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See detailPowerMinimizer Symbol-Level Precoding: A Closed-Form Sub-Optimal Solution
Haqiqatnejad, Alireza UL; Kayhan, Farbod UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018), 25(11), 1730-1734

In this letter, we study the optimal solution of multiuser symbol-level precoding (SLP) for minimization of the total transmit power under given signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we study the optimal solution of multiuser symbol-level precoding (SLP) for minimization of the total transmit power under given signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints. Adopting the distance preserving constructive interference regions (DPCIR), we first derive a simplified reformulation of the problem. Then, we analyze the structure of the optimal solution using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) optimality conditions. This leads us to obtain a closed-form sub-optimal SLP solution (CF-SLP) for the original problem. Meanwhile, we obtain the necessary and sufficient condition under which the power minimizer SLP is equivalent to the conventional zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF). Simulation results show that CF-SLP provides significant gains over ZFBF, while performing quite close to the optimal SLP in scenarios with rather small number of users. The results further indicate that the CF-SLP method has a reduction of order 1000 in computational time compared to the optimal solution. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructive Interference for Generic Constellations
Haqiqatnejad, Alireza UL; Kayhan, Farbod UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018), 25(4), 586-590

In this letter, we investigate optimal and relaxed constructive interference regions (CIR) for the symbol-level precoding (SLP) problem in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we investigate optimal and relaxed constructive interference regions (CIR) for the symbol-level precoding (SLP) problem in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel.We define two types of CIRs, namely, distance preserving CIR (DPCIR) and union bound CIR (UBCIR) for any given constellation shape and size. We then provide a systematic way to describe these regions as convex sets. Using the definitions of DPCIR and UBCIR, we show that the SLP power minimization problem, minimizing either sum or peak (per-antenna) transmit power, can always be formulated as a convex optimization problem. Our results indicate that these regions allow further reduction of the transmit power compared to the current state of the art without increasing the computational complexity at the transmitter or receiver. [less ▲]

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See detailBeamforming for Secure Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Terrestrial Networks Coexisting With Satellite Networks
Z. Lin; M. Lin; J. Ouyang et al

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018)

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See detailBeamforming for Secure Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Terrestrial Networks Coexisting With Satellite Networks
Lin, Zhi; Lin, Min; Ouyang, Jian et al

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018)

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See detailPerformance Analysis of Network Coded Cooperation with Channel Coding and Adaptive DF-Based Relaying in Rayleigh Fading Channels
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Duhamel, Pierre; Di Renzo, Marco

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2015), 22(9), 1354-1358

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See detailConvergence of the Huber Regression M-Estimate in the Presence of Dense Outliers
Tsakonas, Efthymios; Jaldén, Joakim; Sidiropoulos, Nicholas D. et al

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2014), 21(11), 1211-1214

We consider the problem of estimating a deterministic unknown vector which depends linearly on noisy measurements, additionally contaminated with (possibly unbounded) additive outliers. The measurement ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of estimating a deterministic unknown vector which depends linearly on noisy measurements, additionally contaminated with (possibly unbounded) additive outliers. The measurement matrix of the model (i.e., the matrix involved in the linear transformation of the sought vector) is assumed known, and comprised of standard Gaussian i.i.d. entries. The outlier variables are assumed independent of the measurement matrix, deterministic or random with possibly unknown distribution. Under these assumptions we provide a simple proof that the minimizer of the Huber penalty function of the residuals converges to the true parameter vector with a root n-rate, even when outliers are dense, in the sense that there is a constant linear fraction of contaminated measurements which can be arbitrarily close to one. The constants influencing the rate of convergence are shown to explicitly depend on the outlier contamination level. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversity fairness in tomlinson-harashima precoded multiuser MIMO through retransmission
Krikidis, Ioannis UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 20(4), 375-378

In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single-retransmission scheme that combines two THP signals at each user with a complementary multi-user suppression order is investigated. For a system with $M$ antennas at the transmitter and a single antenna at each user, the proposed scheme provides a diversity order $M+1$ for all users and ensures diversity fairness. We study two retransmission policies, where the users either consider only the current received codeword or combine both codewords for decoding. An asymptotic analysis of the outage probability for both THP retransmission schemes is provided. In addition, a power allocation policy that minimizes the outage probability and accommodates the same coding gain at each user is discussed by formulating a geometric optimization problem. © 1994-2012 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailSecrecy sum-rate for orthogonal random beamforming with opportunistic scheduling
Krikidis, Ioannis; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 2(20), 141-144

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques that ensure confidentiality by exploiting multi-user diversity are investigated; the first technique (optimal) requires limited feedback of the effective signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) from all the users and the eavesdroppers while the second technique (suboptimal) incorporates SIR knowledge from only the legitimate users. By using extreme value theory, we derive the achievable SIR-based secrecy sum-rate and the associated scaling laws for both scheduling techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailCollaborative-Relay Beamforming with Perfect CSI: Optimum and Distributed Implementation
Zheng, Gan UL; Wong, Kai-Kit; Paulraj, Arogyaswami et al

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2009), 16(4), 257260

This letter studies the collaborative use of amplify-and-forward (AF) relays to form a virtual multiple-input single-output (MISO) beamforming system with the aid of perfect channel state information (CSI ... [more ▼]

This letter studies the collaborative use of amplify-and-forward (AF) relays to form a virtual multiple-input single-output (MISO) beamforming system with the aid of perfect channel state information (CSI) in a flat-fading channel. In particular, we optimize the relay weights jointly to maximize the received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the destination terminal with both individual and total power constraints at the relays. We show that the optimal collaborative-relay beamforming (CRB) solution achieves the full diversity of a MISO antenna system. Another main contribution of this letter is a distributed algorithm that allows each individual relay to learn its own weight, based on the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced Complexity Equalization schemes for Zero Padded OFDM Systems
Shankar, Bhavani UL; Hari, K. V. S.

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2004), 11(9), 752-755

Three reduced complexity equalization schemes for Zero-padded OFDM systems are described. These schemes guarantee Zero-Forcing (ZF) equalization irrespective of the channel s. Two of these schemes ... [more ▼]

Three reduced complexity equalization schemes for Zero-padded OFDM systems are described. These schemes guarantee Zero-Forcing (ZF) equalization irrespective of the channel s. Two of these schemes implement the minimum-norm ZF equalizer efficiently using QR decomposition. In the third scheme, the channel zeros are grouped as being inside or outside or on the unit circle. These groups are then equalized sequentially in a manner so as to tackle excess noise amplification. The three schemes are compared for their computational complexity and Bit Error Rate (BER) performance. It is shown that the attractive scheme depends on the system specifications. The BERComputations trade off occurring in the choice of the right algorithm is also highlighted. [less ▲]

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