References of "Engineering Fracture Mechanics"
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See detailPhase field method to simulate crack nucleation and propagation in strongly heterogeneous materials from direct imaging of their microstructure
Nguyen, Thanh Tung UL; Yvonnet, J.; Zhu, Q.Z. et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2015), 139

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See detailAn extended finite element method (XFEM) for linear elastic fracture with smooth nodal stress
Peng, Xuan; Kulasegaram, Sivakumar; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2014)

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See detailExtended finite element method for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials
Nguyen-Vinh, H.; Bakar, I.; Msekh, M. A. et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2012), 92

We present an extended finite element formulation for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials. The method is developed in the context of linear elastic fracture mechanics. It is applied to mode I and ... [more ▼]

We present an extended finite element formulation for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials. The method is developed in the context of linear elastic fracture mechanics. It is applied to mode I and mixed mode-fracture for quasi-steady cracks. An implicit time integration scheme is exploited. The results are compared to results obtained with the boundary element method and show excellent agreement. [less ▲]

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See detailThree-dimensional crack initiation, propagation, branching and junction in non-linear materials by an extended meshfree method without asymptotic enrichment
Bordas, Stéphane UL; Rabczuk, Timon; Zi, Goangseup

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2008), 75(5), 943-960

This paper presents a three-dimensional, extrinsically enriched meshfree method for initiation, branching, growth and coalescence of an arbitrary number of cracks in non-linear solids including large ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a three-dimensional, extrinsically enriched meshfree method for initiation, branching, growth and coalescence of an arbitrary number of cracks in non-linear solids including large deformations, for statics and dynamics. The novelty of the methodology is that only an extrinsic discontinuous enrichment and no near-tip enrichment is required. Instead, a Lagrange multiplier field is added along the crack front to close the crack. This decreases the computational cost and removes difficulties involved with a branch enrichment. The results are compared to experimental data, and other simulations from the literature to show the robustness and accuracy of the method. [less ▲]

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See detailA geometrically non-linear three-dimensional cohesive crack method for reinforced concrete structures
Rabczuk, Timon; Zi, Goangseup; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2008), 75(16), 4740-4758

A three-dimensional meshfree method for modeling arbitrary crack initiation and crack growth in reinforced concrete structure is presented. This meshfree method is based on a partition of unity concept ... [more ▼]

A three-dimensional meshfree method for modeling arbitrary crack initiation and crack growth in reinforced concrete structure is presented. This meshfree method is based on a partition of unity concept and formulated for geometrically non-linear problems. The crack kinematics are obtained by enriching the solution space in order to capture the correct crack kinematics. A cohesive zone model is used after crack initiation. The reinforcement modeled by truss or beam elements is connected by a bond model to the concrete. We applied the method to model the fracture of several reinforced concrete structures and compared the results to experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailEnriched finite elements and level sets for damage tolerance assessment of complex structures
Bordas, Stéphane UL; Moran, B.

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2006), 73(9), 1176-1201

The extended finite element method (X-FEM) has recently emerged as an alternative to meshing/remeshing crack surfaces in computational fracture mechanics thanks to the concept of discontinuous and ... [more ▼]

The extended finite element method (X-FEM) has recently emerged as an alternative to meshing/remeshing crack surfaces in computational fracture mechanics thanks to the concept of discontinuous and asymptotic partition of unity enrichment (PUM) of the standard finite element approximation spaces. Level set methods have been recently coupled with X-FEM to help track the crack geometry as it grows. However, little attention has been devoted to employing the X-FEM in real-world cases. This paper describes how X-FEM coupled with level set methods can be used to solve complex three-dimensional industrial fracture mechanics problems through combination of an object-oriented (C++) research code and a commercial solid modeling/finite element package (EDS-PLM/ I-DEAS®). The paper briefly describes how object-oriented programming shows its advantages to efficiently implement the proposed methodology. Due to enrichment, the latter method allows for multiple crack growth scenarios to be analyzed with a minimal amount of remeshing. Additionally, the whole component contributes to the stiffness during the whole crack growth simulation. The use of level set methods permits the seamless merging of cracks with boundaries. To show the flexibility of the method, the latter is applied to damage tolerance analysis of a complex aircraft component. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimum energy multiple crack propagation. Part III: XFEM computer implementation and applications.
Sutula, Danas UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (n.d.)

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and ... [more ▼]

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and fracture energies, which stems directly from the Griffith's theory of cracks, is applied to the problem of arbitrary crack growth in 2D. The proposed formulation enables minimisation of the total energy of the mechanical system with respect to the crack extension directions and crack extension lengths to solve for the evolution of the mechanical system over time. The three parts focus, in turn, on (I) the theory of multiple crack growth including competing cracks, (II) the discrete solution by the extended finite element method using the minimum-energy formulation, and (III) the aspects of computer implementation within the Matlab programming language. The key contributions of Part-III of the three-part paper are as follows: (1) implementation of XFEM in Matlab with emphasis on the design of the code to enable fast and efficient computational times of fracture problems involving multiple cracks and arbitrary crack intersections, (2) verification of the minimum energy criterion and comparison with the maximum tension criterion via multiple benchmark studies, and (3) we propose a numerical improvement to the crack growth direction criterion that gives significant improvements in accuracy and convergence rates of the fracture paths, especially on coarse meshes. The comparisons of the fracture paths obtained by the maximum tension (or maximum hoop-stress) criterion and the energy minimisation approach via a multitude of numerical case studies show that both criteria converge to virtually the same fracture solutions albeit from opposite directions. In other words, it is found that the converged fracture path lies in between those obtained by each criterion on coarser meshes. Thus, a modified crack growth direction criterion is proposed that assumes the average direction of the directions obtained by the maximum tension and the minimum energy criteria. The numerical results show significant improvements in accuracy (especially on coarse discretisations) and convergence rates of the fracture paths. Finally, the open-source Matlab code, documentation, benchmarks and example cases are included as supplementary material. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimum energy multiple crack propagation Part I: Theory.
Sutula, Danas UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (n.d.)

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and ... [more ▼]

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and fracture energies, which stems directly from the Griffith's theory of cracks, is applied to the problem of arbitrary crack growth in 2D. The proposed formulation enables minimisation of the total energy of the mechanical system with respect to the crack extension directions and crack extension lengths to solve for the evolution of the mechanical system over time. The three parts focus, in turn, on (I) the theory of multiple crack growth including competing cracks, (II) the discrete solution by the extended finite element method using the minimum-energy formulation, and (III) the aspects of computer implementation within the Matlab programming language. The key contributions of Part-I of this three-part paper are: (1) formulation of the total energy functional governing multiple crack behaviour, (2) three solution methods to the problem of competing crack growth for different fracture front stabilities (e.g. stable, unstable, or a partially stable configuration of crack tips), and (3) the minimum energy criterion for a set of crack tip extensions is posed as the criterion of vanishing rotational dissipation rates with respect to the rotations of the crack extensions. The formulation lends itself to a straightforward application within a discrete framework for determining the crack extension directions of multiple finite-length crack tip increments, which is tackled in Part-II, using the extended finite element method. In Part-III, we discuss various applications and benchmark problems. The open-source Matlab code, documentation, benchmark/example cases are included as supplementary material. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimum energy multiple crack propagation. Part II: Discrete Solution with XFEM.
Sutula, Danas UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (n.d.)

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and ... [more ▼]

The three-part paper deals with energy-minimal multiple crack propagation in a linear elastic solid under quasi-static conditions. The principle of minimum total energy, i.e. the sum of the potential and fracture energies, which stems directly from the Griffith's theory of cracks, is applied to the problem of arbitrary crack growth in 2D. The proposed formulation enables minimisation of the total energy of the mechanical system with respect to the crack extension directions and crack extension lengths to solve for the evolution of the mechanical system over time. The three parts focus, in turn, on (I) the theory of multiple crack growth including competing cracks, (II) the discrete solution by the extended finite element method using the minimum-energy formulation, and (III) the aspects of computer implementation within the Matlab programming language. This Part-II of our three-part paper examines three discrete solution methods for solving fracture mechanics problems based on the principle of minimum total energy. The discrete solution approach is chosen based on the stability property of the fracture configuration at hand. The first method is based on external load-control. It is suitable for stable crack growth and stable fracture configurations. The second method is based on fractured area-control. This method is applicable to stable or unstable fracture growth but it is required that the fracture front be stable. The third solution method is based on a gradient-descent approach. This approach can be applied to arbitrary crack growth problems; however, the gradient-descent formulation cannot be guaranteed to yield the optimal solution in the case of competing crack growth and an unstable fracture front configuration. The main focus is on the gradient-descent solution approach within the framework of the extended finite element discretisation. Although a viable solution method is finally proposed for resolving competing crack growth in the case of an unstable fracture front configuration, the method is not implemented within the present XFEM code but rather exists as a separate proof-of-concept algorithm that is tested against several fabricated benchmark problems. The open-source Matlab code, documentation and example cases are included as supplementary material. [less ▲]

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