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See detailThe welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries
Burzynski, Michal UL; Docquier, Frederic; Aubry, Amandine

in Journal of International Economics (2016), 101

This paper quantifies the effect of global migration on the welfare of non-migrant OECD citizens. We develop an integrated, multi-country model that accounts for the interactions between the labor market ... [more ▼]

This paper quantifies the effect of global migration on the welfare of non-migrant OECD citizens. We develop an integrated, multi-country model that accounts for the interactions between the labor market, fiscal, and market size effects of migration, as well as for trade relations between countries. The model is calibrated to match the economic and demographic characteristics of the 34 OECD countries and the rest of the world, as well as trade flows between them in the year 2010. We show that recent migration flows have been beneficial for 69% of the non-migrant OECD population, and for 83% of non-migrant citizens of the 22 richest OECD countries. Winners are mainly residing in traditional immigration countries; their gains are substantial and are essentially due to the entry of immigrants from non-OECD countries. Although labor market and fiscal effects are non-negligible in some countries, the greatest source of gain comes from the market size effect, i.e. the change in the variety of goods available to consumers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (12 UL)
See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Presentation (2016, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Scientific Conference (2015, December 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 UL)
See detailThe welfare impacts of an immigration amnesty: how drastic could they be?
Machado Carneiro, Joël UL

Scientific Conference (2015, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 UL)
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See detailWelfare Regimes, Cohorts and the Middle Classes
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Gornick, Janet C.; Jäntti, Markus (Eds.) Income Inequality : Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 395 (38 UL)
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See detailWelfare retrenchment
Ebbinghaus, Bernhard UL

in Wright, J.D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL)
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See detailThe Welfare State and Anti-Poverty Policy in Rich Countries
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL; Marx, Ive; Nolan, Brian

E-print/Working paper (2014)

This paper is prepared as a chapter for the Handbook of Income Distribution, Volume 2 (edited by A. B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon, Elsevier-North Holland, forthcoming). Like the other chapters in the ... [more ▼]

This paper is prepared as a chapter for the Handbook of Income Distribution, Volume 2 (edited by A. B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon, Elsevier-North Holland, forthcoming). Like the other chapters in the volume (and its predecessor), the aim is to provide a comprehensive review of a particular area of research. The aim of this chapter is to highlight some key aspects of recent economic research on the welfare state and anti-poverty policy in rich countries, and explore their implications. We begin with the conceptualisation and measurement of poverty, before sketching out some core features and approaches to the welfare state and anti-poverty policies. We then focus on the central plank of the modern welfare state’s efforts to address poverty, namely social protection, discussing in turn the inactive working-age population, child income support, in-work poverty, and retirement and old-age pensions. After that we discuss social spending on other than cash transfers: the labour market, education, training and activation, and finally intergenerational transmission, childhood and neighbourhoods. We also discuss the welfare state and anti-poverty policy in the context of the economic crisis which began in 2007-8, and the implications for strategies aimed at combining economic growth and employment with making serious inroads into poverty. We conclude with highlighting directions for future research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (9 UL)
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See detailThe welfare state and anti-poverty policy in rich countries
Marx, Ive; Nolan, Brian; Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

in Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (Eds.) Handbook of Income Distribution (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (19 UL)
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See detailWelfare, home market effects, and horizontal foreign direct investment
Behrens, Kristian; Picard, Pierre M UL

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2007), 36(3), 523-545

We investigate the spatial distribution and organization of an imperfectly competitive industry when firms may choose to operate more than a single production unit. Focusing on a short-run setting with a ... [more ▼]

We investigate the spatial distribution and organization of an imperfectly competitive industry when firms may choose to operate more than a single production unit. Focusing on a short-run setting with a fixed mass of firms, we first fully characterize the spatial equilibria analytically. Comparing the equilibrium and the first-best, we secondly show that both organizational and spatial inefficiencies may arise. In particular, when fixed costs are low, when transport costs are high, and when products are close substitutes, the market outcome may well have to too many multinationals operating from a social point of view (`over-investment'). As a by-product, under-agglomeration of exporters in the larger market may arise. [less ▲]

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See detailWelfare, Inequality and Financial Consequences of a Multi-pillar Pension System
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

E-print/Working paper (2010)

The distributional impact of the structural pension reform in Latin American countries has been largely absent in the economic debate. However, this reform may widen inequality in old-age and reduce ... [more ▼]

The distributional impact of the structural pension reform in Latin American countries has been largely absent in the economic debate. However, this reform may widen inequality in old-age and reduce welfare. In this paper we study the consequences of implementing a multi-pillar system in one of these countries. We take advantage of available administrative records for Peruvian workers to estimate inequality in pensions, pension debt and welfare. Overall, our results show that the pension debt and inequality can be substantially reduced without welfare losses. [less ▲]

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See detailWell Conditioned and Optimally Convergent Extended Finite Elements and Vector Level Sets for Three-Dimensional Crack Propagation
Agathos, Konstantinos UL; Ventura, Giulio; Chatzi, Eleni et al

Scientific Conference (2016, June)

A three-dimensional (3D) version of the vector level set method [1] is combined to a well conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM variant in order to deal with non-planar three dimensional crack ... [more ▼]

A three-dimensional (3D) version of the vector level set method [1] is combined to a well conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM variant in order to deal with non-planar three dimensional crack propagation problems. The proposed computational fracture method achieves optimal convergence rates by using tip enriched elements in a fixed volume around the crack front (geometrical enrichment) while keeping conditioning of the resulting system matrices in acceptable levels. Conditioning is controlled by using a three dimensional extension of the degree of freedom gathering technique [2]. Moreover, blending errors are minimized and conditioning is further improved by employing weight function blending and enrichment function shifting [3,4]. As far as crack representation is concerned, crack surfaces are represented by linear quadrilateral elements and the corresponding crack fronts by ordered series of linear segments. Level set values are obtained by projecting points at the crack surface and front respectively. Different criteria are employed in order to assess the quality of the crack representation. References [1] Ventura G., Budyn E. and Belytschko T. Vector level sets for description of propagating cracks in finite elements. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 58:1571-1592 (2003). [2] Laborde P., Pommier J., Renard Y. and Salaün M. High-order extended finite element method for cracked domains. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 64:354-381 (2005). [3] Fries T.P. A corrected XFEM approximation without problems in blending elements. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 75:503-532 (2008). [4] Ventura G., Gracie R. and Belytschko T. Fast integration and weight function blending in the extended finite element method. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 77:1-29 (2009). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (13 UL)
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See detailWell-being differences in old-age in Europe: the Active Ageing Index by cohorts
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is to study and explain the differences in wellbeing in old age across cohorts and countries in Europe. This is done with the replication of the Active Ageing Index for cohorts formed by age group, sex and country for 2012. The analysis is performed with different model regressions at the cohort level and introducing macro variables at the country level. In general, there is a gap in active ageing in detriment of females which is larger in older cohorts. In addition, wealth, equity and pension settings of the country are important predictors for better active ageing. Finally, it is found that the Social-Democratic welfare regime (Nordic countries) with its set of strong redistributive policies, is the most favourable system for active ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailA well-conditioned and optimally convergent XFEM for 3D linear elastic fracture
Agathos, Konstantinos; Chatzi, Eleni; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (n.d.)

A variation of the extended finite element method for 3D fracture mechanics is proposed. It utilizes global enrichment and point-wise as well as integral matching of displacements of the standard and ... [more ▼]

A variation of the extended finite element method for 3D fracture mechanics is proposed. It utilizes global enrichment and point-wise as well as integral matching of displacements of the standard and enriched elements in order to achieve higher accuracy, optimal convergence rates and improved conditioning for two and three dimensional crack problems. A bespoke benchmark problem is introduced to determine the method's accuracy in the general 3D case where it is demonstrated that the proposed approach improves the accuracy and reduces the number of iterations required for the iterative solution of the resulting system of equations by 40% for moderately refined meshes and topological enrichment. Moreover, when a fixed enrichment volume is used, the number of iterations required grows at a rate which is reduced by a factor of 2 compared to standard XFEM, diminishing the number of iterations by almost one order of magnitude. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 211 (10 UL)
See detailDie Welt im 16. Jahrhundert
Feldbauer, Peter; Lehners, Jean-Paul UL

Book published by Magnus Verlag (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)
See detailWeltatlas Sozialen Arbeit - Jenseits aller Vermessungen
Bähr, Christiane; Homfeldt, Hans Günther; Schröder, Christian UL et al

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 UL)
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See detailWelterfahrung, Gotteserfahrung, Selbsterfahrung: Zum Motiv des Reisens in der deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters
Sieburg, Heinz UL

in Wiegmann, Eva (Ed.) Interkulturelles Labor. Luxemburg im Spannungsfeld von Integration und Diversifikation (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailWeltliche Wallfahrten. Auf der Spur des Realen (zus. mit Stefan Börnchen)
Mein, Georg UL

Book published by Fink (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 UL)
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See detailWeltliteratur und das Missverstehen des Romans : Orhan Pamuks »Masumiyet Müzesi«
Kohns, Oliver UL

in Colloquium Helveticum: schweizer Hefte fuer allgemeine und vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft (2017), 46

The notion of world literature is often understood as a global distribution of literary forms and structures from Europe to the rest of the globe. Under the premise that non-European literatures don't ... [more ▼]

The notion of world literature is often understood as a global distribution of literary forms and structures from Europe to the rest of the globe. Under the premise that non-European literatures don't just reproduce European forms, but reinterpret and change them in the process of adaptation, world literature can be defined as a "productive misunderstanding". This article attempts to show that Orhan Pamuk's novel "Masumiyet Müzesi" ("Museum of Innocence") is in this sense a productive appropriation of European forms of the novel. Pamuk's novel is a narration about the modernization of Turkey in the 20th century, which is depicted as a chain of faulty imitation that nevertheless creates something new. Similarly, the "Museum of Innocence" is characterized by an abundance of intertextual relations to the tradition of European novel (e.g., to Proust's texts), which, however creates a "productive misunderstanding". [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 UL)
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See detailWeltmarkt oder Wochenmarkt: Strategien der Regionalisierung unter dem Aspekt der Logistik.
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2002), (5-6), 345-355

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)
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See detailDas Weltsozialforum in Tunis. Offener Raum für Ideen
Sabra, Martina; Schröder, Christian UL

in Qantara (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 UL)