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See detailO EFEITO DO NIVEL SOCIOECONÔMICO NO DESENVOLVIMENTO COGNITIVO INFANTIL
Carneiro; Guedes; Rossi et al

Poster (2011, May)

A inteligência humana pode ser dividida em dois tipos de inteligência: a cristalizada, a qual se baseia em habilidades adquiridas e aprendizado passado, e a fluida, que se refere à capacidade de ... [more ▼]

A inteligência humana pode ser dividida em dois tipos de inteligência: a cristalizada, a qual se baseia em habilidades adquiridas e aprendizado passado, e a fluida, que se refere à capacidade de relacionar idéias e de resolver novos problemas. Esse estudo explora os efeitos do nível socioeconômico (NSE) no desenvolvimento de habilidades cognitivas fluidas e cristalizadas em crianças. A pesquisa contou com um total de 105 participantes de 6 a 8 anos, pertencentes a três diferentes níveis socioeconômicos (alto, médio e baixo) de acordo com o Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil (ABEP). Foram recrutadas crianças do primeiro e segundo ano do ensino fundamental de escolas particulares, de bairro e públicas em Salvador. Cada grupo continha 35 participantes equiparados em idade, sexo e ano de escolaridade. Os grupos não diferiram significativamente em aspectos nutricionais, estado emocional, peso ao nascer e tempo de gestação. As crianças foram avaliadas por uma extensa bateria de medidas comportamentais que exploraram a inteligência cristalizada (vocabulário, sintaxe e desempenho acadêmico) e a inteligência fluida (memória operacional e raciocínio indutivo). Os resultados apontaram que crianças inseridas em condições desprivilegiadas (baixo NSE) apresentaram desempenho significativamente pior nas medidas de inteligência cristalizada, quando comparadas às crianças que cresceram em ambiente mais favorável (alto NSE); com tamanho do efeito significativo. As crianças de baixo NSE apresentaram, também, um pior desempenho nos testes de inteligência fluida, que, embora significativo, foram menos expressivos que os efeitos correspondentes nas medidas de linguagem. Este estudo mostra que o crescimento em ambientes de baixo NSE constitui um sério fator de risco para o desenvolvimento cognitivo infantil. Sugere, ainda, que alguns sistemas neurocognitivos são mais sensíveis ao NSE que outros: o sistema de linguagem é fortemente impactado pelo NSE, enquanto a memória operacional e a resolução de conflitos são moderadamente influenciadas. Tais achados relacionados ao perfil neurocognitivo do NSE na infância são essenciais no sentido de testar hipóteses mais específicas sobre mecanismos causais e maximizar o efeito de intervenções. Deste modo, pais e escolas desempenham um papel fundamental em prover um ambiente cognitivo estimulante, a fim de otimizar o desenvolvimento intelectual infantil. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 133 (5 UL)
See detailO wie Olmi
Heimböckel, Dieter UL

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailO-MI/O-DF Standards as Interoperability Enablers for Industrial Internet: a Performance Analysis
Robert, Jérémy UL; Kubler, Sylvain UL; Le Traon, Yves UL et al

in O-MI/O-DF Standards as Interoperability Enablers for Industrial Internet: a Performance Analysis (2016)

The Industrial Internet should provide means to create ad hoc and loosely coupled information flows between objects, users, services, and business domain systems. However, today’s technologies and ... [more ▼]

The Industrial Internet should provide means to create ad hoc and loosely coupled information flows between objects, users, services, and business domain systems. However, today’s technologies and products often feed ‘vertical silos’ (e.g., vertical/siloed apps), which inevitably result in multiple and non-interoperable systems. Standardization will play an ever-increasing part in enabling information to flow between such vertically-oriented closed systems. This paper presents recent IoT messaging standards, notably O-MI (Open Messaging Interface) and O-DF (Open Data Format), whose initial requirements were defined for enhanced collaboration and interoperability in product lifecycle management. A first analytical model of the minimal traffic load (in bytes) to fulfil the required/basic standard specifications is then proposed. A smart maintenance use case relying on the first version of the standard reference implementation is developed, based on which our analytical model is applied to evaluate the degree of deviation (w.r.t. the standard specifications) of this reference implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailO-MI/O-DF vs. MQTT: a performance analysis
Benedick, Paul-Lou UL; Robert, Jérémy UL; Le Traon, Yves UL et al

in O-MI/O-DF vs. MQTT: a performance analysis (2018, June 21)

Over the past decade, a flourishing number of concepts and architectural shifts appeared such as Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Industrial CPS or even Industry 4.0. Unfortunately, today’s IoT as ... [more ▼]

Over the past decade, a flourishing number of concepts and architectural shifts appeared such as Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Industrial CPS or even Industry 4.0. Unfortunately, today’s IoT as well as Industry 4.0 environments, look more like a collection of isolated “Intranets of Things”, also referred to as “vertical silos”, rather than a federated infrastructure. Breaking down these silos is a key challenge in both the IoT and Industry 4.0 communities. This paper is intended to present and discuss two open and standardised mes- saging protocols designed for IoT applications, namely: MQTT and O-MI/O-DF. First, a traffic load’s analytical model derived from the MQTT standard specifications is presented. Second, a comparison study between MQTT and O-MI/O-DF standards is carried out based on a real-life industrial implementation. This study brings a deep understanding of the extent to which these protocols are performant (from a traffic load perspective) and how they can impact on future architectural designs. [less ▲]

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See detailOAG induces an additional PKC-, PI3K-, and Rac2-mediated signaling pathway up-regulating NOX2 activity, independently of Ca 2+ entry
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Salsmann, Alexandre UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Journal of Leukocyte Biology (2009), 85(4), 638-647

The requirement of calcium ion (Ca(2)(+)) entry for neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2) regulation is clearly established. However, its role in the signaling pathway leading to NOX2 activation is still ... [more ▼]

The requirement of calcium ion (Ca(2)(+)) entry for neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2) regulation is clearly established. However, its role in the signaling pathway leading to NOX2 activation is still elusive. 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG) causes an increase in NOX2 activity and has been shown to directly modulate Ca(2)(+) channels unrelated to the well-known store-operated Ca(2)(+) entry (SOCE) mechanism. In our study, we have investigated the potential role of OAG in Ca(2)(+) influx-mediated NOX2 activity in neutrophil-like-differentiated HL-60 cells to further characterize second signals involved in the regulation of NOX2. OAG inhibited fMLF- and thapsigargin-induced Ca(2)(+) entry, a phenomenon that was not restored by protein kinase C (PKC) or PI3K blockade. Addition of OAG resulted in a rapid decrease of maximal intracellular Ca(2)(+) concentration induced by thapsigargin. Both results suggest that OAG has an inhibitory effect, independent of PI3K and PKC, on the regulation of SOCE. In contrast to SOCE inhibition, OAG-induced NOX2 activation was mediated by PKC and PI3K. Our data establish that both kinases exert their effects through the regulation of Rac2 activity. In addition, OAG potentiated the effect of fMLF on the activation of NOX2 and led to a discernible activity of NOX2 upon thapsigargin stimulation. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that an additional PKC- and/or PI3K-dependent signal may act in synergy with Ca(2)(+) influx to trigger NOX2 activation. [less ▲]

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See detailOAKHQOL: a new instrument to measure quality of live in knee and hip Osteoarthritis
Rat, AC.; Coste, J.; Pouchot, J. et al

in Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2005), 58

To develop a questionnaire with which to measure quality of life (QoL) in patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design and Setting: Thirty-two caregivers and 96 OA patients were ... [more ▼]

To develop a questionnaire with which to measure quality of life (QoL) in patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design and Setting: Thirty-two caregivers and 96 OA patients were interviewed individually (using cognitive and face-to-face techniques) and in focus groups. A group of experts working independently at first and then consensually used the interview transcripts to generate a 46-item questionnaire. Results: Analysis of questionnaires completed by 263 patients with hip or knee OA resulted in the exclusion of three items (two because of low reliability and one because of a low response rate). Principal component analysis revealed four factors: physical activity, mental health, social functioning, and social support. A pain dimension was individualized. Preliminary testing showed the reliability of the five dimensions to be satisfactory (intraclass correlation coefficients: 0.70–0.85), construct validity was adequate when correlated with the SF36 (Spearman correlation coefficients: 0.43–0.75), and discrimination was satisfactory. The osteoarthritis knee and hip quality of life questionnaire (OAKHQOL) consists of 43 items in five dimensions and three independent items. Conclusion: TheOAKHQOLis the first specific knee and hipOAquality of life instrument. Its development followed an a priori structured strategy to ensure content validity. It meets psychometric requirements for validity and reliability. [less ▲]

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See detailOberflächenübersetzung: The Poetics and Cultural Politics of Homophonic Translation
Dembeck, Till UL

in Critical Multilingualism Studies (2015), 3(1), 7-25

This article reassesses the poetics of homophonic translation in order to come to terms with its (culture-)political effects. In a close reading of poems by Ernst Jandl and Oskar Pastior, Dembeck shows ... [more ▼]

This article reassesses the poetics of homophonic translation in order to come to terms with its (culture-)political effects. In a close reading of poems by Ernst Jandl and Oskar Pastior, Dembeck shows that these authors’ homophonic translations are by no means homogenous in the methods they apply, but rather make use of various, complex strategies of linguistic transformation simultaneously. This constant shifting between strategies enables these poets to make their texts the medium for (culture-)political movements that are, in very different ways, opposed to the presuppositions of monolingualism. Homophonic translation thus proves to be more than just a mere language game without semantic and political impact. [less ▲]

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See detailOberlotharingien im 15.-17. Jahrhundert
Pauly, Michel UL

in Voltmer, Rita; Irsigler, Franz (Eds.) Incubi Succubi. Hexen und ihre Henker bis heute. Ein historisches Lesebuch zur Ausstellung (2000)

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See detailObermueller/Werner/Winden - Die Hauptversammlung der Aktiengesellschaft, Buchbesprechung
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Zeitschrift für Bank- und Kapitalmarktrecht (2002), (4.Auflage), 1134

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See detailObituary: Dieter Ferring (1958-2017)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Boll, Thomas UL; Lang, Frieder R.

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2017), 30(4), 135-136

Memorializes Dieter Ferring, who contributed to life-span developmental psychology, geropsychology, and cultural psychology in research, teaching, professional practice, and political consulting. His life ... [more ▼]

Memorializes Dieter Ferring, who contributed to life-span developmental psychology, geropsychology, and cultural psychology in research, teaching, professional practice, and political consulting. His life work centered on life circumstances that included threats to people's well-being and on identifying and implementing solutions for such aversive conditions. His scientific approach was characterized by analysing phenomena in their micro and macro context, by interdisciplinarity, by emphasis on cognitive and semiotic mediation, and by using mixed-method approaches to data collection and analyses. Dieter Ferring had been much engaged in productive cooperations with researchers from other countries in Europe and in disseminating his insights and findings to study programs beyond his own field as well as to the general public. He also served as an expert and research partner to policymakers and community administrators and leaders in practical and applied fields. [less ▲]

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See detailObjectifs et compétences dans l’Union européenne
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

Book published by Bruylant (2013)

Interaction between objectives and competences of the European Union under the perspective of the principle of conferral. Legal basis of EU action. Member State's obligations beyond EU competence.

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See detailL'objectivité dans la théorie d'Umberto Eco
Treleani, Matteo UL

in Travaux en cours. Revue de l'UFR LAC. Université Paris Diderot (2010)

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See detailObjects and language in transcontextual communication
Kell, Cathy; Patrick, Donna; Budach, Gabriele UL

in Social Semiotics (2015), 25(4), 387-532

Contributions to this special issue explore the role of objects and language in communication across contexts from interdisciplinary angles, including sociolinguistics, education, anthropology and ... [more ▼]

Contributions to this special issue explore the role of objects and language in communication across contexts from interdisciplinary angles, including sociolinguistics, education, anthropology and sociology. The case studies range from medical to educational settings and investigate how meaning is constructed and projected withing and across contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailObjects and language in transcontextual communication
Budach, Gabriele UL; Kell, Cathy; Patrick, Donna

in Social Semiotics (2015), 25(4), 387-400

The text reviews critically the absence of a perspective on materiality (and objects) in most current sociolinguistic research. The authors discuss what an object-oriented perspective can offer for ... [more ▼]

The text reviews critically the absence of a perspective on materiality (and objects) in most current sociolinguistic research. The authors discuss what an object-oriented perspective can offer for humanities and social science research. Highlighting the role of objects in human interaction, they identify three types of objects (bounded, boundary and bonding) that have emerged from the case studies in this volume as playing a crucial part in trans-contextual meaning making. [less ▲]

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See detailLes objets dans la formation Usages, rôles et significations
de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL; Adé, David

Book published by Octares Editions (2010)

Quels rôles jouent les objets et les dispositifs techniques dans les activités de formation et d'apprentissage ? Comment rendent-ils l'activité collective viable, ou contribuent-ils à la construction des ... [more ▼]

Quels rôles jouent les objets et les dispositifs techniques dans les activités de formation et d'apprentissage ? Comment rendent-ils l'activité collective viable, ou contribuent-ils à la construction des apprentissages ? Le présent ouvrage tente de répondre à ces questions tout en reprenant à nouveaux frais quelques-unes des problématiques actuelles les plus fascinantes des sciences sociales et de l'éducation : la question de l'articulation entre activité individuelle et collective, la négociation collective du sens, la saisie dynamique du cours de l'activité, les réflexions sur les dimensions situées, instrumentées et dynamiques de l'apprentissage. A travers l'analyse d'une dizaine de situations de formation empiriquement attestées, allant de l'école au monde du travail, les contributions analysent les objets dans la dynamique de leur usage. Elles font le point sur les recherches récentes menées à propos des objets dans diverses disciplines et sont autant d'illustrations de la manière dont des approches variées (psychodynamique du travail, approche cours d'action, sociolinguistique interactionnelle, anthropologie cognitive, approches multimodales du discours) peuvent contribuer à illuminer notre compréhension des situations de formation. L'ouvrage s'adresse à toute personne qui s'interroge sur le rôle des objets et du monde matériel dans la vie sociale, l'apprentissage, la formation ou le développement. De manière plus ciblée, il intéresse également les formateurs, chercheurs et/ou praticiens engagés dans la formation des enseignants, dans la formation professionnelle, ou dans la formation des formateurs. Avec les contributions de : David Adé, Bernard Blandin, Christian Brassac, Laurent Filliettaz, Isabelle Fristalon, Nathalie Gal-Petitfaux, Annie Goudeaux, Benoît Huet, Myriam Meuwly-Bonte, Cécile Rossard, Fabrice Roublot, Ingrid de Saint-Georges, Jacques Saury, Carole Sève, Kim Stroumza, Philippe Veyrunes, Olivier Vors. [less ▲]

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See detail« Les objets qui font parler ». Vers une pédagogie de la création multimodale et multilingue
Budach, Gabriele UL

in LIDIL: Revue de Linguistique et de Didactique des Langues (2018), 57

The text presents an innovative pedagogical approach combining the exploration of material objects and the use of digital technologies. Inspired by studies in multiliteracies and new materialism, the text ... [more ▼]

The text presents an innovative pedagogical approach combining the exploration of material objects and the use of digital technologies. Inspired by studies in multiliteracies and new materialism, the text explores a project of animation film making around personally meaningful objects which was conducted with Master students during a Summer School at the University of Luxembourg. Results of this study suggest that exploring material culture and animating it through digital tools can help students to penetrate complex theoretical concepts, such as “the contact zone”, and stimulate language learning, critical thinking and self-expression. [less ▲]

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See detailL'obligation de connaître le client (Know Your Customer) en droit bancaire et financier luxembourgeois
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in Revue de Droit Bancaire et Financier (2008), (March-April), 56

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)