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See detailTactilectures et re-marques (en collaboration Emmanuelle Pelard)
Roelens, Nathalie UL

Presentation (in press)

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See detailDialog, Monolog, Hybrid - Mehrsprachige Theatertexte in Luxemburg
Bloch, Natalie UL

Presentation (2019, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL)
See detailArchives du Web, "la cathédrale et le bazar"
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, October 03)

Le groupe de travail Ethique & Droit a organisé, avec le soutien de l’URFIST Méditerranée, une journée d’étude intitulée « Diffuser les données numériques en SHS : le droit et l’éthique comme alliés » ... [more ▼]

Le groupe de travail Ethique & Droit a organisé, avec le soutien de l’URFIST Méditerranée, une journée d’étude intitulée « Diffuser les données numériques en SHS : le droit et l’éthique comme alliés ». S’inscrivant dans la dynamique de la science ouverte, cette journée d’étude a présenté l’actualité juridique et éthique de la diffusion des données en SHS tout en précisant les orientations actuelles des institutions d’enseignement et de recherche en la matière. De nouvelles problématiques, comme celles soulevées par les archives du web, ont été abordées, notamment lors de mon intervention qui prenait pour point de départ la référence à l'ouvrage d'E. Raymond et les différents modèles de conservation et d'accès aux archives du Web mais aussi les enjeux éthiques posés par les périmètres de conservation notamment. voir: https://ethiquedroit.hypotheses.org/3003 [less ▲]

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See detailRemixed und reloaded: Der Chor und das (neue) Volkstheater
Bloch, Natalie UL; Tropper, Elisabeth UL

Presentation (2019, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 UL)
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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches IT-Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 14)

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See detailL'imaginaire de la logique contractuelle : subversion, reconnaissance, résonance - autour de l'arrêt Churchill Falls
Bélanger, André; Saint-Onge, Simon; Dufour, Pascale UL et al

Presentation (2019, September 13)

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc ... [more ▼]

Les trois conférencier(ière)s, avec la collaboration de Jean-Guy Belley, se proposent d’investir le contrat, instrument juridique qui se donne à penser comme un pharmakon, c’est-à-dire comme un bouc-émissaire à qui l’on impute un tort social en contexte néo-libéral. Envisager le contrat comme un pharmakon, c’est, certes, percevoir en lui l’expression d’un oubli de la relation de droit comme relation sociale, mais aussi le potentiel d’une solution à ce même problème. À partir de l’arrêt de la Cour suprême Churchill Falls et à travers le spectre de la Théorie critique (la subversion chez Theodor W. Adorno, la reconnaissance chez Axel Honneth et la résonance chez Hartmut Rosa), l’imaginaire du contrat déploie ces deux facettes que sont celles d’être le poison et le remède au déficit relationnel du lien juridique. [less ▲]

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See detailSeeking 'truth' after devastating, multi-layered conflict: The complex case of transitional justice in South Sudan
Owiso, Owiso UL

Presentation (2019, September 07)

Barely three years after seceding from Sudan following five decades of armed struggle against systematic marginalisation and oppression, South Sudan descended into a protracted civil war from 15 December ... [more ▼]

Barely three years after seceding from Sudan following five decades of armed struggle against systematic marginalisation and oppression, South Sudan descended into a protracted civil war from 15 December 2013 when President Salva Kiir and Deputy President Riek Machar fell out. The signing of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan on 17 August 2015 after almost two years of devastating conflict thus signalled hope for the beginning of the long process of reconciliation and social (re)construction in South Sudan. This hope was, however, short-lived when, barely eleven months after the signing of the Agreement, Kiir and Machar fell out again and the civil war continued. Again, the concerted efforts of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, supported by the African Union and other international stakeholders, secured a recommitment to the 2015 Agreement by Kiir, Machar and a host of other splinter rebel groups on 12 September 2018 in the form of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-Agreement). The conflict was characterised by widespread and systematic violations of human rights and humanitarian law possibly amounting to international crimes committed by all parties to the conflict, most of which have been painstakingly documented by multiple entities including the African Union Commission of Inquiry into South Sudan, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of internally Displaced Persons and civil society organisations. In order to deal with the legacy of the conflict, the R-Agreement provides a transitional justice roadmap for South Sudan which includes proposals for the creation of the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing (the Commission), the Compensation and Reparation Authority and the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (Hybrid Court). The objective of this paper is to examine the potential of the Commission to contribute towards sustainable transitional justice solutions in South Sudan, based on contemporary standards and practice of transitional justice. The paper adopts (i) a historical approach in order to understand the context of truth-seeking in South Sudan and history’s influence on the R-Agreement’s transitional justice provisions, and (ii) descriptive and analytical approaches in examining the proposed design and operation of the Commission. The paper also draws inspiration from truth-seeking experiences in other countries and explores possibilities for learning. Notably, South Sudan is still restive and as such, the analysis in this paper is set against the background of a society caught in the uncertain and ambiguous state between conflict and post-conflict. Therefore, while exploring its key objective, the paper also grapples with the complex question of when a society can be considered to be ‘ripe’ for transitional justice intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailYoung children's agency in learning novel languages in multilingual environments
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, September 05)

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult ... [more ▼]

The concept of child agency is highly discussed in the fields of humanities, sociology and education. Whereas children were previously conceptualised as incomplete adults or social becomings in the adult world, children’s agency has undergone a paradigm shift in recent decades. Pioneer early childhood scholars such as Prout and James (1990) and Corsaro (2005) have argued that children are reflexive, agentive and social beings, who construct and re-construct childhood and actively shape socialization processes. Similarly, scholars in the emerging field of preschool bilingual education have stressed children’s active role in language learning processes and in shaping language policies and practices through their own languaging and interactions (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017; Boyd & Huss, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). These scholars define children’s bilingual agency as the ‘socioculturally mediated capacity to act, as it is reflected in the children’s communicative acts’ (Ahearn, 2001; Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). From the same sociocultural perspective on learning, educationalist researchers show that preschool children’s agency is embedded in institutional and interactional orders (Huf 2013, Hilpöö et al., 2016). Young children can express a bilingual agency by linguistically supporting each other (Mourão, 2018); discussing and evaluating their own and others’ language practices (Almér, 2017); demonstrating a metalinguistic awareness (Schwartz, 2018); and even by modifying language policy-in-practice (Boyd & Huss, 2017). Moreover, studies suggest that opportunities to use languages flexibly in the classroom may give children some agency over their language use and facilitate their language learning (García & Kleifgen, 2018). Nevertheless, findings on young children’s translanguaging and agency are still scarce, particularly in multilingual contexts involving more than two languages (Kirsch, 2017; Schwartz, 2018). In light of these current trends and gaps in the fields of language learning and education, the present doctoral study gives insights into young children’s agency in learning novel languages in Luxembourg. In this trilingual country, a new law on multilingual education was passed in 2017. This transition from a monolingual to a multilingual language policy was motivated by recent results of national studies which showed that non-Luxembourgish children scored below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). As the new multilingual language policy strives for social justice and equal opportunities, early childhood practitioners are now required to teach Luxembourgish to the children, familiarize them with French and value their home languages. This doctoral thesis is part of the research project MuLiPEC (Kirsch, 2016-2019) which provided seven practitioners in two formal and two non-formal early childhood education settings with an extensive professional training and individual coaching in multilingual pedagogies. Whereas the main research team examined the practitioners’ changing multilingual practices, knowledge and beliefs, I focused on the children in these settings. I investigated eight two- to four-year-old children’s languaging and agentive behaviour over the period of a year. The present paper focuses on four focal children in two formal education settings. In the précoce, a non-compulsory preschool year for three-year-olds, one Portuguese- and one Cape Verdean Creole-speaking girls learned Luxembourgish as a second language. In the compulsory preschool for children aged four to five, two Spanish-speaking boys had previously learned features of other languages (French, Mallorquí, English) and encountered Luxembourgish as a novel language. Following research questions are addressed: - In what ways and to what extent do the four children deploy their linguistic and non-linguistic repertoires in interaction with peers and teachers? - In what ways and to what extent do the children express a multilingual agency in language learning? - In what ways is the children’s multilingual agency socioculturally embedded? The findings should contribute to the understanding of children’s agency in learning novel languages in early childhood education settings implementing multilingual pedagogies. This longitudinal study drew on multidimensional qualitative methods, including observations, fieldnotes, videography, informal discussions and semi-structural interviews with the practitioners. I visited the two schools bi-weekly for three consecutive days during one academic year. The data presented in this paper stems from 34 days of observations during daily interactions and planned language learning activities; 277 video-recordings in lengths ranging from one to forty minutes; and eight semi-structured interviews. Adopting an emic perspective, the data were firstly examined with a thematic analysis following Braun and Clarke (2006). I coded the fieldnotes and the transcriptions of the video-recordings and classified these codes into different forms of languaging and interactions. As the study adopted a sociocultural perspective on language learning, selected interactions were additionally analysed line-by-line using a ‘sociocultural theory approach to conversation analysis’ inspired by Seedhouse (2005). The analysis proceeded inductively and deductively being influenced by the literature review. Consequently, I identified the children’s agentive behaviour during interactions with their peers and practitioners. The coding and classification were extensively discussed with Schwartz and Kirsch in the process of collaboratively writing an article on child agency. As a result, the emergent themes were called: active participation (e.g. engaging through translanguaging in the morning circle; creatively reproducing the adults’ communication strategies); and language management (e.g. taking a leading role in shaping activities in a specific language; refusing to speak a language). Finally, the observational data and interviews were triangulated (Flick, 2011). To assure accuracy and trustworthiness, the findings were discussed and compared in meetings with further international researchers in the fields of multilingualism and early childhood education. The research project complies with the ethics principles of the National Data Protection Regulatory Agency and the University of Luxembourg. Moreover, the study followed the recognised ethical principles of the British Educational Research Association. The participants gave their informed consent and their anonymity is strictly respected in presentations and publications. The data showed that the children were not passively socialised into the Luxembourgish language, but actively shaped this process by challenging norms through different types of agentive behaviour during interactions and activities (Schwartz 2018). Firstly, the children actively participated through non-verbal communication (e.g. pointing, doing actions); the use of other languages (e.g. home languages or languages picked up in a crèche); and the repetition of formulaic speech (e.g. Luxembourgish, French) after practitioners and peers. Moreover, they creatively reproduced (Corsaro, 2005) the practitioners’ language use (e.g. labelling and asking questions) during peer interactions. Furthermore, they all showed a pragmatic sensitivity (e.g. adapting their languaging to their interlocutors, asking for translations) and one child a cross-linguistic sensitivity (e.g. comparing words in different languages). Secondly, the children’s involvement went beyond active participation as they not only monitored their own language use (e.g. translanguaged to mediate meaning), but managed to shape the language use of their peers and practitioners. This agentive behaviour was characterised by engaging in peer teaching (e.g. giving corrective feedback); shaping and changing activities (e.g. transforming a monolingual activity into a multilingual one); refusing to speak a language (e.g. the home language in favour of the dominant language). By transforming or resisting language practices, the children made choices to act against expectations and norms (Fogle 2012). This finding presumes that these very young children were to some extent conscious about prevailing norms in the settings (Bergroth & Palviainen, 2017). Finally, the triangulation of the data showed that the children’s multilingual agency was shaped by the teachers’ own agency and language practices, which in turn were shaped by their conceptualisations of the children (e.g. competent versus incompetent), the official language policies (e.g. monolingual versus multilingual) and the professional development and coaching they were given by the research team (Kirsch & Aleksić, 2018). References: Ahearn, L. (2001). Language and agency, Annual Review of Anthropology, 30: 109-137. Almér, E. (2017). Children’s beliefs about bilingualism and language use as expressed in child-adult conversations, Multilingua, 36(4): 401-424. Bergroth, M., & Palviainen, Å. (2017). Bilingual children as policy agents: Language policy and education policy in minority language medium Early Childhood Education and Care, Multilingua, 36(4): 375-399. Boyd, S., & Huss, L. (2017). Young children as language policy-makers: studies of interaction in preschools in Finland and Sweden, Multilingua, 36(4), 359-373. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in psychology, 3(2): 77-101. Corsaro, W. (2005). Collective Action and Agency in Young Children’s Peer Cultures. In J. Qvortrup (ed.), Studies in Modern Childhood: Society, Agency, Culture (pp. 231-247). Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillen. Flick, U. (2011). Triangulation - Eine Einführung (3. aktualisierte Auflage). (Reihe Qualitative Sozialforschung). Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaft. Fogle, L. W. (2012). Second language socialization and learner agency: Talk in three adoptive families. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. García, O., & Kleifgen, J.A. (2018). Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Learners (Second edition). New York: Teachers College Press. Hilppö, J., Lipponen, L, Kumpulainen, K., and Rainio A. (2016). Children’s sense of agency in preschool: a sociocultural investigation, International Journal of Early Years Education, 25(2): 157-171. Huf, C. (2013). Children’s agency during transition to formal schooling, Ethnography and Education, 8(1): 61-76. Kirsch, C. (2017). Translanguaging practices during storytelling with the app iTEO in preschools, Translation and Translanguaging in Multilingual Contexts, 3(2): 145-166. Kirsch, C., & Aleksić, G. (2018). The Effect of Professional Development on Multilingual Education in Early Childhood in Luxembourg, Review of European Studies, 10(4): 148-163. Mourão, S. (2018). Play and Peer Interaction in a Low-Exposure Foreign Language Learning Programme. In M. Schwartz (ed.). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 313-342). Dordrecht: Springer. Prout, A., and James, A. (1990). A new paradigm for the sociology of childhood? Provenance, promise and problems. In A. James and A. Prout (eds.). Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood. Contemporary Issues in Sociological Study of Childhood (pp. 7-34). London: Routledge Falmer. Schwartz, M. (2018). Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents. In: M. Schwartz (ed.), Preschool Bilingual Education: Agency in Interactions between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 1-26). Dordrecht: Springer. Seedhouse, P. (2005). Conversation Analysis and language learning, Language Teaching 38(4):165-187. [less ▲]

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See detailSignificant Economic Presence and Challenges for the PE Concept
Sinnig, Julia UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

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See detailTranslanguaging at Primary School: A longitudinal study on the language practices of a newly-arrived 4th-grader
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, September 03)

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can ... [more ▼]

Migration flows of the 21st century have led to increasingly multilingual societies and schools. To engage with this ever-evolving multilingualism, students need to develop linguistic repertoires they can use flexibly and strategically. However, not all the resources of their linguistic repertoires are equally valued as language policies tend to exclusively support standard majority language(s). This unequal support translates into low achievement levels among linguistic minority students (Lewis, Jones and Baker 2012) and the reification of social stratification. A growing body of scholars promote flexible multilingual pedagogies that capitalize on students’ linguistic resources with the aim of providing a more equitable access to the curriculum (García and Flores 2012, Weber 2014). Translanguaging, the deployment of a speaker’s full linguistic repertoire (Otheguy et al. 2015), is a pillar of these pedagogies. Although debated in recent years (Hamman 2017, Jaspers 2018), research in bi- and trilingual schools has shown that translanguaging can increase participation (Kirsch 2017), understanding (Baker and Wright 2017) and identity development (García 2009). Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018, Rosiers 2018). The present doctoral project investigates the translanguaging practices of students with different language and migration backgrounds in multilingual Luxembourg. As the country with the highest percentage of immigrants in Europe (Eurostat 2018), Luxembourg has a highly diverse linguistic landscape. This diversity is reflected in the education system, where more than 60% of the students indicate having a dominant language other than Luxembourgish (MENJE 2018), with Portuguese being the most used. Not only is the education system characterized by its linguistic diversity, it also is trilingual in French, Luxembourgish and German, the latter being the main medium of instruction in primary school. Accounting for 40.5% of all curricular time, language instruction leaves little room for other linguistic resources; migrant students’ home languages are largely ignored (Horner and Weber 2018) and teachers widely draw on translanguaging practices that are restricted to shifts into Luxembourgish, a Germanic language (Weber 2014). Luxembourg’s education system fails to provide access to the curriculum for migrant students with a Romance-language background. By contrast, recent studies (Kirsch 2017) have shown that in some Luxembourgish preschool, Year 1 and Year 2 classes, teachers have begun to encourage the deployment of the students’ entire linguistic repertoires. Little attention has, however, been paid to the later years of primary school where the achievement levels of students with a migration background are at their lowest (MENJE 2017). This study targets Year 4. It explores the flexible language use of 4thgraders in different school subjects and the development of their language practices across Years 4 and 5. The present paper is based on one of the three investigated schools and focusses on the classroom interactions of an 11-year-old newly arrived student with a Portuguese background. The following research questions underpin the paper: - In what ways and to what extent does a newcomer deploy his semiotic repertoire while interacting with his peers and this teacher? - In what ways and to what extent do his language practices differ across Year 4 and Year 5? The findings contribute to the understanding of multilingual students’ language practices and their development; provide insight into how linguistic repertoires of students with a Romance-language background can be capitalized on; and help denaturalize the ‘student with a migration background - stereotype’ by shedding light on the importance of translanguaging practices in short-cutting gatekeeping mechanisms that restrict access to educational opportunities for more than 20% of the school population (Horner and Weber 2018). [less ▲]

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See detailWas sind kulturwissenschaftliche Border Studies?
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

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See detailGrenzraum versus Raum der Grenze. Eine theoretisch-konzeptionelle Perspektivweitung
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 UL)
See detailChallenges and problems in the creation of a historical town atlas on the Internet. "Luxatlas" as case study.
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, August 28)

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the ... [more ▼]

First, an overview of the concept and the current status of the "Luxatlas"-research-project. Followed by a brief presentation of the challenges and problems the research team is facing during the development of an historical town atlas in form of a digital and interactive website. Finally, a presentation of the recently published and freely accessible beta version of the atlas. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Recent Activities at GNSS@TG Stations in the South Atlantic Ocean and the Tracking of Hurricanes Using GNSS
Teferle, Felix Norman UL

Presentation (2019, August 07)

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes ... [more ▼]

Guest lecture to third year students in Geomatics and Geoinformation at the University of Cape Town. The topics covered the geodetic activities in the South Atlantic Ocean and the tracking of hurricanes both involving GNSS. The contents were recently presented orally at IUGG 2019 and ISAES 2019. [less ▲]

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See detailInclusion in Higher Education. Political declarations meet empirical data
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

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See detailUsing Hypothetical Vacancies in Factorial Surveys to Study Employers' Hiring Decisions – A Valid Approach?
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant ... [more ▼]

Factorial survey experiments are increasingly employed by scholars interested in understanding the general mechanisms underlying employers' hiring decisions in relation to specific applicant characteristics. Usually, a sample of human resource professionals is asked to rate the hiring chances of hypothetical applicants for a hypothetical job. However, using hypothetical job descriptions for the evaluation of applicants in factorial surveys may reduce the internal and external validity of the results. For example, employers might apply different evaluation standards when assessing the quality of applicant profiles for a hypothetical job (put less/more weight on certain characteristics) because it is difficult to put themselves in the actual hiring situation – affecting the internal validity. In this paper, we contextualize prior factorial survey experiments by examining whether there is a difference in employers' hiring intentions when confronted with real versus hypothetical hiring problems. Despite the growing number of factorial surveys and the potential implications for the validity of these data, this question has been widely neglected so far. We employ a factorial survey experiment among recruiters in different occupational sectors in Luxembourg. Recruiters evaluate the hiring chances of several profiles of hypothetical applicants with varying characteristics either referring to a real vacancy in their company or to a hypothetical (but similar) job type. Preliminary findings suggest no differences in employers hiring decisions based on the type of evaluation used in the factorial survey. The results partly contradict previous findings from pretest data which showed significant differences between the average hiring chances in the two groups. By examining the internal validity of presenting hypothetical vacancies, this study contributes to methodological research on factorial surveys as well as to the literature studying employers' hiring decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Cox Regression Models a Valuable Tool for Social Stratification Research on Health? A Simulation Study.
Procopio, Alessandro UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, July 17)

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical ... [more ▼]

In our contribution, we assess the possibilities and limits of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. We are motivated by the need for a structured analytical strategy through which researchers can deal with health inequality. Previous findings suggest considering health as a relevant resource but also one, which is unequally distributed among the members of a population. Along these lines, we focus on the inequality of risks distribution and the social stratification of (non) access to health as a resource. Using the substantive example of health inequality, we perform five Monte Carlo simulations in constructed longitudinal data. Each setting simulates a different source of bias. Specifically: a) Measurement error (misspecification of time measurement); b) Linear dependency between class of origin, destination and mobility effects; c) Omitted variables bias; d) Disentangle of timing/probability effects, namely speed/overall occurrence likelihood of an event; and e) Unobserved heterogeneity among groups. The health-related risks approach in analysing health inequalities has a twofold advantage: a) it splits the health outcome in a true differential and in a stochastic component due to chance and b) it considers only the first – and in most cases more interesting part – as a source of inequality. Moreover, Cox regression models allow for a flexible parameterization conditional to the specific research settings. For instance, addition of frailty parameters to the regression equation can help social scientists to reduce unobserved heterogeneity. This problem is especially encountered in social stratification research when comparing logit transition probabilities. In summary, this study contributes to the current literature by demonstrating the flexibility of Cox regression models in social stratification research in the area of health. It further provides valuable analytic avenues for theory-driven empirical research in social scientific health research as it uncovers how various sources of bias affect estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailWilayat Al-Qadi and its Malpractice in Iran, Egypt and Jordan
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

Presentation (2019, July 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 UL)
See detailLe millefeuille temporel des archives du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 11)

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit ... [more ▼]

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit « nativement numérique », et ce de la sélection et collecte à l’analyse, en passant par l’accès via les interfaces et les médiations qu’elles introduisent, l’enrichissement via des métadonnées ou l’intégration d’outils de fouille. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital History and the Politics of Digitization
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, July 10)

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the ... [more ▼]

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the sources and data, and to a lesser degree the metadata, notwithstanding the latter’s profound political aspects and effects, e.g. with regard to access. To avoid misunderstandings: it is not about the politics of digital humanities more broadly conceived; e.g. about addressing claims that it is incumbent upon DH to fulfil a political mission or become a more self-critical discipline by consciously investigating its own gender, diversity and other biases. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy we do not care for statelessness as we care for asylum?
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2019, July 07)

This presentation address the issue why statelessness is so marginalised in the migration discourse in the European Union even though is a growing phenomenon.

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See detailMaking Retail Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, July 05)

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See detailInnovation et coopération dans les réseaux de données (années 1970-1990)
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore ... [more ▼]

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore EIN, il s'agira d'interroger la place de la coopération technique mais aussi organisationnelle au sein des réseaux de données. Trop ou pas assez de coopération tue-t-il l'innovation? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (3 UL)
See detailMapping Digital Urban History - Use Case Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an ... [more ▼]

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an interactive, dynamic web site, providing insights in the urban development since the beginning of the 19th century at single building level scale. The elaborated historic town Atlas represents a collection of maps and structures (e.g. building, fortress, streets) combined with explanatory texts, chronological tables and images, which all trace the history of the city and illustrate its stages of development. It represents a tool for additional new knowledge with which the historical process of change will be documented diachronically. The target groups are international urban history research and general public. [less ▲]

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See detailTalent mangement flexibility in a cyclical industry
Usanova, Ksenia; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie et al

Presentation (2019, July 02)

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See detailLes fonctions des parlements en démocratie aujourd’hui : quid de la représentation des minorités ?
Poirier, Philippe UL

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer ... [more ▼]

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer les fonctions politiques primordiales ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
See detailRound table Coding Europe: decoding its history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, June 27)

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See detailHigh Performance Parallel Coupling of OpenFOAM+XDEM
Besseron, Xavier UL; Pozzetti, Gabriele; Rousset, Alban UL et al

Presentation (2019, June 21)

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See detailShort Introduction to the Roofline Model
Besseron, Xavier UL

Presentation (2019, June 20)

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See detailAnalysing and reconstructing the Internet and Web of the 1990s. A round table
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 19)

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael ... [more ▼]

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael Stevenson, Felix Tréguer. The round table is organised with the authors of a special issue of Internet Histories, which I coedited with Benjamin Thierry and which incorporates several themes identified in the call for papers: Web and Internet histories, archives and access, digital activism and Web history, historicising the Web and digital culture, and social imaginaries of the early Web. Several of the authors of this issue dedicated to the 90s have agreed to exchange and compare their views, methods, problems and expertise, not by presenting the papers they wrote for the issue but rather by engaging in a dialogue based on four central questions that will shed light on the history of the “digital turn”: - How and why were the 1990s a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web? - Why do we link/intertwine the Internet and the Web: is this relevant? What are the limits and advantages of this approach in analytical terms? - What methods, sources, issues and limits come into play when we attempt to reconstruct the history of the 1990s? - What type of approach is the most relevant and effective: a bottom-up or top-down approach? A study that explores the fringes or one that remains rooted in the mainstream? A US-centric or a more global, or local, or decentralized approach? A discipline-based approach or an interdisciplinary one? Themes explored by the contributors include in particular Perl and the technology and culture of the early Web, the development of the digital rights movement in France, the emergence of a cyberculture in Amsterdam in the 1990s, integration of myths into the Internet and Web’s popular histories, development of an analytical infrastructure to rebuild the history of the 90s. This round table will provide a rich seam of historiographical and methodological perspectives, through the interaction of authors with highly diverse approaches, whether in terms of sources (grey literature, technical guides and handbooks for the general public, legal or state reports, press and audio-visual archives, oral histories, web archives), methods (examining the portrayal of the Web and the Internet in speeches or contemporary representations, analysing controversial issues of the time, incorporating STS notions, etc.) or perspectives (European or North American approaches, the study of software, infrastructures, online content, etc.). This in turn will foster a dialogue with the audience on the writing and shaping of histories of the Internet, the Web and also digital cultures. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, June 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
See detailExploring the French Web of the 90s
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 06)

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium ... [more ▼]

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium Kees Teszelszky, KB – National Library of the Netherlands Valérie Schafer, University of Luxembourg Daniel Gomes, Arquivo.pt – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia Opportunities and challenges in collecting and studying national webs A key issue for web archivists (particularly in national libraries) and for scholars alike is the meaning of the national web. Archivists working with legal deposit must work with a definition of their national web, which may be based on the ccTLD, but also on domain registration, the location of servers and/or other criteria. Scholars must then interpret those archives in the light of those definitions. Others studying nations without such legal frameworks face different challenges in working with archives compiled on a selective basis, or with materials held in multiple archives. This panel brings together several of the contributors to ‘The Historical Web and Digital Humanities: The Case of National Webs’, (Routledge, 2019, edited by Niels Brügger and Ditte Laursen). After briefly summarising their own contribution, they will discuss together the particular challenges of defining and then collecting the national web, and on studying the national web with the resulting archives. The panel will be introduced, moderated and concluded by Ditte Laursen & Valérie Schafer. Ditte Laursen (Royal Library, Denmark) investigates how a corpus to support historical study of a national web can be established within national web archives, which usually hold several versions of the same web entity. Examining different datasets from the Danish national web archive 2005–2015, and the different ways these are handled, she demonstrates significant differences between results, with possible implications for research. The Belgian web is currently not systematically archived. Friedel Geeraert (State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium) presents PROMISE, a research project into the feasibility of a sustainable web archiving service for Belgium. She traces the history of the Belgian web from the establishment of the .be domain in 1988 to the present, situating it in its historical, political, and legal context. Kees Teszelszky (KB – National Library of the Netherlands) explores the research opportunities of the Dutch national web for future historians by describing the development and unique characteristics of the Dutch national web. Using traditional historical methods and web archaeology, much historic data can be reconstructed, even though the KB web archive started only in 2007. Valérie Schafer (University of Luxembourg) draws on the experience of the French Web90 project to show the approaches, tools and methodologies used to sketch a broad historical picture of the French web during the 1990s, and the challenges the project faced. No organisation has formal, ongoing responsibility of whole-domain archiving for .eu, one of the largest and most popular European top-level domains, Daniel Gomes (Arquivo.pt) presents an overview of archiving activities related to .eu, including the only known effort to date to archive the entire domain. He also proposes a number of options for sustainable, long-term archiving for .eu. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (2 UL)
See detailEpidemiology of and inequalities in ageing
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (3 UL)
See detailBrain health and dementia risk reduction
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (10 UL)
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See detailDeutschsprachige Schreibtradition im Kontext der Mehrsprachigkeit
Huemer, Birgit UL

Presentation (2019, June 01)

Die Unterrichtssprachen der Universität Luxemburg sind Englisch, Französisch und Deutsch. Mehr als die Hälfte aller Studiengänge sind bilingual. Manche Studiengänge sind sogar trilingual und in der ... [more ▼]

Die Unterrichtssprachen der Universität Luxemburg sind Englisch, Französisch und Deutsch. Mehr als die Hälfte aller Studiengänge sind bilingual. Manche Studiengänge sind sogar trilingual und in der Grundschullehrerausbildung wird viersprachig unterrichtet. Englisch-, französisch- und deutsch-sprachige Schreibtraditionen treffen in diesem mehrsprachigen Umfeld aufeinander. Sie bieten Lern-potential, verursachen aber mitunter Schwierigkeiten im beruflichen Alltag oder sorgen für Ver-wirrung bei Studierenden. Kontrastive Forschung zur wissenschaftssprachlichen Textproduktion Studierender in den Sprachen Deutsch, Englisch und Französisch hat sich bislang hauptsächlich auf Unterschiede und wenig auf Gemeinsamkeiten konzentriert (Donahue 2019). In diesem Beitrag wid-me ich mich daher sowohl der Frage nach den Gemeinsamkeiten als auch den Unterschieden zwi-schen diesen Schreibtraditionen. Anhand einer textlinguistischen Untersuchung der theoretischen Literaturteile von 12 Masterarbeiten werden die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede im rhetori-schen Aufbau der Kapitel hinsichtlich Bezugnahme auf Literatur, dem Diskutieren der verwende-ten Literatur und dem Einsatz von Metakommunikation vorgestellt. Anschlieβend wird diskutiert, wie diese Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in einem trilingualen fachbezogenen wissenschafts-sprachlichen Schreibkurs, der die Förderung mehrsprachigen Schreibens und Lesens zum Ziel hat, didaktisiert und umgesetzt werden können. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractional Competence enacted in Multilingual Turn-Taking
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, May 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 UL)
See detailDigitising the Humanities: World War I Digital Exhibitions
Camarda, Sandra UL

Presentation (2019, May 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 UL)
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See detailThe retail challenge to bail-in
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 21)

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See detailWhite-Box and Asymmetrically Hard Crypto Design
Biryukov, Alex UL

Presentation (2019, May 18)

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and ... [more ▼]

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and weak-WBC. [less ▲]

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See detailSingle-peakedness in aggregation function theory
Devillet, Jimmy UL; Couceiro, Miguel; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Presentation (2019, May 14)

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role ... [more ▼]

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role in fuzzy logic. We establish a remarkable connection between a family of associative aggregation functions, which includes the class of idempotent uninorms, and the concepts of single-peakedness and single-plateaudness, introduced in social choice theory by D. Black. Finally, we enumerate those orders when the underlying set is finite. [less ▲]

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See detailUn nouveau narratif de l’integration européenne au défi des sources orales (Documentaire biographique et Podcast)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL

Presentation (2019, May 11)

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la ... [more ▼]

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la méthodologie de la recherche sur l’intégration européenne, aux côtés des sources traditionnelles (archives, sources éditées, publications officielles, etc) ou nouvelles (web-archives, bases de données en ligne). Cette «continuité épistémologique entre l’écrit et l’oral» (Bloch, 1921) implique que les sources et ressources orales contribuent à la construction et à la transmission du savoir historique, tout en lui apportant une dimension à la fois mémorielle et patrimoniale (Ritchie, 2003). Même si l’histoire orale se dessine comme une « histoire négociée » (Janesick, 2010) ou une « histoire intermédiée, sous influence » (Descamps, 2006) – à savoir réélaborée par l’historien de concert avec le témoin – elle est reconnue comme une discipline des sciences humaines dont l’analyse critique demeure essentielle. Sur la base de ce volet original, de documents audiovisuels issus des archives Werner et d’autres sources inédites, nous avons réalisé le documentaire biographique (audiovisuel) « Pierre Werner, une vocation européenne », qui retrace le parcours personnel de cet homme d’État et se focalise sur le rapport Werner (1970) qui a jeté les bases de l’UEM et de l’euro. Dans une démarche différente, nous avons aussi réalisé la série de podcasts « Un homme dans son siècle » (7 épisodes de 10 minutes) qui à retrace, à travers des étapes-clés de la vie de Werner, un siècle d’histoire luxembourgeoise et européenne. On tente de montrer, dans le contexte de l’époque, comment son action a influé sur l’évolution et le rayonnement du Luxembourg après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale: les réformes de société, la stratégie de diversification économique, l’essor de la place financière internationale et l’émergence du projet de satellites de télécommunications (SES). A travers cette communication, nous poursuivons un double objectif. - concernant le documentaire biographique audiovisuel, nous souhaitons décrire cette expérience originale et, plus particulièrement, revenir sur les écueils dans la réalisation d’un récit biographique qui dégage, en même temps, un nouveau narrative de l’UEM. La mémoire individuelle de nombreux témoins qui croisent leurs souvenirs et nous livrent leurs perceptions spécifiques sur divers événements de la construction européenne et le rôle de Werner trouvent ainsi écho dans la mémoire collective. - concernant les podcasts radio (réalisées dans une approche différente) nous souhaitons exposer l’émergence de la démarche méthodologique, ainsi que la construction effective de la série. On montre la manière de sélectionner et combiner témoignages oraux, archives audiovisuelles, interventions d’experts pour créer un récit original destiné au public le plus large, tout en conservant une approche historique rigoureuse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 UL)
See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)
See detailDoing History in the Digital Age - On Hybridity, Hermeneutics and the Politics of Digitisation
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, May 09)

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is ... [more ▼]

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is too much emphasis on tools and data while too little attention is being paid to how the practice of doing history is changing as a result of the digital turn. It will also contextualise and historicise what we mean by ‘digital turn’ and, indeed, ‘digital history’; the current buzz around digital humanities notwithstanding, computers have been used in humanities research since at least the late 1940s. And as long as they have existed, the question of their uptake in humanist and historical research practices has been debated. So what, then, is new? In his talk, Zaagsma will focus on three key points that are relevant to debates about digital history. First of all, he will argue that in many ways hybridity is the new normal, and in fact has been for a much longer time than is often suggested. Nonetheless, we still need a more conscious hybrid approach to historical research that combines ’traditional’ with digital hermeneutical approaches in a new practice of doing history. Secondly, he will discuss how such digital hermeneutical approaches can be seen, in light of the often-voiced scepticism that ‘classic’ hermeneutical approaches are undermined by supposedly new, digital quantitative and/or positivist methodologies. And thirdly, he will address the broader issue of how digitisation affects historical research, and the stories we can and cannot tell, in ways that historians are only beginning to understand. [less ▲]

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See detailZur Situation des Französischunterrichts in Luxemburg
Morys, Nancy UL

Presentation (2019, May 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 UL)
See detailBrauchen wir noch Kontinuitätenbiografien? Der Fall Franz Thedieck (1900-1995)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

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See detailÜber Bildungskategorien in der „Community Music“. Überlegungen zur Ausbildung in der Blasmusik
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 28)

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die ... [more ▼]

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die Sichtweise auf die Kategorien des Lernens im Allgemeinen, auf die Musikpädagogik und auf die Musikausübung von Amateuren im Besonderen wird Gegenstand der folgenden Zeilen sein. Darüber hinaus wird das Konzept der „community music“ (CM), für das sich in der deutschen Sprache keine geeignete Übersetzung findet, vorgestellt werden. Der Begriff „community music“ ist nicht an einer einzigen Definition festzumachen. Zunächst scheint es, als wäre er komplett losgelöst von traditionellen Methoden des Lernens formaler und nicht-formaler Art aufzufassen und eher der Kategorie informellen Lernens zuzuordnen. In neueren Ansätzen wird CM als Teil der Inklusion und Partizipation in einem assoziativen Umfeld gesehen und als Mittel, die Barriere zwischen traditioneller Musikpädagogik und den Anforderungen der musizierenden Menschen zu überwinden. Auf der anderen Seite versteht sich CM als Gegenentwurf zur musikalischen Hochkultur Das Konzept von CM eignet sich in besonderem Maße, um den Prozess der musikalischen Ausbildung junger Menschen darzustellen. Einerseits beginnt dieser oft mit einer Amateurphase, um später, für die talentiertesten, zum Berufsleben zu führen. Andererseits beschreibt CM die Ausbildung und den Weg junger Musiker hin zu Laienmusikorganisationen. Schließlich zeichnet CM das lebenslange Wirken von Amateurmusikern nach. In meinem Beitrag werde ich Definitionen für die drei Kategorien von Bildung in Bezug auf die Musikpädagogik anbieten. (Dabei kann nicht ignoriert werden, dass es im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs für den Aspekt der non-formalen Bildung im Zusammenhang mit Musik keinen Konsens gibt.) Schließlich wird, mithilfe der in Europa gängigen künstlerischen Praxis des Blasmusikwesens, die Verbindung der beiden Konzepte – Bildungskategorien und CM – exemplifiziert. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (3 UL)
See detailTeaching and learning in an internationalized context: challenges and strategies
Deroey, Katrien UL

Presentation (2019, April 26)

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic ... [more ▼]

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic backgrounds through the medium of English. In this talk, I will survey the key issues associated with ‘English Medium Instruction’ for lecturers and students. In addition, we will look at linguistic and pedagogical strategies that can facilitate teaching and learning in these contexts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (1 UL)
See detailHistoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 23)

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les espaces concernés par ces recherches. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Web des années 1990: entre données et reconstructions
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 14)

Cette présentation revient sur les travaux menées autour de l'histoire du Web des années 1990 et présente les enjeux de lecture proche et distante des archives du Web au sein de cette recherche.

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (2 UL)
See detailTranslanguaging in a Multilingual Classroom in Luxembourg
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, April 12)

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non ... [more ▼]

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non-linguistic resources. Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018). In multilingual Luxembourg, over 60% of the students indicate to have a dominant home language other than Luxembourgish, with Portuguese being the most used language (MENJE 2018). Considering that theteaching of Luxembourgish, French and German accounts for 40.5% of the instruction time, little room is left for the students’ home languages and the school system is particularly challenging for the students whose language repertoires deviate from the official curriculum. The present doctoral project investigates how primary school students with a migration background deploy their language repertoires to learn. In this paper, I examine the extent to which two fourth-graders with a Portuguese background and a different migration experience mobilize their languages while interacting with the teacher and peers. Data stem from eighteen days of observation and video-recordings. The thematic analysis focuses on the students’ participation and their language use in different school subjects. Preliminary findings show that the students participate unequally and use their languages differently in terms of purpose and frequency and depending on their migration experience. The findings are tentative because data collection is on-going. [less ▲]

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See detailMusic education in general schools. Teachers and their Anxiety Facing the Task
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 10)

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic ... [more ▼]

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic schools in Berlin. H.G. Bastian and his team (2002) have demonstrated the beneficial social effect of in-depth musical education. Other research has revealed a persistent lack of confidence in music education for students and teachers (Holden / Button 2006) . Still others have analysed the potential of extracurricular music education (Kivi 2018) . The anguish of non-specialized trainers in music education is often reflected in clichéd arguments such as: "I haven't done solfege; I'm not musical; I can't sing" So the lack of declarative knowledge prevents skills. The aim is to highlight concepts developed with the focus on two musical traditions (German and French), e.g. the G.D. of Luxembourg, with the aim to provide future teachers with didactic skills. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (4 UL)
See detailKartographische Ressourcen im Internet, ein Überblick
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 UL)
See detailHistorische Karten aus der Maas-Mosel-Region - Analysemethoden zur Komplexität historischer Grenzen in der Praxis
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen ... [more ▼]

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen oder Linien gewissermaßen auf das Blatt. Kartographie und Grenzen gehören deshalb im Kontext der Territorialpolitik auch untrennbar zusammen. Karten dienen einerseits nach innen einer möglichst präzisen Raumerfassung und somit als wichtige Informationsquelle und Orientierungshilfe für den Landesherrn. Gleichzeitig werden sie aber auch nach außen als Mittel politischer Propaganda und zur Durchsetzung von territorialen Ansprüchen gebraucht. Durch die Analyse kartographischer Quellen wird eine tiefergehende Annäherung an die Charakteristik und Ausprägung von Grenzräumen versucht. Dazu werden exemplarisch zwei Grenzregionen in den Blick genommen: Zum einen die luxemburgisch-französische Grenze des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts sowie die kurtrierisch-luxemburgische Grenze im späten 18. Jahrhundert. Wie lassen sich Grenzen in dieser Zeit definieren und welche Funktion spielten Karten bei ihrer Festlegung, Ausprägung und Durchsetzung? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (2 UL)
See detailGrapheme spelling in different linguistic contexts
Ugen, Sonja UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
See detailGoogle My Maps: Ein Tool für die Erstellung einfacher historischer Karten
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (7 UL)
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See detailIntergenerational value continuity in the context of migration: The case of Portuguese families in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity and regulate intergenerational relations and exchange. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. However, although parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit their values to the next generation, their offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture. This leads to the question of how value continuity evolves in migrant compared to non-migrant families. Earlier studies have conceptualized the process of intergenerational transmission by drawing on the two step model of internalization by Grusec and Goodnow, with an accurate perception of the parental message and the acceptance of the message by the child as prerequisites for successful transmission. Several recent studies have provided evidence in particular for the importance of parental socialization values and parental motivation for intergenerational transmission. Taking aspects of communication and bidirectionality into account, we argue here that apart from the explicit motivation to transmit values from one generation to the next, also more implicit processes occur within the process of intergenerational value transfer. Our theoretical assumptions are illustrated by findings from quantitative as well as qualitative data collected within the framework of the FNR-funded research project IRMA (“Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing”), including a cross-cultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg as well as in-depth interviews with n = 20 family dyads from both subgroups. Results show that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families, although no differences in perceived value similarity between the subsamples occurred. Concerning consensus in values, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving within a multicultural society: Implications for en – and acculturation processes
Murdock, Elke UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process ... [more ▼]

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process itself being fluid, ranging from daily migration (transnational commuters), to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship. Second generation immigrants live alongside new arrivals. This heterogeneity has been described as super-diverse by Vertovec (2007). Diversity also goes beyond the level of country of origin as many individuals have very complex biographies. Culture contact is a permanent feature in daily life. Such a plurally composed society presents a challenge also for value transmission processes. The boundaries between enculturation and acculturation become blurred and norms, values, symbols and language may be negotiated dependent on context. The multicultural society of Luxembourg has provided different experiential contexts for different generations. Whereas the older generation grew up in a more homogeneous context, for the current cohort growing up with people of different cultural backgrounds and language skills is the norm. Reinders (2006) has introduced the term co-culturation, as distinct from enculturation and acculturation, to describe the process of engagement with cultural diversity by both, natives and those with migration background. This concept of co-culturation encapsulates the skill of negotiating different cultural contexts and cultural frame-switching – key skills in modern societies characterized by high mobility and migration. There is some evidence that nationality becomes more salient in multicultural contexts, but at the same time the importance of cultural origins may be weakened. As results from a pilot study among secondary school children (N = 85) suggests, friendship patterns are formed on the basis of characteristics of the individual rather than origin. In the sense of the individualist marginal as described by Bourhis et al. (1997), the findings suggest that young people want to be recognized by who they are rather than what they represent. Implications for cultural value transmission will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSearching bodies through born-digital heritage: issues and challenges
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically ... [more ▼]

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically dedicated to the histories of healthy bodies. [less ▲]

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See detailProjet LCGR – Language Centres Greater Region
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de ... [more ▼]

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de langues dans le cadre du projet Erasmus+ LCGR (Language Center Greater Region) dans la période d’octobre 2017 à octobre 2019. Des activités à réaliser en collaboration sont scénarisées pédagogiquement pour impliquer et accompagner les étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations sur leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est de guider les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Suite à la phase pilote du projet, en plus des questionnaires des étudiants, nous analyserons les questionnaires remplis par les enseignants afin d’expliquer les choix de modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailOn quasitrivial semigroups
Devillet, Jimmy UL

Presentation (2019, March 27)

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See detailYoung children's developing multilingual repertoires and languaging in a preschool in Luxembourg
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, March 25)

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary ... [more ▼]

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). To raise the children's opportunities, a new law on multilingual education in the early years was voted in 2017. In addition to learning Luxembourgish, young children are now familiarised with French and their home languages are valued. Researchers have called for such inclusive multilingual pedagogies that build on dynamic language arrangements (Garcia & Seltzer, 2016). However, studies have seldom focused on the impact of these innovative pedagogies on young children's developing multilingual repertoires, their interactions with adults and peers, and the children's active role in this process (Schwartz & Gorbatt, 2018). Drawing on a sociocultural perspective, the present paper investigates the languaging and development of the language repertoires of two four-year-old Spanish-speaking children during one year in preschool. Their teacher participated in a professional development programme coordinated by a research project on developing multilingual pedagogies in early childhood (MuLiPEC, 2016-2019). The data stem from 17 days of videography and participant observation of the children's interactions with peers and the teacher during daily routines and from four interviews with the teacher. Data analysis was based on thematic and conversation analysis. The preliminary findings indicate, firstly, that within the teacher's flexible language arrangements, the children frequently translanguaged, drawing on features of five languages and non-verbal communication (e.g. gestures, showing). At the same time, they developed vocabulary, complex sentences and narrative skills in Luxembourgish. Secondly, they showed a metalinguistic awareness and adapted their languaging to their interlocutors. The findings should contribute to the research on languaging and multilingual development in early childhood. Garcia, O., & Seltzer, K. (2016). The Translanguaging current in language education. In B. Kindenberg (ed.) Flersprakighet som resurs (pp. 19-30). Liber. MENJE (2017). Enseignement fondamental - Education differenciee. Statistiques globales et analyse des resultats scolaries - Annee scolaire 2015/2016. MENJE: Luxembourg. Schwartz, M., & Gorbatt, N. (2018). The Role of Language Experts in Novices’ Language Acquisition and Socialization. In M. Schwartz (ed.) Preschool Bilingual Education. Agency Between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 343 - 356). Springer. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk Preferences and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Presentation (2019, March 22)

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See detailIdentification patterns and well-being in a plurally composed society: Growing up with multiple cultural influences
Stogianni, Maria UL

Presentation (2019, March 21)

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual educational programs, and interact with people from various ethnic groups on a daily basis. These culture contact situations are particularly challenging for immigrant youth who are being socialized in two or more different cultures as well as for the native Luxembourgers who can find themselves in the minority in certain contexts. The primary aim of this PhD project is to investigate identity construal processes in adolescence and emerging adulthood within this multicultural context. We are particularly interested in the dispositional and contextual factors that affect cultural identification, behavior-related outcomes, academic performance, and psychological well-being. Another line of research will focus on implicit vs. explicit attitudes towards diversity and migration. These are some of the research questions we will try to answer using self-report questionnaires, experience sampling methodology, lab experiments, and semi-structured interviews. So far, a systematic literature review was conducted with the aim to identify the most frequently used instruments in the assessment of cultural identity and multiculturalism. Based on our findings, we conducted pilot studies to examine the cultural equivalence of these measures in diverse samples. [less ▲]

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See detailAnyway, the point is’: a corpus study of lexicogrammatical importance markers in lectures
Deroey, Katrien UL

Presentation (2019, March 18)

In this talk, I show how lecturers verbally mark comparatively (un)important points in a large corpus of lectures (British Academic Spoken English corpus). This kind of discourse organization is thought ... [more ▼]

In this talk, I show how lecturers verbally mark comparatively (un)important points in a large corpus of lectures (British Academic Spoken English corpus). This kind of discourse organization is thought to be beneficial to students’ note-taking, comprehension and recall. We’ll see that lecturers use a wide variety of lexicogrammatical importance markers. Examples include ‘the point is’, ‘remember’, ‘I want to stress’, ‘anyway’, ‘I don’t know’ and ‘etcetera’. Some of the key findings I’ll be highlighting are that (1) students often need an understanding of the lecture genre and the cotext of the markers to be able to identify these discourse markers; that (2) studying only transcripts of spoken discourse without considering prosodic and multimodal features affects the validity of results; and that (3) to create English for Academic Purposes teaching materials we need to examine authentic lecture texts rather than rely on our intuitions. [less ▲]

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See detailVom Ende des mittelalterlichen Herzogtums bis zur Neugründung als Großherzogtum: Luxemburg zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress (1779 – 1816)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, March 13)

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt ... [more ▼]

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt festlegte. Doch bereits wenige Jahre später annektierte die französische Republik nach der Revolution alle linksrheinischen Territorien und gliederte sie als Départements in das französischen Staatsgebiet ein. Nach der Absetzung Napoleons beschloss der Wiener Kongress 1815 eine Neuordnung Europas. In Folge dessen kam es im linksrheinischen Raum zur Neugründung des Großherzogtums Luxemburg als Teil des ebenfalls neu gegründeten Königreichs der Vereinigten Niederlande. Bei der territorialen Neugliederung griff man aber nur an wenigen Stellen auf die Grenzen des alten Herzogtums von 1795 zurück. Statt dessen einigte man sich darauf, dass im Osten die Flussläufe von Mosel, Sauer und Our zukünftig die Grenze bildeten. Diese besteht bis heute fort. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence Organisation: What is the interactional work done? Insights from Conversation Analysis!
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially ... [more ▼]

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially organised action! “There is order at all points” (Harvey Sacks). Thus, one primary issue of applied conversation analysis is to visualise this order as well as the ‘work done’ by the interlocutors during conversation. Turn-construction, pauses, overlaps are not anodyne but relevant accounts of meaning making and understanding. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation in Digital Financial Services (DFS)
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

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See detailCorporate Governance of Financial Institutions
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 06)

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See detailLänderbericht Luxemburg: Koordination und Transfer nationaler Bildungsforschung
Lamy, Christian; Fischbach, Antoine UL

Presentation (2019, March)

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See detailVillux 10 - The first digital historical atlas of the city of Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, February 26)

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic ... [more ▼]

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic town atlas can be defined as a collection of explanatory texts, chronological tables, maps and images, which all trace the history of a city and illustrate its stages of development. The presentation will provide insights into the concept of the project and also present first results. [less ▲]

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See detailDer hybride Historiker. Geschichtsforschung im digitalen Zeitalter
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, February 18)

Dieser Vortrag argumentiert für einen hybriden Ansatz der historischen Forschung, der "traditionelle" mit digitalen hermeneutischen Ansätzen in einer neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Praxis kombiniert ... [more ▼]

Dieser Vortrag argumentiert für einen hybriden Ansatz der historischen Forschung, der "traditionelle" mit digitalen hermeneutischen Ansätzen in einer neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Praxis kombiniert. Da der "digital turn" den gesamten historische Forschungsprozess betrifft und verändert, ist dies eine dringende Herausforderung für alle Historiker, nicht nur für diejenigen, die an "big data" Projekten beteiligt sind. Tatsächlich ist Hybridität "the new normal", sowohl Chance als Herausforderung. Doch während die meisten Historiker in der Phase der Informationsbeschaffung schon digital arbeiten (oft ohne bewusste Reflexion), verzichten sie oft auf digitale Ansätze in der Verarbeitungs- und vor allem in der Analysephase. Digitale Ansätze erweitern aber das methodische Repertoire, das durch “traditionelle” close reading bereitgestellt wird. Hybride Ansätze erweitern so unseren intellektuellen Möglichkeitsraum und das analytische Potential, das wir auf unsere Quellen anwenden. Als Beispiel wird im Vortrag auch kurz erläutert, wie digital Ansätze in die Arbeit an den Tagebüchern von Anne Frank eingeflossen wurden und zeigt somit den Mehrwert ihrer Einbeziehung digitaler Ansätze in alle Phasen der historischen Forschung. [less ▲]

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See detailHochbegabung – was nun?
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Presentation (2019, February 18)

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See detailLuxembourg in WWII or Why is the former Wehrmacht soldier considered to be a nazi-victim
Ganschow, Inna UL

Presentation (2019, February 13)

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See detailProbabilistic modeling natural way to treat data
Rappel, Hussein UL

Presentation (2019, February 12)

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See detailGeistliche Macht der Musik oder weltliche Macht der geistlichen Musiker Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, February 08)

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the ... [more ▼]

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the liturgy, not only wanted to restore what already had been considered survived for centuries in the history of music, but which was undoubtedly able to exercise power not only on composers of liturgical music, but also on spiritual dignitaries. My paper is based on my recent publication in two volumes on the correspondence of Luxembourg religious dignitaries and musicians with Franz Xaver Witt, one of the main protagonists of the movement. [less ▲]

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See detailProject Advanced Discretisaztion Methods
Farina, Sofia UL

Presentation (2019, February 01)

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See detailArchives du Web : entre capture et insaisissable
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, January 25)

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes seront explorés : le premier s’intéressera à ce que capture l’archivage du Web, mais aussi au non archivé, en termes de contenus, de contexte, de participation, de matérialités, etc. ; le second, entre fonds parfois captifs et affranchissement méthodologique, sera davantage tourné vers l’exploitation des corpus et interrogera autant les enjeux de partage, d’interopérabilité, de choix des données comme des outils, que la manière dont le chercheur peut explorer de nouvelles voies d’analyse. [less ▲]

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See detailA Colônia Luxemburguesa
Santana, Dominique UL

Presentation (2019, January 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 UL)