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See detailTrompe-l'oeil, simulacre et simulation: la rhétorique et l'hyperphoto
Colas-Blaise, Marion UL

in Migliore, T. (Ed.) Stratégies de l'image entre signification et communication (2011)

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See detailThe "Trotter" Open-Air School, Milan (1922-1977): A City of Youth or Risky Business?
Thyssen, Geert UL

in Paedagogica Historica (2009), 45(1-2), 157-170

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See detailTroubles du comportement socio-émotionnel et impulsivité: une approche cognitive et neuropsychologique
Van der Linden, Martial; Rochat, Lucien; Billieux, Joël UL

in Azouvy, P.; Mazaux, J.-M.; Pradat-Diehl, P. (Eds.) Comportement et lésions cérébrales - actes des 19e entretiens de la fondation Garches (2006)

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See detailDas Truckwerk in der Frühen Neuzeit Zur Historiographie der Bildung Erwachsener mittels Medien
te Heesen, Kerstin UL

in Schäffer, Burkhard; Schemmann, Michael; Dörner, Olaf (Eds.) Erwachsenenbildung im Kontext. Theoretische Rahmungen, empirische Spielräume und praktische Regulative (2012)

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See detailTrue single-molecule DNA sequencing of a pleistocene horse bone.
Orlando, Ludovic; Ginolhac, Aurélien UL; Raghavan, Maanasa et al

in Genome research (2011), 21(10), 1705-19

Second-generation sequencing platforms have revolutionized the field of ancient DNA, opening access to complete genomes of past individuals and extinct species. However, these platforms are dependent on ... [more ▼]

Second-generation sequencing platforms have revolutionized the field of ancient DNA, opening access to complete genomes of past individuals and extinct species. However, these platforms are dependent on library construction and amplification steps that may result in sequences that do not reflect the original DNA template composition. This is particularly true for ancient DNA, where templates have undergone extensive damage post-mortem. Here, we report the results of the first "true single molecule sequencing" of ancient DNA. We generated 115.9 Mb and 76.9 Mb of DNA sequences from a permafrost-preserved Pleistocene horse bone using the Helicos HeliScope and Illumina GAIIx platforms, respectively. We find that the percentage of endogenous DNA sequences derived from the horse is higher among the Helicos data than Illumina data. This result indicates that the molecular biology tools used to generate sequencing libraries of ancient DNA molecules, as required for second-generation sequencing, introduce biases into the data that reduce the efficiency of the sequencing process and limit our ability to fully explore the molecular complexity of ancient DNA extracts. We demonstrate that simple modifications to the standard Helicos DNA template preparation protocol further increase the proportion of horse DNA for this sample by threefold. Comparison of Helicos-specific biases and sequence errors in modern DNA with those in ancient DNA also reveals extensive cytosine deamination damage at the 3' ends of ancient templates, indicating the presence of 3'-sequence overhangs. Our results suggest that paleogenomes could be sequenced in an unprecedented manner by combining current second- and third-generation sequencing approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailTruffle Pigs, Research Questions, and Histories of Education
Tröhler, Daniel UL

in Popkewitz, Thomas (Ed.) Rethinking the History of Education. Transnational perspectives on its questions, methods, and knowledge (2013)

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See detailTrügerisches Gedächtnis
Reuter, Bob UL

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailTrumpland
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailTruncation mutations in ABCA1 suppress normal upregulation of full-length ABCA1 by 9-cis-retinoic acid and 22-R-hydroxycholesterol
Wellington, C. L.; Yang, Y. Z.; Zhou, S. et al

in Journal of Lipid Research (2002), 43(11), 1939-1949

Mutations in ABCA1 uniformly decrease plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and reduce cholesterol efflux, yet different mutations in ABCA1 result in different phenotypic effects in heterozygotes. For example ... [more ▼]

Mutations in ABCA1 uniformly decrease plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and reduce cholesterol efflux, yet different mutations in ABCA1 result in different phenotypic effects in heterozygotes. For example, truncation mutations result in significantly lower HDL-C and apoliprotein A-I (apoA-I) levels in heterozygotes compared with nontruncation mutations, suggesting that truncation mutations may negatively affect the wild-type allele. To specifically test this hypothesis, we examined ABCA1 protein expression in response to 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) and 22-R-hydroxycholesterol (22-R-OH-Chol) in a collection of human fibroblasts representing eight different mutations and observed that truncation mutations blunted the response to oxysterol stimulation and dominantly suppressed induction of the remaining full-length allele to 5–10% of wild-type levels. mRNA levels between truncation and nontruncation mutations were comparable, suggesting that ABCA1 expression was suppressed at the protein level. Dominant negative activity of truncated ABCA1 was recapitulated in an in vitro model using transfected Cos-7 cells. Our results suggest that the severe reduction of HDL-C in patients with truncation mutations may be at least partly explained by dominant negative suppression of expression and activity of the remaining full-length ABCA1 allele. [less ▲]

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See detailTrust and Trustworthiness in Anonymous Virtual Worlds
Füllbrunn, Sascha UL; Richwien, Katharina; Sadrieh, Abdolkarim

in Journal of Media Economics (2011), 24(1), 48-63

Virtual communities like Second Life (SL) represent an economic factor with increasing potential, but may induce behavior that deviates from real-world experience. This article introduces a new ... [more ▼]

Virtual communities like Second Life (SL) represent an economic factor with increasing potential, but may induce behavior that deviates from real-world experience. This article introduces a new experimental design that is based on the trust game (Berg, Dickhaut, & McCabe, 1995), but eliminates the problem of multiple virtual identities. One treatment of the experiment in the virtual world SL was conducted and the results compared to the First Life (FL) control treatment, which was conducted on a university campus. In SL, significantly lower investment levels were found, but significantly higher average returns were found than in the FL treatment or in the literature. It is conjectured that the disparity between trusting and trustworthy behavior is a sign that the social structure in SL is still evolving. It seems plausible that the trustors in a young and developing society cautiously test the extent of trustworthiness, whereas the trustees strategically invest in levels of trustworthiness that are higher than in settled societies to build up a trustworthy environment. [less ▲]

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See detailTrust Based Interdependency Weighting for On-line Risk Monitoring in Interdependent Critical Infrastructures
Caldeira, F.; Schaberreiter, Thomas UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL et al

in International Journal of Secure Software Engineering (2013), 4(4), 47-69

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See detailTrust Dynamics: Beliefs, Preferences, Learning and Performance
Cortesi, Maurizio UL

Doctoral thesis (2012)

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See detailTrust et Fiducie au Luxembourg
Prüm, André UL

in Trust et Fiducie au Luxembourg (2005)

L’internationalisation des rapports juridiques conduit de plus en plus à une imbrication des systèmes juridiques et à la nécessité de reconnaître des institutions juridiques venus d’ailleurs. L’une de ces ... [more ▼]

L’internationalisation des rapports juridiques conduit de plus en plus à une imbrication des systèmes juridiques et à la nécessité de reconnaître des institutions juridiques venus d’ailleurs. L’une de ces institutions, le trust, né dans le système de la common law, s’exporte de plus en plus dans les pays de tradition civiliste. Pour faciliter son acclimatation, la Convention de la Haye relative à la loi applicable au trust et à sa reconnaissance a été adoptée le 1er juillet 1985. Cette Convention entend à la fois permettre la reconnaissance de cette institution par des ordres juridiques qui ne la connaissent pas et fixer à l'égard des pays signataires la loi applicable au trust. A l’aube de sa ratification par la Suisse, des experts venus de différents pays se sont réunis à l’Institut suisse de droit comparé (Lausanne) le 18 mars 2005 pour partager les expériences nationales. Le présent ouvrage publie les rapports exposés à cette occasion. [less ▲]

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See detailTrust et fiducie. La Convention de La Haye et la nouvelle législation luxembourgeoise
Prüm, André UL; Witz, Claude; Aynès, Laurent

Book published by Montchrestien (2005)

Le présent ouvrage reproduit les actes du colloque de Luxembourg du 11 décembre 2003 consacré au trust et à la nouvelle fiducie luxembourgeoise. D'éminents spécialistes du trust et de la Convention de La ... [more ▼]

Le présent ouvrage reproduit les actes du colloque de Luxembourg du 11 décembre 2003 consacré au trust et à la nouvelle fiducie luxembourgeoise. D'éminents spécialistes du trust et de la Convention de La Haye du 1er juillet 1985 éclairent utilement cette institution clé des pays de Common Law et les solutions de droit international posées par la Convention. La confrontation du trust avec les pays de droit civil est approfondie à la lumière de l'expérience du Grand-Duché qui a ratifié la Convention de La Haye tout en procédant à une réforme substantielle de la fiducie luxembourgeoise. Les auteurs de l'avant-projet de loi présentent en détail la loi du 27 juillet 2003 relative au trust et aux contrats fiduciaires dont l'étude est complétée par l'examen du traitement fiscal. L'ouvrage s'adresse à tous ceux qui s'intéressent au trust et à la fiducie notamment en France, en Belgique et en Suisse où l'on songe à ratifier la Convention de La Haye et à consacrer législativement la fiducie. [less ▲]

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See detailA trust framework for evaluating GNSS signal integrity
Chen, Xihui UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Martins, Miguel et al

in Proceedings of 26th IEEE Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF'13) (2013)

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See detailTrust in Abstract Argumentation
Boella, Guido UL; van der Torre, Leon UL; Villata, Serena

in Proceedings of the 4th Mahasarakham International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence (MIWAI'10) (2010)

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See detailA trust-augmented voting scheme for collaborative privacy management
Sun, Yanjie UL; Zhang, Chenyi UL; Pang, Jun UL et al

in Proc. 6th International Workshop on Security and Trust Management (2011)

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See detailA trust-augmented voting scheme for collaborative privacy management
Sun, Yanjie UL; Zhang, Chenyi UL; Pang, Jun UL et al

in Journal of Computer Security (2012), 20(4), 437-459

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See detailTrustworthy agent-based recommender system in a mobile P2P environment
Sahli, N.; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Eertink, H.

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (2012), 6573 LNAI

Current major P2P systems focus on PCs and do not provide services for the mobile environment. Compared to traditional P2P, characteristics of Mobile P2P include unreliable connections, limited bandwidth ... [more ▼]

Current major P2P systems focus on PCs and do not provide services for the mobile environment. Compared to traditional P2P, characteristics of Mobile P2P include unreliable connections, limited bandwidth and constraints of mobile devices. In addition, nomadic users demand applications and services that are context-aware, personalised, secure, and trustworthy. Recommender systems are one of these applications. In this paper, we aim at building a mobile P2P recommender system which dramatically reduces wireless traffic between peers, brings trustworthiness (each peer can choose to rely on opinions of peers whom he trusts), and ffers unobtrusiveness (the target system is mainly autonomous and requires a minimum user intervention). Our solution is based on multi-agent systems and is illustrated on a slow-food restaurant recommender system. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. [less ▲]

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