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See detailRelay Selection and Resource Allocation for SWIPT in Multi-User OFDMA Systems
Gautam, Sumit UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2019)

We investigate the resource allocation and relay selection in a two-hop relay-assisted multi-user Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) network, where the end-nodes support Simultaneous ... [more ▼]

We investigate the resource allocation and relay selection in a two-hop relay-assisted multi-user Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) network, where the end-nodes support Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer (SWIPT) employing a Power Splitting (PS) technique. Our goal is to optimize the end-nodes’ power splitting ratios as well as the relay, carrier and power assignment so that the sum-rate of the system is maximized subject to harvested energy and transmitted power constraints. Such joint optimization with mixed integer non-linear programming structure is combinatorial in nature. Due to the complexity of this problem, we propose to solve its dual problem which guarantees asymptotic optimality and less execution time compared to a highly-complex exhaustive search approach. Furthermore, we also present a heuristic method to solve this problem with lower computational complexity. Simulation results reveal that the proposed algorithms provide significant performance gains compared to a semi-random resource allocation and relay selection approach and close to the optimal solution when the number of OFDMA sub-carriers is sufficiently large. [less ▲]

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See detailAchievable Data Rate of DCT-based Multicarrier Modulation Systems
Cruz-Roldán, Fernando; Alves Martins, Wallace UL; Sergio Ramirez Diniz, Paulo et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2019), 18(3), 1739-1749

This paper aims at studying the achievable data rate of discrete cosine transform (DCT)-based multicarrier modulation (MCM) systems. To this end, a general formulation is presented for the full ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at studying the achievable data rate of discrete cosine transform (DCT)-based multicarrier modulation (MCM) systems. To this end, a general formulation is presented for the full transmission/reception process of data in Type-II even DCT and Type-IV even DCT-based systems. The paper focuses on the use of symmetric extension (SE) and zero padding (ZP) as redundancy methods. Furthermore, three cases related to the channel order and the length of the redundancy are studied. In the first case, the channel order is less than or equal to the length of the redundancy. In the second and third cases, the channel order is greater than the length of the redundancy; the interference caused by the channel impulse response is calculated, and theoretical expressions for their powers are derived. These expressions allow studying the achievable data rate of DCT-based MCM systems, besides enabling the comparison with the conventional MCM based on the discrete Fourier Transform. [less ▲]

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See detailResource Optimization With Load Coupling in Multi-Cell NOMA
You, Lei; Yuan, Di; Lei, Lei UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2018)

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See detailEdge-Caching Wireless Networks: Performance Analysis and Optimization
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2018)

Edge-caching has received much attention as an efficient technique to reduce delivery latency and network congestion during peak-traffic times by bringing data closer to end users. Existing works usually ... [more ▼]

Edge-caching has received much attention as an efficient technique to reduce delivery latency and network congestion during peak-traffic times by bringing data closer to end users. Existing works usually design caching algorithms separately from physical layer design. In this paper, we analyse edge-caching wireless networks by taking into account the caching capability when designing the signal transmission. Particularly, we investigate multi-layer caching where both base station (BS) and users are capable of storing content data in their local cache and analyse the performance of edge-caching wireless networks under two notable uncoded and coded caching strategies. Firstly, we calculate backhaul and access throughputs of the two caching strategies for arbitrary values of cache size. The required backhaul and access throughputs are derived as a function of the BS and user cache sizes. Secondly, closed-form expressions for the system energy efficiency (EE) corresponding to the two caching methods are derived. Based on the derived formulas, the system EE is maximized via precoding vectors design and optimization while satisfying a predefined user request rate. Thirdly, two optimization problems are proposed to minimize the content delivery time for the two caching strategies. Finally, numerical results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the two caching methods. [less ▲]

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See detailFaster-than-Nyquist Signaling through Spatio-temporal Symbol-level Precoding for the Multiuser MISO Downlink Channel
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2018)

This paper deals with the problem of the interference between multiple co-channel transmissions in the downlink of a multi-antenna wireless system. In this framework, symbol-level precoding is a promising ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the problem of the interference between multiple co-channel transmissions in the downlink of a multi-antenna wireless system. In this framework, symbol-level precoding is a promising technique which is able to constructively exploit the multi-user interference and to transform it into useful power at the receiver side. While previous works on symbol-level precoding were focused on exploiting the multi-user interference, in this paper we extend this concept by jointly handling the interference both in the spatial dimension (multi-user interference) and in the temporal dimension (inter-symbol interference). Accordingly, we propose a novel precoding method, referred to as spatio-temporal symbol-level precoding. In this new precoding paradigm, faster-than-Nyquist signaling can be applied over multi-user MISO systems, and the inter-symbol interference can be tackled at the transmitter side, without additional complexity for the user terminals. While applying faster-than-Nyquist signaling, the proposed optimization strategies perform a sum power minimization with Quality-of-Service constraints. Numerical results are presented in a comparative fashion to show the effectiveness of the proposed techniques, which outperform the state of the art symbol-level precoding schemes in terms of symbol error rate, effective rate, and energy efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailInterference Constraint Active Learning with Uncertain Feedback for Cognitive Radio Networks
Tsakmalis, Anestis UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2017), 16(7), 4654-4668

In this paper, an intelligent probing method for interference constraint learning is proposed to allow a centralized cognitive radio network (CRN) to access the frequency band of a primary user (PU) in an ... [more ▼]

In this paper, an intelligent probing method for interference constraint learning is proposed to allow a centralized cognitive radio network (CRN) to access the frequency band of a primary user (PU) in an underlay cognitive communication scenario. The main idea is that the CRN probes the PU and subsequently eavesdrops the reverse PU link to acquire the binary ACK/NACK packet. This feedback is implicit channel state information of the PU link, indicating whether the probinginduced interference is harmful or not. The intelligence of this sequential probing process lies in the selection of the power levels of the secondary users, which aims to minimize the number of probing attempts, a clearly active learning (AL) procedure, and expectantly the overall PU QoS degradation. The enhancement introduced in this paper is that we incorporate the probability of each feedback being correct into this intelligent probing mechanism by using a multivariate Bayesian AL method. This technique is inspired by the probabilistic bisection algorithm and the deterministic cutting plane methods (CPMs). The optimality of this multivariate Bayesian AL method is proven and its effectiveness is demonstrated through numerical simulations. Computationally cheap CPM adaptations are also presented, which outperform existing AL methods. [less ▲]

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See detailSymbol-Level Multiuser MISO Precoding for Multi-level Adaptive Modulation
Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2017)

Symbol-level precoding is a new paradigm for multiuser multiple-antenna downlink systems which aims at creating constructive interference among the transmitted data streams. This can be enabled by ... [more ▼]

Symbol-level precoding is a new paradigm for multiuser multiple-antenna downlink systems which aims at creating constructive interference among the transmitted data streams. This can be enabled by designing the precoded signal of the multiantenna transmitter on a symbol level, taking into account both channel state information and data symbols. Previous literature has studied this paradigm for Mary phase shift keying (MPSK) modulations by addressing various performance metrics, such as power minimization and maximization of the minimum rate. In this paper, we extend this to generic multi-level modulations i.e. Mary quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) by establishing connection to PHY layer multicasting with phase constraints. Furthermore, we address adaptive modulation schemes which are crucial in enabling the throughput scaling of symbol-level precoded systems. In this direction, we design signal processing algorithms for minimizing the required power under per-user signal to interference noise ratio (SINR) or goodput constraints. Extensive numerical results show that the proposed algorithm provides considerable power and energy efficiency gains, while adapting the employed modulation scheme to match the requested data rate. [less ▲]

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See detailSimultaneous Sensing and Transmission for Cognitive Radios with Imperfect Signal Cancellation
Politis, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Tsinos, Christos UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2017)

In conventional cognitive radio systems, the secondary user employs a “listen-before-talk” paradigm, where it senses if the primary user is active or idle, before it decides to access the licensed ... [more ▼]

In conventional cognitive radio systems, the secondary user employs a “listen-before-talk” paradigm, where it senses if the primary user is active or idle, before it decides to access the licensed spectrum. However, this method faces challenges with the most important being the reduction of the secondary user’s throughput, as no data transmission takes place during the sensing period. In this context, the idea of simultaneous spectrum sensing and data transmission is proposed. The present work studies a system model where this concept is obtained through the collaboration of the secondary transmitter with the secondary receiver. First, the secondary receiver decodes the signal from the secondary transmitter, subsequently, removes it from the total received signal and then, carries out spectrum sensing in the remaining signal in order to decide about the presence/absence of the primary user. Different from the existing literature, this paper takes into account the imperfect signal cancellation, evaluating how the decoding errors affect the sensing reliability and derives the analytical expressions for the probability of false alarm. Finally, numerical results are presented illustrating the accuracy of the proposed analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficient sum-rate maximization for medium-scale MIMO AF-relay networks
Naghsh, M.M.; Soltanalian, M.; Stoica, P. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2016), 15(9), 6400-6411

We consider the problem of sum-rate maximization in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward relay networks with multi-operator. The aim is to design the MIMO relay amplification matrix ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of sum-rate maximization in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward relay networks with multi-operator. The aim is to design the MIMO relay amplification matrix (i.e., the relay beamformer) to maximize the achievable communication sum rate through the relay. The design problem for the case of single-antenna users can be cast as a non-convex optimization problem, which, in general, belongs to a class of NP-hard problems. We devise a method based on the minorization-maximization technique to obtain quality solutions to the problem. Each iteration of the proposed method consists of solving a strictly convex unconstrained quadratic program. This task can be done quite efficiently, such that the suggested algorithm can handle the beamformer design for relays with up to ~70 antennas within a few minutes on an ordinary personal computer. Such a performance lays the ground for the proposed method to be employed in medium-scale (or lower regime massive) MIMO scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailSensing-Throughput Tradeoff for Interweave Cognitive Radio System: A Deployment-Centric Viewpoint
Kaushik, Ankit UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2016)

Secondary access to the licensed spectrum is viable only if the interference is avoided at the primary system. In this regard, different paradigms have been conceptualized in the existing literature ... [more ▼]

Secondary access to the licensed spectrum is viable only if the interference is avoided at the primary system. In this regard, different paradigms have been conceptualized in the existing literature. Among these, interweave systems (ISs) that employ spectrum sensing have been widely investigated. Baseline models investigated in the literature characterize the performance of the IS in terms of a sensing-throughput tradeoff, however, this characterization assumes perfect knowledge of the involved channels at the secondary transmitter, which is unavailable in practice. Motivated by this fact, we establish a novel approach that incorporates channel estimation in the system model, and consequently investigate the impact of imperfect channel knowledge on the performance of the IS. More particularly, the variation induced in the detection probability affects the detector’s performance at the secondary transmitter, which may result in severe interference at the primary receivers. In this view, we propose to employ average and outage constraints on the detection probability, in order to capture the performance of the IS. Our analysis reveals that with an appropriate choice of the estimation time determined by the proposed approach, the performance degradation of the IS can be effectively controlled, and subsequently the achievable secondary throughput can be significantly enhanced. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy-Efficient Symbol-Level Precoding in Multiuser MISO Based on Relaxed Detection Region
Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2016)

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See detailMulticast Multigroup Precoding and User Scheduling for Frame-Based Satellite Communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015), 14(9), 4695-4707

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to frame multiple users per transmission and the per-antenna transmit power limitations, are addressed. To this end, the so-called frame-based precoding problem is optimally solved using the principles of physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups under per-antenna constraints. In this context, a novel optimization problem that aims at maximizing the system sum rate under individual power constraints is proposed. Added to that, the formulation is further extended to include availability constraints. As a result, the high gains of the sum rate optimal design are traded off to satisfy the stringent availability requirements of satellite systems. Moreover, the throughput maximization with a granular spectral efficiency versus SINR function, is formulated and solved. Finally, a multicast-aware user scheduling policy, based on the channel state information, is developed. Thus, substantial multiuser diversity gains are gleaned. Numerical results over a realistic simulation environment exhibit as much as 30% gains over conventional systems, even for 7 users per frame, without modifying the framing structure of legacy communication standards. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximizing energy efficiency in multiple access channels by exploiting packet dropping and transmitter buffering
Butt, M. M.; Jorswieck, E. A.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015), 14(8), 4129-4141

Quality of service (QoS) for a network is characterized in terms of various parameters specifying packet delay and loss tolerance requirements for the application. The unpredictable nature of the wireless ... [more ▼]

Quality of service (QoS) for a network is characterized in terms of various parameters specifying packet delay and loss tolerance requirements for the application. The unpredictable nature of the wireless channel demands for application of certain mechanisms to meet the QoS requirements. Traditionally, medium access control (MAC) and network layers perform these tasks. However, these mechanisms do not take (fading) channel conditions into account. In this paper, we investigate the problem using cross layer techniques where information flow and joint optimization of higher and physical layer is permitted. We propose a scheduling scheme to optimize the energy consumption of a multiuser multi-access system such that QoS constraints in terms of packet loss are fulfilled while the system is able to maximize the advantages emerging from multiuser diversity. Specifically, this work focuses on modeling and analyzing the effects of packet buffering capabilities of the transmitter on the system energy for a packet loss tolerant application. We discuss low complexity schemes which show comparable performance to the proposed scheme. The numerical evaluation reveals useful insights about the coupling effects of different QoS parameters on the system energy consumption and validates our analytical results. © 2002-2012 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailPower Allocation in Multibeam Satellite Systems: A Two-Stage Multi-Objective Optimization
Aravanis, Alexis; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015)

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See detailJoint Power Control in Wiretap Interference Channels
Kalantari, Ashkan UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Zheng, Gan et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015)

Interference in wireless networks degrades the signal quality at the terminals. However, it can potentially enhance the secrecy rate. This paper investigates the secrecy rate in a two-user interference ... [more ▼]

Interference in wireless networks degrades the signal quality at the terminals. However, it can potentially enhance the secrecy rate. This paper investigates the secrecy rate in a two-user interference network where one of the users, namely user 1, requires to establish a confidential connection. User 1 wants to prevent an unintended user of the network to decode its transmission. User 1 has to transmit such that its secrecy rate is maximized while the quality of service at the destination of the other user, user 2, is satisfied, and both user's power limits are taken into account. We consider two scenarios: 1) user 2 changes its power in favor of user 1, an altruistic scenario, 2) user 2 is selfish and only aims to maintain the minimum quality of service at its destination, an egoistic scenario. It is shown that there is a threshold for user 2's transmission power that only below or above which, depending on the channel qualities, user 1 can achieve a positive secrecy rate. Closed-form solutions are obtained in order to perform joint optimal power control. Further, a new metric called secrecy energy efficiency is introduced. We show that in general, the secrecy energy efficiency of user 1 in an interference channel scenario is higher than that of an interference-free channel. [less ▲]

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See detailTo AND or To OR: On Energy-Efficient Distributed Spectrum Sensing with Combined Censoring and Sleeping
Maleki, Sina UL; Leus, Geert; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015)

Distributed spectrum sensing improves the detection reliability of a cognitive radio network but generally comes at the price of a large power consumption. Since cognitive radios are generally low-power ... [more ▼]

Distributed spectrum sensing improves the detection reliability of a cognitive radio network but generally comes at the price of a large power consumption. Since cognitive radios are generally low-power sensors with limited batteries, a combined censoring and sleeping scheme is considered as an energy-efficient algorithm for distributed spectrum sensing. Each sensor switches off its sensing module with a specific sleeping rate. When the sensor is on, a censoring policy is employed in order to send the sensing result to the fusion center. The result is only transmitted, if it is deemed to be informative. Hence, the energy consumption of each sensor, including the sensing and transmission energies, is reduced. The underlying sensing parameters are derived by minimizing the maximum average energy consumption per sensor subject to a lower-bound on the global probability of detection and an upper-bound on the global probability of false alarm. We analyze the problem for the OR and the AND rule and provide a performance analysis for a case study based on the IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee standard. It is shown that the combined censoring and sleeping scheme achieves a significant energy saving compared to the case where no censoring or sleeping is taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectral Feature Detection with sub-Nyquist Sampling for Wideband Spectrum Sensing
Lagunas, Eva UL; Nájar, Montse

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015)

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See detailOn the Diversity of Network-Coded Cooperation With Decode-and-Forward Relay Selection
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Duhamel, Pierre; Di Renzo, Marco

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015), 14(8), 4369-4378

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See detailMulticast Multigroup Precoding and User Scheduling for Frame-Based Satellite Communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS (2014), 14(9), 4695--4707

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to frame multiple users per transmission and the per-antenna transmit power limitations, are addressed. To this end, the so-called frame-based precoding problem is optimally solved using the principles of physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups under per-antenna constraints. In this context, a novel optimization problem that aims at maximizing the system sum rate under individual power constraints is proposed. Added to that, the formulation is further extended to include availability constraints. As a result, the high gains of the sum rate optimal design are traded off to satisfy the stringent availability requirements of satellite systems. Moreover, the throughput maximization with a granular spectral efficiency versus SINR function, is formulated and solved. Finally, a multicast-aware user scheduling policy, based on the channel state information, is developed. Thus, substantial multiuser diversity gains are gleaned. Numerical results over a realistic simulation environment exhibit as much as 30% gains over conventional systems, even for 7 users per frame, without modifying the framing structure of legacy communication standards. [less ▲]

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See detailDistance Bounding Facing Both Mafia and Distance Frauds
Trujillo Rasua, Rolando UL; Martin, Benjamin; Avoine, Gildas

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2014), 13(10), 56905698

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (5 UL)