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See detailNew Luxembourg Nationality Law came into force on 1 April
Scuto, Denis UL

Report (2017)

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See detailCorruption prevention in respect of Members of Parliament, Judges and Prosecutors- Evaluation Report Switzerland
Poirier, Philippe UL

Report (2017)

In a report published, the Council of Europe anti-corruption body (GRECO) highlights the specificities of Switzerland’s institutions which enjoy considerable public confidence. It underlines, however ... [more ▼]

In a report published, the Council of Europe anti-corruption body (GRECO) highlights the specificities of Switzerland’s institutions which enjoy considerable public confidence. It underlines, however, that the very organisation of the system allows subtle pressure to be exerted on politicians and the judiciary (See also the French, German and Italian versions of the report). More specifically, GRECO deems it necessary to increase members of parliament’s (MPs) awareness regarding issues of ethics and conflicts of interest. To this end, it recommends adopting a code, announcing publicly MPs’ conflicts of interest as part of the parliamentary procedure and developing the system for declaring relevant interests. These measures need to be accompanied by a reinforced monitoring of MPs’ compliance with their obligations. While recognising the legitimacy of the principle of the election of judges of the federal courts by the Federal Assembly, GRECO calls for improvements to better ensure the quality and objectivity of the recruitment of these judges. It also underlines the importance of severing ties with the political powers after their election, notably by doing away with the practice of judges paying part of their salary to “their” party. Rules of professional ethics applicable to judges also need to be developed and a transparent disciplinary system put in place. The Office of the Attorney General of the Confederation, which enjoys a large degree of independence, also needs to develop rules of professional ethics applicable to its members and to provide greater transparency in disciplinary matters. The implementation of the 12 recommendations addressed to Switzerland will be assessed by GRECO in the second half of 2018 through its compliance procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrants and their Descendants: Social Inclusion and Participation in Society
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Fernandes Neves, Catia; Ramires Campino, Ana Rita et al

Report (2017)

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See detailAnalyse de l’impact des interactions sectorielles sur l’évolution des salaires. Comparaison de quatre pays
Bourgain, Arnaud UL; Sneessens, Henri UL; Shadman, Fatemeh et al

Report (2017)

The main objective is to examine the interactions between various sectors in the determination of wages. After a brief description of sectoral specificities in wage setting, the core of the project ... [more ▼]

The main objective is to examine the interactions between various sectors in the determination of wages. After a brief description of sectoral specificities in wage setting, the core of the project consists in estimating different wages functions taking into account wage spillovers across macro-sectors (manufacturing industry, finance, other services and public sector). To this end, we use quarterly sectoral data on four countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Germany) over the period 1995-2014 and we estimate VAR-ECM and other econometric models addressing potential endogeneity problems. [less ▲]

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See detailFEUTURE EU 28 Country Report: Luxembourg
Högenauer, Anna-Lena UL

Report (2017)

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See detailMedia Pluralism monitor 2016: Luxembourg
Kies, Raphaël UL; Nommesch, Kies; Schall, Céline

Report (2017)

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See detailAugmenting and Structuring User Queries to Support Efficient Free-Form Code Search
Sirres, Raphael; Bissyande, Tegawendé François D Assise UL; Kim, Dongsun UL et al

Report (2017)

Source code terms such as method names and variable types are often different from conceptual words mentioned in a search query. This vocabulary mismatch problem can make code search inefficient. In this ... [more ▼]

Source code terms such as method names and variable types are often different from conceptual words mentioned in a search query. This vocabulary mismatch problem can make code search inefficient. In this paper, we present Code voCABUlary (CoCaBu), an approach to resolving the vocabulary mismatch problem when dealing with free-form code search queries. Our approach leverages common developer questions and the associated expert answers to augment user queries with the relevant, but missing, structural code entities in order to improve the performance of matching relevant code examples within large code repositories. To instantiate this approach, we build GitSearch, a code search engine, on top of GitHub and StackOverflow Q\&A data. We evaluate GitSearch in several dimensions to demonstrate that (1) its code search results are correct with respect to user-accepted answers; (2) the results are qualitatively better than those of existing Internet-scale code search engines; (3) our engine is competitive against web search engines, such as Google, in helping users complete solve programming tasks; and (4) GitSearch provides code examples that are acceptable or interesting to the community as answers for StackOverflow questions. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Jugend der Gemeinde Strassen Entwicklungen, Probleme und Perspektiven: Ergebnisbericht der Jugendstudie im Rahmen des Jugendkommunalplanes für die Gemeinde Strassen
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL; Heinen, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Report (2016)

Die vorliegende Studie zur Situation der Jugendlichen in der Gemeinde Strassen wurde von der Forschergruppe „youth research“ an der Forschungseinheit INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Studie zur Situation der Jugendlichen in der Gemeinde Strassen wurde von der Forschergruppe „youth research“ an der Forschungseinheit INSIDE (Integrative Research Unit on Social and Individual Development) der Universität Luxemburg im Auftrag des Bürgermeister- und Schöffenrates der Gemeinde Strassen erstellt. Diese Studie ist Teil des Jugendkommunalplans für die Gemeinde Strassen und hat zum Ziel, den Verantwortlichen in Politik, Verwaltung und Jugendarbeit Informationen zu liefern, die zu einem besseren Verständnis der Jugendlichen in der Gemeinde beitragen. Denn die Gruppe der Jugendlichen repräsentiert mit ihren Wünschen, eigenen Sichtweisen und Erwartungen eine zentrale Entwicklungsperspektive für die Gemeinde Strassen. Unter anderem aus diesem Grund sind die Ergebnisse dieser Studie eine wichtige Informations- und Diskussionsgrundlage für die zukünftige Planung und Umsetzung der kommunalen Jugendpolitik und ein wichtiges Fundament für „Evidence-based-policy-making“, also eine wissensbasierte Jugendpolitik in Strassen. Diesem Anliegen entsprechend wurde diese Studie als Situations- und Bedarfsanalyse konzipiert. Wichtige thematische Aspekte sind insbesondere die Lebenswelten, das Freizeitverhalten und die Freizeitinteressen der Jugendlichen in Straßen aber auch die sozialen Herkunftsmilieus die einen starken Einfluss auf die Startbedingungen, Lebensentwürfe und Zukunftsperspektiven der Jugendlichen haben. Nicht zuletzt interessiert auch die Frage, wie die Jugendlichen unterschiedlicher Herkunft in der Gemeinde integriert sind, wie zufrieden sie mit den Angeboten und der Infrastruktur sind, welche Möglichkeiten der Partizipation für sie wichtig sind und inwiefern die Maßnahmen und Angebote der kommunalen Politik die Jugendlichen erreichen. In diesem Zusammenhang ist auch ein genauerer Blick auf die Situation der Jugendlichen mit einer ausländischen Nationalität von Interesse, zum Beispiel die Frage, wo Defizite aber auch Chancen einer stärkeren Integration oder Beteiligung dieser großen Zahl an Jugendlichen am Gemeindeleben bestehen. Bei vielen Themenbereichen sind Vergleiche mit anderen luxemburgischen oder mit internationalen Jugendstudien möglich. Dadurch können Gemeinsamkeiten sowie Besonderheiten der Gemeinde Straßen deutlich gemacht werden. [less ▲]

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See detailAchieving Universal Health Coverage: Technology for innovative primary health care education
Lygidakis, Charilaos UL; McLoughlin, Clodagh; Patel, Kunal

Report (2016)

The challenges to achieving universal health coverage (UHC) are obvious yet vast in their scope: leading these is a lack of strong primary health care (PHC) systems and a global shortage of well-trained ... [more ▼]

The challenges to achieving universal health coverage (UHC) are obvious yet vast in their scope: leading these is a lack of strong primary health care (PHC) systems and a global shortage of well-trained health care professionals. Addressing these challenges is paramount, as it is well-trained health care professionals who will build the strong PHC systems that are necessary for UHC. Due to the continuing spread and evolution of information and communications technology (ICT) in health care and education, ICT should be considered as an essential tool for innovative primary health care education.  Many nations face a distinct lack of UHC, grossly unequal health services and an acute shortage of suitably qualified family doctors, nurses and allied health care professionals that constitute the primary health care team. It is estimated that by 2035, the world will have a shortage of 12.9 million health care professionals, however an additional 1.9 billion people will require health care. Recruiting, educating and retaining these primary health care teams is therefore fundamental to meet ongoing demands.  Family doctors contribute to high quality, cost-effective and accessible primary health care. However, PHC faces considerable challenges, including a preference from policymakers, the public, and members of the health care community for specialisation. Specialist-focused care may be attractive, but it is often economically unsustainable and absorbs resources that are necessary for PHC. Yet, cooperation between primary and secondary care is essential for delivering the best care to patients and communities. It should not be a matter of choosing between primary and secondary care, but rather of recognising and adequately supporting the unique attributes and skillsets that each has to offer.  Family medicine lies at the heart of primary health care. The key to producing skilled family doctors is good family medicine training, particularly at a postgraduate level. There is great potential to improve the scale and quality of family medicine training, starting with exposure to the field as early as possible. For the delivery of primary care to be effective – and lead to the achievement of universal health coverage – the composition of the primary care team should reflect the demography and health needs of the local population. Thus, the composition of the primary care team will differ from location to location, depending on the age/sex/ health needs of the local population. Family doctors and all of the PHC professionals should have a set of universal core skills, in addition to skills specific to the population and geography they serve. To provide effective care, health professionals need to understand the importance of social factors in influencing population health; therefore, training curricula must be adapted to local contexts  Career development through postgraduate training strongly motivates health professionals to stay in their own localities, as well as being vital for patient safety and improved outcomes. Yet, despite a thirst for postgraduate training among family doctors and other primary health care professionals, it is often difficult to access. ICT may be used to address recruitment and retention issues by providing easily accessible and good quality education.  This report examines a key question: Can ICT facilitate the education of PHC professionals worldwide in order to address the challenges facing PHC and UHC? Through in-depth literature reviews, analysis, and targeted interviews with key experts, the report concludes that ICT can indeed support, enhance and accelerate the education of the primary health care team’s members, in six key ways:  1. It is an effective means of developing workforce capacity. By overcoming geographical barriers and supplementing traditional instruction with online delivery from international and regional tutors, ICT can substantially increase health care professionals’ access to postgraduate education without the need for travel, thus helping to avoid disruption to healthcare delivery.  2. It helps to recruit and retain professionals. E-learning overcomes issues of access and isolation, and can be done flexibly to suit the learner. By providing access to specialist support, postgraduate courses and mentoring opportunities, e-learning and telehealth encourage in-country and rural retention of health care workers.  3. It is cost-saving. Traditional models of health professional education are expensive, both for the provider and for health care professionals. Developing ICT solutions may entail high initial costs but these are reduced over time, and with more users, achieve economies of scale.  4. It facilitates social and collaborative learning which has been shown to have the greatest impact on patient outcomes. A blend of synchronous and asynchronous e-learning is likely to be the most effective way of achieving interprofessional learning. Communities of practice are encouraged using ICT and social media, reducing professional isolation and improving collaboration.  5. It can help to bring contextualised care to where it is needed. For example, simulation-based medical education enables problem-based, interactive and contextualised learning. End-user (including patient) participation is paramount when designing ICT-based educational programmes.  6. It improves the quality of care by facilitating access to evidence-based medicine and reflective learning. Email alerts can support education by reaching a large audience and providing trustworthy information tailored to individual needs; social media can aid in streamlining vast amounts of information into a small number of tailored-to-the-individual articles; blogs and electronic portfolios can encourage reflective life-long learning. Capturing these opportunities will require stakeholders to consider the following:  a) Securing political and financial support to establish and maintain strong PHC systems  b) Adopting a collaborative interprofessional approach between health professionals, from medical school through to the workplace  c) Providing education and training relevant to the context and to user needs  d) Improving recruitment and retention through training  e) Encouraging the standardisation and accreditation of health professional education  f) Investing in ICT training for learners, educators and patients  g) Planning and developing programmes that use technology meaningfully to improve care quality, cost-effectiveness, accessibility, equity and patient safety  h) Recognise and consolidate the interdependence of all the health professionals in the PHC setting.  [less ▲]

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See detailÜbergänge in der Perspektive von Professionellen im Kontext der strukturellen Bedingungen in Luxemburg
Jäger, Julia UL; Peters, Ulla UL; Herdtle, Anna-Marie UL et al

Report (2016)

Kurzfassung der wichtigsten Ergebnisse einer Befragung von Professionellen, die Übergänge von Jugendlichen in die Selbstständigkeit begleiten. Die Befragung ist Teil des unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr ... [more ▼]

Kurzfassung der wichtigsten Ergebnisse einer Befragung von Professionellen, die Übergänge von Jugendlichen in die Selbstständigkeit begleiten. Die Befragung ist Teil des unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Ute Karl vom FNR geförderten Forschungsprojekts „TransCare“. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality of work – Index - 2. Forschungsbericht zur Weiterentwicklung des Arbeitsqualitätsindexes in Luxemburg
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Report (2016)

Der Survey zu dem „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW), der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambre des Salariés entwickelt wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015 ... [more ▼]

Der Survey zu dem „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW), der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambre des Salariés entwickelt wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015), wurde 2015 bereits zum dritten Mal in einer telefonischen Befragung erhoben. Ziel des Index ist es, die erlebte Arbeitssituation und -qualität luxemburgischer Arbeitnehmer zu erfassen. Der vorliegende Bericht dokumentiert die psychometrische Testung der Güte des aktuellen Erhebungsinstru-ments. In einem ersten Schritt erfolgt die Beschreibung der Verteilung der für die Skalen genutzten Items (Mittelwert, SD, Schiefe, Kurtosis). Im nächsten Schritt erfolgt die Überprüfung der internen Konsistenz der Skalen mittels verschiedener Reliabilitätsstatistiken (Cronbach’s Alpha, Korrelationsanalysen der Items) sowie Koeffizienten zur Beschreibung der Skalenverteilung. Wo vorhanden werden Indikatoren eingesetzt, um die Validität der Konstrukte zu eruieren. Explorative und konfirmatorische Faktoren-analysen dienen dazu, zu testen, ob die Items auf den a priori festgelegten Faktoren laden und ob sich die unterstellte Faktorenstruktur auch in den Daten zeigt. Außerdem werden die Zusammenhänge der Skalen mittels Korrelationsanalysen überprüft. Die QoW-Skalen werden außerdem auf verschiedene Well-Being-Skalen regressiert, um deren Relevanz für den QoW-Index zu überprüfen. Da die Befragung 2015 teilweise als Panelbefragung durchgeführt wurde (Panelbefragte n = 762), wird außerdem überprüft, ob es hinsichtlich demographischer Eigenschaften der Befragten, hinsichtlich der QoW-Skalen oder hinsichtlich verschiedener Well-Being-Maße zu systematischen Ausfällen gekom-men ist. Ebenso werden einige Längsschnitt-Regressionsanalysen gerechnet, um zu überprüfen, ob einige Arbeitsbedingungen längerfristige Effekte auf das Well-Being der Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg haben. Abschließend wird das gesamte Erhebungsinstrument zusammenfassend diskutiert und Empfehlungen bezüglich der Skalen, der Erhebung demographischer Variablen sowie des Designs der weiteren Befra-gungen gegeben. [less ▲]

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See detailDes séparations aux rencontres en camps et colos Rapport d’évaluation du dispositif #GénérationCampColo
Kerivel, Aude UL; Bacou, Magalie; Bataille, Jean-Marie et al

Report (2016)

Renforcer la cohésion sociale et le vivre ensemble dans notre société, tout en favorisant les mixités des jeunesses au sein des camps et des colos, et en contribuant à l’innovation de ces institutions qui ... [more ▼]

Renforcer la cohésion sociale et le vivre ensemble dans notre société, tout en favorisant les mixités des jeunesses au sein des camps et des colos, et en contribuant à l’innovation de ces institutions qui connaissent une désaffection chronique, un triple objectif du dispositif #GenerationCampColo que ce rapport d’évaluation cherche à interroger. Outre des pistes d’innovation, la recherche évaluative interroge les manières de mixer les jeunesses et met en lumière les processus de séparation des publics, en amont, qui entravent les processus de mixité. Ces séparations découlent des politiques publiques sectorielles et du mode de fonctionnement des camps et des colos. Comment passer alors d’une situation de séparation des jeunes, en publics hiérarchisés, à une égalité de traitement dans l’organisation des séjours ? Les résultats montrent la nécessité de construire des séjours « inclusifs » basés sur un accès inconditionnel et un accueil universel. Ces préalables permettront de questionner et discuter, autour d'un « faire ensemble » commun, les socialisations différenciées et les représentations hiérarchisées. [less ▲]

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See detailReport on Information on Groups
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL; Armour, J.; Bartkus, G. et al

Report (2016)

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See detailReport on digitalisation in Company law
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL; Armour, J.; Bartkus, G. et al

Report (2016)

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See detailAnalyse de l'utilisation des (e-)pétitions à la Chambre des Députés
Kies, Raphaël UL

Report (2016)

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the ... [more ▼]

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the citizens’ opinion and awareness on the four referendum issues. The evaluation was made on the basis of four citizen consultations composed by a representative panel of citizens resident in Luxembourg. In addition of providing an overview of the state of citizens’ knowledge and opinions (and their evolution), the analysis allows to assess how participants perceive the consultation process itself. The second objective is to present and discuss concrete proposals to include citizen’s in the constitutional reform and in the referendum campaign. This last part is based on the teachings of the consultation carried out in Luxembourg as well as three case studies where people were fully involved in the constitutional reform process: the case of Iceland, Ireland and the State of Oregon (USA). [less ▲]

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See detailStates and the development of International Criminal Law: Report on Greece Report on Greece
Pichou, Maria UL

Report (2016)

The report will be published in English and Spanish in a book that will comprise all reports by each Rapporteur/Secretary of the Foundation for Advanced Studies in Legal Sciences in Argentina (FAECJ). The ... [more ▼]

The report will be published in English and Spanish in a book that will comprise all reports by each Rapporteur/Secretary of the Foundation for Advanced Studies in Legal Sciences in Argentina (FAECJ). The purpose of the report is to provide a short and profound view of the development of international criminal law in each country. [less ▲]

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See detailPrivacy-Preserving Proximity Services
Haus, Michael; Emara, Karim Ahmed Awad El-Sayed UL; Ott, Joerg

Report (2016)

In the last years, the paradigm of personal computing changed drastically, moving away from stationary PCs and heavyweight laptops to mobile devices. This change is based on the ubiquity of mobile ... [more ▼]

In the last years, the paradigm of personal computing changed drastically, moving away from stationary PCs and heavyweight laptops to mobile devices. This change is based on the ubiquity of mobile interconnected devices leading to great opportunities for services that utilize location, such as navigation or communication with nearby friends. Location-based Services (LBS) are widely used based on a centralized architecture and absolute GPS positions. We focus on Proximity-based Services (PBS) based on peer-to-peer architecture to detect what is around us. In addition, we provide further insights about which data are potentially useful to create meaningful proximity information. Many LBS and PBS achieve their functionality without advanced privacy protection mechanisms. However, mobile data especially location data is sensitive, because adversaries can infer whereabouts of mobile users. Moreover, the uniqueness of human mobility traces is high yielding to a high identification rate of individual users. Therefore, we review the most recent literature in the domain of private proximity testing including attack models. [less ▲]

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See detailSupporting young adults with special educational needs (SEN) in obtaining higher qualifications
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

Report (2016)

Supporting young adults with special educational needs in obtaining higher qualifications is an ambitious, desirable and noble project, occasionally labeled “university for all” or “full inclusion in ... [more ▼]

Supporting young adults with special educational needs in obtaining higher qualifications is an ambitious, desirable and noble project, occasionally labeled “university for all” or “full inclusion in higher education”. But there is a risk, that beyond inclusive rhetoric, universities persist in being perceived by national policymakers and also perceive themselves as elite organizatins, that is only accessible to highly educated and highly skilled persons that will be successful in labour market competition and so promise to recapitalize (increasingly high) investments in higher education. Not inclusion efforts and individuals with disabilities, but rather national economic growth and international competitiveness are in the centre of contemporary concerns, despite the worldwide ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and global acknowledgment of inclusive education as a human right. While some students with disabilities certainly do manage to adapt to the existing systems of higher education, especially when they receive reasonable accommodations they deserve, but there will be other students with more severe disabilities who may need more support to reach their individual learning goals and who may not promise to 'return' the invest. Yet not only those students with disabilities who are labeled as incompatible with employment remain persistently excluded from higher education. Having in mind this risk, the rhetoric of “university for all” has to be reconsidered. At the same time that many universities are seriously challenged by reductions in public funding, universal design principles diffuse worldwide, and the UN Convention mandates accessibility at all levels of learning, including higher education. [less ▲]

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See detailÉléments pour une évaluation de la réforme de la formation professionnelle : les principales critiques
Meyers, Raymond UL; Speltz, Fernand; Houssemand, Claude UL

Report (2015)

Une importante réforme de la formation professionnelle initiale est en cours au Luxembourg depuis 2008. Elle consiste en l'introduction systématique d'un enseignement par compétences pour l'ensemble des ... [more ▼]

Une importante réforme de la formation professionnelle initiale est en cours au Luxembourg depuis 2008. Elle consiste en l'introduction systématique d'un enseignement par compétences pour l'ensemble des 120 métiers et en la mise en œuvre des formations sous une forme modulaire et flexible. Ainsi, les principales modifications par rapport à l’ancien modèle sont la substitution des notations chiffrées de savoirs par des évaluations qualitatives de compétences, et les rattrapages à la carte des modules non réussis par l'élève jusqu'à réussite de ceux-ci, dans le cadre de la limite temporelle légale. Cette nouvelle procédure a buté sur un nombre important de difficultés, critiques et résistances. Une « réforme de la réforme » a été entreprise depuis 2014, aboutissant en février 2015 au dépôt d'un nouveau projet de loi (n° 6774) visant à réviser l'ancienne. Afin de préparer et d'accompagner cette révision et les discussions autour de ce travail législatif, l’Institut LifeLong Learning and Guidance (LLLG) de l’Université du Luxembourg a été chargé par le Service de la formation professionnelle (SFP) du ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enfance et de la Jeunesse (MENJE), de réaliser une étude qualitative d'évaluation de la formation professionnelle telle qu'elle se présente actuellement. Le présent document reprend certaines conclusions de cette étude. Il est à destination des commanditaires de celle-ci, mais également de la commission de l'Education nationale, de l'Enfance et de la Jeunesse de la Chambre des députés. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards more secure and usable cloud storage for E-Health
Ghatpande, Sankalp; Gheorghe, Gabriela UL

Report (2015)

Secure storage for medical data when using cloud systems is a problem of high importance to healthcare institutions and cloud providers as well. This report investigates how safe is the storage provided ... [more ▼]

Secure storage for medical data when using cloud systems is a problem of high importance to healthcare institutions and cloud providers as well. This report investigates how safe is the storage provided by state of the art tools, discusses their limitations and proposes some solutions and techniques to improve confidentiality when storing medical data remotely. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding relationships between school, family and community to enhance students' school persistence and avoid Early School Leaving (ESL)
Poncelet, Débora UL; Billa, Jean; Schürnbrand, Carmen et al

Report (2015)

Dropout is a multidimensional phenomenon, resulting from a combination of personal, family and school factors that interact with each other. The combination of risk factors (or protective factors) is an ... [more ▼]

Dropout is a multidimensional phenomenon, resulting from a combination of personal, family and school factors that interact with each other. The combination of risk factors (or protective factors) is an event or a condition that increase (or reduce) the likelihood of an individual experience of emotional or behavioural problems, that may contribute to school dropout. The decision to stop school education is the result of a long evolutionary process that is characterized by an accumulation of frustrations, often induced by academic failures and difficult relationships with peers, teachers, and parents. Through involvement in educational aspects, families especially play an important role in student success and affect conditions that might lead to dropping out: positive impact on school performance, enhancing motivation and school involvement, improving well-being and school behaviours, building a constructive and efficient relationship between school and family could be an efficient way to avoid school dropout. In this session, our exchanges and reflections aim at comparing and analyzing issues, experiences, ideas, and questions from different interventions of European representatives. Through these different contributions, we try to highlight concrete policies for UE countries regarding the connections that we can do between school dropout and relationships between school, family and community. [less ▲]

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See detail« De l’Empathie Pour Lutter Contre le Harcèlement à l’Ecole (EPLUCHE) »
Kerivel, Aude UL

Report (2015)

L’expérimentation évaluée consiste à proposer une éducation à l’empathie pendant deux années scolaires consécutives aux élèves de 20 classes de CM1 puis de CM2, afin de lutter contre le harcèlement à ... [more ▼]

L’expérimentation évaluée consiste à proposer une éducation à l’empathie pendant deux années scolaires consécutives aux élèves de 20 classes de CM1 puis de CM2, afin de lutter contre le harcèlement à l’école. A partir du concept d’empathie, présenté par une équipe de recherche comme la capacité à reconnaître les émotions d’autrui, à assumer le point de vue d’autrui et à manifester de la sensibilité »1, chercheurs, artistes, sportifs, coordonnateurs ECLAIR et enseignants vont co-construire, expérimenter et proposer des séances de jeux sportifs, dansés, théâtre forum et jeux de rôle, toujours associés à des temps de verbalisation. La question que nous pose cette expérimentation est donc la suivante : de quelle manière l’éducation à l’empathie peut-elle permettre de prévenir, résoudre, voire éviter les situations de harcèlement entre pairs et plus largement de violence à l’école ? L’objectif de notre expérimentation est de mesurer l’impact de l’expérimentation sur la population visée, à savoir les élèves, mais aussi les parents et les enseignants de CM1 puis de CM2, de repérer les conditions de mise en œuvre et de transférabilité du dispositif. La choix d’une méthode mixte et innovante alliant observations, observations participantes, entretiens collectifs, questionnaires et questionnaire ludique au début et à la fin de la démarche (à destination des enfants), ainsi que le suivi régulier de l’expérimentation, nous permet de rendre un certain nombre de conclusions quant aux effets de l’expérimentation sur l’ensemble des populations. L’expérimentation, grâce au travail collaboratif et au va-et-vient entre théorie et pratique a su s’ajuster afin de faire en sorte que l’ensemble des enfants et que le plus grand nombre de parents bénéficient du dispositif. Parmi les principaux effets hypothétiques2 de l’expérimentation, nous pouvons repérer une baisse significative du nombre d’enfants concernés par les situations d’exclusion (passant de 47,6% en 2013 à 30,2% en 2014) et de harcèlement (passant de 24% à 12,3%). Au delà des situations de harcèlement, l’expérimentation semble impacter le climat scolaire de manière plus générale, puisqu’on observe par exemple une baisse de la peur dans les situations d’apprentissage telles que le passage au tableau. L’information transmise à la majorité des parents et leur participation, pour une partie, aux goûters, témoignent du fait que l’empathie n’entraine pas seulement l’adhésion des professionnels. Ces derniers, déterminants dans la mise en œuvre du dispositif, ont eux aussi été impactés par l’expérimentation, tant en ce qui concerne une sensibilisation à la notion de harcèlement et une capacité à repérer et agir en équipe en direction de ces situations, que dans la connaissance par le biais de « l’éprouvé » et la capacité à la transmission de l’empathie. Les conditions de réalisation de cette expérimentation tiennent à un ensemble d’éléments : - le soutien et la confiance de la hiérarchie, donnant la possibilité aux enseignants d’accéder à un nouveau concept, incarné par le chercheur à l’origine de la théorie ; - le travail à partir de ce concept permettant aux enseignants prise de recul et appropriation de théorie dont l’intérêt tient à la possibilité d’engagement dans la construction d’une mise en œuvre permise par le temps laissé ; - la possibilité d’expérimenter par le corps, mais aussi de dégager au fur et à mesure de nouvelles notions (émotions, rites...) enrichies par le croisement des différents regards et la rencontre. Enfin, ce que nous pouvons retenir de cette expérimentation, c’est le caractère positif et valorisant de la notion d’empathie, qui propose un autre point de départ que celui de la lutte contre le harcèlement par exemple. Une compétence sociale, qui peut aider au travail d’égalité entre filles et garçons et réconciliant rapport à soi et rapport aux autres. [less ▲]

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See detailMediennutzung Jugendlicher in Luxemburg
König, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges UL

Report (2015)

Im vorliegenden Bericht werden die Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung an luxemburgischen Jugendlichen zu deren Nutzungsverhalten von Computerspielen und des Internets vorgestellt. Ziel der Studie ... [more ▼]

Im vorliegenden Bericht werden die Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung an luxemburgischen Jugendlichen zu deren Nutzungsverhalten von Computerspielen und des Internets vorgestellt. Ziel der Studie war zum einen, einen diesbezüglich aktualisierten Überblick, und zum anderen, bislang für Luxemburg noch fehlende Prävalenzdaten zur dysfunktionalen Nutzung zu gewinnen. Ausgehend von einem für die luxemburgische Stichprobe modifizierten Fragebogen, der im Rahmen der EU NET ADB Studie (Tsitsika et al., 2013) zum gleichen doppelten Zweck in sieben europäischen Ländern eingesetzt wurde, wurden n=362 Kinder und Jugendliche im Alter von 10 bis 21 Jahren in Papierform bzw. Online befragt, von denen n=265 den Fragebogen vollständig beantworteten (Papierversion: n=50, Online-Version: n=215). Erfasst wurden neben für den Internetzugang verwendeten Geräten und gewählten Orten vor allem das zeitliche Ausmaß der Nutzung von Computerspielen und Internet allgemein, sowie spezifisch die Häufigkeit, mit der bestimmten Online-Aktivitäten nachgegangen wird. Die Ergebnisse lassen deutlich werden, dass Computerspiele und das Internet einen großen Teil der Freizeit der befragten Kinder und Jugendlichen einnehmen. Eine umfassende deskriptive und statistische Auswertung der erhobenen Daten zeigt auf, dass sich alle relevanten Parameter im Rahmen der zum Vergleich vorliegenden Daten aus anderen europäischen Ländern (Tsitsika et al., 2013) bewegen. Dies schließt allerdings auch die Feststellung eines vergleichbaren Handlungsbedarfs ein. Dieser betrifft neben präventiven und pädagogischen Maßnahmen der Hinführung zu einem verantwortungsvollen Umgang mit den Computerspielen und Internet allgemein, sowie im Speziellen mit altersinadäquaten Inhalten, insbesondere die Versorgung des Anteils an Jugendlichen, die bereits ein klinisch auffälliges pathologisches Nutzungsverhalten zeigen. [less ▲]

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See detailIDRL in Italy: A Study on Strengthening Legal Preparedness for International Disaster Response
Gatti, Mauro UL

Report (2015)

This report seeks to identify the main obstacles that existing rules create for international cooperation in the event of disasters in Italy: It does so by looking to the Guidelines for the Domestic ... [more ▼]

This report seeks to identify the main obstacles that existing rules create for international cooperation in the event of disasters in Italy: It does so by looking to the Guidelines for the Domestic Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance (hereinafter the IDRL Guidelines) and to the EU Host Nation Support Guidelines (HNSG). The analysis seeks to point out solutions (mostly legislative ones) that may contribute to enhancing international cooperation in response to disasters occurring in Italy. The report finds that Italy has developed advanced and flexible disaster response mechanisms. Furthermore, Italy’s participation in international cooperation arrangements, notably the European Union (EU) Civil Protection Mechanism, reinforces the country’s capacities and preparedness. As of today, the country has seldom relied on external assistance, and when it did, international cooperation did not prove problematic. Indeed, it would seem that Italian law is generally in line with the prescriptions of the IDRL Guidelines and the HNSG, especially as concerns assistance originating from other EU countries. However, the investigation has also indicated three main problems that need to be addressed in order to ensure effective and accountable assistance in the future. In the first place, the institutional framework is fragmented: Numerous organs with different resources and powers intervene in disaster response. In the second place, it is not always easy to say what rules apply: There is a multiplicity of instruments that regulate disaster response, and their identification and interpretation is often complex. And, in the third place, some of the rules may hinder incoming aid: There are cases in which the law may prevent the provision of assistance or may discourage it by imposing onerous procedures and financial obligations. These problems can be addressed by fixing the flaws identified in the report, that is, by clarifying existing law, repealing outdated provisions, and introducing specific norms designed to regulate and facilitate international cooperation. To this end, the report offers recommendations for the competent authorities. [less ▲]

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See detailEine Bilanz zur Gesetzesreform Aide 'a l'Enfance et à la Famille (AEF)
Peters, Ulla UL; Jäger, Julia UL; Ministerium für nationale Bildung, Kindheit und Jugend Luxemburg

Report (2015)

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See detailConsultations citoyennes et réformes constitutionnelles
Kies, Raphaël UL

Report (2015)

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the ... [more ▼]

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the citizens’ opinion and awareness on the four referendum issues. The evaluation was made on the basis of four citizen consultations composed by a representative panel of citizens resident in Luxembourg. In addition of providing an overview of the state of citizens’ knowledge and opinions (and their evolution), that analysis allows to assess how participants perceive the consultation process itself. The second objective is to present and discuss concrete proposals to include citizen’s in the process of the constitutional reform and the referendum. This last part is based on the teachings of the consultation carried out in Luxembourg as well as three case studies where people were fully involved in the constitutional reform process: the case of Iceland, Ireland and the State of Oregon (USA). [less ▲]

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See detailMedia freedomand pluralism in Luxembourg
Kies, Raphaël UL; Schall, Céline UL; Nommesch, Kim

Report (2015)

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See detailLa mixité fonctionnelle à l’épreuve. Une perspective européenne : les expériences de Milan, Copenhaugue, Hamburg
Bricocoli, Massimo UL; Savoldi, Paola

Report (2014)

The report presents the outcomes of a research commissioned by the Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture within the research program ""Mixité fonctionelle versus zoning : de noveaux enjeux?". The ... [more ▼]

The report presents the outcomes of a research commissioned by the Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture within the research program ""Mixité fonctionelle versus zoning : de noveaux enjeux?". The Multidisciplinary Research group was coordinated by Massimo Bricocoli and Paola Savoldi and involved 3 research units investigating in 3 different European cities: Milano (Massimo Bricocoli, Paola Savoldi, Francesco Curci at Politecnico di Milano), Copenhagen (Jens Kvorning, Katrine Østergaard Bang, Bruno Tournay at Center for Urbanism, Royal Danish Academy for the Fine Arts), Hamburg (Ingrid Breckner, Nima Dafateri-Moghaddam at HafenCity University). The redevelopment of inner city urban areas has been a main concern for European cities dealing with post-industrial restructuring in the last decades. Large areas have been released from a manufacturing vocation and have been transformed through large-scale development projects. It is worth investigating how spatial and social organization processes are developing in these new urban areas which tend to display a significant role in supporting the attractiveness of cities and in hosting a consistent number of new economic activities as well as in housing those inhabitants who “return to the city” in a phase of re-urbanisation. In this respect, driving research questions have been: under which conditions, and with which expectations, do people decide to settle in the central city? What sort of city-space has been produced? How and why are uses influencing urban qualities? Which are the elements that allow and support a mix of functions and social groups in the face of prevalent tendencies towards separation and segregation? Along these questions, we have been analysing (through direct observation, intensive field work and interviewing, policy analysis and a photo reportage) three redevelopment projects which are emblematically documenting the transformation of productive areas into multifunctional urban areas with a residential core function: Bicocca/Milan, Islands Brygge/Copenhagen, HafenCity/Hamburg. [less ▲]

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See detailConfronting the Represetantive Consumer with Household-Size Heterogeneity
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schroeder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

Report (2014)

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See detailFormation des salaires et indexation automatique - Analyse comparative de quatre pays européens
Bourgain, Arnaud UL; Sneessens, Henri UL; Shadman, Fatemeh et al

Report (2014)

Automatic indexation mechanisms are often criticized for being a key source of inflexibility of actual real wages and thus responsible for a lack of adjustment to in the labour market and for a ... [more ▼]

Automatic indexation mechanisms are often criticized for being a key source of inflexibility of actual real wages and thus responsible for a lack of adjustment to in the labour market and for a deterioration of cost-competiveness. The aim of this study is to empirically assess whether this point of view is well founded. Statistical The Statistical and econometric research relates to four countries: two with institutionalized indexation of wages to consumer prices (Luxembourg and Belgium) and two without institutionalized indexation (Germany and France). this comparative econometric study, applied to four countries with or without indexation mechanisms, shows that the presence of institutionalized indexation does not significantly alter the process through which hourly wages are set, by observingas revealed by the long-term relationships or dynamic reactions to an exogenous shock. In other words, whilst differences in wage flexibility exist, their causes may be found elsewhere and not necessarily in automatic indexation mechanisms. Beyond the perimeter of this study, factors for the adjustment or inflexibility of wages might rather be sought in other directions, such as wages upon recruitment, inter-sector flexibility, the variable portion of remuneration, or changes in the composition of the labour force by sector, for example. [less ▲]

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See detailData Retention after the Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union
Cole, Mark UL; Boehm, Franziska

Report (2014)

Executive Summary This study analyses the Data Retention Directive Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union of 8 April 2014 and evaluates its impact on other data retention measures at ... [more ▼]

Executive Summary This study analyses the Data Retention Directive Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union of 8 April 2014 and evaluates its impact on other data retention measures at Member States as well as at EU level. [less ▲]

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See detailKevoree Modeling Framework (KMF): Efficient modeling techniques for runtime use
Fouquet, François UL; Nain, Grégory UL; Morin, Brice et al

Report (2014)

The creation of Domain Specific Languages(DSL) counts as one of the main goals in the field of Model-Driven Software Engineering (MDSE). The main purpose of these DSLs is to facilitate the manipulation of ... [more ▼]

The creation of Domain Specific Languages(DSL) counts as one of the main goals in the field of Model-Driven Software Engineering (MDSE). The main purpose of these DSLs is to facilitate the manipulation of domain specific concepts, by providing developers with specific tools for their domain of expertise. A natural approach to create DSLs is to reuse existing modeling standards and tools. In this area, the Eclipse Modeling Framework (EMF) has rapidly become the defacto standard in the MDSE for building Domain Specific Languages (DSL) and tools based on generative techniques. However, the use of EMF generated tools in domains like Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing or Models@Runtime reaches several limitations. In this paper, we identify several properties the generated tools must comply with to be usable in other domains than desktop-based software systems. We then challenge EMF on these properties and describe our approach to overcome the limitations. Our approach, implemented in the Kevoree Modeling Framework (KMF), is finally evaluated according to the identified properties and compared to EMF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 149 (30 UL)
See detailLes professions juridiques et judiciaires en Europe / Fiche sur le regime en Grèce
Beka, Anthi UL

Report (2014)

This report has been written in the framework of a comparative project undertaken by the University of Bordeaux on behalf of the French public institution "Mission Droit et Justice". It answers the ... [more ▼]

This report has been written in the framework of a comparative project undertaken by the University of Bordeaux on behalf of the French public institution "Mission Droit et Justice". It answers the questionnaire that has been provided by the research group leading the project, with regard to certain aspects of the impact of European Union law on Greek law governing the legal profession. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrectness of source code extension for fault detection in openflow based networks
Hermann, Frank UL; Hommes, Stefan UL; State, Radu UL et al

Report (2014)

Software Defined Networks using OpenFlow have to provide a re- liable way to detect network faults and attacks. This technical report shows a formal analysis of correctness for an automated code extension ... [more ▼]

Software Defined Networks using OpenFlow have to provide a re- liable way to detect network faults and attacks. This technical report shows a formal analysis of correctness for an automated code extension technique used to extend OpenFlow networks with a logging mecha- nism that is used for the detection of faults and attacks. As presented in a companion paper, we applied the code extension techniques for a framework that can extend controller programs transparently, making possible on-line fault management, debugging as well as off-line and forensic analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévention de la corruption des parlementaires, des juges et des procureurs- FRANCE
Poirier, Philippe UL

Report (2014)

le Groupe d’Etats contre la Corruption (GRECO) du Conseil de l'Europe salue diverses réformes récentes dans la prévention de la corruption en France, mais note qu’il reste des lacunes importantes dans la ... [more ▼]

le Groupe d’Etats contre la Corruption (GRECO) du Conseil de l'Europe salue diverses réformes récentes dans la prévention de la corruption en France, mais note qu’il reste des lacunes importantes dans la réglementation et le statut des parlementaires, juges et procureurs. Le GRECO conclue que députés et sénateurs ne font pas encore l’objet de règles adéquates sur les conflits d’intérêts, les cadeaux et autres avantages, les déclarations de patrimoine et les conséquences à tirer de manquements dans ces matières. Il préconise également des améliorations concernant les collaborateurs et assistants parlementaires (en raison de risques de lobbying déguisé et d’emplois fictifs), les indemnités représentatives de frais de mandat (pouvant être utilisées à d’autres fins) ou encore la réserve parlementaire qui concerne des fonds gérés par les parlementaires mais dont l’utilisation est laissée aux groupes politiques et membres du parlement. Le rapport souligne que la justice jouit globalement d’une réputation d’intégrité. La situation des tribunaux de commerce et du travail, composés de juges bénévoles sujets à peu de garde-fous efficaces, appelle néanmoins des réformes d’envergure. Il reste aussi des risques d’interventions du pouvoir exécutif dans le système disciplinaire et des carrières des juges et plus encore des procureurs. En 2013, le pouvoir du ministre de la Justice de donner des instructions aux procureurs dans des dossiers individuels a été définitivement aboli. Néanmoins, afin d’éviter les soupçons d’instructions déguisées, le GRECO appelle à mieux réglementer la faculté du Ministère de la Justice d’exiger des informations en temps réel dans les dossiers sensibles. Il appelle aussi à mettre en place des limites plus strictes au secret-défense, afin de limiter les risques d’abus du dispositif dans les affaires sensibles ou de grande corruption. La mise en œuvre des 11 recommandations adressées à la France sera examinée par le GRECO au cours du deuxième semestre 2015 par le biais d’une procédure de conformité spécifique. [less ▲]

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See detailEine Single-Item-Skala zur Erfassung von Risikobereitschaf: Die Kurzskala Risikobereitschaft-1 (R-1)
Beierlein, C.; Kovaleva, A.; Kemper, Christoph UL et al

Report (2014)

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See detailBericht zur Reform der Aide à l'Enfance et à la Famille (AEF)
Peters, Ulla UL; Jäger, Julia UL; Ministerium für nationale Bildung, Kindheit und Jugend Luxemburg

Report (2014)

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See detailEine Single-Item-Skala zur Erfassung der Allgemeinen Lebenszufriedenheit: Die Kurzskala Lebenszufriedenheit-1 (L-1)
Beierlein, C.; Kovaleva, A.; László, Z. et al

Report (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (1 UL)
See detailReNEUAL model rules on EU administrative procedure
Mendes, Joana UL; Hofmann, Herwig UL; Schneider, Jens-Peter et al

Report (2014)

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See detailBook II - Administrative Rulemaking
Mendes, Joana UL; Curtin, Deirdre; Hoffman, Herwig C. H. et al

Report (2014)

Book II aims to fill a gap in the existing legal system of the EU. It links the provisions, general principles of law and values arising from primary law with the procedure for adoption of non-legislative ... [more ▼]

Book II aims to fill a gap in the existing legal system of the EU. It links the provisions, general principles of law and values arising from primary law with the procedure for adoption of non-legislative acts of general application. Progressively over the past decades, a set of constitutional values emerged as general principles of law both in the case law of the CJ and in (incremental) Treaty amendments. Such principles have until now mainly shaped the EU’s institutional structures and decision-making procedures with regard to the EU’s formalised legislative procedure. Rule-making outside of legislative procedures, the subject matter of this book, has arguably been much less influenced by these constitutional principles. The implementation of such principles is, in any event, scattered across single provisions in some but not all policy areas. The provisions of this book are designed to ensure their systematic infusion into non-legislative rule-making more generally [less ▲]

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See detailInformaticaonderwijs aan Nederlandse Universiteiten in 2013 - State of the Art
Paredaens, Jan; Bijlsma, Lex; Boot, Peter et al

Report (2014)

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See detailStandards für die stationären Hilfen in der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe - Fachliche Hintergründe und wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse
Peters, Ulla UL; Jäger, Julia UL; Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l'Enfance et de la Jeunesse

Report (2014)

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See detailNational intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Ramires Campino, Ana Rita

Report (2014)

Given the present state of law, Luxembourgish legislation does not provide any legal basis for mass surveillance. Nonetheless, various social and political developments compelled the state to develop them ... [more ▼]

Given the present state of law, Luxembourgish legislation does not provide any legal basis for mass surveillance. Nonetheless, various social and political developments compelled the state to develop them in the interests of national protection. During the cold war, Luxembourg had prepared to protect the country from the Soviet Union threats. Under such circumstances, it created the State Intelligence Service SIS (Service de renseignement de l'état, SREL) whose mission of that time was to protect national secrets externally and secrets of the United States with whom Luxembourg was united by common defense agreements [less ▲]

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See detailAccessibility to Healthcare
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Report (2014)

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See detailCountry studies for the project ‘Protection against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the EU, Comparative legal analysis, Update 2015
Vysotskaya, Volha UL

Report (2014)

The Employment Directive was transposed into the “Equal Treatment Law” of 28 November 2006 on equal treatment (the “Law”). 1 The law’s definitions of direct and indirect discrimination includes all the ... [more ▼]

The Employment Directive was transposed into the “Equal Treatment Law” of 28 November 2006 on equal treatment (the “Law”). 1 The law’s definitions of direct and indirect discrimination includes all the elements in the definitions of the concept given in the Employment Directive, in particular less favourable treatment because of an individual’s sexual orientation as grounds for a finding of direct or indirect discrimination. The Equal treatment law amends the Labour and Criminal Codes, following very closely the provisions of the Employment Directive. By transposing both the Employment Directive and the Racial Equality Directive in the same piece of legislation, the Law broadens the Employment Directive’s material scope of the application, the “Equal Treatment Law” . The law also provides for the establishment of a Centre for Equal Treatment (CET) (Centre pour l’égalité de traitement, CET), which began to set up the elements necessary for its operation at the end of 2007. The CET has emphasised that its mission provides it with no binding powers over institutions or private persons that do not wish to collaborate with it; and believes that its investigative powers should be strengthened. [less ▲]

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See detail“Protecting Victims’ Rights in the EU: the theory and practice of diversity of treatment during the criminal trial. National Report: France”
Tricot, Juliette; Binard, Clément; Iliadou, Rita et al

Report (2014)

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See detailGreen growth in the Benelux: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions
Bruyninckx, Hans; Martinez, Cristina; Sharpe, Samantha et al

Report (2013)

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See detailAccess to Electoral Rights: Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Report (2013)

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See detailEvaluative Gespräche 2012 zur Arbeit mit der Herkunftsfamilie in der Heimerziehung
Peters, Ulla UL; Jäger, Julia UL; Lellinger, Danielle

Report (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (11 UL)
See detailCountry report on citizenship law: Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Report (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 UL)
See detailNaturalisation Procedures for Immigrants: Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Report (2013)

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See detailTHE NETWORK EFFECT IN International Migration
Beine, Michel UL

Report (2013)

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See detailDie Bildungsrelevanz der Betreuungswirklichkeit: Eine Studie zur institutionellen Praxis nicht-familialer Kleinkindererziehung. Problemstellung, Ansatz und ausgewählte Ergebnisse des Forschungsprojekts "Betreuungswirklichkeit und Bildungswirklichkeit. Qualität und Qualifizierung in flexiblen Strukturen der Kinderbetreuung luxemburgischer Maisons Relais pour Enfants" (EDUQUA-MRE)
Honig, Michael-Sebastian UL; Neumann, Sascha UL; Schnoor, Oliver UL et al

Report (2013)

The study deals with the practice of education and care for 0-4 year old children in the publicly funded daycare sector of Luxembourg by examining six selected crèches with the methods of ethnographic ... [more ▼]

The study deals with the practice of education and care for 0-4 year old children in the publicly funded daycare sector of Luxembourg by examining six selected crèches with the methods of ethnographic fieldwork. It describes the realities of care focusing on the question how professionals account for their educational significance in light of heterogeneous and at times also dilemmatic expectations of their services. Thus, the study contributes to debates on the educational quality of daycare facilities. In contrast to most other studies on tis subject, however, it does not presuppose what "education" is or should be. Rather, it understands education as a task that educational practice has to confront in order to assure itself as being educational and to represent itself as such in front of its audience. Empirically, the study is about practices of pedagogicalization. Theoretically, it is about aspects of the institutionalization of non-familial childcare. [less ▲]

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See detailJugendliche Risikolagen im Übergang zwischen Schule und Beruf
Milmeister, Paul UL; Heinen, Andreas UL; Milmeister, Marianne UL et al

Report (2013)

In vielen europäischen Ländern haben Jugendliche zunehmend Probleme beim Übergang von der Schule in den Beruf. Die hohen Zahlen arbeitsloser Jugendlicher in vielen Ländern Europas verdeutlichen diesen ... [more ▼]

In vielen europäischen Ländern haben Jugendliche zunehmend Probleme beim Übergang von der Schule in den Beruf. Die hohen Zahlen arbeitsloser Jugendlicher in vielen Ländern Europas verdeutlichen diesen Trend. Der vorliegende Bericht greift diese Entwicklung auf und beschäftigt sich mit den spezifischen Problemen und Risiken von Jugendlichen in Luxemburg beim Übergang auf den Arbeitsmarkt. In einem ersten Schritt werden die zentralen theoretischen Konzepte zur Beschreibung von Übergängen und Übergangsproblemen skizziert und kritisch erläutert. Davon ausgehend erfolgt für Luxemburg die differenzierte Beschreibung potentieller Problem- und Risikolagen von Jugendlichen. Die empirische Analyse erfolgt dabei auf der Grundlage vorhandener Daten (Sekundäranalyse). Der Blick wird nicht nur auf die Arbeitslosigkeit gerichtet, sondern auch auf die Situation Jugendlicher in Bildungs- und Arbeitsmaßnahmen, in prekärer Beschäftigung sowie auf Jugendliche, die inaktiv sind. [less ▲]

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See detailLebensqualität im Landkreis Trier-Saarburg 2013
Jacob, Rüdiger; Sischka, Philipp UL; Helsper, Anke et al

Report (2013)

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See detailTransparency of Media Ownership - Luxembourg
Cole, Mark UL

Report (2013)

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See detailSafer Mobility for Elderly Road Users
Mathieson, Paul; Dean, Adrian; Goss, Sue et al

Report (2013)

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See detailVersorgungsbericht Trier-Saarburg
Jacob, Rüdiger; Michels, Harald; Sischka, Philipp UL et al

Report (2013)

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See detailLernprozesse und Lernerfahrungen in Jugendprojekten. Eine Studie zu Aspekten non-formaler Bildung in den Projekten von "Jugend in Aktion" in Luxemburg
Weis, Daniel UL; Meyers, Christiane UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Report (2013)

This report summarises the results of a study of the learning effects in the projects of the European Union "Youth in Action” programme (YiA). This national study is part of a European study into non ... [more ▼]

This report summarises the results of a study of the learning effects in the projects of the European Union "Youth in Action” programme (YiA). This national study is part of a European study into non-formal learning and takes an academic look at the learning and educational processes within the scope of the projects. The main area of interest here are projects financed by the Luxembourg Agency for the YiA programme. By incorporating them into the European study, which is being carried out by the international RAY Network, the results can also be compared to those of other countries. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual profiles and migration trajectories of third country national cross-border workers the case of Luxembourg
Baltes, Christel UL; Besch, Sylvain; Monteiro, Joaquim et al

Report (2012)

In the case of Luxembourg, the number of CBW continuously increased throughout the years and accounted to almost 42% of the domestic labour force in 2010 . Moreover and for the same reference year ... [more ▼]

In the case of Luxembourg, the number of CBW continuously increased throughout the years and accounted to almost 42% of the domestic labour force in 2010 . Moreover and for the same reference year, Luxembourg’s nationals represented a share of 29% of the total labour force . Concretely, for 100 jobs available on the labour market, 27 were taken up by foreign residents, 29 occupied by Luxembourgers and 44 by CBWs . The present study focuses on TCN-CBWs. Indeed, if CBWs in general have been the subject of a range of studies due to their importance for the labour market in particular, TCN-CBWs have largely been ignored in public debates so far. Taking both a quantitative and a qualitative approach, the present study tries to shed some light on the main characteristics composing the profiles of TCN-CBWs. Thus, TCN-CBWs provide on average for the youngest labour force on the national labour market, the large majority are wage earners under permanent contract and highly skilled. On their motivations to work in Luxembourg, TCN-CBWs put forward in descendent order a) salary, b) possibilities for career development, c) job opportunities in Luxembourg, d) the international working context and e) the professional network . The study also enquires on their integration, migration trajectories and discrimination aspects and leads us to the conclusion that migration histories are eclectic and individual. Even if some traits can be common, such as being highly skilled, their live paths differ in many ways. [less ▲]

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See detail« ROAD 94 (Rassembler des Outils pour l’accompagnement vers l’Autonomie des jeunes dans le Département du Val de Marne)
Kerivel, Aude UL

Report (2012)

Eviter les ruptures de parcours des jeunes en situation de vulnérabilité, tel est l’objectif fixé par Haut commissariat à la Jeunesse dont s’est emparé le Conseil Général du Val-de-Marne, en ... [more ▼]

Eviter les ruptures de parcours des jeunes en situation de vulnérabilité, tel est l’objectif fixé par Haut commissariat à la Jeunesse dont s’est emparé le Conseil Général du Val-de-Marne, en partenariat avec la Protection Judiciaire de la Jeunesse, les missions locales et les association de prévention du département. Si l’Aide Social à l’Enfance et la Protection de la jeunesse s’interrogent sur le devenir des jeunes à la fin de leur prise en charge, la question de l’entrée dans l’âge adulte, l’objectif d’autonomie et d’insertion professionnelle sont une problématique partagée par l’ensemble des organisations partenaires. Après une étude approfondie des manques, besoins et potentiels des jeunes en matière de logement, de formation, d’emploi, de réseau social, de santé et d’accès à la mobilité, le comité technique composé des cadres des organisations porteuses du dispositif et des structures partenaires élaborent un dispositif expérimental : ROAD 94. Après de multiples échanges et tentatives, les bases du dispositif sont créées. Les situations de jeunes pour lesquels les référents manquent de moyen d’action à l’accompagnement sont exposées lors d’une commission. Au cours de celle-ci, les membres de la commission portent un regard réflexif sur la situation et échangent avec le référent, voire avec le jeune concerné. Des allocations financières ponctuelles ou mensuelles, des orientations vers des associations d’insertion par le logement, de parrainage, d’accès à la mobilité ainsi que des prises de rendez-vous pour des bilans médicaux sont proposées. Tout en suivant sa construction et sa mise en œuvre, et en observant l’ensemble des questions qu’elle a suscité, l’évaluation s’est fixée pour objectif de mesurer l’impact du dispositif sur les parcours et trajectoires des jeunes, ainsi que d’objectiver les logiques d’actions, les transformations et la manière dont peut se mettre en place et se maintenir une forme de partenariat. Orientés par l’ASE, la PJJ, les missions locales et les associations de prévention spécialisée, les jeunes ont le point commun d’être à des moments où ils doivent faire face à des changements, des séparations qui dans certains contextes, ou lorsqu’ils s’ajoutent à d’autres séparations ou changements, peuvent entrainer une rupture, faire basculer ces jeunes de la zone de vulnérabilité à une zone de disqualification sociale1. Concernant l’impact du dispositif sur les parcours des jeunes, nous pouvons noter une évolution ou une possibilité de maintien des situations de logement, de formation ou d’emploi pour la majorité des jeunes accompagnés. D’un point de vue plus compréhensif, le dispositif a permis aux jeunes de s’inscrire dans des « projets » adaptés aux moments de leur parcours, à leur capacité et possibilité de projection et à leurs expériences antérieures. L’outil commission, au-delà d’une fonction d’orientation et de conseil, a permis une appréhension plurielle du jeune, évitant ainsi un étiquetage lié au passage dans une institution repérée. En ce qui concerne les logiques d’action et les transformations des organisations, nous pouvons retenir quelques points qui doivent être pris en compte pour une éventuelle généralisation du dispositif. Un véritable partenariat a autorisé le passage de relais et l’augmentation du pouvoir d’acteur de chacun des professionnels de terrain. Ce partenariat a été rendu possible par un pilotage resserré du dispositif, la visibilité d’un projet d’envergure, le souci de communication sur celui-ci, l’intérêt d’un travail commun à toutes les organisations pour résoudre des problèmes rencontrés par chacune, l’intérêt aux différents échelons de l’organisation (par exemple, l’aspect formatif de la commission présentait un intérêt pour les référents de terrain), le rapport d’égalité permis dans l’espace temps de la commission, ainsi que le sentiment d’être acteur et porteur d’un dispositif, surtout du point de vue des cadres membres de la commission. Le travail de connaissance de l’ensemble des organisations travaillant de près ou de loin la question de l’insertion de la jeunesse sur le territoire, la collaboration des organisations porteuses du projet et les moyens financiers et matériels permettant d’agir pour favoriser l’expérimentation de la posture d’acteurs des jeunes accompagnés, tels peuvent être les axes à reprendre pour la mise en place d’autres dispositifs. [less ▲]

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See detailtrend Analysis and interpretation of Luxembourg’s consumption Footprint NFA 2010 edition, data years 2000 – 2007
Hild, Paula UL; Takagi, Aya; Schmitt, Bianca

Report (2012)

The Ecological Footprint methodology by Global Footprint Network measures human consumption of products and services from different ecosystems in terms of the amount of bioproductive land and sea area ... [more ▼]

The Ecological Footprint methodology by Global Footprint Network measures human consumption of products and services from different ecosystems in terms of the amount of bioproductive land and sea area needed to supply these products and services. In other words, the Ecological Footprint calculates the land area needed to produce food, provide resources, produce energy, and absorb the CO2 emissions generated by the supply chains within one year at country level. For the calculations of Luxembourg’s Ecological Footprint, international statistical databases are used to identify the quantities of produced, imported and exported goods and services. Then, Global Footprint Network applies different factors to the quantities to assess the area needed to supply these products and services. Finally, the Consumption Footprint of a nation is divided by the number of inhabitants and compared to other countries at a per capita level (global hectares per capita). This means that the Ecological Footprint can be used as an indicator for the sustainability of a national consumption by assessing human land uses. In the following paragraph, Luxembourg’s Ecological Footprint is discussed in the framework of the environmental indicators of Luxembourg’s competitiveness scoreboard (see Table 9) [MECE, 2010]. Luxembourg’s ranking is rather low for all of the scoreboard indicators: number of ISO 9001 certifications per billion of inhabitants (21 out of 27); number of ISO 14001 certifications per billion of inhabitants (15 out of 27); total greenhouse gas emissions (15 out of 27); renewable energy ration (23 out of 27); quantity of municipal waste per capita per year (24 out of 27); energetic intensity (8 out of 27); transport by car (17 out of 27); Ecological Footprint in gha per capita per year (27 out of 27). Based on the environmental competiveness scoreboard indicators, it can be concluded that in general, Luxembourg’s environmental performance is low compared to the other countries of the European Union. With respect to Luxembourg’s Ecological Footprint, it can be said that Luxembourg’s consumption is not sustainable. The number of planets that would be needed if the world's population lived like the population of Luxembourg in 2007 is about six. However, per year, the biocapacity (bioproductive land) of the planet can only regenerate once. [less ▲]

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