References of "Journal of Urban Economics"
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See detailUrban spatial structure, employment and social ties
Picard, Pierre M UL; zenou, yves

in Journal of Urban Economics (2018), 104(C), 77-93

Consider a model where workers from the majority and the minority group choose both their residential location (geographical space) and the intensity of their social interactions (social space). We ... [more ▼]

Consider a model where workers from the majority and the minority group choose both their residential location (geographical space) and the intensity of their social interactions (social space). We demonstrate under which condition one group resides close to the job center while the other lives far away from it. Even though the two groups have the same characteristics and there is no discrimination in the housing or labor market, we show that the majority group can have a lower unemployment rate whenever it resides close to or far away from the workplace. This is because this group generates a larger and better-quality social network. [less ▲]

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See detailLabor Market Pooling, Outsourcing and Labor Contracts
Picard, Pierre M. UL; Wildasin, David

in Journal of Urban Economics (2011), 70(1), 47-60

This paper considers the interaction between input sharing and labor market pooling in urban areas. In particular, it examines the impact of the size of a city and business risks on the organizational ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the interaction between input sharing and labor market pooling in urban areas. In particular, it examines the impact of the size of a city and business risks on the organizational structures of firms located in urban agglomerations, and it also discusses the impact of organizational structure on incentives to insure workers against income risks. It is shown that manufacturing firms suffer from a coordination game in their decision to outsource production. The existence of idiosyncratic risks causes manufacturers to refrain from outsourcing. The incentives to offer wage and employment protection to workers are more pronounced when manufacturers outsource the production of their inputs to a local market, which mitigates the impact of labor market pooling. [less ▲]

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See detailClimatic Change and Rural-Urban Migration: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa
Barrios, Salvador; Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Strobl, Eric

in Journal of Urban Economics (2006), 60(3), 357-371

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See detailThe Dynamics of Agglomeration: Evidence from Ireland and Portugal
Barrios, Salvador; Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Strobl, Eric et al

in Journal of Urban Economics (2005), 57(1), 170-188

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See detailEndogenous Qualifications and Firms' Agglomeration
Toulemonde, Eric; Picard, Pierre M UL

in Journal of Urban Economics (2004), 55(3), 458-477

This paper analyzes firms' location when workers endogenously choose to qualify for professional skills but when they remain uncertain about the potential match between their personal abilities and/or ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes firms' location when workers endogenously choose to qualify for professional skills but when they remain uncertain about the potential match between their personal abilities and/or affinities and the firms' specific production tasks. By qualifying in a region where firms agglomerate, workers benefit from higher prospects of good match. At the equilibrium, we show that firms may locate in a single cluster, symmetric clusters or even asymmetric clusters. Comparative statics with respect to product market demand and labor supply parameters are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic Geography and the Distribution of Profits
Picard, Pierre M UL; Thisse, Jacques François

in Journal of Urban Economics (2004), 56(1), 144-167

In modern economies, the amount of profits distributed to shareholders is far from being negligible. We show that the way they are distributed among agents matters for the space-economy. For example, the ... [more ▼]

In modern economies, the amount of profits distributed to shareholders is far from being negligible. We show that the way they are distributed among agents matters for the space-economy. For example, the existence of mobile rentiers is sufficient to make the symmetric configuration unstable for all transport cost values and to allow for the partial agglomeration of firms. Obviously, to account for profits and for their distribution, the assumption of free entry must be abandoned. So doing, we ignore fixed costs and show that it is the combination of imperfect competition and firms’ indivisibility that matters for the formation of agglomeration in economic geography. [less ▲]

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See detailUrbanization and growth
Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Black, Duncan

in Journal of Urban Economics (2004), 56(1), 80-96

In a simple urban economics framework, we aim at highlighting how the trade-off between optimal and equilibrium city size behaves when introducing dynamic human capital externalities beside the classical ... [more ▼]

In a simple urban economics framework, we aim at highlighting how the trade-off between optimal and equilibrium city size behaves when introducing dynamic human capital externalities beside the classical congestion externalities. Our purpose is to show that there are dynamic gains from oversized cities. To this end, we assume that productivity depends on human capital, which is solely accumulated in cities, such that urbanization is the engine of growth. In an empirical illustration, we highlight the link between urbanization and human capital accumulation, by focusing on cross-country panel data.<P>(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.) [less ▲]

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