References of "Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailOxidative stress activates MMP-2 in cultured human coronary smooth muscle cells
Valentin, F.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Kieffer, P. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2005), 19(6), 661-7

Oxidative stress is a cardinal feature of the inflammatory process and is involved in various pathologies including atherosclerosis. One of the important mechanisms in which oxidative stress may play a ... [more ▼]

Oxidative stress is a cardinal feature of the inflammatory process and is involved in various pathologies including atherosclerosis. One of the important mechanisms in which oxidative stress may play a role is activation of matrix metalloproteinases such as MMP-2, which are involved in plaque destabilization. We investigated the mechanisms by which oxidative stress induces MMP-2 activation in cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Using zymography and Western blot analysis, we showed that oxidized low-density lipoproteins activate MMP-2 through up-regulation of the expression and activation of a membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). A second mechanism of MMP-2 activation involves oxidative radicals generated by the xanthine/xanthine oxidase complex (X/Xo). Research on these two mechanisms of MMP activation could lead to the elaboration of new vascular therapies for the treatment of atheroma based on interruption of a specific oxidative stress pathway. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEndothelin-1 does not modulate O2.release and [Ca(2+)]i variations in resting or differentiated HL-60 cells
Gallois, A.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (1996), 10(1), 28-32

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) by itself was not an effective stimulus for inducing superoxide (O2.) generation in human resting or DMSO-differentiated neutrophil-like HL-60 cells. ET-1 (0.01-100 nM) was not able to ... [more ▼]

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) by itself was not an effective stimulus for inducing superoxide (O2.) generation in human resting or DMSO-differentiated neutrophil-like HL-60 cells. ET-1 (0.01-100 nM) was not able to modulate O2. generation stimulated by the chemotactic peptide N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP, EC50 = 4.24 +/- 1.63 nM in the absence and 3.16 +/- 1.95 nM in the presence of ET-1). Neither did ET-1 (0.01-100 nM) promote the mobilization of intracellular calcium ions or modulate fMLP-induced [Ca(2+)]i increase in this model of human neutrophils. Phosphoramidon, a neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, was not able to reveal any biological (O2.) or biochemical ([Ca(2+)]i response to ET-1 in the absence or in the presence of fMLP in these cells. These results indicate that DMSO-differentiated neutrophil-like HL-60 cells are not sensitive to ET-1 in terms of O2. generation or [Ca(2+)]i variations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEpithelial factors: modulation of the airway smooth muscle tone
Bertrand, C.; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (1993), 7(6), 261-73

The airway epithelium is composed of a heterogeneous population of cells. This epithelial layer is not only a physical barrier but also a target responding to a variety of inflammatory mediators. These ... [more ▼]

The airway epithelium is composed of a heterogeneous population of cells. This epithelial layer is not only a physical barrier but also a target responding to a variety of inflammatory mediators. These cells can respond by releasing contracting and relaxing factors to modulate airway responsiveness. They can also metabolize some of the inflammatory mediators. Epithelial damage is a consistent feature of some respiratory conditions, but whether or not such damage contributes to airway disease is for the moment unknown. This review summarizes the literature on the known and proposed roles of the epithelium in the modulation of the airway smooth muscle tone. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 UL)