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See detailWhich DSM validated tools for diagnosing depression are usable in primary care research? A systematic literature review
Nabbe, P.; Le Reste, J. Y.; Guillou-Landreat, M. et al

in European Psychiatry (2016), 39

IntroductionDepression occurs frequently in primary care. Its broad clinical variability makes it difficult to diagnose. This makes it essential that family practitioner (FP) researchers have validated ... [more ▼]

IntroductionDepression occurs frequently in primary care. Its broad clinical variability makes it difficult to diagnose. This makes it essential that family practitioner (FP) researchers have validated tools to minimize bias in studies of everyday practice. Which tools validated against psychiatric examination, according to the major depression criteria of DSM-IV or 5, can be used for research purposes? [less ▲]

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See detailWhich facets of impulsivity predict binge drinking?
Bø, R.; Billieux, Joël UL; Landrø, N. I.

in Addictive Behaviors Reports (2016), 3

Background: Impulsive binge drinking is a serious public health issue, and to reveal predisposing factors to this consumption pattern is, therefore, required. Impulsivity-related traits are important ... [more ▼]

Background: Impulsive binge drinking is a serious public health issue, and to reveal predisposing factors to this consumption pattern is, therefore, required. Impulsivity-related traits are important predictors of alcohol use and abuse. Nonetheless, previous research in binge drinking has been confounded by various definitions and cut-off scores, implying that existing studies contributed to limited comprehension on the specific role of different impulsivity facets. The current study thus disentangles the role of impulsivity facets in binge drinking by adopting a dimensional approach, considering the condition on a continuum, to avoid relying on debatable and non-definitive criteria. Methods: 162 students underwent assessment of alcohol consumption, including drinking patterns and impulsive traits, as captured in the UPPS-P framework (i.e., negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation). Multiple regression analyses were utilized in order to investigate the predictive role of each impulsivity facet in binge drinking. Results: Binge drinking was associated with sensation seeking. However, when statistically controlling for gender, age and global alcohol consumption, this effect disappeared, and negative urgency remained the only impulsivity component that significantly predicted binge drinking. Conclusion: We found the severity of binge drinking to be associated with negative urgency, suggesting that the binge drinking pattern is displayed in reaction to negative emotional states, and can be conceptualized as a maladaptive and short-term emotional coping. The study calls for prevention and treatment interventions designed to improve self-control, and more adaptive emotion regulation strategies. © 2016 . [less ▲]

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See detailWhich psychological factors influence Internet addiction? Evidence through an integrative model
Burnay, J.; Billieux, Joël UL; Blairy, S. et al

in Computers in Human Behavior (2015), 43

Since the appearance of Internet, several preoccupations have appeared as a result, with Internet addiction being one of the most common. The goals of the present study were twofold. First, to examine ... [more ▼]

Since the appearance of Internet, several preoccupations have appeared as a result, with Internet addiction being one of the most common. The goals of the present study were twofold. First, to examine which psychological factors are relevant to explain Internet addiction, including impulsivity, passion and social provision. Second, to incorporate all these factors into an integrative model. Based on multiple regressions and path analysis, results revealed a positive relation between Internet addiction and specific impulsivity components (lack of perseverance, urgency) and obsessive passion. Moreover, positive relations were observed between obsessive passion and reassurance of worth, opportunity for nurturance, sensation seeking and harmonious passion. In other words, Internet addiction is related to obsessive passion, but is explained by different psychological factors. Accordingly, both Internet addiction and obsessive passion can be viewed as two important and complementary facets of problematic Internet use. ©2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich Psychological Quality of Life must have the Newly-Registered Students from three European Universities to acquire Employability Skills?
Baumann, Michèle UL; Pelt, Véronique UL

in Psychology & Health (2010), suppl

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability ... [more ▼]

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability skills and others associate factors among newly-registered students from social sciences faculties. 236 volunteers (85 Luxembourg, 82 Belgium, 69 Romania) completed an online questionnaire (participation, 66%). Employability skills (ES) were assessed using a scale covering communication, interpersonal relations, capacity for innovation; quality of life was measured using Whoqol-Bref domains concerning psychological, environment, and social relations. Female respondents were predominantly (90% Romanian, 75% Luxembourg, 67% Belgian students). Belgian students were the youngest (18.5 years, 19.1 Rom, 21.2 Lux); the Luxembourg students entered university one year later. ES score was higher among Luxembourg and Romania than Belgium students (77,8 vs 71,3 vs 68,2). Psychological Whoqol-bref score was highest among Luxembourg and Romania students, Belgian students had the lowest (74.6 vs 65.3 vs 64.0). It was correlated positively with social relations and environment Whoqol-bref domains, and with ES score for Luxembourg and Romanian, but negatively for Belgian students. Employability skills related to psychological health among students enrolled into vocational courses from Luxembourg and Romania faculties, but not their academically orientated Belgian counterparts. University is a natural setting to promote programmes geared to psychological counseling, improvement of the social environment, and assistance services for university work. [less ▲]

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See detailWhile there is hope – Existentianl fears, hopelessness and quality of life in cancer patients
Hoffmann, Martine UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology. Halifax, Canada (2008)

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See detailWhite Collar Crime. A Comparative Perspective
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Tosza, Stanislaw

Book published by Hart Publishing (2018)

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See detailWhite Manipulation in Judgment Aggregation
Grossi, Davide; Pigozzi, Gabriella UL; Slavkovik, Marija UL

Scientific Conference (2009)

Distributive systems consisting of autonomous and intelligent components need to be able to reason and make decisions based on the information these components share. Judgment aggregation investigates how ... [more ▼]

Distributive systems consisting of autonomous and intelligent components need to be able to reason and make decisions based on the information these components share. Judgment aggregation investigates how individual judgments on logically connected propositions can be aggregated into a collective judgment on the same propositions. It is the case that seemingly reasonable aggregation procedures may force the group to hold an inconsistent judgment set. What happens when the agents realize that the group outcome will be inconsistent? We claim that, in order to avoid an untenable collective outcome, individuals may prefer to declare a non-truthful, less preferred judgment set. Thus, the prospect of an individual trying to manipulate the social outcome by submitting an insincere judgment set is turned from being an undesirable to a “virtuous” (or white) manipulation. We define white manipulation and present the initial study of it as a coordinated action of the whole group. [less ▲]

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See detailWhither sustainability? Governance and regional integration in the Glatt Valley
Carr, Constance UL; Mcdonough, Evan UL

Scientific Conference (2014, July 11)

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See detailWho are the users of a video search system? Classifying a heterogeneous group with a profile matrix
Kemman, Max UL; Kleppe, Martijn; Beunders, Henri

in 2012 13th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services (2012)

Formulating requirements for a video search system can be a challenging task when everyone is a possible user. This paper explores the possibilities of classifying users by creating a Profile Matrix ... [more ▼]

Formulating requirements for a video search system can be a challenging task when everyone is a possible user. This paper explores the possibilities of classifying users by creating a Profile Matrix, placing users on two axes: experience and goal-directedness. This enables us to describe the characteristics of the subgroups and investigate differences between the different groups. We created Profile Matrices by classifying 850 respondents of a survey regarding a requirements study for a video search system. We conclude that the Profile Matrix indeed enables us to classify subgroups of users and describe their characteristics. The current research is limited to descriptions of subgroups and analysis of differences between these subgroups. In the future, we want to research what these differences mean with regard to the users’ performance and acceptance of a video search system and explore the use of a profile matrix for other types of search systems. [less ▲]

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See detailWho are the users of a Video search system? Classifying a Heterogeneous group with a profile Matrix (Dataset)
Kemman, Max UL; Kleppe, Martijn; Beunders, Henri

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2012)

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See detailWho Benefits from Human Rights Treaties?
Happold, Matthew UL

in Riassetto, Isabelle; Heuschling, Luc; Ravarani, Georges (Eds.) Liber Amicorum Rusen Ergeç (2017)

This chapter examines how the question of whether legal persons (in particular corporations) enjoy human rights has been answered under a number of human rights treaties. Most human rights treaties have ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines how the question of whether legal persons (in particular corporations) enjoy human rights has been answered under a number of human rights treaties. Most human rights treaties have been interpreted as conferring rights upon natural, but not on legal, persons. And most international human rights bodies will only entertain complaints from individuals and not from corporations. But the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union have taken a quite different approach from that of other regional and sub-regional courts and the UN Human Rights Committee, viewing corporations as rights-holders under the treaties they administer. They have done so, however, largely on the basis not of any expressed philosophical disagreements but by reference to the relevant treaty texts. Grander arguments have tended to be supportive, even when extensive. This is unsurprising. If such an important distinction is to be made, it should be undertaken by the treaty drafters. But saying that legal persons can be rights-holders under human rights treaties is only a beginning. Corporations are not individuals, even though they can be analogised as such. Which leads back to the original question: when should they benefit from the same rights as individuals? Two issues arise here. The first concerns what rights corporations should enjoy: the second the extent to which they should enjoy them. In contrast to the initial question, these two issues have been left to the judges alone to determine. The justification given by the European Court of Human Rights for precluding governmental bodies or entities from bringing claims is to prevent States parties to the Convention from acting both as applicants and respondents, because it is the State itself which is obliged to guarantee respect for fundamental rights within its territory. Drilling down further, one might say that different categories of entity are holders of rights and bearers of obligations under human rights treaties. Increasingly, given the decline of the State and the rise of the corporation, we are told that human rights should serve directly to regulate corporate behaviour. Might not the same consideration lead to a need to reconsider the circumstances in which it is appropriate for corporations themselves to enjoy such rights? [less ▲]

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See detailWho benefits from partial tax coordination?
Han, Yutao UL

E-print/Working paper (2013)

In this paper, we investigate whether partial tax coordination is beneficial to <br />countries within and outside a tax union, in which countries are supposed to compete <br />in taxes and infrastructure ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate whether partial tax coordination is beneficial to <br />countries within and outside a tax union, in which countries are supposed to compete <br />in taxes and infrastructure. Our results demonstrate that, a subgroup of countries <br />agreeing on a common tax rate, can harm both member and nonmember <br />states. This is in contrast to the classical findings that partial tax harmonization <br />is Pareto improving. When a minimum tax rate is imposed within a tax union, we <br />demonstrate that it does not necessarily improve the welfare of the member countries. <br />Moreover, both the high tax and low tax countries can be worse off. This <br />conclusion is at odds with the classical result that a high tax country benefits from <br />the imposition of a lower tax bound. [less ▲]

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See detailWho blames the victim? Kausal- und Verantwortlichkeitszuschreibungen im Umfeld einer Krebserkrankung
Filipp, Sigrun-Heide; Ferring, Dieter UL

in U. Koch, & J. Weis (Eds.), Krankheitsbewältigung bei Krebs und Möglichkeiten der Unterstützung. Der Förderschwerpunkt "Rehabilitation von Krebskranken" (1998)

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See detailWho chooses what in the game store? The relationship between game preferences and dimensions of aggression
Happ, Christian UL; Melzer, André UL; Rossi, M. et al

Scientific Conference (2009, November)

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See detailWho Clicks There!: Anonymizing the Photographer in a Camera Saturated Society
Nagaraja, Shishir; Schaffer, Peter UL; Aouada, Djamila UL

in Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society (WPES) (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
See detailWho Decides What? Judicial Deference in International Economic Adjudication
Fahner, Johannes Hendrik UL

Presentation (2018, February 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 UL)
See detailWho defines what the World Social Forum is?
Schröder, Christian UL

in America Latina en Movimiento (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 UL)
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See detailWho does not participate in elections in Europe and why is this? A multilevel analysis of social mechanisms behind non-voting
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Beck, Michael

in European Societies (2010), 12(4), 521-542

This paper focuses on the research question ‘Who does not vote and why?’ regarding national elections in 24 European countries. We analyse determinants of non-voting both on the individual and the ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the research question ‘Who does not vote and why?’ regarding national elections in 24 European countries. We analyse determinants of non-voting both on the individual and the societal level employing a multilevel design. On the micro level, the sociological determinants under consideration are education, cohort and gender. Regarding psychological or motivational factors, we include in the analyses political efficacy, political interest, political trust and satisfaction with politics. On the macro level, we analyse characteristics of the electoral system, including opportunities for ‘direct democracy’, maturity of democracy, disproportionality factor, and if the participation in elections is compulsory. The data source of the analyses is the European Social Survey 2006. A first main finding is the fact that the probability of non-voting is higher among people with a low level of education and among younger cohorts. The motivational factors have similar impacts on non-voting across all analysed societies. Lack of political efficacy, lack of political interest, lack of political trust and dissatisfaction with politicians and the political system increase the probability of non-voting. Regarding macro influences, countries with compulsory voting and ‘old democracies’ turn out to have a lower rate of non-voting, although these effects vanish when simultaneously modelled with the social psychological micro level indicators. [less ▲]

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See detailWho gets what in coalition governments? Predictors of portfolio allocation in parliamentary democracies
Bäck, Hanna; Debus, Marc; Dumont, Patrick UL

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL RESEARCH (2011), 50(4), 441-478

Ministerial portfolios are the most obvious payoffs for parties entering a governing coalition in parliamentary democracies. This renders the bargaining over portfolios an important phase of the ... [more ▼]

Ministerial portfolios are the most obvious payoffs for parties entering a governing coalition in parliamentary democracies. This renders the bargaining over portfolios an important phase of the government formation process. The question of 'who gets what, and why?' in terms of ministerial remits has not yet received much attention by coalition or party scholars. This article focuses on this qualitative aspect of portfolio allocation and uses a new comparative dataset to evaluate a number of hypotheses that can be drawn from the literature. The main hypothesis is that parties which, in their election manifestos, emphasise themes corresponding to the policy remit of specific cabinet portfolios are more likely to obtain control over these portfolios. The results show that policy saliency is indeed an important predictor of portfolio allocation in postwar Western European parliamentary democracies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL)