premier s’intéressera à ce que capture l’archivage du Web, mais aussi au non archivé, en termes de contenus, de contexte, de participation, de matérialités, etc. ; le second, entre fonds parfois captifs et affranchissement méthodologique, sera davantage tourné vers l’exploitation des corpus et interrogera autant les enjeux de partage, d’interopérabilité, de choix des données comme des outils, que la manière dont le chercheur peut explorer de nouvelles voies d’analyse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 UL)
See detailA Colônia Luxemburguesa
Santana, Dominique UL

Presentation (2019, January 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
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See detailUnemployment Scarring and Gendered Occupations: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, January 18)

The experience of early unemployment has been linked to a wide range of subsequent outcomes such as lower levels of well-being, lower wages and a host of other disadvantages in the labor market ... [more ▼]

The experience of early unemployment has been linked to a wide range of subsequent outcomes such as lower levels of well-being, lower wages and a host of other disadvantages in the labor market ("unemployment scarring"). As youth unemployment continues to be one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to anlayse the determinants affecting transitions to employment for young individuals. Empirical evidence from recent experimental studies emphasizes the long-neglected role of recruiters in the reintegration of individuals into the labor market. However, these studies rarely address potential gender differences in unemployment scarring by employing experimental designs that do not allow for extensive gender comparisons - potentially leaving important mechanisms behind recruiters' role in the reproduction of gender inequalities widely unexplored. Moreover, these studies differ in the context in which they were conducted making it difficult to draw conclusions regarding the extent to which unemployment might have different consequences for men and women. We extend the previous literature by examining how unemployment and gender interactively shape recruiters' evaluation of young applicants' hiring chances. Speci fically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research by comparing the hiring chances for young male and female jobseekers between different occupations and national contexts. Drawing on established labor market theories and social psychological theories about gendered role expectations and their impact on the evaluation of behavior ("role congruity theory"), we expect to find differences in unemployment scarring across gender. In particular, we expect that the gendered stereotypes associated with certain occupations affect recruiters' evaluation of unemployment for men and women. Recruiters might use unemployment as justifi cation to discriminate against workers when applying for gender-atypical jobs (e.g. women applying for traditionally and culturally male-typed jobs). On the other hand, recruiters might apply a more lenient standard towards the opposite-sex unemployed worker in order to overcompensate for the low share of e.g. women in male-typed jobs. To test our hypotheses, we use data from a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in four European countries and different occupational sectors. We focus on a male-typed and a female-typed occupational sector (mechanics and nursing, respectively) to explore the workings of gendered stereotypes. The multifactorial experimental design of the factorial survey allows us to compare different types of unemployment (timing and duration) and to hold unemployment orthogonal to other factors (e.g. education). Employing linear multilevel regression models, we fi nd, overall, heterogeneous scarring effects of unemployment across gender. Especially current unemployment spells seem to negatively affect the hiring chances for men applying for nursing jobs. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. Moreover, they demonstrate that ignoring contextual factors in studying heterogeneous scarring effects across gender potentially leaves important mechanisms in recruiters' hiring decisions undetected. This study further contributes to the literature on transitions to employment as well as on gender inequalities in the labor market more generally by studying the demand-side mechanisms leading recruiters to discriminate against men and women in gendered-occupations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (14 UL)
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See detailBeyond the bordering perspective: Rezente Entwicklungen in den Border Studies
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, January)

Die Border Studies sind ein aufstrebendes Arbeitsfeld und erfassen zunehmend mehr Disziplinen. Dabei hat sich eine Untersuchungsperspektive durchgesetzt, die sich an den Akten der Hervorbringung von ... [more ▼]

Die Border Studies sind ein aufstrebendes Arbeitsfeld und erfassen zunehmend mehr Disziplinen. Dabei hat sich eine Untersuchungsperspektive durchgesetzt, die sich an den Akten der Hervorbringung von Grenzen und Grenzräumen orientiert und als practice shift bezeichnet werden kann. Sie ist allerdings in die Kritik geraten und erfährt in jüngster Zeit eine dynamische Weiterentwicklung. Sie gründet auf dem Anliegen border(ing) practices weitgreifender zu erfassen und ihrer Vielschichtigkeit gerecht zu werden. Der Vortrag greift diese Entwicklung auf, beleuchtet zentrale Prämissen und Ansätze und skizziert die Umrisse eines sich vollziehenden complexity shift in den Border Studies. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird abschließend die Rolle der disziplinenübergreifenden Zusammenarbeit in der zukünftigen Grenz(raum)forschung thematisiert. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 UL)
See detailChildcare, Quality and Location: A Hedonic Approach.
Dupuy, Arnaud UL

Presentation (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)
See detailHistoire de la gouvernance d'Internet
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 20)

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques ... [more ▼]

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques, des groupes impliqués et des usagers en général. Elle implique de penser les continuités et ruptures dans le temps court de l’histoire d’Internet, mais aussi dans la poursuite de luttes plus anciennes pour la maîtrise de l’information et des communications, où les rapports de pouvoir n’ont jamais été absents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (6 UL)
See detail‘Curriculizing’ Multilingualism? Language Curricula and the Construction of Identity in Multilingual Societies: the example of Luxembourg
Sattler, Sabrina UL

Presentation (2018, December 10)

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners ... [more ▼]

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners (STATEC, 2018). Beside the three official languages, French, German and Luxembourgish, other languages are used in everyday contexts. Educational policy thus has to integrate pupils of non-Luxembourg origin into the inherently trilingual school system. The 2009 reform of primary education is accordingly to be understood, among other things, as an educational policy response to the linguistic diversification of society. One of its goals was to respond more forcefully to the didactic and pedagogic challenges of this extremely heterogeneous and multilingual social composition. The existing 1912 law governing primary education was replaced, and the organisation of teaching and the curriculum were adapted. In terms of cultural history, this goes hand in hand with an educationalization of social problems (Smeyers & Depaepe, 2008), that is to say, the idea, paradigmatic for the modern age, that concrete social challenges are delegated so that they fall within the remit of education (see ibid., 2). In this process it is the curriculum that serves as the core of ideas of intervention. The curriculum, as a road map for a strategy of national and supranational education policy and as a pedagogic reaction to, or intervention in, social and historical change, is thus ascribed a role in constructing identity. In this connection the curriculum, as an instrument of socialisation, cannot be limited merely to directives for teaching. By definition, the curriculum has a hidden agenda, since it meshes with specific, usually also provisional, conceptions of a society. Taking this definition as its starting-point, the paper works with a broad concept of curriculum, on the basis of which school programmes represent the universal attempt at social engineering. Following from this idea, the curriculum becomes a ‘cultural construction of the child and the future citizen’ (Tröhler, 2014, p. 60). This cultural construction becomes evident when one realizes that meaning is produced through historical processes that create common sense and which are stabilized through certain social or cultural practices (see Popkewitz, 2011, p. 164; see also Popkewitz, 2008). Such distinct practices and cultural connotations are in Luxembourg specifically linked to the use of language. In the light of these reflections, the paper tackles the central question, to what extent multilingualism and, with it, distinct conceptions of identity in Luxembourg are ‘curriculized’. Of interest here is the historical question, which ideas about a constructed linguistic identity were dominant before and after the primary education reform of 2009 and what the direction of travel is. Here I introduce the concept, first formulated at the beginning of the 20th century, of a Luxembourgian Mischkultur (mixed culture: Weber, 1909) and discuss the extent to which this idea conflicts with contemporary tendencies in educational planning. The paper will show that Luxembourg, as a kind of laboratory because of developing processes of globalisation and migration, is relevant to other multilingual contexts in general and curricular development in particular. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (8 UL)
See detailArchives du Web, « le dur » à l’épreuve de la durée
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 04)

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la ... [more ▼]

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la masse de tweets récupérés par la Library of Congress suite à un accord avec Twitter en 2010. Au plan national aussi nos institutions d’archivage - la Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) et l’Institut national de l’audiovisuel (Ina), collectent des volumes impressionnants (plus de 20 milliards de tweets archivés à la suite des attentats de novembre 2015 par l’Ina), invitant les chercheurs à penser des lectures et analyses outillées par des moyens informatiques afin d’approcher ces masses de données. Après avoir montré dans quelle mesure chercheurs et institutions d’archivage ont pu proposer un virage vers la lecture distante en matière d’archives du Web, nous interrogerons les enjeux et limites du traitement de ces sources nativement numériques par des méthodes computationnelles ou encore des outils relevant des humanités numériques. Entre archives enfermées dans les enceintes des bibliothèques en vertu du dépôt légal, opacité de certaines collectes, lacune des fonds et division du travail de collecte et d’analyse, singularité des corpus et difficulté à les pérenniser ou encore à les partager, il s’agira enfin de proposer des pistes à la question : « Faut-il et le cas échéant où durcir les analyses liées aux archives du Web ? ». [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailBordertexturen. Eine multidisziplinäre Annäherung an Border Complexities
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2018, November 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 UL)
See detailInclusive Practice: The influence of teachers´ attitudes and competence
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

Presentation (2018, November 21)

Following the global drive toward more equity in educational systems in general, and inclusive education in particular (UN, 2006), research has focused increasingly on the extent to which teachers are or ... [more ▼]

Following the global drive toward more equity in educational systems in general, and inclusive education in particular (UN, 2006), research has focused increasingly on the extent to which teachers are or can be prepared to accommodate students with diverse special educational needs (SEN) in their classrooms. Teachers play a key role in creating inclusive learning environments (Borg, Hunter, Sigurjonsdottir, & D’Alessio, 2011) and for the successful implementation of inclusive practice (Meijer, Soriano, & Watkins, 2003). However, whilst teachers are faced with increasingly heterogeneous classrooms, relatively little is known about teachers´ perceived competence and willingness to accommodate a heterogeneous student population in relation to the characteristics of the school environment and demands of the educational system. In addition, it is important to consider teachers´ attitudes toward students with SEN and related behavioural intentions that may facilitate or hinder inclusion. More specifically, decisions concerning the interaction with and educational instruction of students with SEN may be affected by teachers´ perceived competence as well as by general stereotypes and associated attitudes, as attitudes can elicit positive or negative expectations and judgments, which, in turn, can enhance or limit the inclusion of students with SEN in mainstream schools. The presentation will outline findings of the INCLUS project, funded by the Luxembourgish National research Foundation (FNR), concerning teacher variables associated with the successful implementation of inclusive practice. The project investigated teachers´ attitudes and perceived competence concerning the inclusion of children with special educational needs, and evaluated intervention modules aiming to support teachers in implementing inclusive practice. Findings and their implications will be discussed in terms of theory and their implications for teacher training programs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 UL)
See detailLa confrontation Est-Ouest: une analyse d’images de la guerre froide
Mouton, Victoria UL

Presentation (2018, November 19)

Ce séminaire s’est focalisé sur l’examen des problématiques posées par la confrontation Est-Ouest et proposait une analyse critique d’images de la guerre froide à l’aide d’un outil numérique.

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 UL)
See detailThe viability of C-tests: Which place do they have among other language tests?
Reichert, Monique UL

Presentation (2018, November 17)

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers ... [more ▼]

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers are asked to provide the missing word parts. In addition to their appealing characteristic as language measurement instruments which are easy to create, administer and score, they generally yield highly objective and reliable results. These features might explain why C-tests have in the meantime been used for a multitude of purposes and languages. However, the recurrent question about the validity of C-tests makes aware that caution needs to be exercised with regard to the contexts in which these language tests can ideally be used. The presentation will give an introduction about the process(es) of c-test development, and highlight different purposes for which C-tests can be used by placing them in the context of other, more “classical” language tests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailComment transformer de bons Allemands en bons Belges? L'annexion et l'intégration d'Eupen-Malmedy à la Belgique (1918-1925)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2018, November 13)

A la suite du Traité de Versailles, la Belgique s’agrandit de quelques 60.000 habitants et de 1.000 km², en annexant les deux Kreise allemands d’Eupen et de Malmedy. Tandis que le premier est largement ... [more ▼]

A la suite du Traité de Versailles, la Belgique s’agrandit de quelques 60.000 habitants et de 1.000 km², en annexant les deux Kreise allemands d’Eupen et de Malmedy. Tandis que le premier est largement germanophone, le deuxième compte env. 10.000 franco- ou wallonophones autour de Malmedy. La conférence retrace d’abord les origines de cette annexion, des projets d’expansion territoriale, conçus pendant la guerre, aux négociations du Traité de Versailles. Un accent sera mis sur l’élaboration de l’article 34 de ce traité, qui prévoit une forme de « consultation populaire » unique en son genre et dont l’application a lourdement hypothéqué l’intégration des « Nouveaux Belges » dans leur nouvelle patrie. La deuxième partie de la conférence est consacrée au régime de transition que la Belgique y instaure en 1920. Ce gouvernement provisoire placé sous le Haut Commissaire Herman Baltia est alors en charge de l’intégration des habitants dans l’Etat belge. Comment peut-on « gagner les cœurs et les esprits » d’une population qui, encore en 1918, ne se serait jamais vue devenir belge ? La troisième partie traite de la loi d’intégration du 6 mars 1925 qui met fin au régime de transition et intègre les trois cantons d’Eupen-Malmedy-Saint-Vith dans l’arrondissement de Verviers et la province de Liège. Dans ce contexte, des propositions voient le jour qui seront encore d’actualité lors des débats sur l’autonomie culturelle dans les années 1960. La recherche scientifique a montré depuis longtemps que la politique d’intégration belge menée dans la région pendant l’entre-deux-guerres a été un échec – révélé au plus tard en mai 1940. La conférence jette une nouvelle lumière sur les débuts de celle-ci et sur sa perception par la population et les acteurs politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailDigitaler historischer Atlas der Stadt Luxemburg
Uhrmacher, Martin; Kass, Steve UL

Presentation (2018, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 UL)
Full Text
See detailThe Case Against Hard Interest Rate Caps for Microfinance Institutions
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2018, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL)
See detailPenser les politiques d'archivage du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, November 09)

Cette intervention se propose d'étudier les politiques institutionnelles d'archivage du Web à plusieurs échelles, depuis les aspects organisationnels propres à une institution jusqu'aux enjeux de ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention se propose d'étudier les politiques institutionnelles d'archivage du Web à plusieurs échelles, depuis les aspects organisationnels propres à une institution jusqu'aux enjeux de gouvernance globaux et internationaux. Il s'agira aussi d'étudier en quoi "des formes spécifiques de pouvoir et d'autorité" (Winner, 198 121) peuvent être décelées au sein des processus comme des artefacts produits. Une réflexion sur les périmètres de sélection des contenus (et leurs éventuels biais), la curation à la fois humaine et technique, l'équilibre entre nouvelles formes d'action et cadres imposés (par exemple dans le cadre du dépôt légal) permettra de dévoiler les multiples strates politiques à l'oeuvre dans l'archivage du Web. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 UL)
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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment: Employers' Hiring Decisions in Relation to Young People
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2018, November 07)

The long-term consequences of experiencing early unemployment for future labor market outcomes and individual well-being have been widely documented in the literature. As youth unemployment remains one of ... [more ▼]

The long-term consequences of experiencing early unemployment for future labor market outcomes and individual well-being have been widely documented in the literature. As youth unemployment remains one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to understand the mechanisms on both sides of the job matching process. However, the majority of previous research only highlights issues on the supply side of this process by analyzing observational or administrative data. Empirical evidence on the demand side of youth unemployment is still scarce. Against this background, we examine how employers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants with special emphasis on scarring due to unemployment. Specifically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research in two ways: (1) We conduct a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in five occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate several hypothetical descriptions of applicants which randomly vary in their combination of attributes. (2) We test whether using hypothetical vs. real vacancies affects employers' evaluation of applicants - a question that has received little attention so far despite the potential implications for research studying employers' hiring decisions by means of factorial surveys. Preliminary findings from our pilot study show some hints for differences in recruiters' hiring decisions when confronted with real vs. hypothetical hiring problems. With our approach, we contribute to the literature on youth employment as well as to the methodological research on factorial surveys. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (11 UL)
See detailÀ la recherche du Web perdu …
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, November 07)

Alors que la durée de vie d’une page Web est estimée en moyenne à deux mois et celle d’un site Internet à moins de cinq ans, les internautes qui ont suivi les premiers développements du Web grand public ... [more ▼]

Alors que la durée de vie d’une page Web est estimée en moyenne à deux mois et celle d’un site Internet à moins de cinq ans, les internautes qui ont suivi les premiers développements du Web grand public dans les années 1990 ont déjà vu disparaître plusieurs communautés virtuelles et certains de leurs espaces en ligne favoris, à l’instar de Geocities, Myspace, ou Vine. Ce Web perdu invite à penser à la fois la nostalgie et la « fabrique de la désuétude » (pour reprendre Gustavo Gomez-Meijia in Schafer V. dir., Temps et temporalités du Web, Presses de Nanterre, 2018) qui marquent la Toile, et les enjeux de mémoire et de patrimonialisation qui leur sont attachés. Mais c’est aussi la manière dont le Web du passé peut être retrouvé, reconstruit, étudié, que ce soit en histoire ou en archéologie des médias, qui est en jeu. C’est rechercher un Web inscrit dans des temporalités, espaces, pratiques et matérialités propres et qui doit être recontextualisé. Il faut faire face aux silences mais aussi au trop plein d’archives du Web, qui s’avèrent à la fois pléthoriques et lacunaires, et se confronter au risque d’une perte d’intelligibilité. La quête des origines du Web, le sentiment d’un âge d’or du Web des débuts, les bruits et les silences des archives du Web, ou encore le risque de perte de sens seront au cœur de cette intervention pour interroger les sources, pratiques et défis d’une histoire foisonnante. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailWas ist ein Schurke (Shakespeare, "Richard III", Schiller, "Die Räuber")?
Kohns, Oliver UL

Presentation (2018, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)
See detailWorkshop 'Strategies for Using Digital Sources in the Classroom
Randolph, John; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, October 26)

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the ... [more ▼]

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the history classroom. How do we teach the differences between "online" and "offline" materials and they ways in which historians can approach them? How do we deal with issues of decontextualization and the changes brought about in historical research practices by working with digital objects? The SourceLab project tackles these issues by letting students create digital editions of historical artefacts and thereby engage them in the making of history. The Ranke.2 project provides lessons that teaches students what digital source criticism is. In this workshop we will discuss in what ways teachers use digital resources in the classroom, and what strategies, if any, they use to sensitize their students to the specificities of online materials as opposed to those found in the archive. The outcome could be a working paper which discusses the pros and cons of various approaches. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 UL)
See detailSustainability: problematizing fragility and ephemerality in digital research - Workshop
Schafer, Valerie UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

Presentation (2018, October 26)

404 not found, closed and opaque corpora, websites disappearance after a few years, obsolete tools, problems of maintenance … this workshop wishes to explore the instability of data, of their digital ... [more ▼]

404 not found, closed and opaque corpora, websites disappearance after a few years, obsolete tools, problems of maintenance … this workshop wishes to explore the instability of data, of their digital (digitalized or/and born-digital) heritage, of digital technologies and tools, the numerous transformations of devices, platforms, terms of use and the tensions between this instability and the necessary stability and reproducibility of research. How should researchers deal at the same time with the ephemeral, the flow, the obsolescence and the concern of knowledge production? How is it possible to reconciliate the temporality of research and the short cycles of technologies? This workshop aims at introducing and identifying the challenges of sustainability and durability which are too often underestimated in digital research and rarely presented to students when introducing tools and research methods. This 120 minutes workshop will be organized in three parts as follows: - Identifying the levels, steps, in which sustainability and durability of a digital research are challenged, from the shaping and sharing of corpora to the maintenance of research results and digital productions. This will be based on the participants experiences and on several examples of research projects; - Mapping the issues and existing solutions such as digital research infrastructures, permanent identifiers, licenses, but also obstacles and limits (such as author rights …) that researchers have to face or take into account; - Creating practical guidelines that could be used by scholars and students. This workshop expands a research project conducted by Christine Barats (Céditec, Université Paris- Est Créteil), Andreas Fickers (Head of C2DH, University of Luxembourg), Valérie Schafer (C2DH, University of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (9 UL)
See detailModel-based Reasoning in Science and Technology
Durlacher, Thomas UL

Presentation (2018, October 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 UL)
See detailImplementing Transparency
Bunout, Estelle UL; During, Marten UL

Presentation (2018, October 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 UL)
See detailDie Sprache der Karten - Kartensprachen
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2018, October 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (7 UL)
See detailAppunti di storia dell'immigrazione italiana a Lussemburgo
Scuto, Denis UL

Presentation (2018, October 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 UL)
See detailDH Master Class
Lucchesi, Anita UL; König, Maraike

Presentation (2018, October 04)

Guest lecturer at DH Master Class 2018 (October 4th, DHIP-IHA, Paris), full day workshop with an introduction of a tool kit for digital public history, followed by hands-on work in group

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (5 UL)
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See detailThe Unnoticed Corssroads of Russian-Luxembourgish History
Ganschow, Inna UL

Presentation (2018, October 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)
See detailFür ein ‘anderes’ Verständnis von Grenze: Erfordernisse und Entwicklungen in den Border Studies. Einführungsvortrag
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2018, October)

Die Tagungsreihe zum Phänomen der Deplatzierung (2017-2019) fokussiert auf aktuelle Entwicklungen im Schnittfeld von Flucht, Grenze und Integration. Im Jahr 2018 stehen der Begriff der Grenze und seine ... [more ▼]

Die Tagungsreihe zum Phänomen der Deplatzierung (2017-2019) fokussiert auf aktuelle Entwicklungen im Schnittfeld von Flucht, Grenze und Integration. Im Jahr 2018 stehen der Begriff der Grenze und seine Bezüge zu Migrationsphänomenen im Zentrum. Dafür leitend ist das Verhältnis von Grenze und Flucht und vor diesem Hintergrund die Frage, wie Grenzen im Spiegel von aktuellen Entwicklungen gedacht werden können und müssen. Damit ist es Ziel der Tagung, das Konzept der Grenze sowie Migrationsphänomene in Verbindung zu bringen und ein zeitgemäßes Verständnis von ‚Grenze‘ zu entwickeln. Dafür leitend ist die Auffassung, dass Migration konstitutiv ist für Grenzen, die wiederum als Praktiken der Regulierung – und damit als Prozesse – gedacht werden und mit Phänomenen der Flucht in Beziehung stehen. Das bedeutet, ein ‚anderes’ Verständnis von Grenze muss es leisten, diese jenseits territorialer Markierungen zu denken und als Regulierungspraxis an unterschiedlichen Orten sichtbar zu machen. Dies führt zu der Frage, wo und wie sich Grenzen ‚ereignen‘ und zu der Einsicht, dass Grenze nicht resultieren aus dem vereinfacht gedachten Zusammenspiel von staatlicher Regulierungspraxis einerseits und migrancy andererseits. Vielmehr geht es darum, solche performativen Prozesse in ihrer Vielschichtigkeit in den analytischen Blick zu bekommen und kritisch zu untersuchen. Der Einführungsvortrag greift diese Erfordernisse auf und versucht theoretisch-konzeptuelle Antworten in den Border Studies zu finden. Dieses aufstrebende Arbeitsfeld der Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften ist spätestens seit der Jahrtausendwende von einem Zuwachs der beteiligten Disziplinen, einer Gleichzeitigkeit der praktizierten Paradigmen und von einer fortschreitenden Binnendifferenzierung gekennzeichnet. Daran knüpft der Vortrag an und macht rezente Entwicklungen der kulturwissenschaftlichen Border Studies (Cultural Border Studies) für das Thema der Tagung produktiv. [less ▲]

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See detailManagerial Optimism and Investor Sentiment
Dittmann, Ingolf; Montone, Maurizio UL; Zhu, Yuhao

Presentation (2018, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 UL)
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See detailPreprocessing and textometry tools
Armaselu, Florentina UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

The goals of the session: - Familiarise the participants with the textometric analysis and the TXM software. - Encourage reflection on the application of this type of analysis to (oral) history research ... [more ▼]

The goals of the session: - Familiarise the participants with the textometric analysis and the TXM software. - Encourage reflection on the application of this type of analysis to (oral) history research. - Collect feedback from the participants on the use of language technology in historical research. [less ▲]

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See detailBiographies as a methodology to unveil the politicization of the Court of Justice of the EU
Fritz, Vera UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 UL)
See detailDie Pilotphase eines hybriden Online-Sprach- und interkulturellen Kurses
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont ... [more ▼]

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont scénarisées pédagogiquement par les centres de langues des six universités de la Grande Région (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) autour de la question de l’implication de futurs étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations pour leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est d’accompagner les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Lors de notre communication, nous allons faire un bilan sur les questionnaires remplis par les étudiants et les enseignants après la phase-pilote. Nous présenterons alors les modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pilotphase eines hybriden Online-Sprach- und interkulturellen Kurses
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 21)

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont ... [more ▼]

La phase pilote de la mise en place d’un cours en ligne d’apprentissage de langues est l’occasion de connaître l’appréciation des étudiants sur la réalisation de tâches en collaboration. Ces tâches sont scénarisées pédagogiquement par les centres de langues des six universités de la Grande Région (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) autour de la question de l’implication de futurs étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations pour leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est d’accompagner les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Lors de notre communication, nous allons faire un bilan sur les questionnaires remplis par les étudiants et les enseignants après la phase-pilote. Nous présenterons alors les modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailLCGR : un scénario pédagogique original d’échanges frontaliers
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2018, September 20)

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de ... [more ▼]

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de langues dans le cadre du projet Erasmus+ LCGR (Language Center Greater Region) dans la période d’octobre 2017 à octobre 2019. Des activités à réaliser en collaboration sont scénarisées pédagogiquement pour impliquer et accompagner les étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations sur leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est de guider les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Suite à la phase pilote du projet, en plus des questionnaires des étudiants, nous analyserons les questionnaires remplis par les enseignants afin d’expliquer les choix de modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
See detailDerived D-Geometry
Poncin, Norbert UL

Presentation (2018, September 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (1 UL)
See detailSocial media analysis
Schafer, Valerie UL; Clavert, Frédéric UL; Grandjean, Martin

Presentation (2018, September 12)

Digital social media have become so pervasive that historians can no longer ignore them, not only as a means of communication but also as a potential source for their research. This training session will ... [more ▼]

Digital social media have become so pervasive that historians can no longer ignore them, not only as a means of communication but also as a potential source for their research. This training session will be divided into three parts: feedback on previous research projects and experiences, a "hands-on" session in which participants can make their first Twitter data collection and analysis, and finally a critical perspective on digital social media as a source in humanities and social sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailScarring Due to Unemployment by Gender: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2018, September 07)

The allocation of individuals to occupations is a main mechanism of social reproduction and social stratification. Many studies elucidated the individual antecedents and consequences of this process. An ... [more ▼]

The allocation of individuals to occupations is a main mechanism of social reproduction and social stratification. Many studies elucidated the individual antecedents and consequences of this process. An interest has often been in how social origin moderates the transition from education to employment. However, empirical evidence on the role of recruiters in this fundamental social process is scarce. Against this backdrop, we examine how these gatekeepers evaluate hiring chances of young job applicants. In our contribution, we specifically focus on scarring due to unemployment in the health sector. Drawing on human capital theory and signalling theory, we expect variation in the hiring chances of male vs. female job seekers with respect to the length of previous and current unemployment spells. Using data from a recent large-scale factorial survey of recruiters in four European countries (N ≈ 2,000) and employing multilevel linear regression models, we find, overall, evidence for heterogeneous scarring effects. Young male job applicants who were unemployed received less favourable assessments compared to their female counterparts. Having been unemployed or being currently unemployed was not associated with hiring chances in young females. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. They further contribute to the literature on transitions to employment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (24 UL)
See detailFremde Formen – neue Sprache. Zum innovativen Potential afrikanischer Kunst in Einsteins 'Negerplastik'
Wiegmann, Eva UL

Presentation (2018, September 06)

Carl Einstein wendet sich auf seiner sprachskeptischen Suche nach neuen literarischen Ausdruckformen der afrikanischen Kunst zu. In ihrer Andersartigkeit, die sich im Kontext europäischer Kunstgeschichte ... [more ▼]

Carl Einstein wendet sich auf seiner sprachskeptischen Suche nach neuen literarischen Ausdruckformen der afrikanischen Kunst zu. In ihrer Andersartigkeit, die sich im Kontext europäischer Kunstgeschichte überformten Bedeutungszuschreibungen entzieht, scheint sie ihm ein Weg zu sein, zu einer vorurteilsfreien Wahrnehmung dessen, was ist, zu gelangen und sich von inadäquat gewordenen Begriffsbildungen zu lösen. In der Negerplastik (1915) – so die hier vertretene These – wird der, in den theoretischen Essays Einsteins geforderte, avantgardistische Konventionsbruch und die Forderung nach einer Modernisierung der Anschauung (als Anpassung an den erkenntnistheoretischen Paradigmenwechsel) gezielt über eine interkulturelle Konstruktion verhandelt. Der von Schmidt-Möbus vertreten These, dass afrikanische Kunst in der Negerplastik „gar nicht als solche einer fremden Kultur“ behandelt würde, ist insofern nicht zuzustimmen. Auch wenn ethnologische Kriterien für Einstein keine Rolle spielen, so ist doch der Fremdheitscharakter der afrikanischen Kunst und ihre Widerständigkeit gegen europäische Darstellungskonvention von ganz entscheidender Bedeutung. Als das Andere zur abendländischen Kunstgeschichte entzieht sie sich der permanenten Reproduktion einer bestimmten genealogischen Denkart (und nimmt in diesem Punkt poststrukturalistische Positionen vorweg). Einem tradierten Kunst- und Literaturverständnis wird hier die afrikanische Formensprache in ihrer Andersartigkeit entgegengesetzt, als unverfügbar postuliert (geschichtslos, kontextlos, etc.) und das Nichtwissen über die afrikanische Kunst und Kultur in den Vordergrund gestellt – was aus postkolonialer Perspektive durchaus kritisch gesehen werden muss. Weiterführend wird hier im Hinblick auf den literarischen (und künstlerischen) Primitivismus ein Desiderat der Interkulturalitätsforschung erkennbar, denn: Ein Text kann einen problematischen Umgang mit Fremdheitskonstruktionen aufweisen und zugleich kulturelle Differenzen auf literarästhetischer Ebene auf unnachahmliche Weise produktiv machen. [less ▲]

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See detailDer blasmusikalische Mainstream. Kritische Gedanken zur Entwicklung des Blasmusikwesens, dargestellt am Beispiel Luxemburg, Funktional. Konzertant. Medial. Banal
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2018, September 05)

Von der Alta Cappella (bzw. den Stadtpfeifern) zum heutigen Blasorchester ist es ein weiter Weg und dies gleich in mehreren Hinsichten. Dazwischen liegen nicht nur Jahrhunderte, sondern auch die ... [more ▼]

Von der Alta Cappella (bzw. den Stadtpfeifern) zum heutigen Blasorchester ist es ein weiter Weg und dies gleich in mehreren Hinsichten. Dazwischen liegen nicht nur Jahrhunderte, sondern auch die Entwicklung neuer Instrumente sowie der Wandel von Ansprüchen, Geschmäckern und Funktionalitäten. Letztere waren von Beginn an geprägt durch zeremonielle, protokollarische und repräsentative Verpflichtungen. Zumindest seit dem durch die Mediamorphose (s. Kurt Blaukopf) eingeleiteten Zeitalter hat der Funktionsbezug von (Blas)musik eine radikale Änderung erfahren. Die Erwartungshaltung von Musikern – hauptsächlich aus dem Amateurbereich – und dessen Publikum machen aus Gestaltern von Konzertprogrammen Getriebene. Konzerte ähneln Fernsehshows mit Glitzer und Nebelmaschinen; Programme hinken dem musikalischen Mainstream hinterher. Zudem hat der fragwürdige Drang der nach wirtschaftlichem Gewinn strebenden Editionshäuser zu immer neuen Stücken den Schreibstil der meisten zeitgenössischen Komponisten vereinheitlicht, verflacht und inhaltsleer werden lassen (nur wenige unter ihnen haben sich einen persönlichen Stil bewahren können), während wertvolle blasmusikalische Tonschöpfungen in verstaubten Archiven ein hoffnungsloses, auf Vergessenheit ausgerichtetes Dasein fristen. Dieser Prozess ist keineswegs geplant, sondern schleichend; er wird als der Sache angemessen hingenommen und selten kritisch hinterfragt. Der Vortrag zielt nicht nur darauf ab, eine Historiographie dieser Entwicklung anzubieten, sondern auf die Auswüchse, Konsequenzen und Gründe, denen sich Blas- und Militärmusik heute ausgesetzt sehen, zu sprechen kommen. Dabei soll die Entwicklung in Luxemburg keineswegs als Alleinstellungsmerkmal hingestellt, sondern als Beispiel für andere Regionen und Länder herangezogen werden. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Rehire Clauses in European Public procurement
Ratti, Luca UL; Villa, Ester

Presentation (2018, September 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 UL)
See detailCompany Name Fluency and Stock Returns
Montone, Maurizio UL; Martijn, van den Assem; Zwinkels, Remco

Presentation (2018, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailLegal Framework in Artificial Intelligence
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2018, August 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 UL)
See detailBemessung nach Eurocode 4 und Sonderaspekte
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 UL)
See detailDevelopment of Eurocode 4
Schäfer, Markus UL

Presentation (2018, August 31)

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