References of "European Health Psychologist (The)"
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See detailWhy medication or tobacco consumption enhance the life satisfaction of cardiovascular patients?
Bucki, Barbara UL; Tchicaya, Anastase; Baumann, Michèle UL

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2015), special

While life satisfaction (LS) promotes the health of cardiovascular patients, LS may be affected by a range of primary and secondary determinants. We analysed LS and its relationships with cardiovascular ... [more ▼]

While life satisfaction (LS) promotes the health of cardiovascular patients, LS may be affected by a range of primary and secondary determinants. We analysed LS and its relationships with cardiovascular risk factors and unhealthy behaviours. Methods. In 2013, 3,632 survivors who underwent coronary angiography in 2008-2009 at the Luxembourgish National Institute of Cardiac Surgery and Cardiological Intervention (INCCI), living at home were asked to estimate, five years after, their LS [1-10] and other health-related variables. Data were analysed via multiple regression models including interaction effects. Findings. LS of the 1,289 participants (age: 69.2±11.1) was 7.3/10. Most were men, employees or manual workers, had secondary education and a 36,000€ or more/year income. The interactions between hypercholesterolemia and hypertension (regression coefficient= 0.628) and with smoking (rc= 0.941) were positively related with LS, but physical inactivity was negatively associated (rc= -0.630). Discussion. Taking medications or maintaining tobacco consumption produces better LS than being ambivalent towards physical activity. Further research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of health interventions eliciting and promoting the behaviour change wheel based on capabilities, opportunities, and motivations. [less ▲]

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See detailStudents’ Well-being: Impacts of studying out-EU and perceived autonomy on the Psychological Quality of Life
Bucki, Barbara UL; Karavdic, Senad UL; Karathanasi, Chrysoula UL et al

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2015), special

Introduction: With an increasing number of university students in preparation of their entrance in the labor market, the wellbeing of the postgraduates became a priority for many universities. Despite ... [more ▼]

Introduction: With an increasing number of university students in preparation of their entrance in the labor market, the wellbeing of the postgraduates became a priority for many universities. Despite numerous studies on this topic, respective relationships of wellbeing and other psychosocial factors still remain unclear. Aims: (1) to assess Psychological Quality of Life of postgraduates who study in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (GDL), EU and non – EU countries; (2) to analyze its associations with their socio-economic,health and employability related cofactors. Method: All masters’ students registered at the Centre for Documentation and Information on Higher Education (CEDIES) database in GDL were contacted by mail to participate at an online questionnaire (in English or French) measuring: 1. Psychological Whoqol-bref (6 items) (dependent variable) 2. Wellbeing attributes: Quality of Life Autonomy, Health Satisfaction, and Penn state worry questionnaire (Worries). 3. Employability attributes: Search for Work Self Efficacy scale (SWSES), Career Goals setting. 4. Perceived financial situation and socio-demographic characteristics. Respondents who did not mention the country of their studies were excluded from the analysis. Bivariate tests and correlations were performed for association analyses between the variables. Only significant relationships (p<0.05) were used in the multiple linear model. Results: 490 participants were volunteers from which 13.5% study in Luxembourg, 77.8% in an EU country and 8.7% in a non EU country. Majority were women, with exception for those studying in non-EU countries who were mainly men. Participants studying in GDL were older than those studying abroad. Natives of Luxembourg were prevalent with higher percentages among those who study in a non EU-country. Those studying in non-EU showed significantly (p<0.05) higher Psychological Quality of Life (M=76.8; SD=12.8) than those in GDL (M=74.5;SD=12.6) respectively in EU (M=71.4; SD=15.3). While participants differ in their QoL-Autonomy score there isn’t any significant difference in their career goals setting, Search for work self efficacy, Health satisfaction, Worries and Perceived financial situation across the country of study.Conclusion: Better psychological quality of life mobilized the capability of students to study abroad, which is related to better wellbeing attributes. However this relationship remains true only for students studying in Non-EU countries. Implementing workshops to increase individual self-efficacy towards a future employment may improve and/or maintain wellbeing of academics and limit so, respective social inequalities. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivations to care and health motivations: A qualitative study exploring the experience of family caregivers
Spitz, Elisabeth; Bucki; Baumann, Michèle UL

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2015)

Background. The COM-B system adapted to family caregivers analyses health capability through capabilities, opportunities, and motivations. Focusing on motivations, this study investigated the motivations ... [more ▼]

Background. The COM-B system adapted to family caregivers analyses health capability through capabilities, opportunities, and motivations. Focusing on motivations, this study investigated the motivations to be a family caregiver and the motivations to maintain one’s own health. Methods. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 caregivers of stroke victims (France: n=8; Luxembourg: n=6; 50% male; age 63.6±10.1) about how they preserve their health and their resources to attain optimal health. Verbatims about their motivations to care for their relative and their motivation to maintain their own health were open-coded. Items were built and validated by consensus with an expert group. Findings. Motivations to care for a relative included the sense of duty, fear of guilt or deception, perceived need and feelings like love. The motivations to maintain personal health were intrinsic (self-; family-oriented), related to caregiving, and extrinsic (induced by relatives and material needs) and encompass amotivation. Discussion. It is relevant to integrate feelings, anticipated regret, moral norms and health value to the COM-B system adapted to family caregivers. Identifying their contribution to health capability will help orient psycho-educational interventions implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailSocioeconomic inequalities in fatal opiate and cocaine related overdoses: Transgenerational baggage versus individual attainments
Origer, Alain UL; Bucki, Barbara UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2014)

Background. To determine socioeconomic inequalities in opiates and cocaine related Fatal OverDose (FOD) cases and their implications in terms of preventive measures. Methods. Cross-examination of law ... [more ▼]

Background. To determine socioeconomic inequalities in opiates and cocaine related Fatal OverDose (FOD) cases and their implications in terms of preventive measures. Methods. Cross-examination of law enforcement and healthcare data sources and of forensic evidence in a nested case-control study design. FOD cases were individually matched with 4 controls, according to sex, year of birth, drug administration route and duration of drug use. 272 cases vs. 1,056 controls were compared through conditional logistic regression. Findings. Being professionally active [OR=0.662 (95% CI 0.446–0.985)], reporting salary as main income source [OR=0.417 (95% CI 0.258–0.674)], and education attainment higher than primary school [OR=0.501 (95% CI 0.344-0.729)] revealed to be protective factors, whereas parental professional status was not associated to FOD. Discussion. Compared to their peers, drug users with lower socioeconomic profiles show increased odds of FOD. However, actual and self-referred socioeconomic characteristics of drug users, impacting on daily life quality, such as educational attainment, employment and revenue, appeared to be more predictive of FOD than transgenerational factors such as the parental socioeconomic status. Thus, motivational interventions aimed at socio-professional reintegration should be given due attention in dedicated harm prevention policies. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily caregivers’ health capability: Contribution of, and relations between its dimensions
Bucki, Barbara UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2014)

Background. Being family caregiver poses certain risks for physical, mental and social health. The health capability paradigm (Ruger, 2010) explores the capacity to achieve one’s optimal health. Family ... [more ▼]

Background. Being family caregiver poses certain risks for physical, mental and social health. The health capability paradigm (Ruger, 2010) explores the capacity to achieve one’s optimal health. Family caregivers’ health capability partly consists of 8 dimensions: physical and psychological functioning, lifestyle value, self-efficacy, family support, social capital, socio-economic conditions and access to health services. Which relations exist between these dimensions, and which ones contribute the most to health capability? Methods. Home-based structured interviews were led among 62 family caregivers living in Luxembourg 2 years after their relatives’ stroke. Twenty items measured the 8 dimensions of health capability. Using a Bayesian approach, a structural equation modelling was applied. Findings. Socio-economic conditions were positively correlated with all the other dimensions. Family caregivers’ fatigue and feeling abandoned by their families impeded their health capability the most. Discussion. Enhancing family caregivers’ well-being involves finding interventions relieving them physically and fostering family networking around the ill, giving priority to the socially disadvantaged. [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking bad news in different medical conditions : exploring the physicians and patients perspectives
Muller, Laurent; Kretsch, Marina; Hannachi, Nawel et al

in European Health Psychologist (The) (2014)

Background: We aim to explore factors influencing the breaking bad news process in different medical contexts with irreversible conditions (others than cancer). Methods: 23 patients and 18 physicians ... [more ▼]

Background: We aim to explore factors influencing the breaking bad news process in different medical contexts with irreversible conditions (others than cancer). Methods: 23 patients and 18 physicians concerned by different chronic diseases were interviewed by psychologists. They received/broke bad news in the few months preceding the interview. Findings: Thematic analysis of interviews allowed to identify higher-order themes, and more specific themes for both, patients and physicians. The main topics covered by physicians concerned the determinants of the strategies to communicate with patients, the encountered difficulties, the initial training, the information, interpersonal relationships, emotional reactions, perception of its role, the specifics of the disease. The discourse of patients referred to three stages including specifics topics: the communication of bad news, the health care pathways, and the life with disease. Discussion: Data analysis highlight importance of patient and physician’s profiles, and specifics of disease, in the breaking bad news process. Recommendations to build tailored intervention for physicians by using formative self-assessment will be exposed. [less ▲]

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