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The edge-based strain smoothing method for compressible and nearly incompressible non-linear elasticity for solid mechanics ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (in press) Detailed reference viewed: 363 (30 UL)Yolanda von Vianden und das Yolanda-Epos Sieburg, Heinz E-print/Working paper (in press) Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 UL)The Farrell--Tate and Bredon homology for PSL_4(Z) and other arithmetic groups ; Rahm, Alexander ; E-print/Working paper (in press) We provide some new computations of Farrell--Tate and Bredon (co)homology for arithmetic groups. For calculations of Farrell--Tate or Bredon homology, one needs cell complexes where cell stabilizers fix ... [more ▼] We provide some new computations of Farrell--Tate and Bredon (co)homology for arithmetic groups. For calculations of Farrell--Tate or Bredon homology, one needs cell complexes where cell stabilizers fix their cells pointwise. We provide an algorithm computing an efficient subdivision of a complex to achieve this rigidity property. Applying this algorithm to available cell complexes for PSL_4(Z) and PGL_3(Z[i]) provides computations of Farrell--Tate cohomology for small primes as well as the Bredon homology for the classifying spaces of proper actions with coefficients in the complex representation ring. On the other hand, to check correctness of the computer calculations, we describe the Farrell--Tate cohomology in some rank-one cases, using Brown's complex and a number-theoretic description of the conjugacy classification of cyclic subgroups. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 55 (5 UL)Genuine Bianchi modular forms of higher level, at varying weight and discriminant Rahm, Alexander ; Tsaknias, Panagiotis E-print/Working paper (in press) Bianchi modular forms are automorphic forms over an imaginary quadratic field, associated to a Bianchi group. Even though modern studies of Bianchi modular forms go back to the mid 1960's, most of the ... [more ▼] Bianchi modular forms are automorphic forms over an imaginary quadratic field, associated to a Bianchi group. Even though modern studies of Bianchi modular forms go back to the mid 1960's, most of the fundamental problems surrounding their theory are still wide open. Only for certain types of Bianchi modular forms, which we will call "generic", it is possible at present to develop dimension formulas: They are (twists of) those forms which arise from elliptic cuspidal modular forms via the Langlands base-change procedure, or arise from a quadratic extension of the imaginary quadratic field via automorphic induction (so-called CM-forms). The remaining, non-"generic" Bianchi modular forms are what we call "genuine", and they are of interest for an extension of the modularity theorem (formerly the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture, crucial in the proof of Femat's Last Theorem) to imaginary quadratic fields. In a preceding paper by Rahm and Sengun, an extreme paucity of "genuine" cuspidal Bianchi modular forms has been reported, but those and other computations and were restricted to level One. In this paper, we are extending the formulas for the "generic" Bianchi modular forms to deeper levels, and we are able to spot the first, rare instances of "genuine" forms at deeper level and heavier weight. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 79 (8 UL)On the Cohomological Crepant Resolution Conjecture for the complexified Bianchi orbifolds ; Rahm, Alexander E-print/Working paper (in press) We give formulae for the Chen--Ruan orbifold cohomology for the orbifolds given by a Bianchi group acting on complex hyperbolic 3-space. The Bianchi groups are the arithmetic groups PSL_2(A), where A is ... [more ▼] We give formulae for the Chen--Ruan orbifold cohomology for the orbifolds given by a Bianchi group acting on complex hyperbolic 3-space. The Bianchi groups are the arithmetic groups PSL_2(A), where A is the ring of integers in an imaginary quadratic number field. The underlying real orbifolds which help us in our study, given by the action of a Bianchi group on real hyperbolic 3-space (which is a model for its classifying space for proper actions), have applications in physics. We then prove that, for any such orbifold, its Chen-Ruan orbifold cohomology ring is isomorphic to the usual cohomology ring of any crepant resolution of its coarse moduli space. By vanishing of the quantum corrections, we show that this result fits in with Ruan's Cohomological Crepant Resolution Conjecture. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)On Farrell-Tate cohomology of SL_2 over S-integers Rahm, Alexander ; E-print/Working paper (in press) Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)Who Trade at Better Prices? Wolff, Christian ; E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)Localisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle ; Heinz, Andreas ; Caruso, Geoffrey E-print/Working paper (2017) The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼] The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 UL)Cross-border mergers and acquisitions: Evidence from Indochina Wolff, Christian E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 UL)State of the Art in Lightweight Symmetric Cryptography Biryukov, Alex ; Perrin, Léo Paul E-print/Working paper (2017) Lightweight cryptography has been one of the ``hot topics'' in symmetric cryptography in the recent years. A huge number of lightweight algorithms have been published, standardized and/or used in ... [more ▼] Lightweight cryptography has been one of the ``hot topics'' in symmetric cryptography in the recent years. A huge number of lightweight algorithms have been published, standardized and/or used in commercial products. In this paper, we discuss the different implementation constraints that a ``lightweight'' algorithm is usually designed to satisfy. We also present an extensive survey of all lightweight symmetric primitives we are aware of. It covers designs from the academic community, from government agencies and proprietary algorithms which were reverse-engineered or leaked. Relevant national (\nist{}...) and international (\textsc{iso/iec}...) standards are listed. We then discuss some trends we identified in the design of lightweight algorithms, namely the designers' preference for \arx{}-based and bitsliced-S-Box-based designs and simple key schedules. Finally, we argue that lightweight cryptography is too large a field and that it should be split into two related but distinct areas: \emph{ultra-lightweight} and \emph{IoT} cryptography. The former deals only with the smallest of devices for which a lower security level may be justified by the very harsh design constraints. The latter corresponds to low-power embedded processors for which the \aes{} and modern hash function are costly but which have to provide a high level security due to their greater connectivity. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 47 (4 UL)La restructuration des dettes publiques saisie par le droit de l'Union européenne Allemand, Frederic E-print/Working paper (2017) En juillet 2015, le sommet de la zone euro fait part de l'existence de "sérieux doutes" sur le caractère soutenable de la dette grecque. La possibilité d'un reprofilage de la dette est envisagé et sa ... [more ▼] En juillet 2015, le sommet de la zone euro fait part de l'existence de "sérieux doutes" sur le caractère soutenable de la dette grecque. La possibilité d'un reprofilage de la dette est envisagé et sa discussion reportée à la réalisation de la première évaluation des mesures d'ajustement mises en oeuvre par la Grèce. Toute décote nominale est cependant formellement exclue, car contraire au droit de l'Union. Les discussions se sont ouvertes au printemps 2016 sur les modalités d'allègement de la dette publique de la Grèce. Le sujet a été au coeur de la réunion de l'Eurogroupe du 22 mai. Aucun accord n'a été trouvé, mais les discussions continuent. Dans ce contexte, Frédéric Allemand a présenté le 17 mai dernier une communication sur la saisine des opérations de restructuration par le droit de l'Union lors du séminaire de recherche pluridisciplinaire "Les administrations publiques à l'épreuve de leur dette" organisé par Jean-François Boudet (Université Paris II) et Caroline Lequesne-Roth (Université de Nice). L'auteur conclut à la compétence de l'Union pour encadrer la restructuration des dettes publiques des États membres. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)Understanding audit oversight transformation : ramifications of institutional work and the power of (de-)mythologizing ; Muessig, Anke E-print/Working paper (2017) This study investigates the dynamics that transformed audit oversight in Germany from an instrument, organized by the profession, to maintain international legitimacy into a regulatory regime that is ... [more ▼] This study investigates the dynamics that transformed audit oversight in Germany from an instrument, organized by the profession, to maintain international legitimacy into a regulatory regime that is integrated into the state apparatus. While prior research has focused on countries where the global demand for oversight structures overlapped with local pressures for regulatory reforms, we examine the diffusion of patterns of control within a context that is characterized by a strong mythologized belief in the German qualified statutory auditor and professional self-regulation. By analysing archival documents and interviews with key actors, we investigate through the lens of institutional work how initially the audit establishment maintained the existing self-regulatory logic despite, and because of, the implementation of formal independent oversight structures. We illustrate how the institutional work of small auditors aimed at disrupting the large audit firms’ field dominance unintentionally undermined the mythologized self-regulation. In doing so, we offer insights into how institutional myth is both constructed and dismantled. Our focus on multiple actors allows us to shed light on how parallel institutional work of distinct actors can lead to mutually effective and unintended institutional consequences. We argue that a successful institutional worker executes a combination of two basic types of work, which we refer to as existential and instrumental modes of work. Finally, comparing our findings with literature on audit oversight in other countries allows us to conceptualize audit oversight along a political-operational dimension and a public-private dimension. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)Gesundheitsverhalten von Arbeitnehmern in Luxemburg Sischka, Philipp ; Steffgen, Georges E-print/Working paper (2017) Insbesonders unter den jüngeren Arbeitnehmern und unter den Arbeitnehmern mit geringer Bildung ist der Anteil der Raucher vergleichsweise hoch. Männliche und ältere Arbeitnehmer weisen wieder einen ... [more ▼] Insbesonders unter den jüngeren Arbeitnehmern und unter den Arbeitnehmern mit geringer Bildung ist der Anteil der Raucher vergleichsweise hoch. Männliche und ältere Arbeitnehmer weisen wieder einen vergleichsweise hohen Alkoholkonsum auf. Differenziert nach Berufsgruppen zeigen vor allem Arbeitnehmer in Handwerksberufen sowie Manager und Führungskräfte einen hohen Alkoholkonsum. Die Arbeitnehmer in der jüngsten Altersgruppe (16 bis 24 Jährige) schlafen durchschnittlich etwas länger, im Vergleich zu den älteren Arbeitnehmern. Außerdem ist die Sporthäufigkeit in der jüngsten Altersgruppe am höchsten. Männliche Arbeitnehmer sowie Arbeitnehmer ohne Partner oder ohne Kinder treiben ebenfalls überduchschnittlich häufig Sport. Etwa 17% der Arbeitnehmer leidet unter Adipositas. Knapp 30% der Arbeitnehmer leidet manchmal oder häufiger an gesundheitlichen Problemen. Unter den gesundheitlichen Problemen sind Rückenprobleme besonders häufig, gefolgt von Schlafschwierigkeiten und Kopfschmerzen. Herzprobleme sind dagegen eher selten ausgeprägt. Arbeitnehmer mit Hochschulabschluss sowie Manager und Führungskräfte sind seltener von Gesundheitsproblemen betroffen. Gesundheitliche Probleme sind insgesamt mit Zigarettenkonsum, Schlafstunden pro Tag, Sporthäufigkeit und Body Mass Index assoziiert: Je weniger geraucht wird, je mehr geschlafen und Sport getrieben wird und je geringer das körperliche Gewicht der Arbeitnehmer, desto weniger Gesundheitsprobleme liegen tendenziell vor. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 UL)Scaling evidence of the homothetic nature of cities Lemoy, Rémi ; Caruso, Geoffrey E-print/Working paper (2017) In this paper we analyse the profile of land use and population density with respect to the distance to the city centre for the European city. In addition to providing the radial population density and ... [more ▼] In this paper we analyse the profile of land use and population density with respect to the distance to the city centre for the European city. In addition to providing the radial population density and soil-sealing profiles for a large set of cities, we demonstrate a remarkable constancy of the profiles across city size. Our analysis combines the GMES/Copernicus Urban Atlas 2006 land use database at 5m resolu- tion for 300 European cities with more than 100.000 inhabitants and the Geostat population grid at 1km resolution. Population is allocated proportionally to surface and weighted by soil sealing and density classes of the Urban Atlas. We analyse the profile of each artificial land use and population with distance to the town hall. In line with earlier literature, we confirm the strong monocentricity of the European city and the negative exponential curve for population density. Moreover, we find that land use curves, in particular the share of housing and roads, scale along the two horizontal dimensions with the square root of city population, while population curves scale in three dimensions with the cubic root of city population. In short, European cities of different sizes are homothetic in terms of land use and population density. While earlier literature documented the scaling of average densities (total surface and population) with city size, we document the scaling of the whole radial distance profile with city size, thus liaising intra-urban radial analysis and systems of cities. In addition to providing a new empirical view of the European city, our scaling offers a set of practical and coherent definitions of a city, independent of its population, from which we can re-question urban scaling laws and Zipf’s law for cities. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)Benelux, Europe and the Cold War, the power of non-powers Paravantis, Spero E-print/Working paper (2017) The conference “Benelux, Europe and the Cold War, the power of non-powers”, which took place on 30 and 31 March 2017 at the University of Luxembourg, was the first of three events planned in the FNR ... [more ▼] The conference “Benelux, Europe and the Cold War, the power of non-powers”, which took place on 30 and 31 March 2017 at the University of Luxembourg, was the first of three events planned in the FNR-funded CORE junior project “Benelux”, as part of its public outreach and academic output objectives. The conference sought to highlight asymmetrical power relations in the Cold War period of European integration by examining European security. What was/is European security in the context of the Cold War? How was and is it conceived? What role did “non-powers” play in European security, and how did they help define it? This conference investigated these and other related questions by re-examining the US/European relationship in the early Cold War and the role that developments during this period played in the European integration movement. In so doing, the conference also showcased findings which helped unify historiographies of the Cold War and European integration. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 UL)What makes Data Science different? A discussion involving Statistics2.0 and Computational Sciences ; Bordas, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2017) Data Science is today one of the main buzzwords be it in business, industrial or academic settings. Machine learning, experimental design, data-driven modelling are all, undoubtedly, rising disciplines if ... [more ▼] Data Science is today one of the main buzzwords be it in business, industrial or academic settings. Machine learning, experimental design, data-driven modelling are all, undoubtedly, rising disciplines if one goes by the soaring number of research papers and patents appearing each year. The prospect of becoming a ``Data Scientist'' appeals to many. A discussion panel organised as part of the European Data Science Conference (European Association for Data Science (EuADS)) asked the question: ``What makes Data Science different?'' In this paper we give our own, personal and multi-facetted view on this question, from an engineering and a statistics perspective. In particular, we compare Data Science to Statistics and discuss the connection between Data Science and Computational Science. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 253 (28 UL)The maximum number of systoles for genus two Riemann surfaces with abelian differentials ; Parlier, Hugo E-print/Working paper (2017) This article explores the length and number of systoles associated to holomorphic $1$-forms on surfaces. In particular, we show that up to homotopy, there are at most $10$ systolic loops on such a genus ... [more ▼] This article explores the length and number of systoles associated to holomorphic $1$-forms on surfaces. In particular, we show that up to homotopy, there are at most $10$ systolic loops on such a genus two surface and that the bound is realized by a unique translation surface up to homothety. We also provide sharp upper bounds on the the number of homotopy classes of systoles for a holomorphic $1$-form with a single zero in terms of the genus. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 UL)Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe Joxhe, Majlinda ; ; E-print/Working paper (2017) This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase ... [more ▼] This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase in the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks, hence favoring simple-task intensive sectors. We use a new OECD dataset, PIAAC, to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the country-industry level. The analysis confirms that the increase in migration stocks caused a positive impact on the value added of sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. These effects are more intense when considering countries as Italy and Spain characterized by a recent, rapid and intense inflow of migrants. Endogeneity issues are discussed and instruments based on a gravity approach are used in estimation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 UL)Images of Galois representations in mod p Hecke algebras Amoros Carafi, Laia E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 UL)C’était extrêmement violent» Il y a 100 ans, la révolution de Février a provoqué la fin de l’Empire russe Paravantis, Spero E-print/Working paper (2017) La révolution de Février, qui s'est déroulée du 8 mars (23 février) 1917 au 13 mars (28 février) 1917, marque le début de la révolution russe de 1917. Elle force l'abdication du tsar Nicolas II et ... [more ▼] La révolution de Février, qui s'est déroulée du 8 mars (23 février) 1917 au 13 mars (28 février) 1917, marque le début de la révolution russe de 1917. Elle force l'abdication du tsar Nicolas II et provoque la fin de l'Empire russe. Un gouvernement provisoire dirige, mais la même année, la révolution d'Octobre met au pouvoir des bolcheviks et permet la création de l'Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques (URSS). Le chercheur au «Centre for Contemporary and Digital History» à l’Université du Luxembourg, Dr. Spero S.Z. Paravantis nous détaille ce chapitre de l’histoire. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 21 (8 UL)Wohlbefinden von Arbeitnehmern in Luxemburg Sischka, Philipp ; Steffgen, Georges E-print/Working paper (2017) Vergleicht man die Teilnehmer der Quality of Work Index Luxembourg Umfrage mit anderen europäischen Arbeitnehmern, zeigen die Teilnehmer aus Luxemburg im Durchschnitt ein geringeres Wohlbefinden ... [more ▼] Vergleicht man die Teilnehmer der Quality of Work Index Luxembourg Umfrage mit anderen europäischen Arbeitnehmern, zeigen die Teilnehmer aus Luxemburg im Durchschnitt ein geringeres Wohlbefinden. Insbesondere jüngere Arbeitnehmer weisen ein tendenziell geringeres Wohlbefinden auf. Differenziert man die Arbeitnehmer nach Berufsgruppen, zeigen Manager und Führungskräfte, Arbeitnehmer in Dienstleistungsberufen sowie Hilfsarbeitskräfte das höchste Wohlbefinden. Arbeitnehmer mit geringeren faktischen Wochenstundenzahlen sowie Arbeitnehmer, die in kleinen Betrieben (1-4 Beschäftigte) arbeiten, berichten über ein höheres Wohlbefinden. Das Wohlbefinden ist hierbei nachweislich mit unterschiedlichen Arbeitsbedingungen assoziiert. So weisen Arbeitnehmer, je höher ihre Partizipation, ihre Rollenklarheit bei der Arbeit sowie ihre Arbeitsplatzsicherheit ist umso ein höheres Wohlbefinden auf. Das Wohlbefinden ist außerdem positiv mit Arbeitszufriedenheit, wahrgenommenem Respekt bei der Arbeit und negativ mit Stress und Burnout korreliert. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 29 (8 UL)Bayesian inference to identify parameters in viscoelasticity Rappel, Hussein ; Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2017) This contribution discusses Bayesian inference (BI) as an approach to identify parameters in viscoelasticity. The aim is to show how the prior influences the identified parameter values in viscoelasticity ... [more ▼] This contribution discusses Bayesian inference (BI) as an approach to identify parameters in viscoelasticity. The aim is to show how the prior influences the identified parameter values in viscoelasticity when different numbers of measurements are available. The standard linear solid model is the material description of interest and a tensile relaxation test is the experiment focused on. The experimental data are artificially created, allowing us to make a one-to-one comparison between the input parameters and the identified parameter values. The values identified by BI are compared to those identified by the least squares method. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 90 (46 UL)How did the ECB become a fully-fledged central bank of the eurozone? Gren, Jakub E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 54 (4 UL)Real-time Error Control for Surgical Simulation Bui, Huu Phuoc ; Tomar, Satyendra ; Bordas, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2017) Real-time simulations are becoming increasingly common for various applications, from geometric design to medical simulation. Two of the main factors concurrently involved in defining the accuracy of ... [more ▼] Real-time simulations are becoming increasingly common for various applications, from geometric design to medical simulation. Two of the main factors concurrently involved in defining the accuracy of surgical simulations are: the modeling error and the discretization error. Most work in the area has been looking at the above sources of error as a compounded, lumped, overall error. Little or no work has been done to discriminate between modeling error (e.g. needle-tissue interaction, choice of constitutive models) and discretization error (use of approximation methods like FEM). However, it is impossible to validate the complete surgical simulation approach and, more importantly, to understand the sources of error, without evaluating both the discretization error and the modeling error. Our objective is thus to devise a robust and fast approach to measure the discretization error via a posteriori error estimates, which are then used for local remeshing in surgical simulations. To ensure that the approach can be used in clinical practice, the method should be robust enough to deal, as realistically as possible, with the interaction of surgical tools with the organ, and fast enough for real-time simulations. The approach should also lead to an improved convergence so that an economical mesh is obtained at each time step. The final goal is to achieve optimal convergence and the most economical mesh, which will be studied in our future work. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 166 (20 UL)Evaluating How Child Allowances and Daycare Subsidies Affect Fertility ; Koulovatianos, Christos ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) We compare the cost effectiveness of two pronatalist policies: (a) child allowances; and (b) daycare subsidies. We pay special attention to estimating how intended fertility (fertility before children are ... [more ▼] We compare the cost effectiveness of two pronatalist policies: (a) child allowances; and (b) daycare subsidies. We pay special attention to estimating how intended fertility (fertility before children are born) responds to these policies. We use two evaluation tools: (i) a dynamic model on fertility, labor supply, outsourced childcare time, parental time, asset accumulation and consumption; and (ii) randomized vignette-survey policy experiments. We implement both tools in the United States and Germany, finding consistent evidence that daycare subsidies are more cost effective. Nevertheless, the required public expenditure to increase fertility to the replacement level might be viewed as prohibitively high. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 UL)Bayesian inference for the stochastic identification of elastoplastic material parameters: Introduction, misconceptions and insights Rappel, Hussein ; Beex, Lars ; Hale, Jack et al E-print/Working paper (2017) We discuss Bayesian inference (BI) for the probabilistic identification of material parameters. This contribution aims to shed light on the use of BI for the identification of elastoplastic material ... [more ▼] We discuss Bayesian inference (BI) for the probabilistic identification of material parameters. This contribution aims to shed light on the use of BI for the identification of elastoplastic material parameters. For this purpose a single spring is considered, for which the stress-strain curves are artificially created. Besides offering a didactic introduction to BI, this paper proposes an approach to incorporate statistical errors both in the measured stresses, and in the measured strains. It is assumed that the uncertainty is only due to measurement errors and the material is homogeneous. Furthermore, a number of possible misconceptions on BI are highlighted based on the purely elastic case. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 166 (46 UL)Institutional Determinants of Early Job Insecurity in Nine European Countries: Country Report Switzerland ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) An overview of institutional determinants of early job insecurity in Switzerland. Detailed reference viewed: 6 (3 UL)Chromatic numbers for the hyperbolic plane and discrete analogs Parlier, Hugo ; E-print/Working paper (2017) We study colorings of the hyperbolic plane, analogously to the Hadwiger-Nelson problem for the Euclidean plane. The idea is to color points using the minimum number of colors such that no two points at ... [more ▼] We study colorings of the hyperbolic plane, analogously to the Hadwiger-Nelson problem for the Euclidean plane. The idea is to color points using the minimum number of colors such that no two points at distance exactly $d$ are of the same color. The problem depends on $d$ and, following a strategy of Kloeckner, we show linear upper bounds on the necessary number of colors. In parallel, we study the same problem on $q$-regular trees and show analogous results. For both settings, we also consider a variant which consists in replacing $d$ with an interval of distances. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)Wealth accumulation over the life course. The role of disadvantages across the employment history Ponomarenko, Valentina E-print/Working paper (2017) In this study wealth is employed as an often neglected but highly stratified well-being measure in sociology. I relate the employment history and especially the accumulating disadvantages like ... [more ▼] In this study wealth is employed as an often neglected but highly stratified well-being measure in sociology. I relate the employment history and especially the accumulating disadvantages like nonemployment and lower occupations to wealth in old age. In particular, I am interested in determining whether an adverse employment history prevents wealth accumulation and which factors influence wealth accumulation across the life course. I use comparative data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement and combine it with the retrospective panel SHARELIFE to retrieve information about the complete employment history. The relevance of wealth varies significantly across households and in the wider national context. Hence, a contextual perspective is included to account for the difference in wealth rates and wealth inequality in the European countries. The results show that cumulative nonemployment and employment in lower occupations has significant disadvantages for wealth accumulation in old age. However, large differences for men and women persist. Particularly, the household composition and household factors are decisive in the effectuality of these disadvantages. The relation of life course employment and especially disadvantages to accumulated wealth in old aged is stronger in conservative countries than in other welfare regimes. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 93 (2 UL)The Turkish State of Emergency Under Turkish Constitutional Law and International Human Rights Law Baglayan Ceyhan, Basak E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 UL)Quantum moment maps and retracts for bounded symmetric domains Korvers, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 UL)Freeness characterisations on free chaos spaces Bourguin, Solesne ; Nourdin, Ivan E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)Quantifying uncertainty in hyperelastic soft tissue models Hauseux, Paul ; Hale, Jack ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) We present a simple open-source semi-intrusive computational method to propagate uncertainties through hyperelastic models of soft tissues. The proposed method is up to two orders of magnitude faster than ... [more ▼] We present a simple open-source semi-intrusive computational method to propagate uncertainties through hyperelastic models of soft tissues. The proposed method is up to two orders of magnitude faster than the standard Monte Carlo method. The material model of interest can be altered by adjusting few lines of (FEniCS) code. The method is able to (1) provide the user with statistical confidence intervals on quantities of practical interest, such as the displacement of a tumour or target site in an organ; (2) quantify the sensitivity of the response of the organ to the associated parameters of the material model. We exercise the approach on the determination of a confidence interval on the motion of a target in the brain. We also show that for the boundary conditions under consideration five parameters of the Ogden-Holzapfel-like model have negligible influence on the displacement of the target zone compared to the three most influential parameters. The benchmark problems and all associated data are made available as supplementary material. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 150 (39 UL)Integrated likelihood based inference for nonlinear panel data models with unobserved effects Schumann, Martin ; ; Tripathi, Gautam E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 UL)Online deliberation: state of the art Kies, Raphaël E-print/Working paper (2017) In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political ... [more ▼] In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political communication as well as software designers. It corresponds not only to a topic of analysis – that can be broadly defined as the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the political and public debates online - but also to a democratic model of e-democracy, that aims to shape the different political usage of the web according to the deliberative values. A pertinent way to analyze this broad phenomenon is to subdivide its analysis in three sections which content is partly based on updated findings of my book Promises and Limits of web-deliberation. The first section refers to the deliberative theory on which the empirical research is based. The second section deals with the complex issue of operationalizing the deliberative theory. The last section provides an overview of the online deliberative empirical studies that were conducted this last decade by distinguishing three broad research fields: i) The studies that aim at measuring the usage of the political web-debates and the characteristics of the users; ii) The studies that identify and compare the social and political actors that offer possibilities of online debates; iii) The studies assessing the quality of deliberation in different discursive online settings and the ones aiming at defining the factors that could explain variations in web-deliberation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 UL)Derivative and divergence formulae for diffusion semigroups Thalmaier, Anton ; Thompson, James E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 90 (21 UL)Harnack estimates for a nonlinear parabolic equation under Ricci flow Li, Yi ; E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 UL)Harnack estimates for a heat-type equation under the geometric flow Li, Yi ; E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)Constant mean curvature foliation of globally hyperbolic (2+1)-spacetime with particles ; Tamburelli, Andrea E-print/Working paper (2017) Let M be a globally hyperbolic maximal compact 3-dimensional spacetime locally modelled on Minkowski, anti-de Sitter or de Sitter space. It is well known that M admits a unique foliation by constant mean ... [more ▼] Let M be a globally hyperbolic maximal compact 3-dimensional spacetime locally modelled on Minkowski, anti-de Sitter or de Sitter space. It is well known that M admits a unique foliation by constant mean curvature surfaces. In this paper we extend this result to singular spacetimes with particles (cone singularities of angles less than π along time-like geodesics). [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)The fourth moment theorem on the Poisson space Döbler, Christian ; Peccati, Giovanni E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 58 (5 UL)Eulerian idempotent, pre-Lie logarithm and combinatorics of trees ; Schätz, Florian E-print/Working paper (2017) The aim of this paper is to bring together the three objects in the title. Recall that, given a Lie algebra g, the Eulerian idempotent is a canonical projection from the enveloping algebra U(g) to g. The ... [more ▼] The aim of this paper is to bring together the three objects in the title. Recall that, given a Lie algebra g, the Eulerian idempotent is a canonical projection from the enveloping algebra U(g) to g. The Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff product and the Magnus expansion can both be expressed in terms of the Eulerian idempotent, which makes it interesting to establish explicit formulas for the latter. We show how to reduce the computation of the Eulerian idempotent to the computation of a logarithm in a certain pre-Lie algebra of planar, binary, rooted trees. The problem of finding formulas for the pre-Lie logarithm, which is interesting in its own right – being related to operad theory, numerical analysis and renormalization – is addressed using techniques inspired by umbral calculus. As a consequence of our analysis, we find formulas both for the Eulerian idempotent and the pre-Lie logarithm in terms of the combinatorics of trees. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 UL)To MigrateWith orWithout Ones’ Children in China - That is the Question Chen, Yiwen ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) Where should Chinese internal migrant parents locate their school-aged children: migrate with them or leave them behind? And should they invest in private education of their children? Empirical evidence ... [more ▼] Where should Chinese internal migrant parents locate their school-aged children: migrate with them or leave them behind? And should they invest in private education of their children? Empirical evidence based on the 2009 wave of the Rural-Urban Migration Survey in China (RUMiC) data is inconclusive. We use an overlapping generations model to find a theoretical optimum that maximizes parents’ utility which includes the children’s educational performance. Depending on the educational investment parents make and the relocation cost of children, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for migrant parents to take their children to migrate and whether they should provide their children with private education. As the choices of migrant parents affect not only their children’s human capital accumulation, but also on the economic potential of their descendants, we present both short- and long-term consequences of the parents decision. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 UL)The Spectrum Of De Novo Variants In Neurodevelopmental Disorders With Epilepsy ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) with epilepsy constitute a complex and heterogeneous phenotypic spectrum of largely unclear genetic architecture. We conducted exome-wide enrichment analyses for protein ... [more ▼] Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) with epilepsy constitute a complex and heterogeneous phenotypic spectrum of largely unclear genetic architecture. We conducted exome-wide enrichment analyses for protein-altering de novo variants (DNV) in 7088 parent-offspring trios with NDD of which 2151 were comorbid with epilepsy. In this cohort, the genetic spectrum of epileptic encephalopathy (EE) and nonspecific NDD with epilepsy were markedly similar. We identified 33 genes significantly enriched for DNV in NDD with epilepsy, of which 27.3 were associated with therapeutic consequences. These 33 DNV-enriched genes were more often associated with synaptic transmission but less with chromatin modification when compared to NDD without epilepsy. On average, only 53 of the DNV-enriched genes were represented on available diagnostic sequencing panels, so our findings should drive significant improvements of genetic testing approaches. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)Reassessment Of Lesion-Associated Gene And Variant Pathogenicity In Focal Human Epilepsies ; ; May, Patrick et al E-print/Working paper (2017) Purpose: Increasing availability of surgically resected brain tissue from Focal Cortical Dysplasia and low-grade epilepsy-associated tumor patients fostered large-scale genetic examination. However ... [more ▼] Purpose: Increasing availability of surgically resected brain tissue from Focal Cortical Dysplasia and low-grade epilepsy-associated tumor patients fostered large-scale genetic examination. However, assessment of germline and somatic variant pathogenicity remains difficult. Methods: Here, we critically reevaluated the pathogenicity for all neuropathology-associated variants reported to date in the PubMed and ClinVar databases, including 12 disease-related genes and 88 neuropathology-associated missense variants. We (1) assessed evolutionary gene constraint using the pLI and missense z scores, (2) applied guidelines by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), and (3) predicted pathogenicity by using PolyPhen-2, CADD, and GERP. Results: Constraint analysis classified only seven out of 12 genes to be likely disease-associated, while 35 (40\%) of those 88 variants were classified as being variants of unknown significance (VUS) and 53 (60\%) as being likely pathogenic (LPII). Pathogenicity prediction yielded discrimination between neuropathology-associated variants (LPII and VUS) and rare variant scores obtained from individuals present in the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Conclusion: We conclude that several VUS are likely disease-associated and will be reclassified by future molecular evidence. In summary, interpretation of lesion-associated gene variants remains complex while the application of current ACMG guidelines including bioinformatic pathogenicity prediction will help improving interpretation and prediction. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 UL)On the fourth moment condition for Rademacher chaos Döbler, Christian ; E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 UL)Higher Algebra over the Leibniz Operad Poncin, Norbert E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 81 (5 UL)Liberté de circulation des personnes : citoyenneté de mouvement, citoyenneté en mouvement Warin, Catherine E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 UL)Deformations of pre-symplectic structures and the Koszul L-infty-algebra Schätz, Florian ; E-print/Working paper (2017) We study the deformation theory of pre-symplectic structures, i.e. closed two-forms of fixed rank. The main result is a parametrization of nearby deformations of a given pre-symplectic structure in terms ... [more ▼] We study the deformation theory of pre-symplectic structures, i.e. closed two-forms of fixed rank. The main result is a parametrization of nearby deformations of a given pre-symplectic structure in terms of an $L_\infty$-algebra, which we call the Koszul $L_\infty$-algebra. This $L_\infty$-algebra is a cousin of the Koszul dg Lie algebra associated to a Poisson manifold, and its proper geometric understanding relies on Dirac geometry. In addition, we show that a quotient of the Koszul $L_{\infty}$-algebra is isomorphic to the $L_\infty$-algebra which controls the deformations of the underlying characteristic foliation. Finally, we show that the infinitesimal deformations of pre-symplectic structures and of foliations are both obstructed. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 UL)Monotonicity of probit weights ; Tripathi, Gautam E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 UL)Identifying individual rights in EU law Hofmann, Herwig ; Warin, Catherine E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 UL)Generalized Ricci flow II: Existence for complete noncompact manifolds Li, Yi E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 64 (6 UL)Asymptotic distribution of nodal intersections for arithmetic random waves Rossi, Maurizia ; E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 UL)Räumliche Identifikationen und Identifizierungen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion SaarLorLux Wille, Christian E-print/Working paper (2017) In diesem Beitrag wird die Bedeutung von nationalen Grenzen für räumliche Identitäten in Grenzregionen analysiert. Dafür wird ein mehrdimensionales Analysemodell entwickelt und am Beispiel der Großregion ... [more ▼] In diesem Beitrag wird die Bedeutung von nationalen Grenzen für räumliche Identitäten in Grenzregionen analysiert. Dafür wird ein mehrdimensionales Analysemodell entwickelt und am Beispiel der Großregion SaarLorLux gefragt, wie die Einwohner den Raum repräsentieren und wie sie ihre alltagskulturellen Praktiken räumlich organisieren. Außerdem werden räumliche Projektionen im politischen Diskurs aufgedeckt und rekonstruiert, inwiefern diese eine Grundlage bilden für Identifizierungsprozesse. Der Beitrag zeigt, dass nationale Grenzen in den Identifikations- und Identifizierungsvorgängen der Einwohner der Großregion SaarLorLux trotz grenzüberschreitender Verflechtungen eine wichtige Rolle spielen, aber nicht zwangsläufig als starre Ordnungskategorien. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 85 (13 UL)Conformal actions of real-rank 1 simple Lie groups on pseudo-Riemannian manifolds Pecastaing, Vincent E-print/Working paper (2017) Given a simple Lie group G of rank 1, we consider compact pseudo-Riemannian manifolds (M,g) of signature (p,q) on which G can act conformally. Precisely, we determine the smallest possible value for the ... [more ▼] Given a simple Lie group G of rank 1, we consider compact pseudo-Riemannian manifolds (M,g) of signature (p,q) on which G can act conformally. Precisely, we determine the smallest possible value for the index min(p,q) of the metric. When the index is optimal and G non-exceptional, we prove that the metric must be conformally flat, confirming the idea that in a "good" dynamical context, a geometry is determined by its automorphisms group. This completes anterior investigations on pseudo-Riemannian conformal actions of semi-simple Lie groups of maximal real-rank. Combined with these results, we obtain as corollary the list of semi-simple Lie groups without compact factor that can act on compact Lorentzian manifolds. We also derive consequences in CR geometry via the Fefferman fibration. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 UL)Explaining employers’ hiring decisions: A comparative study of employers’ risk assessment ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2017) In order to investigate the scarring effect of early job insecurity on future employment chances we have implemented a factorial survey experiment with recruiters based on real vacancies in Bulgaria ... [more ▼] In order to investigate the scarring effect of early job insecurity on future employment chances we have implemented a factorial survey experiment with recruiters based on real vacancies in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. We contribute to recruitment research at least in three ways: First, the multinational design allows us to run comparative analysis across countries, which are carried out along the national dimensions youth unemployment rate, employment protection regulation and type of educational system. Second, we differentiate between two different forms of early job insecurity – unemployment and work experience in deskilling jobs, and we demonstrate that the sole focus on unemployment, as it is the case in the prevalent labour market research, is not sufficient in order to fully understand labour market outcomes caused by different forms of job insecurities. Third, since our sample consists of real recruiters who were hiring for current jobs at the time when the study was carried out, we provide a unique cross-country data set of high external validity. Our findings suggest that scarring effects of early job insecurity vary across countries and across occupational fields, and while scarring caused by work experience in deskilling jobs seems to be enforced by strong employment protection regulations, unemployment scarring seems to stronger where national unemployment is low. Further, the differences in recruiter’s evaluation across occupational fields indicate that signalling value of education may vary depending on specific sectors. Not at least, we contribute to debates around active labour market policies, arguing that measures aiming at quick labour market reintegration without consideration of job quality may not be the most sustainable solution, as work experience in a deskilling job does not lead to better recruiter’s evaluation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 UL)Fourth moment theorems on The Poisson space in any dimension Döbler, Christian ; Vidotto, Anna ; Zheng, Guangqu E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 UL)Homotopical algebraic context over differential operators ; Pistalo, Damjan ; Poncin, Norbert E-print/Working paper (2017) Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)On the volume of anti-de Sitter maximal globally hyperbolic three-manifolds ; ; Tamburelli, Andrea E-print/Working paper (2017) We study the volume of maximal globally hyperbolic Anti-de Sitter manifolds containing a closed orientable Cauchy surface S, in relation to some geometric invariants depending only on the two points in ... [more ▼] We study the volume of maximal globally hyperbolic Anti-de Sitter manifolds containing a closed orientable Cauchy surface S, in relation to some geometric invariants depending only on the two points in Teichmüller space of S provided by Mess’ parameterization - namely on two isotopy classes of hyperbolic metrics h and h' on S. The main result of the paper is that the volume coarsely behaves like the minima of the L1-energy of maps from (S, h) to (S, h'). The study of Lp-type energies had been suggested by Thurston, in contrast with the well-studied Lipschitz distance. A corollary of our result shows that the volume of maximal globally hyperbolic Anti-de Sitter manifolds is bounded from above by the exponential of (any of the two) Thurston’s Lipschitz asymmetric distances, up to some explicit constants. Although there is no such bound from below, we provide examples in which this behaviour is actually realized. We prove instead that the volume is bounded from below by the exponential of the Weil-Petersson distance. The proof of the main result uses more precise estimates on the behavior of the volume, which is proved to be coarsely equivalent to the length of the (left or right) measured geodesic lamination of earthquake from (S, h) to (S, h'), and to the minima of the holomorphic 1-energy. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)La grande région SaarLorLux, riche de ses travailleurs frontaliers Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle ; E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 UL)Fractional charge oscillations in quantum spin Hall quantum dots ; ; Dolcetto, Giacomo et al E-print/Working paper (2016) We show that correlated two-particle backscattering can induce fractional charge oscillations in a quantum dot built at the edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator by means of magnetic barriers ... [more ▼] We show that correlated two-particle backscattering can induce fractional charge oscillations in a quantum dot built at the edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator by means of magnetic barriers. The result nicely complements recent works where the fractional oscillations were obtained employing of semiclassical treatments. Moreover, since by rotating the magnetization of the barriers a fractional charge can be trapped in the dot via the Jackiw-Rebbi mechanism, the system we analyze offers the opportunity to study the interplay between this noninteracting charge fractionalization and the fractionalization due to two-particle backscattering. In this context, we demonstrate that the number of fractional oscillations of the charge density depends on the magnetization angle. Finally, we address the renormalization induced by two-particle backscattering on the spin density, which is characterized by a dominant oscillation, sensitive to the Jackiw-Rebbi charge, with a wavelength twice as large as the charge density oscillations. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 UL)Une minorité de citoyens reste nostalgique Paravantis, Spero E-print/Working paper (2016) Au cours de l’automne 1991, les républiques constituantes de l’Union soviétique proclamaient, l’une après l’autre, leur indépendance. Il y a 25 ans, avec la création de la Communauté des États ... [more ▼] Au cours de l’automne 1991, les républiques constituantes de l’Union soviétique proclamaient, l’une après l’autre, leur indépendance. Il y a 25 ans, avec la création de la Communauté des États indépendants (CEI), la superpuissance URSS a cessé d’exister d’un jour à l’autre. Dr. Spero S.Z. Paravantis de l’Université du Luxembourg revient sur ce grand chapitre de l’histoire. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 UL)The Gamma Stein equation and non-central de Jong theorems Döbler, Christian ; Peccati, Giovanni E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 UL)Counting curves, and the stable length of currents ; Parlier, Hugo ; E-print/Working paper (2016) Let $\gamma_0$ be a curve on a surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ and with $r$ boundary components and let $\pi_1(\Sigma)\curvearrowright X$ be a discrete and cocompact action on some metric space. We study ... [more ▼] Let $\gamma_0$ be a curve on a surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ and with $r$ boundary components and let $\pi_1(\Sigma)\curvearrowright X$ be a discrete and cocompact action on some metric space. We study the asymptotic behavior of the number of curves $\gamma$ of type $\gamma_0$ with translation length at most $L$ on $X$. For example, as an application, we derive that for any finite generating set $S$ of $\pi_1(\Sigma)$ the limit $$\lim_{L\to\infty}\frac 1{L^{6g-6+2r}}\{\gamma\text{ of type }\gamma_0\text{ with }S\text{-translation length}\le L\}$$ exists and is positive. The main new technical tool is that the function which associates to each curve its stable length with respect to the action on $X$ extends to a (unique) continuous and homogenous function on the space of currents. We prove that this is indeed the case for any action of a torsion free hyperbolic group. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 UL)The multi-scale analysis of dynamic transmission volatility of carbon prices ; Terraza, Virginie E-print/Working paper (2016) The implementation of the EU ETS in 2005 led to the establishment of a price that enables manufacturers to realize the impact of their activities on the environment clean. There are no items in this day ... [more ▼] The implementation of the EU ETS in 2005 led to the establishment of a price that enables manufacturers to realize the impact of their activities on the environment clean. There are no items in this day, since the creation of the European carbon market, which has focused on the analysis of volatility transmission between different investment horizons. The purpose of this paper is to fill this gap in the literature. we analyze the volatility of the price of carbon quota (EUA), by studying linear and nonlinear causal relationships of wavelet components between the different volatilities that we captured at different time scales. we initially conducted the decomposition of the EUA price volatility at different time-frequency interval using a wavelet approach. Our study will be to examine whether the volatility is transmitted from the high-frequency structure of the carbon price in the low frequency. Our results show an intra-structural dependance in carbon price volatility. We detect instability in the volatility of carbon and observe the existence of a bidirectional relationship from high frequency traders to low frequency traders. Our study showed that high-frequency shocks yields carbon price can have a significant impact beyond their Fontiers and touch the low frequency structure associated with long-term traders [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 UL)Inequality and Incentives: The Quasi-Natural Experiment of Hungary, 1914-2008 Mavridis, Dimitrios ; E-print/Working paper (2016) We construct the first top income share series of a formerly socialist economy before, during, and after socialism in order to exploit the effect of the quasi-natural experiment of the absence of markets ... [more ▼] We construct the first top income share series of a formerly socialist economy before, during, and after socialism in order to exploit the effect of the quasi-natural experiment of the absence of markets on incentives. We investigate top income shares dynamics and the sources of income at the upper tail of the income distribution. Within this setup, we study the effect of capital markets and liberalized wage settings on top income shares. Our estimates show that the introduction of wage-setting decentralization during socialism had a role in increasing the skill premium and income inequality in years prior the transition. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 40 (10 UL)Enterprise credit, household credit and growth: New evidence from 126 countries Leon, Florian E-print/Working paper (2016) This paper attempts to distinguish the effects of household and enterprise credit on economic growth. To do so, I create a new, hand-collected database covering 143 countries over the period 1995-2014 ... [more ▼] This paper attempts to distinguish the effects of household and enterprise credit on economic growth. To do so, I create a new, hand-collected database covering 143 countries over the period 1995-2014 (126 countries are employed for econometric analysis). Estimation results confirm recent evidence documenting the absence of the effect of total credit to growth. Findings also show that household credit has a negative effect on growth, but I fail to provide robust support for a positive effect of business credit. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 59 (9 UL)Arbeitszeitflexibilität in Luxemburg Sischka, Philipp ; Steffgen, Georges E-print/Working paper (2016) Männliche Arbeitnehmer weisen im Vergleich zu weiblichen Arbeitnehmern eine höhere Differenz zwischen vertraglich vereinbarter und faktischer Wochenarbeitszeit auf. Differenziert nach Berufsgruppen zeigt ... [more ▼] Männliche Arbeitnehmer weisen im Vergleich zu weiblichen Arbeitnehmern eine höhere Differenz zwischen vertraglich vereinbarter und faktischer Wochenarbeitszeit auf. Differenziert nach Berufsgruppen zeigt sich, dass inbesondere Manager sowie Führungskräfte deutlich mehr arbeiten, als vertraglich festgelegt. Atypische Arbeitszeiten (nach 19 Uhr, nach 22 Uhr oder am Wochenende) treten dagegen insbesondere bei jüngeren Arbeitnehmern (bis 44 Jahre) häufiger auf. Auch zeigen sich hier große Unterschiede über die Berufsgruppen hinweg. Für die Mehrheit der Arbeitnehmer entspricht die vertraglich vereinbarte Stundenzahl ihren Wünschen. Jedoch ist bei den jüngeren Arbeitnehmern der Anteil der Personen, die sich einen Vertrag mit mehr bezahlten Stunden wünschen deutlich höher. Differenziert nach Berufsgruppen äußern vor allem Hilfsarbeitskräfte sowie Arbeitnehmer in Dienstleistungs- und Handwerksberufen den Wunsch mehr bezahlte Stunden zu arbeiten. Die Arbeitszeitbedingungen der Arbeitnehmer weisen auch Zusammenhänge mit erlebten Work-Life-Konflikten, Zeitdruck, Stress und Arbeitszufriedenheit auf. Die Arbeitszeitbedingungen sind außerdem assoziiert mit nächtlichen Schlafstunden sowie mit der Gefährdung durch Burnout. Arbeitnehmer, die 46 Stunden und mehr arbeiten, die häufig atypische Arbeitszeiten haben, oder deren faktische Arbeitszeit stark von der vertraglich vereinbarten Arbeitszeit abweicht, erleben stärker Work-Life-Konflikte, Zeitdruck sowie Stress, geben jedoch eine geringere Arbeitszufriedenheit an, schlafen weniger und weisen eher Burnout auf. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 16 (6 UL)Interrogating surface length spectra and quantifying isospectrality Parlier, Hugo E-print/Working paper (2016) This article is about inverse spectral problems for hyperbolic surfaces and in particular how length spectra relate to the geometry of the underlying surface. A quantitative answer is given to the ... [more ▼] This article is about inverse spectral problems for hyperbolic surfaces and in particular how length spectra relate to the geometry of the underlying surface. A quantitative answer is given to the following: how many questions do you need to ask a length spectrum to determine it completely? In answering this, a quantitative upper bound is given on the number of isospectral but non-isometric surfaces of a given genus. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 UL)Notes on a Lie algebraic relation Korvers, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2016) We exhibit explicit orthogonal decompositions of every multidimensional restricted root space of a real semi-simple Lie algebra. We then show a link between this result and a radiality property of smooth ... [more ▼] We exhibit explicit orthogonal decompositions of every multidimensional restricted root space of a real semi-simple Lie algebra. We then show a link between this result and a radiality property of smooth functions on G-homogeneous spaces when G is a real semi-simple Lie group. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)Beziehungen – Liens Relationnels. Realitäten, Perspektiven, Grenzen – réalités, perspectives et limites. Bericht zu einer Befragung von Mitarbeiterinnen und Jugendlichen bei Solidarité Jeunes 2016 Peters, Ulla ; Jäger, Julia E-print/Working paper (2016) Solidarité Jeunes asbl in Luxemburg hat eine Befragung zum Thema Beziehungen bei den Professionellen und Jugendlichen in ihren Einrichtungen durchgeführt. Sie beauftragten die Universität damit, die ... [more ▼] Solidarité Jeunes asbl in Luxemburg hat eine Befragung zum Thema Beziehungen bei den Professionellen und Jugendlichen in ihren Einrichtungen durchgeführt. Sie beauftragten die Universität damit, die Ergebnisse aufzubereiten, zu verschriftlichen und bei einer Fachtagung zum 40-jährigen Bestehen des Trägers (bis 2012 Jongenheem asbl) im September 2016 zu präsentieren. Der Fragebogen enthielt Fragen zu den Themen: was verstehen die Jugendlichen und die Professionellen unter einer guten Beziehung, wie gestalten sie diese, welche Rituale gibt es z. B. beim Abschied von Jugendlichen und wie wird dieser vorbereitet. Eine Frage war auch, ob und welche Art von Kontakte nach dem Verlassen der Einrichtung bestehen und für wichtig gehalten werden. Die Befragung basierte auf der Annahme und der Erfahrung, dass Beziehungen ein Schlüsselfaktor und Fundament jeder erfolgreichen pädagogischen Interven- tion sind und damit auch ein zentrales „Arbeitsmittel“. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 56 (3 UL)Understanding unemployment scars: A vignette Experiment of employers' decisions in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 29 (4 UL)Boosting Early Language as a Foundation for Literacy – Essential but neither Simple nor Easy ; Engel de Abreu, Pascale ; Ertel Silva, Cintia E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 42 (6 UL)Isogeometric finite element analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic scattering problems ; ; Bordas, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2016) We present an isogeometric analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic problems. The infinite space is truncated by a fictitious boundary and (simple) absorbing boundary conditions are applied. The ... [more ▼] We present an isogeometric analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic problems. The infinite space is truncated by a fictitious boundary and (simple) absorbing boundary conditions are applied. The truncation error is included in the exact solution so that the reported error is an indicator of the performance of the isogeometric analysis, in particular of the related pollution error. Numerical results performed with high-order basis functions (third or fourth orders) showed no visible pollution error even for very high frequencies. This property combined with exact geometrical representation makes isogeometric analysis a very promising platform to solve high-frequency acoustic problems. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 53 (11 UL)Geometric filling curves on surfaces ; Parlier, Hugo ; E-print/Working paper (2016) This note is about a type of quantitative density of closed geodesics on closed hyperbolic surfaces. The main results are upper bounds on the length of the shortest closed geodesic that $\varepsilon ... [more ▼] This note is about a type of quantitative density of closed geodesics on closed hyperbolic surfaces. The main results are upper bounds on the length of the shortest closed geodesic that $\varepsilon$-fills the surface. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)Structural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in Europe ; ; et al E-print/Working paper (2016) The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. Contrary to a purely neoclassical framework, a model with imperfectly competitive labor market ... [more ▼] The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. Contrary to a purely neoclassical framework, a model with imperfectly competitive labor market also allows to consider the effect of the bargaining power of labor and matching efficiency on pre-retirement. We find that lower bargaining power of workers and less efficient labor markets characterized by the declining matching efficiency have been an important determinant of early retirement in France and Germany. These structural changes, combined with early-retirement transfers and population ageing, are also consistent with the joint evolution of employment and unemployment rates, the labor share and the seniority premium. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 UL)Intertwining operators of the quantum Teichmüller space Mazzoli, Filippo E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 37 (7 UL)Constant Gauss curvature foliations of AdS spacetimes with particles Schlenker, Jean-Marc ; E-print/Working paper (2016) We prove that for any convex globally hyperbolic maximal (GHM) anti-de Sitter (AdS) 3-dimensional space-time N with particles (cone singularities of angles less than π along time-like curves), the ... [more ▼] We prove that for any convex globally hyperbolic maximal (GHM) anti-de Sitter (AdS) 3-dimensional space-time N with particles (cone singularities of angles less than π along time-like curves), the complement of the convex core in N admits a unique foliation by constant Gauss curvature surfaces. This extends, and provides a new proof of, a result of \cite{BBZ2}. We also describe a parametrization of the space of convex GHM AdS metrics on a given manifold, with particles of given angles, by the product of two copies of the Teichm\"uller space of hyperbolic metrics with cone singularities of fixed angles. Finally, we use the results on K-surfaces to extend to hyperbolic surfaces with cone singularities of angles less than π a number of results concerning landslides, which are smoother analogs of earthquakes sharing some of their key properties. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)Financial Constraint, Entrepreneurship and Sectoral Migrations Leon, Florian ; E-print/Working paper (2016) Using an original database of over 3,000 micro and small enterprises (MSEs) that were microfinance institution (MFI) clients in Madagascar over the period of 2008-2014, we observe that around one third of ... [more ▼] Using an original database of over 3,000 micro and small enterprises (MSEs) that were microfinance institution (MFI) clients in Madagascar over the period of 2008-2014, we observe that around one third of these entrepreneurs switched business sectors in the first five years after starting their business. We find that the probability of an entrepreneur’s changing sectors is highly correlated with the size of the first loan obtained from the MFI. This result survives multiple robustness checks, including treatment for endogeneity and attrition. We interpret this finding in terms of financial constraint: a lack of financing prevents an entrepreneur from initially investing in his first choice sector, causing him to change sectors only when he has become financially able to do so. This result challenges the classic distinction made between ”necessity entrepreneurs” and ”opportunity entrepreneurs” and raises important questions concerning entrepreneurial talent allocation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 72 (6 UL)Short closed geodesics with self-intersections ; Parlier, Hugo E-print/Working paper (2016) Our main point of focus is the set of closed geodesics on hyperbolic surfaces. For any fixed integer $k$, we are interested in the set of all closed geodesics with at least $k$ (but possibly more) self ... [more ▼] Our main point of focus is the set of closed geodesics on hyperbolic surfaces. For any fixed integer $k$, we are interested in the set of all closed geodesics with at least $k$ (but possibly more) self-intersections. Among these, we consider those of minimal length and investigate their self-intersection numbers. We prove that their intersection numbers are upper bounded by a universal linear function in $k$ (which holds for any hyperbolic surface). Moreover, in the presence of cusps, we get bounds which imply that the self-intersection numbers behave asymptotically like $k$ for growing $k$. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)The effects of Assortative Matching on Job and Marital Satisfaction through University Attendance Joxhe, Majlinda ; E-print/Working paper (2016) This paper examines how the decision to acquire higher education may affect job and marital satisfaction. We propose a theoretical model where individuals decide whether to attend university both for ... [more ▼] This paper examines how the decision to acquire higher education may affect job and marital satisfaction. We propose a theoretical model where individuals decide whether to attend university both for obtaining higher job satisfaction and for meeting potential partners. As the probability of marrying an educated partner increases (due to positive educational assortative matching), the average ability of university students falls, since more (low ability) students are willing to attend university. Two effects can be withdrawn: (i) average job satisfaction decreases, while (ii) marital satisfaction increases. We then test the model using the British Household Panel Survey for years 1996-2008, using a dynamic bivariate model. Consistent with the theoretical predictions, we find that higher education is correlated with lower average job satisfaction. In addition, the higher education of the partner increases marital satisfaction. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 UL)Centralizers of irreducible subgroups in the projective special linear group Guerin, Clément E-print/Working paper (2016) In this paper, we classify conjugacy classes of centralizers of irreducible subgroups in $PSL(n,\mathbb{C})$ using alternate modules a.k.a. finite abelian groups with an alternate bilinear form. When $n ... [more ▼] In this paper, we classify conjugacy classes of centralizers of irreducible subgroups in $PSL(n,\mathbb{C})$ using alternate modules a.k.a. finite abelian groups with an alternate bilinear form. When $n$ is squarefree, we prove that these conjugacy classes are classified by their isomorphism classes. More generally, we define a finite graph related to this classification whose combinatorial properties are expected to help us describe the stratification of the singular (orbifold) locus in some character varieties. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 UL)Mumford curves covering p-adic Shimura curves and their fundamental domains Amoros Carafi, Laia ; E-print/Working paper (2016) We give an explicit description of fundamental domains associated to the p-adic uniformisa- tion of families of Shimura curves of discriminant Dp and level N ≥ 1, for which the one-sided ideal class ... [more ▼] We give an explicit description of fundamental domains associated to the p-adic uniformisa- tion of families of Shimura curves of discriminant Dp and level N ≥ 1, for which the one-sided ideal class number h(D,N) is 1. The obtained results generalise those in [19, Ch. IX] for Shimura curves of discriminant 2p and level N = 1. The method we present here enables us to find Mumford curves covering Shimura curves, together with a free system of generators for the associated Schottky groups, p-adic good fundamental domains and their stable reduction- graphs. This is based on a detailed study of the modular arithmetic of an Eichler order of level N inside the definite quaternion algebra of discriminant D, for which we generalise classical results of Hurwitz [20]. As an application, we prove general formulas for the reduction-graphs with lengths at p of the considered families of Shimura curves. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 UL)Distances in domino flip graphs Parlier, Hugo ; E-print/Working paper (2016) This article is about measuring and visualizing distances between domino tilings. Given two tilings of a simply connected square tiled surface, we're interested in the minimum number of flips between two ... [more ▼] This article is about measuring and visualizing distances between domino tilings. Given two tilings of a simply connected square tiled surface, we're interested in the minimum number of flips between two tilings. Given a certain shape, we're interested in computing the diameters of the flip graphs, meaning the maximal distance between any two of its tilings. Building on work of Thurston and others, we give geometric interpretations of distances which result in formulas for the diameters of the flip graphs of rectangles or Aztec diamonds. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)Where in cities do "rich" and "poor" people live? The urban economics model revisited Lemoy, Rémi E-print/Working paper (2016) In this work, we exploit the power of the Alonso-Mills-Muth (AMM) urban economics model and show that various utility functions and plausible conditions offer alternative explanations of house- holds’ ... [more ▼] In this work, we exploit the power of the Alonso-Mills-Muth (AMM) urban economics model and show that various utility functions and plausible conditions offer alternative explanations of house- holds’ location by income within a city. These include the existence of a “rich” center and more complex socio-spatial urban forms, for instance alternating a rich center, poor suburbs and a rich outer ring, which have not yet been derived from the AMM model to our knowledge. In doing so we combine analytical ideas and illustrations by the means of an agent-based model. The hypothesis of a central or non-central amenity is also studied, leading to different insights on the issue. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 UL)Equilibrium and first-best city with endogenous exposure to local air pollution from traffic Schindler, Mirjam ; Caruso, Geoffrey ; Picard, Pierre M E-print/Working paper (2016) Exposure to urban traffic-induced air pollution is a major health concern of cities. This paper analyzes the urban structure when localized pollution exposure arises from commuting traffic and ... [more ▼] Exposure to urban traffic-induced air pollution is a major health concern of cities. This paper analyzes the urban structure when localized pollution exposure arises from commuting traffic and investigates the feedback effect of endogenous pollution on residential choices. The presence of stronger traffic-induced air pollution exposure reduces the geographical extent and the population of cities. Land rents fall with distance from the city center while population densities may be non-monotonic. Cleaner vehicle technologies reduce pollution exposure everywhere, increase population and density everywhere and do not affect the spatial extent of the city. The paper compares the urban equilibrium with the first-best. The first-best structure is a less expanded city with higher densities at the center and lower densities at the fringe. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 43 (16 UL)Phase singularities in complex arithmetic random waves ; Nourdin, Ivan ; Peccati, Giovanni et al E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 38 (3 UL)Remit for what? The Impact of Information Asymmetries in Transnational Households Joxhe, Majlinda ; E-print/Working paper (2016) The main purpose of this paper is to check whether information asymmetry may affect the allocation of a given budget between in-kind consumption-type goods and in-kind investment-type choices. In order to ... [more ▼] The main purpose of this paper is to check whether information asymmetry may affect the allocation of a given budget between in-kind consumption-type goods and in-kind investment-type choices. In order to test the model, we use the results of a lab-in-the-field experiment where migrants engage in a dictator game and are asked to earmark a given budget between consumption and investment goods to be delivered to the most closely connected household (MCCH). Three different scenarios of information sharing with the MCCH on the choices made by the migrant are considered – private information, full information sharing and information sharing with a social excuse for investment goods. Empirical results confirm that under private information investment goods are preferred, whereas under full information sharing we observe a significant bias towards consumption goods (about 70 euros more out of a total budget value of 1000 euros, i.e. 7%). This behavior under different information sharing scenarios may be interpreted as evidence of self-interest motives to remit rather than pure altruism. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 29 (7 UL)Turkey declares state of emergency and derogates from ECHR after failed coup d’état Baglayan Ceyhan, Basak E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 54 (5 UL)Information sharing, credit booms and financial stability Leon, Florian ; E-print/Working paper (2016) This paper analyzes the impact of credit information sharing on financial stability, drawing special attention to its interactions with credit booms. A probit estimation of financial vulnerability ... [more ▼] This paper analyzes the impact of credit information sharing on financial stability, drawing special attention to its interactions with credit booms. A probit estimation of financial vulnerability episodes – identified by jumps of the ratio of non-performing loans to total loans, is run for a sample of 159 countries dividing in two sub-samples according to their level of development: 80 advanced or emerging economies and 79 less developed countries. The results show that: i) credit information sharing reduces financial fragility for both groups of countries; ii) for less developed countries, the main effect is the direct effect (reduction of NPL ratio once credit boom is controlled), suggesting a portfolio quality effect; iii) for advanced and emerging countries, credit information sharing (IS) also mitigates the detrimental impact of credit boom on financial fragility, iv) the depth of IS has an negative impact on the likelihood of credit booms (but not the coverage of IS). [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 87 (17 UL)Context-based Pseudonym Changing Scheme for Vehicular Adhoc Networks Emara, Karim Ahmed Awad El-Sayed ; ; E-print/Working paper (2016) Vehicular adhoc networks allow vehicles to share their information for safety and traffic efficiency. However, sharing information may threaten the driver privacy because it includes spatiotemporal ... [more ▼] Vehicular adhoc networks allow vehicles to share their information for safety and traffic efficiency. However, sharing information may threaten the driver privacy because it includes spatiotemporal information and is broadcast publicly and periodically. In this paper, we propose a context-adaptive pseudonym changing scheme which lets a vehicle decide autonomously when to change its pseudonym and how long it should remain silent to ensure unlinkability. This scheme adapts dynamically based on the density of the surrounding traffic and the user privacy preferences. We employ a multi-target tracking algorithm to measure privacy in terms of traceability in realistic vehicle traces. We use Monte Carlo analysis to estimate the quality of service (QoS) of a forward collision warning application when vehicles apply this scheme. According to the experimental results, the proposed scheme provides a better compromise between traceability and QoS than a random silent period scheme. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 UL)Interactions Between Administrative and Criminal Law in the Context of the Enforcement of Bank Prudential Regulations Allegrezza, Silvia ; Rodopoulos, Ioannis E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 78 (9 UL)Burnout am Arbeitsplatz in Luxemburg Sischka, Philipp ; Steffgen, Georges E-print/Working paper (2016) Die Burnoutprävalenz der luxemburgischen Arbeitnehmer liegt für 2013 bis 2015 zwischen 15,7 und 18,0%. Während Frauen 2013 eine höhere Burnoutprävalenz im Vergleich zu Männern aufweisen, verringert sich ... [more ▼] Die Burnoutprävalenz der luxemburgischen Arbeitnehmer liegt für 2013 bis 2015 zwischen 15,7 und 18,0%. Während Frauen 2013 eine höhere Burnoutprävalenz im Vergleich zu Männern aufweisen, verringert sich diese Differenz 2014 und 2015 etwas. Die 25-34 Jährigen Arbeitnehmer scheinen seltener von Burnout betroffen zu sein. Demgegenüber weisen die 35-44 und 45-54 Jährigen über alle drei Erhebungsjahre überdurchschnittliche Burnoutprävalenzen auf. Differenziert man die Arbeitnehmer nach Voll- und Teilzeitstellen, ergeben sich nur geringfügige Unterschiede. Arbeitnehmer, die 0-5 Jahre in ihrem jetzigen Betrieb arbeiten sind im Vergleich zu Arbeitnehmern mit einer längeren Betriebszugehörigkeitsdauer unterdurchschnittlich von Burnout betroffen. Arbeitnehmer, die eine Reduktion der Belegschaft in ihrem Betrieb konstatieren, sind deutlich stärker von Burnout betroffen, als Personen, die keine Veränderung oder sogar eine Erhöhung der Belegschaft festgestellt haben. Arbeitnehmer, die von Aktionen zur Aufklärung von Gesundheitsproblemen in ihrer Organisation berichten, sind ebenfalls weniger stark von Burnout betroffen im Vergleich zu Arbeitnehmern, die berichten, dass in den letzten drei Jahren keine Aktionen zur Aufklärung von Gesundheitsproblemen stattgefunden haben. Differenziert man die Arbeitnehmer nach ISCO-Berufsklassifikation, ist die Burnoutprävalenz unter Managern bzw. Führungskräften am Geringsten, bei Arbeitnehmern die Anlagen bedienen und Montageberufen als auch bei Technikern dagegen am höchsten. Arbeitnehmer mit deutscher und luxemburgischer Nationalität sind seltener, Arbeitnehmer mit französischer und belgischer Nationalität dagegen öfter von Burnout betroffen. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 52 (5 UL)Participation in a New Regulatory Paradigm: Collaboration and Constraint in TTIP's Regulatory Cooperation Mendes, Joana E-print/Working paper (2016) Regulatory cooperation is a core aspect of mega-regional agreements in liberalizing trade and investment, as it enables the parties to bridge their regulatory divergences beyond what is defined in the ... [more ▼] Regulatory cooperation is a core aspect of mega-regional agreements in liberalizing trade and investment, as it enables the parties to bridge their regulatory divergences beyond what is defined in the text of the agreements. It relies on institutional and procedural structures that entail both the mutual adjustment of domestic procedures of the parties and new international fora where regulators meet to negotiate and deliberate. In the case of TTIP, regulatory cooperation will be the setting in which decisions will be prepared or made on the differences between EU and US regulation that could be usefully overcome; on the technical requirements that are unnecessarily duplicated; on the standards that should remain in place because they contend with public policy objectives in a way that would not be compatible with domestic standards; on the areas that are too distinct to justify attempts at mutual recognition or other forms of regulatory compatibility; on the standards that both parties will promote globally. This paper focuses on participation, which in addition to information exchanges and regulatory impact assessments, forms part of the trio of “good regulatory practices” that constitute the procedural basis of regulatory cooperation under TTIP. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 UL)Gender Gaps in Social Capital: A theoretical interpretation of the Italian evidence Joxhe, Majlinda ; E-print/Working paper (2016) In this paper, we show that social capital accumulation along the life cycle is different for men and women. We discuss the concept of social capital and some problems connected to its definition and ... [more ▼] In this paper, we show that social capital accumulation along the life cycle is different for men and women. We discuss the concept of social capital and some problems connected to its definition and measurement. We survey the literature on gender and social capital and use the Italian data of the “Multiscopo” Survey to assess differences in life cycle accumulation of social capital by sex and age. The lifecycle profile of social capital accumulation is gendered, with men accumulating more social capital at all ages, with a different peak and overall profile. We also show that, over 15 years, the gap in social capital by sex narrowed. Finally, we introduce a model of social capital structure compatible with the empirical evidence and with notions of gender as defined in feminist literature [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 UL)The Empire Strikes Back: Yukos-Russia, 1-1 Fahner, Johannes Hendrik E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 UL)The Presumption of Innocence (and the Right to be Present at Trial) Directive Lamberigts, Stijn E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 50 (5 UL)Corporate Liability Debate still Alive and Kicking in US Courts Baglayan Ceyhan, Basak E-print/Working paper (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 24 (4 UL)Regards sur langues au travail Heinz, Andreas ; Fehlen, Fernand E-print/Working paper (2016) Le français se trouve en tête des langues parlées au travail par les résidents, suivi du luxembourgeois. C’est la langue la plus parlée dans tous les secteurs économiques du privé, tandis que le ... [more ▼] Le français se trouve en tête des langues parlées au travail par les résidents, suivi du luxembourgeois. C’est la langue la plus parlée dans tous les secteurs économiques du privé, tandis que le luxembourgeois a ses bastions dans le secteur public et parapublic. Le français connaît une forte présence dans pratiquement tous les grands groupes CITP (Classification Internationale Type des Professions). Le luxembourgeois est la langue la plus utilisée dans l'armée et dans l’agriculture, tandis que le portugais est surreprésenté parmi les artisans et les ouvriers non qualifiés. L’anglais est largement utilisé dans les professions qui exigent une éducation formelle élevée, alors que le portugais est surtout utilisé dans les professions nécessitant seulement une éducation formelle faible. Comme l’implantation des différentes branches économiques n’est pas homogène dans le pays, on peut constater une forte variation géographique pour l’utilisation des langues au travail. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 95 (17 UL)Regards sur l'intégration linguistique Heinz, Andreas ; Fehlen, Fernand E-print/Working paper (2016) Les Luxembourgeois nés au Luxembourg se distinguent de manière significative de ceux nés à l'étranger. De même, les proportions des principales langues diffèrent parmi les étrangers, s’ils sont nés au ... [more ▼] Les Luxembourgeois nés au Luxembourg se distinguent de manière significative de ceux nés à l'étranger. De même, les proportions des principales langues diffèrent parmi les étrangers, s’ils sont nés au Luxembourg ou s’ils y sont venus au cours de leur vie. Si les deux parents sont nés au Luxembourg, la langue principale est pratiquement toujours le luxembourgeois. Cependant, si un parent est né à l'étranger, le luxembourgeois est la langue principale dans un peu plus de trois quarts des cas. Pratiquement tous les immigrés allemands ont l’allemand ou le luxembourgeois comme langue principale tandis que les Français indiquent pour des périodes d'immigration comparables moins souvent le luxembourgeois comme langue principale. Une forte proportion des immigrés portugais conserve le portugais comme langue principale. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 77 (12 UL)The helical gap in interacting Rashba wires at low electron densities Schmidt, Thomas ; Pedder, Christopher E-print/Working paper (2016) Rashba spin-orbit coupling and a magnetic field perpendicular to the Rashba axis have been predicted to open a partial gap ("helical gap") in the energy spectrum of noninteracting or weakly interacting ... [more ▼] Rashba spin-orbit coupling and a magnetic field perpendicular to the Rashba axis have been predicted to open a partial gap ("helical gap") in the energy spectrum of noninteracting or weakly interacting one-dimensional quantum wires. By comparing kinetic energy and Coulomb energy we show that this gap opening typically occurs at low electron densities where the Coulomb energy dominates. To address this strongly correlated limit, we investigate Rashba wires using Wigner crystal theory. We find that the helical gap exists even in the limit of strong interactions but its dependence on electron density differs significantly from the weakly interacting case. In particular, we find that the critical magnetic field for opening the gap becomes an oscillatory function of electron density. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 UL) |
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