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See detailJak1 has a dominant role over Jak3 in signal transduction through γc-containing cytokine receptors
Haan, Claude UL; Rolvering, Catherine UL; Raulf, F. et al

in Chemistry & Biology (2011), 18(3), 314-323

Genetic deficiency of Jak3 leads to abrogation of signal transduction through the common gamma chain (γc) and thus to immunodeficiency suggesting that specific inhibition of Jak3 kinase may result in ... [more ▼]

Genetic deficiency of Jak3 leads to abrogation of signal transduction through the common gamma chain (γc) and thus to immunodeficiency suggesting that specific inhibition of Jak3 kinase may result in immunosuppression. Jak1 cooperates with Jak3 in signaling through γc-containing receptors. Unexpectedly, a Jak3-selective inhibitor was less efficient in abolishing STAT5 phosphorylation than pan-Jak inhibitors. We therefore explored the roles of Jak1 and Jak3 kinase functionality in signaling using a reconstituted system. The presence of kinase-inactive Jak1 but not kinase-inactive Jak3 resulted in complete abolishment of STAT5 phosphorylation. Specific inhibition of the "analog-sensitive" mutant AS-Jak1 but not AS-Jak3 by the ATP-competitive analog 1NM-PP1 abrogated IL-2 signaling, corroborating the data with the selective Jak3 inhibitor. Jak1 thus plays a dominant role over Jak3 and these data challenge the notion that selective ATP-competitive Jak3 kinase inhibitors will be effective. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an IL-6 inhibitor based on the functional analysis of murine IL-6Ralpha(1).
Wiesinger, Monique UL; Haan, Serge UL; Wuller, Stefan et al

in Chemistry & Biology (2009), 16(7), 783-94

Dysregulated cytokine production contributes to inflammatory and proliferative diseases. Therefore, inhibition of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 is of great clinical relevance ... [more ▼]

Dysregulated cytokine production contributes to inflammatory and proliferative diseases. Therefore, inhibition of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 is of great clinical relevance. Actual strategies are aimed at preventing receptor activation through sequestration of the ligand. Here we describe the development of an inhibitor of murine IL-6 based on fused receptor fragments. Molecular modeling-guided analysis of the murine IL-6Ralpha revealed that mutations in the Ig-like domain D1 severely affect protein function, although D1 is not directly involved in the ligand-binding interface. The resulting single chain IL-6 inhibitor (mIL-6-RFP) consisting of domains D1-D3 of mgp130, a flexible linker, and domains D1-D3 of mIL-6Ralpha is a highly potent and specific IL-6 inhibitor. mIL-6-RFP will permit further characterization of the role of IL-6 in various disease models and could ultimately lead to anti-IL-6 therapy. [less ▲]

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