References of "Psychology & Health"
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See detailDepressive symptoms of childless older men and women in Europe
Leist, Anja UL; Nosthoff-Horstmann, Laura

in Psychology & Health (2013, August), 28(SI 1), 119-119

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See detailAttitudes towards ageing in elder care
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Friser, Jean-Paul

in Psychology & Health (2013, July), 28(SI Supplement: 1), 58-58

Background: The present study examined if attitudes towards ageing depend on own experiences with old and frail persons. Methods: The sample comprised N = 127 participants in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg ... [more ▼]

Background: The present study examined if attitudes towards ageing depend on own experiences with old and frail persons. Methods: The sample comprised N = 127 participants in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (85 female, 42 male; mean age: M = 46.49, SD = 18.61), subdivided in three groups: professional carers, informal carers, and individuals who had never provided old-age care. Participants were asked to indicate their views about age in general and their expectations about their own ageing by use of a semi-structured questionnaire. Findings: Professional and informal carers indicated a higher age as starting point of old age compared to non-carers. Further, professional carers mentioned more negative and less positive features of old age and had more concrete expectations about their own ageing compared to other participants. Discussion: Results are discussed with regard to the relevance of attitudes towards ageing for individuals’ well-being and for their caregiving for elderly persons. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relations in the light of migration and ageing
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Valsiner, Jaan

in Psychology & Health (2013, July), 28(SI Supplement: 1), 164

Ageing and migration constitute two current key issues in Europe. Regarding potential physical and functional impairments in old age, individuals have to rely on support and care from their families and ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration constitute two current key issues in Europe. Regarding potential physical and functional impairments in old age, individuals have to rely on support and care from their families and/or on assistance from the public sector. As first generation immigrants now approach retirement age in many European countries, the question how their families will deal with issues of old-age care gains increasingly importance. In the present study, a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. Firstly, we will examine similarities and differences in identity constructions of older parents and their adult children. Secondly, we will investigate how intergenerational relations are regulated in migrant compared to nonmigrant families. Finally, we will explore how these aspects influence subjective well-being (SWB) of older individuals. Qualitative and quantitative methods will be applied. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of and Attention to Graphic Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages
Süssenbach, Philipp; Niemeier, Sarah; Glock, Sabine UL

in Psychology & Health (2013), 28

Objective: The present study investigates the effects of graphic cigarette warnings compared to text-only cigarette warnings on smokers’ explicit (i.e. ratings of the packages, cognitions about smoking ... [more ▼]

Objective: The present study investigates the effects of graphic cigarette warnings compared to text-only cigarette warnings on smokers’ explicit (i.e. ratings of the packages, cognitions about smoking, perceived health risk, quit intentions) and implicit attitudes. In addition, participants’ visual attention towards the graphic warnings was recorded using eye-tracking methodology. Design and methods: Sixty-three smokers participated in the present study and either viewed graphic cigarette warnings with aversive and non-aversive images or text-only warnings. Data were analysed using analysis of variance and correlation analysis. Results: Especially, graphic cigarette warnings with aversive content drew attention and elicited high threat. However, whereas attention directed to the textual information of the graphic warnings predicted smokers’ risk perceptions, attention directed to the images of the graphic warnings did not. Moreover, smokers’ in the graphic warning condition reported more positive cognitions about smoking, thus revealing cognitive dissonance. Conclusion: Smokers employ defensive psychological mechanisms when confronted with threatening warnings. Although aversive images attract attention, they do not promote health knowledge. Implications for graphic health warnings and the importance of taking their content (i.e. aversive vs. non-aversive images) into account are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDoctors' view on intercultural competence in the medical setting in Luxembourg
Bourkel, Elisabeth UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Psychology & Health (2013), 28(S1), 71

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See detailEating disturbances in childhood and early adolescence: Screening in the general population
Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Bellwald, Laura; Dremmel, Daniela et al

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27

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See detailHands-off the cookie-jar: Success and failure in the self-regulation of eating behaviour
Lutz, Annika UL; Vögele, Claus UL

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(sup1), 20-20

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See detailWhich Caregiving esteem for which Gender ?
Bucki, Barbara UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(suppl 1), 170-171

Background: Two years after stroke, are the factors of the esteem of caregiving the same by gender? Methods: Face-to-face questionnaires administered to 92 Luxembourgish and Portuguese stroke patients and ... [more ▼]

Background: Two years after stroke, are the factors of the esteem of caregiving the same by gender? Methods: Face-to-face questionnaires administered to 92 Luxembourgish and Portuguese stroke patients and their 67 men and 25 women caregivers. For each sex, a multiple regression entering:- Neurological impairments,- Patients’ and caregivers’ life satisfaction [1;10],- Reactions towards caregiving: esteem (dependent variable), lack of family support, impacts on finances, schedule and health (Caregiver Reaction Assessment subscales),- Confidence in information subscale from the Carer Satisfaction Community Services. Results: Caregivers with a high caregiving esteem are, in women: those who trust information from community services ( ¼0.412***) and care for patients keeping few sensory impairments ( ¼0.300**; R2adj.¼0.257); in men : those who are low impacted on their health ( ¼0.471*) and care for patients satisfied with life ( ¼0.371; R2adj.¼0.447). Discussion: Home-based rehabilitation can be sustained by developing men and women caregivers’ specific health capabilities. [less ▲]

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See detailPatient-caregiver differences and dyad concordance towards psychosocial impacts of stroke
Bucki, Barbara UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(suppl 1), 14

Are patient-caregiver dyads concordant when applying to stroke psychosocial impacts ? Methods: Two questionnaires administered two years poststroke in Luxemburg to 62 patients and their 62 natural ... [more ▼]

Are patient-caregiver dyads concordant when applying to stroke psychosocial impacts ? Methods: Two questionnaires administered two years poststroke in Luxemburg to 62 patients and their 62 natural caregivers include 15 common items assessing psychosocial impacts of stroke on both patients and caregivers. We (1) compare these impacts of stroke on patients and caregivers, and (2) use paired analysis of the concordance in responses within dyads. Findings: Patients feel ashamed, more often than caregivers imagine (11.3% vs. 3.2%*). Patients perceive less often than caregivers an upheaval in their couple (19.4% vs. 38.7%*), and preponderance of psychological difficulties (41.9% vs. 69.4%**). Loss of friends (90.7% convergent vs. 9.3% divergent*), social life (75% vs. 25%*) and family upheavals (76.8% vs. 23.2%*) are concordant subjects within dyads, contrary to feeling undervalued (62.8% vs. 37.2%; ns) and bonds’ strengthening (81.5% vs. 18.5%; ns). Discussion: Improving communication about feelings within patient-caregiver dyads may enhance their social capital as a health capability. [less ▲]

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See detailDoctor’s view on doctor-patient-communication in a multilingual and multicultural setting.
Bourkel, Elisabeth UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(Sup1), 12-12

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See detailHistory of working-life non-employment spells predicts later cognitive function in middle- and older-aged Europeans
Leist, Anja UL; Avendano, M.; van Lenthe, F. J. et al

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27(S1), 79-79

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See detailThe configurations of a therapeutic failure with children of marginalised Roma families: for transcultural approach.
Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 165

Background: Alin (born in 1993, Timisoara, Rumania) is the elder son of a Roma family settled for ten years in France, having heavy psychomotor and cognitive deficiencies. Method: Case study of Alin’s ... [more ▼]

Background: Alin (born in 1993, Timisoara, Rumania) is the elder son of a Roma family settled for ten years in France, having heavy psychomotor and cognitive deficiencies. Method: Case study of Alin’s psychotherapeutic trajectory. Findings. Socio-cultural representations of mental handicaps, intrafamilial relationships and personal history are interactive determinants of psychological accompaniment and healthcare provision. Mental healthcare team in charge of Alin misconceived in the relations of care: the central role played by the particular status family network attributes to the person with mental handicap and the articulation between diversity, difference and inequality in the family’s experience of mental handicap and its care. Discussion: In socio-culturally diverse contexts, the quality of relations of care depends on professionals’ capability to develop socio-culturally sensitive and responsive to beneficiaries’ needs psychotherapeutics. Transcultural approach is not effective unless it is integrated to conventional psychological practice, and a collaborative work is settled with the concerned professionals of social work and associative sectors. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality of life social disparities and roles of family and unhealthy behaviours among adolescents.
Chau, Kénora; Kabuth, Bernard; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 147

Adolescents’ quality of life determinants include socioeconomic characteristics and unhealthy behaviours. This study explored WHOQOL social disparities and the roles of family structure, income and ... [more ▼]

Adolescents’ quality of life determinants include socioeconomic characteristics and unhealthy behaviours. This study explored WHOQOL social disparities and the roles of family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours. Methods: 1556 middle-school adolescents from north-eastern France completed a self-administered questionnaire measuring WHOQOL domains and other factors. Data were analysed using multiple regression models. Findings: Significantly lower WHOQOL was found for clerk (gender-age-adjusted regression coefficient r 5.8 (SE 1.1)), manual-worker ( 5.7 (1.5)), unemployed/inactive ( 10.3 (1.5)) and other categories ( 1.3 to 3.2), compared with manager families. Controlling for family structure and income highly reduced the r to 2.45 (1.1), 2.3 (1.5), 5.3 (1.6) and 1.5 to 0.89 (NS), respectively. The disparities remained after further controlling for last-month tobacco/alcohol/cannabis uses and lack of sports-physical activity. Similar findings were found for all physical, psychological, social relationships and environment WHOQOL domains. Discussion: WHOQOL disparities are highly explained by family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours that may be prevention targets. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminants of caregiving-related esteem among informal caregivers in Luxembourg, two years after their care-recipients’ stroke.
Bucki, Barbara UL; Spitz, Elisabeth; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 86

Mental health promotion policies are concerned by informal caregivers’ (ICs) suffering. What are the determinants of ICs’ caregiving-related esteem? Methods: (a) Crosssectional study. (b)62 Luxemburgish ... [more ▼]

Mental health promotion policies are concerned by informal caregivers’ (ICs) suffering. What are the determinants of ICs’ caregiving-related esteem? Methods: (a) Crosssectional study. (b)62 Luxemburgish ICs of stroke-survivors 2-year-post-event. (c)Variables: oCaregiver Reaction Assessment’s (CRA) five dimensions: caregiving-related esteem (dependent variable), impact of caregiving on health, impact on finances, impact on schedule, lack of family support, oCaregiver Satisfaction with Community Services scale, oLeisure/ couple changes/social repercussions scores. (d) Regressions adjusted on ICs’ sex and age. (e)Multiple regression including significant factors. Findings: (a) Caregiving-related esteem is determined by social repercussions (p¼0.002**), changes in couples (p¼0.004**), impact on health (p¼0.004**) and three CSCS’ dimensions: confidence (p¼0.012*), problem management (p¼0.034*) and information about stroke (p¼0.040*). (b) ICs with high caregiving related esteem (R2 adjusted¼0.275) are weakly impacted on their own health ( ¼ 0.39; p¼0.011*) and on their couple life ( ¼ 0.36; p¼0.026*). Discussion: Support programs centred on ICs’ caregiving-related esteem can reinforce ICs’ health capability. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo years post-stroke, predictors of survivors’ life satisfaction: common associations between Luxembourg and Portugal.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Lurbe-Puerto, Kàtia UL; Bucki, Barbara UL et al

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 90

Two years post-stroke, we analysed the survivors’ LS by looking at its associations with their QoL and their informal caregivers’ QoL and drawing from a national survey in Luxembourg (LU) and a Braganc¸a ... [more ▼]

Two years post-stroke, we analysed the survivors’ LS by looking at its associations with their QoL and their informal caregivers’ QoL and drawing from a national survey in Luxembourg (LU) and a Braganc¸a district survey in Portugal (PT). Method: Face-to-face structured interviews at home. Findings: For LU, the 94 stroke survivors’ LS was linked with all survivors’ Newsqol (Newscstle Stroke-Specific Quality of Life)* dimensions, with strong links for feelings and sleep. No association was observed with their 62 caregivers’ Whoqol-bref domains. For PT, the 50 survivors’ LS was correlated with all Newsqol’ dimensions (except vision) with strong relations for mobility, self-care, feelings and sleep, and with all 46 caregivers’ Whoqol-bref domains (physical, psychological, environmental and social relationships). Discussion: Common associations exist with stronger links for PT. Survivors’ QoL is a predictor of LS which is a useful patient-centred marker for the practice of the psychologists who develop family interventions and counselling programmes. [less ▲]

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See detailYes I can: The Role of self-efficacy in diabetes care
Recchia, Sophie; Steffgen, Georges UL; Spitz, Elisabeth

in Psychology & Health (2010), 25(1), 137-376

Based on the assumptions of social cognitive theory and self-regulation theory, the present study aimed at exploring psychosocial factors in self-care of diabetes (Edgar & Skinner, 2003; Iannotti et al ... [more ▼]

Based on the assumptions of social cognitive theory and self-regulation theory, the present study aimed at exploring psychosocial factors in self-care of diabetes (Edgar & Skinner, 2003; Iannotti et al., 2006; Nouwen et al., 2009). The study sample comprised N 1⁄4 99 patients with type 1 diabetes aged between 12 and 39 years. Participants completed the diabetes self-efficacy scale, the brief illness perceptions questionnaire, the WHO-five index and the summary of diabetes self-care activities scale. Results showed that illness perceptions (i.e. perceived consequences (r1⁄4􏰆0.28), personal control (r1⁄40.24), treatment control (r1⁄40.27), compre- hension (r1⁄40.27) and emotional response (r1⁄40.27)), as well as well-being (r1⁄40.42) and perceived diabetes self-efficacy (r 1⁄4 0.55) were significantly correlated with self-care. Furthermore, stepwise regression analyses elucidated self-efficacy (􏰈1⁄40.44) to be the most powerful predictor of self-care, as illness perceptions and well-being became non significant when introducing self-efficacy. Moreover, self-efficacy completely mediated the effect of well- being on self-care (Sobel t 1⁄4 3.74, p50.01). As for clinical implications of these results, it can be suggested that a stronger emphasise should be given on fostering patients’ confidence in their ability to effectively manage their diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich Psychological Quality of Life must have the Newly-Registered Students from three European Universities to acquire Employability Skills?
Baumann, Michèle UL; Pelt, Véronique UL

in Psychology & Health (2010), suppl

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability ... [more ▼]

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability skills and others associate factors among newly-registered students from social sciences faculties. 236 volunteers (85 Luxembourg, 82 Belgium, 69 Romania) completed an online questionnaire (participation, 66%). Employability skills (ES) were assessed using a scale covering communication, interpersonal relations, capacity for innovation; quality of life was measured using Whoqol-Bref domains concerning psychological, environment, and social relations. Female respondents were predominantly (90% Romanian, 75% Luxembourg, 67% Belgian students). Belgian students were the youngest (18.5 years, 19.1 Rom, 21.2 Lux); the Luxembourg students entered university one year later. ES score was higher among Luxembourg and Romania than Belgium students (77,8 vs 71,3 vs 68,2). Psychological Whoqol-bref score was highest among Luxembourg and Romania students, Belgian students had the lowest (74.6 vs 65.3 vs 64.0). It was correlated positively with social relations and environment Whoqol-bref domains, and with ES score for Luxembourg and Romanian, but negatively for Belgian students. Employability skills related to psychological health among students enrolled into vocational courses from Luxembourg and Romania faculties, but not their academically orientated Belgian counterparts. University is a natural setting to promote programmes geared to psychological counseling, improvement of the social environment, and assistance services for university work. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial support and subsequent premature mortality, gender disparities and role of potential confounders.
Chau, N.; Otero-Sierra, C.; Ravaud, J. F. et al

in Psychology & Health (2010), suppl

To assess the association between social support and subsequent premature mortality (PM) (<70 years), gender difference, and the confounding role of age, occupation, health-related behaviors, obesity, and ... [more ▼]

To assess the association between social support and subsequent premature mortality (PM) (<70 years), gender difference, and the confounding role of age, occupation, health-related behaviors, obesity, and diseases. Methods: 4118 subjects (2189 men, 1929 women), aged >15 years, randomly selected in north-eastern France, completed in 1996 a postal questionnaire gathering characteristics, smoking, alcohol abuse, obesity, social support from colleagues/family/friends, and physician-diagnosed diseases. The cohort was followed-up until 2008 (12.5 years). Data were analyzed using Poisson models. Results: There were 165 PM (115 men, 50 women) during the follow-up. For all the cohort, social support was strongly associated with PM: crude relative risk (RR) 2.09 (95%CI 1.53-2.85). It decreased to 1.52 (1.11-2.09) when adjusted for age, 1.46 (1.06-2.00) with further adjustment for occupation, 1.44 (1.04-1.98) with further adjustment for smoking, alcohol abuse and obesity, and 1.28 (0.92-1.78) when diseases (cancer, diabetes, mental, nervous-system, cardiovascular, respiratory, genitourinary and musculoskeletal diseases) were taken into account. Similar results were found for men: crude RR 2.46 decreasing to 1.81, 1.70, 1.60, 1.45 respectively. But not for women: close-to-significant crude RR 1.57 (small number of PM). Conclusions: Social support influenced PM in men but not in women. Occupation, health behaviours, and diseases play a role. [less ▲]

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