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See detailCation distribution of Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles using pair distribution function analysis and resonant X-ray scattering
Ichikawa, Rodrigo U; Parra, João PRLL; Vallcorba, Oriol et al

in Europhysics Letters (2018)

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See detailCarnot efficiency at divergent power output
Polettini, Matteo UL; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in Europhysics Letters (2017), 118(40003),

The widely debated feasibility of thermodynamic machines achieving Carnot efficiency at finite power has been convincingly dismissed. Yet, the common wisdom that efficiency can only be optimal in the ... [more ▼]

The widely debated feasibility of thermodynamic machines achieving Carnot efficiency at finite power has been convincingly dismissed. Yet, the common wisdom that efficiency can only be optimal in the limit of infinitely slow processes overlooks the dual scenario of infinitely fast processes. We corroborate that efficient engines at divergent power output are not theoretically impossible, framing our claims within the theory of Stochastic Thermodynamics. We inspect the case of an electronic quantum dot coupled to three particle reservoirs to illustrate the physical rationale. [less ▲]

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See detailSequencing chess
atashpendar, Arshia; Schilling, Tanja UL; Voigtmann, Thomas

in Europhysics Letters (2016), 116(10009),

We analyze the structure of the state space of chess by means of transition path sampling Monte Carlo simulations. Based on the typical number of moves required to transpose a given configuration of chess ... [more ▼]

We analyze the structure of the state space of chess by means of transition path sampling Monte Carlo simulations. Based on the typical number of moves required to transpose a given configuration of chess pieces into another, we conclude that the state space consists of several pockets between which transitions are rare. Skilled players explore an even smaller subset of positions that populate some of these pockets only very sparsely. These results suggest that the usual measures to estimate both the size of the state space and the size of the tree of legal moves are not unique indicators of the complexity of the game, but that considerations regarding the connectedness of states are equally important. [less ▲]

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See detailDissipation by a crystallization process
Dorosz, Sven UL; Voigtmann, Thomas; Schilling, Tanja UL

in Europhysics Letters (2016), 113(10004),

We discuss crystallization as a non-equilibrium process. In a system of hard spheres under compression at a constant rate, we quantify the amount of heat that is dissipated during the crystallization ... [more ▼]

We discuss crystallization as a non-equilibrium process. In a system of hard spheres under compression at a constant rate, we quantify the amount of heat that is dissipated during the crystallization process. We interpret the dissipation as arising from the resistance of the system against phase transformation. An intrinsic compression rate is identified that separates a quasistatic regime from one of rapidly driven crystallization. In the latter regime the system crystallizes more easily, because new relaxation channels are opened, at the cost of forming a higher fraction of non-equilibrium crystal structures. We rationalize the change in the crystallization mechanism by analogy with shear thinning, in terms of a kinetic competition between near-equilibrium relaxation and external driving. [less ▲]

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See detailSocio-economic utility and chemical potential
Lemoy, Rémi UL; Bertin, Eric; Jensen, Pablo

in Europhysics Letters (2011), 93(3), 38002-6

In statistical physics, the conservation of particle number results in the equalization of the chemical potential throughout a system at equilibrium. In contrast, the homogeneity of utility in socio ... [more ▼]

In statistical physics, the conservation of particle number results in the equalization of the chemical potential throughout a system at equilibrium. In contrast, the homogeneity of utility in socio-economic models is usually thought to rely on the competition between individuals, leading to Nash equilibrium. We show that both views can be reconciled by introducing a notion of chemical potential in a wide class of socio-economic models, and by relating it in a direct way to the equilibrium value of the utility. This approach also allows the dependence of utility across the system to be determined when agents take decisions in a probabilistic way. Numerical simulations of a urban economic model also suggest that our result is valid beyond the initially considered class of solvable models. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2011 [less ▲]

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