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See detailTemperature and nitric oxide control spontaneous calcium transients in astrocytes.
Schipke, Carola G.; Heidemann, Antje; Skupin, Alexander UL et al

in Cell calcium (2008), 43(3), 285-95

Transient spontaneous increases in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration have been frequently observed in astrocytes in cell culture and in acutely isolated slices from several brain regions. Recent in ... [more ▼]

Transient spontaneous increases in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration have been frequently observed in astrocytes in cell culture and in acutely isolated slices from several brain regions. Recent in vivo experiments, however, reported only a low frequency of spontaneous Ca2+ events in astrocytes. Since the ex vivo experiments were usually performed at temperatures lower than physiological body temperature, we addressed the question whether temperature could influence the spontaneous Ca2+ activity in astrocytes. Indeed, comparing the frequency and spike width of spontaneous Ca2+ transients in astrocytes at temperatures between 20 and 37 degrees C in culture as well as in acute cortical slices from mouse brain, revealed that spontaneous Ca2+ responses occurred frequently at low temperature and became less frequent at higher temperature. Moreover, the single Ca2+ events had a longer duration at low temperature. We found that nitric oxide (NO) mimicked the increase in spontaneous Ca2+ activity and that an NO-synthase inhibitor attenuated the effect of lowering the temperature. Thus, temperature and NO are major determinants of spontaneous astrocytic Ca2+ signalling. [less ▲]

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See detailStore-operated Ca2+ channels formed by TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 and non-store-operated channels formed by TRPC3 are involved in the regulation of NADPH oxidase in HL-60 granulocytes
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Melchior, Chantal UL; Plançon, Sébastien UL et al

in Cell Calcium (2008)

Ca(2+) influx has been shown to be essential for NADPH oxidase activity which is involved in the inflammatory process. Ca(2+) conditions underlying the oxidative response are clearly delineated. Here, we ... [more ▼]

Ca(2+) influx has been shown to be essential for NADPH oxidase activity which is involved in the inflammatory process. Ca(2+) conditions underlying the oxidative response are clearly delineated. Here, we show that store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is required at the beginning of NADPH oxidase activation in response to fMLF (N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine ) in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells. When extracellular Ca(2+) is initially removed, early addition of Ca(2+) after stimulation causes a complete restoration of Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production. Both Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production are decreased by purported SOCE blockers, 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane (2-APB) and SK&F 96365. Endogenously expressed TRPC (transient receptor potential canonical) homologues and Orai1 were investigated for their role in supporting store-operated Ca(2+) channels activity. TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 knock-out by siRNA resulted in the inhibition of Ca(2+) influx and H(2)O(2) production in response to fMLF and thapsigargin while suppression of TRPC3 had no effect on thapsigargin induced-SOCE. 2-APB and SK&F 96365 were able to amplify the reduction of fMLF-stimulated Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production observed in cells transfected by TRPC3 siRNA. In summary, Ca(2+) influx in HL-60 cells relies on different membrane TRPC channels and Orai1 for allowing NADPH oxidase activation. TRPC3 primarily mediates SOCE-independent pathways and TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 exclusively contribute to SOCE. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-8 primes oxidative burst in neutrophil-like HL-60 through changes in cytosolic calcium
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Cell Calcium (2005), 37(6), 531-40

In response to a variety of stimuli, neutrophils release large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase. This process known as the respiratory burst is dependent on cytosolic ... [more ▼]

In response to a variety of stimuli, neutrophils release large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase. This process known as the respiratory burst is dependent on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) may modulate ROS generation through a priming phenomenon. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of human IL-8 on ROS production in neutrophil-like dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated HL-60 cells (not equalHL-60 cells) and further to examine the role of Ca(2+) mobilization during the priming. IL-8 at 10 nM induced no ROS production but a [Ca(2+)](i) rise (254 +/- 36 nM). IL-8 induced a strongly enhanced (2 fold) ROS release during stimulation with 1 microM of N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLF). This potentiation of ROS production is dependent of extracellular Ca(2+) (17.0+/-4.5 arbitrary units (A.U.) in the absence of Ca(2+) versus 56.6 +/- 3.9 A.U. in the presence of 1.25 mM of Ca(2+)). Also, IL-8 enhanced fMLF-stimulated increase in [Ca(2+)](i) (375 +/- 35 versus 245 +/- 21 nM, 0.1 microM of fMLF). IL-8 had no effect on not equalHL-60 cells in response to 1 microM of thapsigargin (472 +/- 66 versus 470 +/- 60 nM). In conclusion, Ca(2+) influx is necessary for a full induction of neutrophil priming by IL-8. [less ▲]

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See detailRac-1-mediated O2- secretion requires Ca2+ influx in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells
Valentin, F.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Capdeville-Atkinson, C. et al

in Cell Calcium (2001), 29(6), 409-15

Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells reacted to N -formyl- l -Methionyl- l -Leucyl- l -P henylalanine (f MLP) with a rise in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2]i), NADPH oxidase activation, and ... [more ▼]

Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells reacted to N -formyl- l -Methionyl- l -Leucyl- l -P henylalanine (f MLP) with a rise in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2]i), NADPH oxidase activation, and increased superoxide anion (O2-) production. [Ca2+]i mobilization and superoxide production were largely dependent on extracellular calcium (Ca2+]e) and a capacitative calcium entry. The monomeric G-protein, Rac-1, regulates NADPH oxidase activity. We tested the effect of removal of Ca2+]e on Rac-1 plasma membrane sequestration and activation of NADPH oxidase using immunodetection and a double labelling fluorescent method. Results showed that Rac-1 activation is mediated via a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive heteromeric G-protein pathway, and that Rac-1 membrane sequestration was preceded by [Ca2+]i mobilization following entry of Ca2+ e. Therefore, we propose that O2- production is dependent on activation of PTX-sensitive G-proteins and sequestration of Rac-1 in the plasma membrane, following entry of Ca2+ e. [less ▲]

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See detailRelease of O2- by human umbilical cord blood-derived eosinophils: role of intra- and extracellular calcium
Zardini, D. M.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Cell Calcium (1999), 25(5), 381-9

The aim of our study was to investigate the physiologic mechanisms involved in eosinophil activation as an essential prerequisite to disrupting the biochemical cascade that triggers inflammation, thereby ... [more ▼]

The aim of our study was to investigate the physiologic mechanisms involved in eosinophil activation as an essential prerequisite to disrupting the biochemical cascade that triggers inflammation, thereby attenuating the effect of this activation or, ideally, preventing it from occurring. We have, therefore, examined the nature of the fMLP- and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and the relationship between the [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production in human umbilical cord blood-derived eosinophils cultured in the presence of IL-3 and IL-5. These cells responded to fMLP or PAF (1 microM each) with an increase in [Ca2+]i (217.3 +/- 22.1 and 197.8 +/- 22.1 nM respectively) which was associated with production of O2- (40.2 +/- 8.2 and 35.2 +/- 7.6 pmol/min/10(6) cells respectively). The role of Ca2+ in the induced respiratory burst was studied by changing the availability of Ca2+ in the intra- and extracellular compartments. Removal or chelation of extracellular Ca2+ induced a reduction of both the fMLP and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production. Chelation of intracellular Ca2+ induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of fMLP- and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and caused a decrease in O2- production. SK&F 96365 had a stimulatory effect on PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and on fMLP-induced O2- production, this phenomenon was not observed with extracellular Ca2+ removal or chelation. Furthermore, Ni2+ exhibited an inhibition of both fMLP and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production. Finally, both fMLP and PAF induced an increase in divalent cation influx that was further augmented by thapsigargin. Our results indicate that fMLP and PAF dependent O2- production in human eosinophils require intra- and extracellular Ca2+ and that Ca2+ influx is necessary for optimal activation. [less ▲]

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