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See detailSuburbanisation and Suburbanisms – Making Sense of Continental European Developments
Hesse, Markus UL; Siedentop, Stefan

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2018), 76(2), 97-108

This paper provides a brief overview of recent developments and debates concerned with suburbanisation in continental Europe. While current discourses in urban research and practice still focus on ... [more ▼]

This paper provides a brief overview of recent developments and debates concerned with suburbanisation in continental Europe. While current discourses in urban research and practice still focus on processes of reurbanisation and the gentrification of inner-city areas, suburbia continues to exist and thrive. Depending on the definition applied, suburban areas still attract a large share of in-migration and employment growth in cities of the developed countries. Given that popular meta-narratives on suburbia and suburbanisation are often spurred by, or refer to, North American suburban studies, we take a different perspective here, one based on continental European trajectories of development in and across city-regional areas that are considered to be suburban, and on social processes that are associated with suburbanisation (suburbanisms). Thus, we aim to avoid a biased understanding of suburbia as a spatial category, which is often considered mono-functional, non-sustainable, or in generic decline. Instead, we observe that suburban variety is huge, and the distinction between urban core and fringe seems to be as ambiguous as ever. The paper, which also introduces the theme of this special issue of “Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning”, bundles our findings along four themes: on suburbia as a place of economic development, on the shifting dynamics of housing between core and fringe locales, on the life-cyclic nature of suburbanisation, and on strategies for redevelopment. Finally, we discuss certain topics that may deserve to be addressed by future research, particularly on the European variant of suburbanisation and suburbs. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrative planning of post-suburban growth in the Glatt Valley (Switzerland)
Carr, Constance UL; Mcdonough, Evan UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2018), 76(2), 109-122

This paper addresses conditions of post-suburban urbanisation. Our empirical base is drawn from observations of integration initiatives in the region of the Glatt Valley, a rather undefined area extending ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses conditions of post-suburban urbanisation. Our empirical base is drawn from observations of integration initiatives in the region of the Glatt Valley, a rather undefined area extending from the City of Zurich towards the airport and spreading over a number of small municipalities. Under growth pressure, municipalities are coordinating housing, transportation, and economic activity, and this is generating new post-suburban forms. To understand these processes, qualitative methods were used, relevant documents surveyed, and conversational interviews with actors in the area conducted. A process of infrastructure consolidation was observed, which moved towards integrating functional pathways and optimising capital accumulation, and attracting and catering for business development and high-income earners. To date, the region has proved to be diverse and dynamic, while also furthering certain modes of fragmentation and social stratification. The results reveal post-suburban forms that are place specific and path dependent insofar as they are driven by particular arrangements of governance that emphasise a certain mode of integrative planning. This form of post-suburban growth is also producing new forms of fragmentation. Abstract This paper addresses conditions of post-suburban urbanisation. Our empirical base is drawn from observations of integration initiatives in the region of the Glatt Valley, a rather undefined area extending from the City of Zurich towards the airport and spreading over a number of small municipalities. Under growth pressure, municipalities are coordinating housing, transportation, and economic activity, and this is generating new post-suburban forms. To understand these processes, qualitative methods were used, surveying relevant documents, and conducting conversational interviews with actors in the area. Observed was a process of infrastructure consolidation towards integrating functional pathways and optimising capital accumulation, attracting and taking care of business development, and high-income earners. To date, the region reveals itself to be diverse and dynamic, while also furthering certain modes of fragmentation and social stratification. The results reveal post-suburban forms that are place-specific and path dependent insofar as they are driven by certain arrangements of governance that emphasise a certain mode of integrative planning. This form of post-suburban growth is also producing new forms of fragmentation. Keywords Post-suburban, Switzerland, Zurich, Glatt Valley, integrative planning, governance Kurzfassung Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit Bedingungen der post-suburbanen Entwicklung in der Schweiz. Die empirische Basis bilden Beobachtungen von Raumplanungs- und Governancepraktiken im Glattal, einem nicht klar abzugrenzenden Gebiet, welches sich von der Stadt Zürich bis jenseits des Flughafens erstreckt und viele kleine Gemeinden umfasst. Unter Wachstumsdruck koordinieren die Gemeinden den Wohnungsbau, die Verkehrsplanung und die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Somit entstehen neue post-suburbanen Räume. Auf Basis qualitativer Methoden wurden die Urbanisierungsprozesse in der Region analysiert. Relevante Dokumente wurden ausgewertet, und Interviews mit Akteuren der Region wurden durchgeführt. Beobachtet wurde ein Prozess der Konsolidierung von Infrastrukturen zur Optimierung der Kapitalakkumulation. Dieser fördert die Anziehung von Betrieben, pflegt die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und die Ansiedlung einkommensstarker Haushalte. Bis dato entfaltet sich die Region vielfältig und dynamisch, fördert aber auch Formen der Fragmentierung und der sozialen Schichtung. Die Ergebnisse zeigen ebenso post-suburbane Formen, die ortsspezifisch sind und welche sich durch historisch gegebene Governancestrukturen und damit verbundene spezifische Modelle der integrativen Raumplanung ergeben. Diese Form von post-suburbanem Wachstum produziert neue Muster der Fragmentierung. Schlüsselwörter Post-suburban, Schweiz, Zürich, Glattal,· integrative Planung, Governance [less ▲]

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See detailSpatially Differentiated, Temporally Variegated: The Study of Life Cycles for a Better Understanding of Suburbia in German City Regions
Hesse, Markus UL; Polivka, Jan; Reicher, Christa

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2017), 76(2), 149-163

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See detailAkzeptanz als Rahmenbedingung für das erfolgreiche Management von Landnutzungen und biologischer Vielfalt in Großschutzgebieten
von Ruschkowski, Eick; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2016), 74(6), 525-540

Local acceptance and the resolution of conflicts that arise from conservation objectives are important tasks for the successful management of large protected areas. This paper focuses on the distinct ... [more ▼]

Local acceptance and the resolution of conflicts that arise from conservation objectives are important tasks for the successful management of large protected areas. This paper focuses on the distinct genesis of acceptance research for German large protected areas compared to the global context where the comprehensive term “park-people relationships” prevails. Using multiple tasks and roles assigned to national parks and biosphere reserves, we illustrate the overall diversity of conflict potential. Four explorative case studies, based on media analysis and selected expert interviews, are used to elaborate on the individual local conditions that foster conflict or co-existence in Germany. Berchtesgaden National Park is currently mainly free of conflicts, but unforeseen events such as barkbeetle infestations could unsettle the situation. On the contrary, private land ownership and conflicts over zoning in the Senne-Teutoburger Wald-Eggegebirge region have halted plans to establish a national park. In the Bliesgau Biosphere Reserve, conflicts arose around conflicting land uses and overlapping planning responsibilities during the designation process, while in the Pfälzerwald Biosphere Reserve region, the development of renewable energies – mainly wind turbines – have shown to bear a specific conflict potential. The paper concludes with suggestions related to spatial and environmental planning, such as widening the mainly local focus on “acceptance” to active stakeholder management, including integrated, adaptive management approaches, in the sense of the term park-people relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversität und nachhaltige Landnutzung in Großschutzgebieten
Job, Hubert; Woltering, Manuel; Warner, Barbara et al

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2016), 74(6), 481-494

Land-use systems and biodiversity in Germany can be investigated using the network of protected areas. This issue focuses on nature parks, national parks and biosphere reserves that are confronted with ... [more ▼]

Land-use systems and biodiversity in Germany can be investigated using the network of protected areas. This issue focuses on nature parks, national parks and biosphere reserves that are confronted with various problems related to competition for land and acceptance. The working group “Biodiversity and sustainable land use in protected areas” of the Academy for Spatial Research and Planning (ARL) has tackled this topic. This paper reviews the research questions that are debated in this special issue of “Raumforschung und Raumordnung”. These questions include the influence of different land-use systems on the state of ecosystem services, how the different types of protected areas should be evaluated in terms of their individual contributions to the conservation and development of biodiversity, the role played specifically by woods and forestry management with regard to biodiversity and sustainable land use, and the patterns of conflict that exist due to competing land uses. Attention is also paid to concrete governance approaches in protected areas against the background of competition for land and the question of how experience gained in protected areas can be transferred to ‚normal‘ landscapes. The paper also provides basic definitions relevant to the topic. Finally, from the perspective of various disciplines, the working group calls for policy and planning actors to support the sustainable development of protected areas in Germany. Here the focus is not only on a stringent strengthening of the status of protected areas on the federal level combined with appropriate administrative structures, but also on promoting improved quality assurance and quality development of the protected areas. Of further relevance to these calls for action is the field of tension between the necessity for strengthened process protection and the intensification of agriculture in the context of EU Common Agricultural Policy. [less ▲]

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See detailEntgrenzte Lebenswelten: Wohn- und Arbeitsmigration als Ausdruck transnationaler Lebensentwürfe im deutsch-luxemburgischen und deutsch-polnischen Grenzraum
Nienaber, Birte UL; Kriszan, Agnes

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2013), 71(3), 221-232

National borders inside the European Union are open contact zones of transnational everyday lives. The Schengen Agreement ensures the free movement of EU citizens leading to new forms of international ... [more ▼]

National borders inside the European Union are open contact zones of transnational everyday lives. The Schengen Agreement ensures the free movement of EU citizens leading to new forms of international migration and illustrating the European integration process on the local level. Therefore, migrants move to the neighbouring country to live or work there. Cross-border residential property and labour markets develop meaning the transnationalisation of everyday lives between neighbouring countries. With the case study region of the municipality of Perl in the German federal state of Saarland and the joined municipality Amt Löcknitz-Penkun in the German federal state of Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania the following article deals with these cross-border everyday lives. On the one side of the national state borders there is a booming region (Luxembourg or Szczecin) and on the other side there is a structural weak rural German region. This substantially influences these processes. Both case study regions show dealings with these cross-border phenomena and spatial implications deriving from this. [less ▲]

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See detailJenseits der Speckgürtel: Wanderungsabsichten von Schulabsolventen und der demographische Wandel im ländlichen Raum
Chilla, Tobias UL; Morhardt, Tobias; Braun, Boris

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2008), 66(3), 260-270

The population of many regions in rural areas declines as mainly young adults leave. Simultaneously, only few people move into these areas if processes like suburbanisation do not play a substantial role ... [more ▼]

The population of many regions in rural areas declines as mainly young adults leave. Simultaneously, only few people move into these areas if processes like suburbanisation do not play a substantial role. In this situation, young adults must be regarded as a crucial group for the future of any region. Demographic, economic, and societal prosperity depends on them to a large extent. At the same time, school graduates are increasingly forced to be more and more mobile by changing and more volatile labour markets. The article focuses on the motivations of graduates while making their decisions to leave their home district or to stay. Based on this analysis, it asks which political instruments are appropriate in these regions beyond ‘commuter-belts’. Considering the local context, the authorities have to combine policies and instruments including family policy, regional marketing and educational aspects. The empirical findings are based on a case study in the Haßberge district in Northern Bavaria. [less ▲]

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See detailReurbanisierung: Urbaner Diskurs, Deutungskonkurrenzen, konzeptionelle Konfusion.
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2008), 66(5), 415-428

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See detailVon der Agglomeration zur Städteregion
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2007), 65(4), 370-71

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See detailMobilität in Stadtregionen
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2006), 64(5), 430-31

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See detailWeltmarkt oder Wochenmarkt: Strategien der Regionalisierung unter dem Aspekt der Logistik.
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2002), (5-6), 345-355

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See detailRaumentwicklung und Logistik. Zwischen "space of flows" und Zielen der Nachhaltigkeit.
Hesse, Markus UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (1998), (2/3), 125-135

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