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See detailLe comté/duché de Luxembourg et la guerre de Cent Ans
Genot, Gilles UL

in Moeglin, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Dictionnaire Guerre de Cent Ans (in press)

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See detailGrand Duchy of Luxembourg
Powell, Justin J W UL; Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL; Brendel, Michelle UL

in Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Patton, James R. (Eds.) The Praeger International Handbook of Special Education (in press)

Luxembourg, among the world’s smallest but also wealthiest countries, lies in the heart of Western Europe. Bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany and historically known for its strategic position as the ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg, among the world’s smallest but also wealthiest countries, lies in the heart of Western Europe. Bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany and historically known for its strategic position as the “Gibraltar of the North,” Luxembourg is today one of the European Union’s three capital cities. Luxembourg sits at the crossroads between Europe’s Germanic and Francophone language communities. The Grand Duchy’s inhabitants and their many languages – the national language Luxemburgish as well as German and French as languages of administration and of everyday living – reflect the country’s close historical relations with its neighbors and remarkable migratory flows that have resulted in an ethnically hyper-diverse and multilingual population. Reflecting this cultural diversity, the educational system emphasizes language learning, with Luxemburgish learned in preschool; German the focus throughout primary schooling and in secondary technical-vocational education; and French emphasized in secondary academic-oriented schooling. Compulsory schooling age lasts from 4 to 16. The educational system provides a range of primary and secondary schools, mainly run by government but with some maintained by religious bodies. Home schooling is possible, but rare. At the tertiary level, the national flagship University of Luxembourg (UL), building upon the legacies of several postsecondary training institutes, was founded in 2003 according to three principles: internationality, multilingualism, and interdisciplinarity. Beyond this research university, more applied postsecondary organizations offer a range of courses of study. Today, tertiary attainment for 25 to 34 year-olds, more than half of each cohort, is among the highest across OECD countries. [less ▲]

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See detailNaves, Nicolas de
Genot, Gilles UL

in Nouvelle biographie nationale (in press)

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See detailRewriting
Osthues, Julian UL

in Dürbeck, Gabriele; Dunker, Axel; Göttsche, Dirk (Eds.) Handbuch Postkolonialismus und Literatur (in press)

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See detailDie Richtung der Zeit
Loew, Christian UL

in Schrenk, Markus (Ed.) Handbuch der Metaphysik (in press)

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See detailCommentaire de l'article 21 TUE
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Dubos, Olivier; Platon, Sébastien (Eds.) Commentaire du Traité sur l'Union européenne (in press)

Article 21 TEU is introduced by the treaty of Lisbon and concerns a global approach of the EU external action objectives. The commentary underlines the impact on the exercise of the external competence of ... [more ▼]

Article 21 TEU is introduced by the treaty of Lisbon and concerns a global approach of the EU external action objectives. The commentary underlines the impact on the exercise of the external competence of the EU, the relation between the objectives, the importance of the principle of coherence and relation between values and objectives. [less ▲]

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See detailSuburbanisierung
Hesse, Markus UL

in Handwörterbuch der Stadt- und Raumentwicklung (in press)

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See detailKulturgeschichte
Priem, Karin UL

in Kluchert, Gerhard; Horn, Klaus-Peter; Groppe, Carola (Eds.) et al Historische Bildungsforschung. Konzepte, Methoden, Forschungsfelder (in press)

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See detailAssessment of problem solving and higher order thinking
Greiff, Samuel UL; Martin, Romain UL

in Spector, J. M. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Educational Technology (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 143 (38 UL)
See detailFox - Judaism
Schumacher, Jutta UL

in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (in press)

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See detailAuthoritarianism
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Boehnke, Klaus

in Stein, John (Ed.) Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology (2017)

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See detailResearching Media, Multilingualism and Education
de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL

in King, Kendall; Lai, Yi-Ju (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Language and Education (3rd Edition) - Research Methods Volume) (2017)

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See detailGrenzüberschreitende Alltagspraktiken
Wille, Christian UL

in Pauly, Michel; Helfer, Malte (Eds.) GR-Atlas. Digitaler und multidisziplinärer Atlas für Luxemburg und die Großregion (2017)

In diesem Beitrag werden Alltagspraktiken untersucht, die von den Einwohnern des Saarlandes, Lothringens, Luxemburgs, von Rheinland-Pfalz und Wallonien in angrenzenden Regionen im Ausland ausgeführt ... [more ▼]

In diesem Beitrag werden Alltagspraktiken untersucht, die von den Einwohnern des Saarlandes, Lothringens, Luxemburgs, von Rheinland-Pfalz und Wallonien in angrenzenden Regionen im Ausland ausgeführt werden. Dafür leitend ist die Überlegung, dass sich die Großregion SaarLorLux anhand der grenzüberschreitenden Ausführungen von Alltagspraktiken ihrer Bewohner als grenzüberschreitende Lebenswirklichkeit bestimmen lässt. In einer solchen sozialkonstruktivistischen Perspektive wird nicht danach gefragt, was die Großregion SaarLorLux ist, sondern auf welche Weisen sie konstituiert wird bzw. wie sie sich im Alltag ihrer Bewohner manifestiert. Dafür werden die am häufigsten grenzüberschreitend ausgeführten Alltagspraktiken näher betrachtet, zu denen das Einkaufen für den täglichen Bedarf, das freizeitorientierte Shoppen, das Erholen im Grünen/Tourismus, das Besuchen von kulturellen Veranstaltungen sowie das Besuchen von Freunden und Familienmitgliedern zählen. Die Betrachtungen basieren auf drei rezenten empirischen Studien im Untersuchungsraum und daraus ausgewählten Befunden, die zueinander in Beziehung gesetzt sowie soziokulturell und sozioökonomisch eingeordnet werden mit dem Ziel, die räumliche Organisation, die Motive und andere Kontextfaktoren von grenzüberschreitenden Alltagspraktiken in der Großregion SaarLorLux herauszuarbeiten. Über dieses Vorgehen werden Mobilitätsströme und räumliche Schwerpunkte im Kontext von Alltagspraktiken rekonstruiert und Einblicke gegeben in die Beschaffenheit von grenzüberschreitenden Lebenswirklichkeiten in der Großregion SaarLorLux. [less ▲]

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See detailMessen (Mittelalter/Frühe Neuzeit)
Pauly, Michel UL

in Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (2016)

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See detailComparing Legal Clinics: is there a way to a European Clinical Culture? The Luxemburg Experience
Poillot, Elise UL

in Abbignente, Angelo (Ed.) Diffusione dell'insegnamento clinico in Italia e in Europa: radici teoriche e dimensioni pratiche (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (5 UL)
See detailArt. Post I (Transportwesen, Cursus publicus)
Ghetta, Marcello UL

in Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum 28 (2016)

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See detailArt. Pöbel
Ghetta, Marcello UL; Zanella, Francesco

in Reallexikon für Antike und Christen 27 (2016)

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See detailPorte-fort d'exécution, chap. A 150
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Lamy Droit des sûretés (2016)

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See detailOPCVM
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Lamy Droit du financement (2016)

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See detailHôpital des syphilitiques ou vérolés de Strasbourg, Blatterhaus (XVIe et XVIIe siècle)
Leuck, Jessica UL

in Debus-Kehr, Monique; Schlaefli, Louis; Uberfill, François (Eds.) Dictionnaire Historique des Institutions de l'Alsace du moyen âge à 1815. Lettre H, n°9 (2016)

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See detailInfractions en matière de gestion de portefeuille
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Lamy Droit pénal des affaires (2016)

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See detailEducationalization of Social Problems and the Educationalization of the Modern World
Tröhler, Daniel UL

in Peters, Michael (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory (2016)

The catchword ‘educationalization,’ which enjoyed some popularity around 1920, has been used increasingly since the 1980s, first in the German and then in the Belgian and English discussions. Although the ... [more ▼]

The catchword ‘educationalization,’ which enjoyed some popularity around 1920, has been used increasingly since the 1980s, first in the German and then in the Belgian and English discussions. Although the uses of and intentions behind the term are far from identical, they all express a perceived intersection between distinct social practices, one of which is education. As a rule, this intersection is interpreted as assigning education the task of coping with perceived social problems. Accordingly, the most popular expression of this mode of thought has been labeled, in an abstracting way, the educationalization of social problems. This entry builds on that but suggests a more comprehensive view, less reactive in character, by claiming that since the 18th century, the construction of modernity, progress, and open future depends on an idea of education that promises to be the engine of modernity by means of (new) and broadly disseminated knowledge and technologies and, at the same time, an instance of moral reassurance empowering the individual exposed to these modern conditions and their moral hazards to act morally or virtuously. Educationalization of the modern world, in this more comprehensive way, is a key concept for understanding and deciphering the grand narratives of modernity and the modern self. [less ▲]

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See detailFIA
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Lamy Droit du financement (2016)

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See detailLuxembourg History
Kmec, Sonja UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) Western Europe 2017 (2016)

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See detailMorphogramm
Weth, Constanze UL

in Neef, Martin; Weingarten, Rüdiger (Eds.) Schriftlinguistik (2016)

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See detailHistory (Section)
Tröhler, Daniel UL

in Peters, Michael (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (4 UL)
See detailMehrsprachigkeit
Hu, Adelheid UL

in Burwitz-Melzer, Eva; Mehlhorn, Grit; Riemer, Claudia (Eds.) et al Handbuch Fremdsprachenunterricht (2016)

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See detailAssociation
Hiez, David UL

in Encyclopedie Dalloz (2016)

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See detailSpontanschreibung
Weth, Constanze UL

in Kilian, Jörg; Rymarczyk, Jutta (Eds.) Language Learning: First Language, Second Language, Foreign Language (2016)

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See detailEthnografie
Bollig, Sabine UL; Schulz, Marc

in Zimmermann, Miriam; Lindner, Heike (Eds.) WiRiLex - Wissenschaftlich-Religionspädagogisches Lexikon (2016)

http://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/stichwort/100117/

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See detailManquements aux obligations d'information
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Lamy Droit pénal des affaires (2016)

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See detailWar Losses (Belgium)
Majerus, Benoît UL

in International Encyclopedia of the First World War (2016)

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See detailNational-classical music: Luxembourg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Leerssen, Joep (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe (2015)

FULL TEXT Musical nationalism in Luxembourg does not follow the standard European pattern of a folk-inflected exceptionalism vis-à-vis the French/Italian/German mainstream, arising around the mid-19th ... [more ▼]

FULL TEXT Musical nationalism in Luxembourg does not follow the standard European pattern of a folk-inflected exceptionalism vis-à-vis the French/Italian/German mainstream, arising around the mid-19th century. Luxembourg was too small to initiate an own musical nationalism, and had been under foreign control for several centuries before developing into the direction of sovereignty between 1815 and 1890. At this time Luxembourg had only one music school, and no professional orchestra; but amateur ensembles began to emerge all over the country following the liberal constitution of 1848 which granted the right of association. Luxembourg composers born in the mid-century (e.g. Jean-Antoine Zinnen, 1827-1898, the composer of the national anthem) established themselves in the city of Luxembourg and composed for choir and for wind band; there is little overtly national bias in their work. In 1870 the diocese of Luxembourg was founded; this also had an influence on musical life. Henri Oberhoffer (1824-1885), organist at the cathedral of Luxembourg, and Laurent Menager (1835-1902) wrote sacred music; Oberhoffer was a champion of the Cecilian movement in Luxembourg with Franz Xaver Witt ran the periodical Cäcilia from 1862 to 1871. The outstanding composer of this first generation was Laurent Menager, the first to have studied music abroad – in Cologne, where he came in contact with several Romantic composers, among others his composition teacher Ferdinand Hiller. His 63 secular and sacred songs for four-part male choir and his 23 songs for voice and piano are a fine representation of the taste of the period, reminiscent of Schubert. [less ▲]

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See detailChoral societies: Luxembourg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Leerssen, Joep (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe (2015)

FULL TEXT Before 1848 only few choirs existed in Luxembourg: “Les Villageois” in Contern (1825), the parish choir of Echternach (1834) and the Société d’amateurs de chant (also known under the German name ... [more ▼]

FULL TEXT Before 1848 only few choirs existed in Luxembourg: “Les Villageois” in Contern (1825), the parish choir of Echternach (1834) and the Société d’amateurs de chant (also known under the German name of Liedertafel in Luxembourg City (1843). In 1848, the Dutch King William II (who was also Grand-Duke of Luxembourg) proclaimed, under the pressure of the European wave of democratic revolts, a more liberal constitution, which conferred the right of association. As a result, amateur ensembles began to emerge all over the Grand-Duchy. During the following five years about ten choral societies were founded – a large number for a small country. Wind bands and gymnastic clubs also proliferated. The main objective of these societies was to engage in cultural-collective leisure pursuits; no professionalization was involved (to this day, Luxembourg still lacks a professional choir.) At this early stage, choirs were men-ony. They followed the German model of Zelter’s (Berlin) and Silcher’s singing societies (“Liedertafel”). The repertoire consisted at this initial phase of four-part songs of German Romanticism. Later on, Luxembourg composers like Jean-Antoine Zinnen (1827-1898), Laurent Menager (1835-1902) and their successors Gustave Kahnt (1848-1923) and Alfred Kowalsky (1879-1943) furnished local compositions. Analogous to these secular societies were the church choirs, one of the first being in 1844 the Caecilian association (Cäcilienverein) of St. Peter, today Notre-Dame cathedral in Luxembourg City. (Luxembourg became an independent diocese in 1870.) It introduced the tradition of the German Cecilian movement to the Grand-Duchy. A first wind band and choir competition was organized in 1852; eight choral societies participated. In the following years, the demand for competitions and song festivals increased, and they were organized in many localities by a semi-official federation. In 1864, 26 wind bands and choral societies founded an official federation (Allgemeiner Luxemburger Musikverein). The concert celebrating its official foundation was the occasion of the first performance, by 500 singers and musicians, of Zinnen’s anthem Ons Hémecht (“our homeland”), later to become the Grand Duchy’s national anthem. By 1914 the number of choral societies had grown to ca. 40. Many of these were based in the indistrial south with its developing steel industry. Here, choral societies and wind bands became meeting grounds for the sociable integration of Italian immigrants. [less ▲]

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See detailFolk music: Luxembourg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Leerssen, Joep (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe (2015)

FULL TEXT The first folksong collection in Luxembourg, Die luxemburger Volkslieder älterer Zeit, compiled by the folklorist and ethnologist Edmond de la Fontaine (alias Dicks, 1823-1891), was published ... [more ▼]

FULL TEXT The first folksong collection in Luxembourg, Die luxemburger Volkslieder älterer Zeit, compiled by the folklorist and ethnologist Edmond de la Fontaine (alias Dicks, 1823-1891), was published posthumously in 1904. It contains only forty songs, and due to the unscientific way they had been collected, some important information is missing; nonetheless it offers a first glipse into folksongs in 19th-century Luxembourg. Their lyrics were adapted to the Luxembourg context, although only a few songs originate from the country. A scholarly, methodical folksong collection following the model of Erk and Böhme’s Deutscher Liederhort (1893-94) was published in 1937, entitled Singendes Volk. Its author, Mattias Thill, a primary school teacher, spent about four decades collecting songs throughout the Grand Duchy; again, most songs are variants of existing songs of non-Luxembourgish origin, 65% from Germany and a mere 3% from France. The remaining 32% have Luxembourgish texts (which, again, speaks for their more complete integration into Luxembourg life, not necessarily for a Luxembourg origin). Indigenous songs are often related to the military history and to the fortress of Luxembourg. Folk music in Luxembourg is predominantly vocal, with the one curious exception of a mystical blind violin-playing minstrel, Matthias Schou (alias Blannen Theis, 1747-1824) who was led from parish fair to parish fair by his wife and entertained the peasant population with his songs. Until today no sources have been discovered, but it is assumed that this troubadour is at the origin of melodies gathered a century later. In three cases, songs were subsequently arranged to instrumental music at a later date and gained a persistent performative presence to the point of becoming markers of Luxembourgish musical identity: the Wilhelmus, the Song of the dancing Procession, and the Hämmelsmarsch The Wilhelmus is the anthem of the Grand-Ducal court (not of the country), and is performed at the occasion of an official appearance of the Grand-Duke or of a member of his family. The melody is a variant of the Dutch national anthem Wilhelmus van Nassouwe, evidently based on Mozart’s Seven variations on Wilem Van Nassau (1766, KV 25) The “Song of the Dancing Procession” originates from the famous Procession of Echternach, and is based on the German folksong Adam hatte sieben Söhn’, arranged to a Rheinländerpolka for wind band in a medium tempo suitable for pilgrims taking three steps forward and two steps backwards. The Hämmelsmarsch, a beggar song derived from a 14th-century shepherd’s fair song, was played by pipers and drummers while visitors had to pay a fee. Modern-day local wind bands maintain this tradition, strolling the streets during parish fairs and requesting financial donations while playing this song. [less ▲]

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See detailResearching bilingual and multilingual education multilingually: A linguistic ethnography
Creese, Angela; Blackledge, Adrian; Bhatt, Arvind et al

in Wright, Wayne E.; Sovicheth, Boun; García, Ofelia (Eds.) The Handbook of Bilingual and Multilingual Education (2015)

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See detailBehavioral Medicine
Vögele, Claus UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

Behavioral Medicine is the interdisciplinary field of study of behavior in health and disease. Based on often-experimental investigations of behavior, behavioral medicine contributes to a better ... [more ▼]

Behavioral Medicine is the interdisciplinary field of study of behavior in health and disease. Based on often-experimental investigations of behavior, behavioral medicine contributes to a better understanding of etiological factors and mechanisms, but also to clinical applications aimed at systematically improving health in clinical and at-risk populations. As the literature summarized in this chapter illustrates, behavioral medicine has shown tremendous progress in achieving these goals since its inception in 1977. Nevertheless, the successful translation of research results into clinical practice remains a challenge for the future. [less ▲]

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See detailPersonalized Medicine
Phillips, Robert; Vögele, Claus UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

The rapid advances in medical science over the past two decades have already changed the way medicine is practiced, but the acceleration of advances suggests that health care systems worldwide are facing ... [more ▼]

The rapid advances in medical science over the past two decades have already changed the way medicine is practiced, but the acceleration of advances suggests that health care systems worldwide are facing a tsunami of new advances in understanding and in technology that will require radical reorganization of the health care system. The improved possibility of personalizing health care is one of the major drivers of change. Unfortunately, health care systems respond very slowly to innovation, and radical changes are almost impossible. In this article, we outline various changes that are expected to happen in the future in relation to personalized medicine, and discuss why behavioral scientists must participate in the reshaping of health care systems and the successful delivery of personalized care at the individual level. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial epidemiology
Chauvel, Louis UL; Leist, Anja UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

The search of social determinants of health and disease has advanced substantially over the last decade. We present recent theoretical advancements, methodological approaches, and a selection of empirical ... [more ▼]

The search of social determinants of health and disease has advanced substantially over the last decade. We present recent theoretical advancements, methodological approaches, and a selection of empirical evidence for the three main research strands: First, social inequalities can explain health differences. Here, we first focus on hierarchic social stratification with regard to socioeconomic and social class differences influencing health, then we extend the view towards non-hierarchic social stratification with regard to ethno-cultural differences, lifestyle, and cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. We shortly mention social relations and social network as determinants of health. Last, we use the concept of social times to distinguish age, period, and cohort effects in population health. After presenting evidence on contextual social determinants of health, we close with methodological challenges, social policy implications, and translation to practice. [less ▲]

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See detailVerstandeseinheit
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailDeduktion der reinen Verstandesbegriffe
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailLuxembourg History
Kmec, Sonja UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) Western Europe 2016 (2015)

This article provides a short overview of political developments in Luxembourg since the 1990s

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See detailTitel
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailDeduktion der reinen Verstandesbegriffe, transzendentale
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailKopieren
Kohns, Oliver UL; Roussel, Martin

in Christians, Heiko; Bickenbach, Matthias; Wegmann, Nikolaus (Eds.) Historisches Wörterbuch des Mediengebrauchs (2015)

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See detailPeter, Laurence; Hull Raymond: The Peter Principle: Why Things Always Go Wrong
Mergener, Alexandra; Sischka, Philipp UL

in Kühl, Stefan (Ed.) Schlüsselwerke der Organisationsforschung (2015)

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See detailAddiction, psychologie
Billieux, Joël UL

in Seron, X.; Fayol, M. (Eds.) Encylopedia Universalis (section psychologie) (2015)

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See detailAlzheimer's disease: Behavioral and social aspects
Ferring, Dieter UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

This chapter gives an overview of the behavioral and social aspects associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In particular, the chapter first offers an outline of the phenomenology and diagnosis of the ... [more ▼]

This chapter gives an overview of the behavioral and social aspects associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In particular, the chapter first offers an outline of the phenomenology and diagnosis of the disease. This is followed by systematizations and guidelines to be adopted in the study of psychosocial aspects of AD. These comprise a socio-ecological viewpoint as well as a lifespan developmental perspective underlining the significance of adaptive efforts of both the concerned individual as well as of the family and further significant others. The psychosocial consequences of AD are then described for different stages of the disease elaborating different topics and tasks for individual adaptation. [less ▲]

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See detailDeduktion, transzendentale
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailHirschman, Albert: Exit, Voice, Loyalty
Sischka, Philipp UL

in Kühl, Stefan (Ed.) Schlüsselwerke der Organisationsforschung (2015)

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See detailProcédures administratives
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Ziller, Jacques; Schneider, Jens-Peter

in Lafarge, François (Ed.) Enyclopaedie Droit Européen (2015)

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See detailIdealismus, Widerlegung des
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailRealismus, empirischer/transzendentaler
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailQuaestio juris, quaestio facti
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailEuropeanisation
Harmsen, Robert UL; Paris, Sidonie UL

in Lambert Abdelgwad, Elisabeth; Michel, Hélène (Eds.) Dictionary of European Actors (2015)

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See detailGermany: Stability and Change
Graf, Lukas UL

in Corner, Trevor (Ed.) Education in the European Union. Pre-2003 Member States (2015)

Exploring the development of educational provision and contemporary issues, this book covers the countries that made up the European Union from its foundation to the signing of the Treaty of Nice: Austria ... [more ▼]

Exploring the development of educational provision and contemporary issues, this book covers the countries that made up the European Union from its foundation to the signing of the Treaty of Nice: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and The Netherlands. The chapters, written by regional experts, offer a review of contemporary national and regional educational structures and policies, research innovation and trends, as well as covering selected issues and problems including the effects of educational reform and systemic changes within the school and university systems, minority languages, and intercultural changes for indigenous and new immigrant populations. [less ▲]

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See detailDeduktion der reinen Verstandesbegriffe, metaphysische
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailStammbegriff
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailTight-Binding Simulations of Nanowires
García-Cristóbal, Alberto; Molina-Sanchez, Alejandro UL

in Bhushan, Bharat (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology (2015)

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See detailTelefonieren
Kohns, Oliver UL

in Christians, Heiko; Bickenbach, Matthias; Wegmann, Nikolaus (Eds.) Historisches Wörterbuch des Mediengebrauchs (2015)

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See detailLogistics
Hesse, Markus UL

in Richardson, Doug (Ed.) The International Encyclopaedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology (2015)

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See detailGatekeepers in Social Science
Hoenig, Barbara UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) The International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2nd edition (2015)

A gatekeeper is an individual or collective actor who is in a position to control access to resources and rewards relevant in a particular social system. The term’s usage in the sociology of science goes ... [more ▼]

A gatekeeper is an individual or collective actor who is in a position to control access to resources and rewards relevant in a particular social system. The term’s usage in the sociology of science goes back to Robert K. Merton, who defines gatekeeping as one of the four complementary roles in the role set of scientists and scholars. Gate-keeping activities are relevant in different arenas of scholarship such as between scientific masters and apprentices, in collective mentoring programs, in publishing and in research funding. [less ▲]

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See detailImpulsivité
Billieux, Joël UL

in Seron, X.; Fayol, M. (Eds.) Encylopedia Universalis (section Psychologie) (2015)

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See detailReference Group, History of
Hoenig, Barbara UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) The International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2nd edition (2015)

A person’s reference group can be considered either as a source of normative orientation or as a group of social comparison in making a judgment, irrespective of one’s group membership. The concept has ... [more ▼]

A person’s reference group can be considered either as a source of normative orientation or as a group of social comparison in making a judgment, irrespective of one’s group membership. The concept has mainly been applied in two theoretical traditions of research: While symbolic interactionists and social psychologists outlined the normative importance of reference groups for the development of the self, structural functionalist sociologists analyzed how material deprivation is estimated relative and with reference to other groups of comparison in the social structure. The concept has also played an important role in developing the discipline’s methodology of social research. [less ▲]

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See detailPhnom Penh
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Hiery, Hermann (Ed.) Lexikon zur Überseegeschichte (2015)

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See detailOPCVM
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit du financement (2015)

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See detailFIA
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit du financement (2015)

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See detailWelfare retrenchment
Ebbinghaus, Bernhard UL

in Wright, J.D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

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See detailNarrative literature (historical) : Luxembourg
Glesener, Jeanne UL

in Leerssen, Joep (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe (2015)

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See detailNarrative literature (other): Luxembourg
Glesener, Jeanne UL

in Leerssen, Joep (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe (2015)

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See detailHealth Insurance: Economic and Risk Aspects
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Ghislandi, Simone

in Wright, James (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition (2015)

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See detailCertificats coopératifs
Hiez, David UL

in Encyclopédie Dalloz (2015)

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See detailLuxembourg
Majerus, Benoît UL; Roemer, Charles

in International Encyclopedia of the First World War (2015)

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See detailBerkeley, George
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailLuischen
Mein, Georg UL

in Blödorn, Andreas; Marx, Friedhelm (Eds.) Thomas Mann Handbuch. Leben - Werk - Wirkung (2015)

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See detailInfractions en matières de gestion collective
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit pénal des affaires (2015)

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See detailTafel der reinen Verstandesbegriffe (Kategorien)
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailIgnorance, History of Concept
Hoenig, Barbara UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) The International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2nd edition (2015)

A person’s reference group can be considered either as a source of normative orientation or as a group of social comparison in making a judgment, irrespective of one’s group membership. The concept has ... [more ▼]

A person’s reference group can be considered either as a source of normative orientation or as a group of social comparison in making a judgment, irrespective of one’s group membership. The concept has mainly been applied in two theoretical traditions of research: While symbolic interactionists and social psychologists outlined the normative importance of reference groups for the development of the self, structural functionalist sociologists analyzed how material deprivation is estimated relative and with reference to other groups of comparison in the social structure. The concept has also played an important role in developing the discipline’s methodology of social research. [less ▲]

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See detailSüdostasien
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Hiery, Hermann (Ed.) Lexikon zur Überseegeschichte (2015)

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See detailVerstandesbegriff
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Kant-Lexikon (2015)

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See detailFemmes entrepreneures
Constantinidis, Christina UL

in Chauvin, Pierre-Marie; Grossetti, Michel; Zalio, Pierre-Paul (Eds.) Dictionnaire sociologique de l'entrepreneuriat (2014)

Une des premières recherches centrées sur les femmes entrepreneures a été réalisée par Schwartz en 1976. Depuis, l’intérêt du monde académique, managérial et politique pour l’entrepreneuriat féminin n’a ... [more ▼]

Une des premières recherches centrées sur les femmes entrepreneures a été réalisée par Schwartz en 1976. Depuis, l’intérêt du monde académique, managérial et politique pour l’entrepreneuriat féminin n’a cessé de croître, avec de nombreux travaux publiés sur le sujet. [less ▲]

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See details. v. Lady Diana
Karczmarzyk, Nicole UL

in Wodianka, Stephanie; Ebert, Juliane (Eds.) Metzler Lexikon moderner Mythen: Figuren, Konzepte, Ereignisse (2014)

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See detailCommentaire de l'article 54 de la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne. "Interdiction de l'abus de droit"
Gerkrath, Jörg UL

in Dubos, Olivier (Ed.) Commentaire de la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne (2014)

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See detailCommentaire article 14 TUE (le Parlement européen)
Gerkrath, Jörg UL

in Dubos, Olivier (Ed.) Commentaire du traité sur l'Union européenne (2014)

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See detailGaranties en matière boursière
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit des sûretés (2014)

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See detailOPCVM
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit du financement (2014)

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See detailFonds d'investissement alternatifs - FIA
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit du financement (2014)

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See detailLe provençal / L'occitan
Weth, Constanze UL

in Klump, André; Kramer, Johannes; Willems, Aline (Eds.) Manuel des langues romanes (2014)

L’article donne un aperçu du statut, de l’élaboration et des usages de l’occitan au cours de l’histoire et dans les différents domaines sociaux. Il commence par une brève qualification de l’occitan. Puis ... [more ▼]

L’article donne un aperçu du statut, de l’élaboration et des usages de l’occitan au cours de l’histoire et dans les différents domaines sociaux. Il commence par une brève qualification de l’occitan. Puis il traite de l’élaboration et de la codification de ce dernier. Cet aspect recouvre l’expansion de l’occitan au début du dernier millénaire, l’infiltration du français et les efforts faits pour parvenir à une élaboration et une standardisation de l’occitan dès la fin du XIXe siècle. La partie suivante résume les différentes époques littéraires depuis l’an 1000. La prochaine section traite de l’occitan à l’école. Elle montre le rôle joué par l’école française dans le déclin de l’occitan, mais révèle néanmoins ses acquis depuis le XXe siècle. Par la suite, on fait état des usages de l’occitan au XXIe siècle. Le dernier paragraphe est dédié à la sociolinguistique occitane du XXe siècle. Celle-ci a ouvert un vaste champ de recherche sur l’occitan et a abouti à une reprise de conscience non négligeable à propos de la langue et de la culture occitanes. [less ▲]

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See detailLes infractions en matière de gestion de portefeuille
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in LAMY Droit pénal des affaires (2014)

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See detailInterconfluências: familia, género e saude nas malhas das mudanças
Leandro, Maria-Engracia; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Leandro, maria-Engracia; Nogueira, Fernanda; Machado, José Cunha (Eds.) Sauda e Seus Dilemas. Teorias e Praticas Familiares de Saude (2014)

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See detailZwischen Antisemitismus und Mittelstandspolitik. Die Warenhausdebatte um 1900 in Deutschland, Frankreich und Luxemburg.
Lenz, Thomas UL

in Thewes, Guy; Hoffmann, Anne (Eds.) Shop, Shop, Shop. Un voyage à travers l'histoire du commerce à Luxembourg. (2014)

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See detailEuropéanisation
Harmsen, Robert UL; Paris, Sidonie UL

in Lambert Abdelgawad, Elisabeth; Michel, Hélène (Eds.) Dictionnaire des acteurs de l'Europe (2014)

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See detailMigrações Humanas: Teorias e Práticas
Leandro, Maria-Engracia; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Silva, Manuel Carlos; Sobral, José Manuel (Eds.) Etnicidade, nacionalismo e racismo: Migrações, minorias étnicas e contextos escolares (2014)

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See detailDeprivation and Social Exclusion in Europe
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bellani, Luna

in Michalos, A.C (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2014)

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See detailRNA in circulation: sources and functions of extracellular exogenous RNA in blood
Galas, David J. UL; Wilmes, Paul UL; Wang, Kai

in Nelson, Karen (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Metagenomics (2014)

Molecules of many kinds are abundant in circulating blood and play a wide range of important roles, both known and unknown. These include macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids and a wide range of ... [more ▼]

Molecules of many kinds are abundant in circulating blood and play a wide range of important roles, both known and unknown. These include macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids and a wide range of smaller molecules. A number of questions are raised by recent findings of stable RNA molecules in plasma that is circulating RNA outside of cells. Among the issues that need to be addressed are: what are the origins of these RNA molecules; what are the mechanisms by which they enter and are stabilized in the blood; what are their possible biological functions; and finally, what are the potential applications of these extracellular RNA molecules in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine? While the precise biological functions remain to be pinned down, extracellular RNA has been proposed as a vehicle for a previously unknown cell-cell communication system. Recent reports of the detection of foreign, exogenous sources of some of the extracellular RNA have thus intensified the need to investigate and understand these processes. This overview summarizes the findings, some recent developments, and the current state of research in the circulating RNA field, and some of the key open questions in the field are specifically addressed. [less ▲]

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See detail§ 36. Die Pädagogik
Oelkers, Jürgen; Tröhler, Daniel UL

in Holzhey, Helmut; Mudroch, Vilem (Eds.) Die Philosophie des 18. Jahrhunderts 5/1+2: Heiliges Römische Reich Deutscher Nation. Schweiz. Nord- und Osteuropa (2014)

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See detailDividendes
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Dictionnaire Joly Sociétés (2014)

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See detailAnger
Steffgen, Georges UL

in Michalos, A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2014)

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See detailLe manquement aux obligations d'information
Riassetto, Isabelle UL; Rontchevsky, Nicolas

in LAMY Droit pénal des affaires (2014)

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See detailLes franchissement de seuils
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in Encyclopedia of Corporate Law (2013)

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