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See detailEssprobleme im Kindesalter: Screening in der allgemeinen Bevölkerung
Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Bellwald, Laura; Kurz, Susanne et al

in Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie (2013), 21(2), 91-100

Since eating disorders in childhood and adolescence have increased significantly, their early identification is of importance. Besides the “typical” eating disorders, there are a number of eating ... [more ▼]

Since eating disorders in childhood and adolescence have increased significantly, their early identification is of importance. Besides the “typical” eating disorders, there are a number of eating disturbances that typically present in middle childhood, characterized by avoidance or restriction of intake, that are not currently classified in the DSM-IV system. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the occurrence of these disturbances in a general, school-based population, and to report psychometric properties of a brief self-report screening questionnaire assessing avoidant or restrictive food intake. A total of 730 children aged 8–13 years were assessed with the Eating Disturbances in Childhood – Questionnaire (EDCh-Q). Altogether, 29.8 %of the children reported avoidant or restrictive eating behavior. Item characteristics were overall favourable. The four-factorial solution was replicated, however, with poor internal consistencies of the subscales. Underweight children reported more symptoms of food avoidance emotional disorder (FAED). Avoidant or restrictive eating behavior is common in school-aged children. The EDCh-Q is a diagnostically orientated screening questionnaire to identify these eating disturbances in middle childhood. A larger study is warranted to validate the EDCh-Q in community and clinical samples. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimism, self-efficacy, and perceived stress as predictors of self-reported health symptoms in college students
Schulz, Heiko; Vögele, Claus UL; Meyer, Björn

in Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie (2009), 17

Studies provide support for the notion of increased vulnerability to upper respiratory track infections (URIs) with exposure to psychological stress, but only few have examined whether optimism and self ... [more ▼]

Studies provide support for the notion of increased vulnerability to upper respiratory track infections (URIs) with exposure to psychological stress, but only few have examined whether optimism and self-efficacy might moderate this relationship. The purpose of the present study was to examine (a) the influence of academic exam stress on susceptibility to URIs and (b) the extent to which these personality characteristics buffer against stress-related vulnerability to URIs. Using a repeated-measures design, URI infection status was measured in a sample of 80 college students with self-reports both during an exam period and outside such a period. Results suggested that optimism may protect from the adverse influence of heightened stress and that pessimistic, low self-efficacious participants may be at elevated risk for the development of URIs at times of increased stress. [less ▲]

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See detailVeränderungsmuster im Bewältigungsverhalten von Krebspatienten und Korrelate von Veränderungen: Ein personorientierter Ansatz.
Ferring, Dieter UL; Sommer, C.; Filipp, Sigrun-Heide

in Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie (1996), 4(4)

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