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See detailMutation analysis and association studies of the UCHL1 gene in German Parkinson's disease patients.
Wintermeyer, P.; Krüger, Rejko UL; Kuhn, W. et al

in Neuroreport (2000), 11(10), 2079-82

Recently, an Ile93Met substitution has been identified in the ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) gene in a single German PD family with autosomal dominant inheritance. To determine whether ... [more ▼]

Recently, an Ile93Met substitution has been identified in the ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) gene in a single German PD family with autosomal dominant inheritance. To determine whether mutations in the UCHL1 gene are causative for Parkinson's disease (PD) a detailed mutation analysis was performed in a large sample of German sporadic and familial PD patients. We found no disease-causing mutation in the coding region of the UCHL1 gene. Direct sequencing revealed six intronic polymorphisms in the UCHL1 gene. Analysis of an S18Y polymorphism in exon 3 of the UCHL1 gene in sporadic PD patients and controls showed carriers of allele 2 (tyrosine) significantly less frequent in patients with a reduced risk of 0.57 (CI = 0.36-0.88; p = 0.012, p(c) = 0.047, chi2 = 6.31). Our study shows that sequence variations in the coding region of UCHL1 are a rare event. A protective effect of a certain UCHL1 variant in the pathogenesis of sporadic PD is suggested, underlining the relevance of UCHL1 in neurodegeneration. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic analysis of the alpha2-macroglobulin gene in early- and late-onset Parkinson's disease.
Krüger, Rejko UL; Menezes-Saecker, A. M.; Schols, L. et al

in Neuroreport (2000), 11(11), 2439-42

Recent association studies investigating polymorphisms in the alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M) gene provided evidence for an involvement of this protease inhibitor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD ... [more ▼]

Recent association studies investigating polymorphisms in the alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M) gene provided evidence for an involvement of this protease inhibitor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The partially overlapping pathology between AD and Parkinson's disease (PD) led us to investigate the role of A2M in PD. We performed association studies in a large sample of 328 German PD patients and 322 closely matched healthy controls. Analyzing the Val1000Ile polymorphism and a pentanucleotide deletion in the 5' splice site of exon 18 of the A2M gene we found an excess of homozygosity for the A2M deletion in early-onset PD (EOPD) patients (age at onset < 50 years) compared to late-onset PD (LOPD) patients (age at onset > 50 years; p = 0.008, p(p)c = 0.064, chi2 = 7.017). Therefore our data might indicate an age at onset modulating effect of the homozygous A2M deletion in PD. [less ▲]

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See detailSelegiline stimulates biosynthesis of cytokines interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-6.
Wilfried, K.; Muller, T.; Krüger, Rejko UL et al

in Neuroreport (1996), 7(18), 2847-8

Several lines of evidence indicate an immune-mediated pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In clinical studies the monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor Selegiline appears to ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence indicate an immune-mediated pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In clinical studies the monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor Selegiline appears to slow the progression of neurological deficits in PD and the cognitive decline in AD. The immune response to bacterial or viral infection and in chronic inflammatory processes is stimulated by an increased synthesis of the cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and subsequently interleukin-6 (IL-6). We investigated the influence of Selegiline on the synthesis of IL-1 beta and IL-6 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy blood donors cultured with or without Selegiline (10(-8)M, 10(-9)M or 10(-10)M) in a humidified atmosphere (7% CO2). Treatment of cultured PBMC with Selegiline significantly increased synthesis of both cytokines. The effect of Selegiline on cytokine biosynthesis may contribute to its putative neuroprotective properties. [less ▲]

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