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See detailThe Impact of Cohort Membership on Disposable Incomes in West Germany, France, and the United States
Chauvel, Louis UL; Schroeder, Martin

in European Sociological Review (2015)

Do some birth cohorts monopolize lucrative positions and social transfers, so that they are unduly advantaged over others? In a world without such intercohort-inequalities, a cohort born into an economy ... [more ▼]

Do some birth cohorts monopolize lucrative positions and social transfers, so that they are unduly advantaged over others? In a world without such intercohort-inequalities, a cohort born into an economy that is, say, two percent richer, should have two percent more disposable income over its life-course. In reality however, increasing prosperity could have bypassed some birth cohorts, while others disproportionately reaped the fruits of economic growth, appropriating lucrative positions and social transfers, thereby disadvantaging other birth cohorts. We measure whether this happened for birth cohorts of the 20th century in West Germany, France and the US. We show how much belonging to a certain birth cohort influences incomes in these three countries and whether they advantage some birth cohorts while disadvantaging others. The existing literature has speculated on this question, but not answered it. This is largely due to methodological limitations, as we show below. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline annex: problems with APC-IE and HAPC
Chauvel, Louis UL; Schröder, Martin UL

in European Sociological Review (2014)

This online annex to the paper http://orbilu.uni.lu/handle/10993/19078 "The Impact of Cohort Membership on Disposable Incomes in West Germany, France, and the United States" is not easily available. It ... [more ▼]

This online annex to the paper http://orbilu.uni.lu/handle/10993/19078 "The Impact of Cohort Membership on Disposable Incomes in West Germany, France, and the United States" is not easily available. It shows the problem of previous APC models (APC-IE and HAPC) implemented on education: they generally show individual's level of education is drastically falling with age. Better APC models exist. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrant Background and Higher Education Participation in Europe: The Effect of the Educational Systems
Griga, Dorit; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in European Sociological Review (2014), 30(3), 275-286

The main aim of this article is to shed light on the extent to which differences in higher education participation between people with and without a migrant background of low/higher social origin can be ... [more ▼]

The main aim of this article is to shed light on the extent to which differences in higher education participation between people with and without a migrant background of low/higher social origin can be explained by two macro-level characteristics of national educational institutions: stratification of the secondary school system and provision of alternative access to higher education. General assumptions are that people with a migrant background of low social origin benefit in low-stratified secondary school systems and in systems that provide alternative access to institutions of higher education more than their native peers in the same social stratum, owing to primary and secondary effects of migrant background. Database is a pooled dataset of the five waves of the European Social Survey. Results of logistic multi-level analyses indicate that a low-stratified secondary school system improves the probability of people with a migrant background/low social origin attaining a higher education degree. On the other hand, a stratified secondary school system reduces their chances regarding this educational stage. The provision of alternative access to an institution of higher education improves their likelihood of becoming higher education graduates. [less ▲]

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See detailEducational Expansion and Interest in Politics in temporal and cross-cultural perspective: A comparison of West Germany and Switzerland
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Schlapbach, Florian

in European Sociological Review (2008), 25(3), 271-286

Interest in politics is a prerequisite for political participation and political engagement. The promotion of political engagement and the education of citizens to become politically mature were basic ... [more ▼]

Interest in politics is a prerequisite for political participation and political engagement. The promotion of political engagement and the education of citizens to become politically mature were basic concerns of educational reforms in the 1960s. This article examines whether educational expansion since then has had an impact on citizens’ political interest. The effects of education, age, period, and cohort on political interest are analysed simultaneously. A cross-cultural perspective is included by comparing these effects in Switzerland, a direct democracy that provides its people with extensive opportunities to participate, and West Germany, a representative democracy with less such opportunities. The data base consists of cumulated data sets (ALLBUS, UNIVOX). Results show that there is a robust effect of education: the more educated are more politically interested. The younger generation is not, as is often suggested, more distant from politics. Taking into account their higher educational level, these younger cohorts show the same level of political interest as the older cohorts did at the same age. [less ▲]

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